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NEWS AND CITIZEN, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 20, 1901.
LOCAL NEWS. MORRISVILLE. V. G. Bicknell from Johnson was in this village Friday. Carl Robbins from Cambridge was an this city, oq business, last Friday. Alton Stone has been "helping out" t the Ilardwick Savings Bank for a short time. Joel Partlow from Johnson was in 'town Friday, the guest of his brother, H. H. Partlow. Lamoille Grange will hold a social sand promenade at their hall Friday evening. Admission 10 cents. If you are an advocate of license bear in mind that April first is the flastchance to buy one for your dog. Harry Cowles, of Sheldon Springs, aocompanied by Mrs. Cowles, trans acted business in town last Wednes day and Thursday. Rev. and Mrs. J. H. Hoffman, who shave been visiting at the home of II. R. Blodgett for several days, re turned to St. Johnsbury last Satur day. 0. M. Waterman has added a new hirtcaseto his well-equipped gents furnishing department. This is not -only a very useful article, but adds much to the appearance of the store. C A. Spillar was the artist. The store in the Burke block, re cently vacated by Davis & Partlow, has been undergoing extensive re pairs, and will be occupied in the near future by A. M. Burke, who will tnove his stock of groceries there. OBITUARY. JOHN W. TIFT. John W. Tift, Jr., who has been a resident of Morrisvllle for a number f years, died at five o'clock last Thursday morning at the age of 53 years, after a sickness of only two weeks with typhoid fever. The de ceased leaves a wife and three children; two daughters, both married, and one son, Arthur, who lives at home. Mr. Tift was a good citizen and a kind 'husband and the bereaved family have the sympathy of thecommunity in their affliction. The funeral was held Sunday after noon at one o'clock, Rev. Dr. Booth officiating. Receipt is Furnished. This paper, last week, asked for a Receipt to make "a good lemon oaady." A Hyde Park lady furnishes the same and adds at the close of her 'letter, "don't publish my name." 'The receipt follows : Boil 1 pound Bugar with a half cup of water, ia which has be?n dissolved pinch of cream of tartar. Boil till the sugar will crack when put in cold Tfvater, and should not stink to the teeth when bitten. Pour out in but tered pans to cool. For flavoring use lemon extract and a quarter of a teaspoonful of tartaric acid. Cut 3nto squares. A Widow's Love Affair Receives a set back, if she has offen sive breath through Constipation, Billiousnes or Stomach Troubles, but 2)r. King'd New Life Pills always cure those troubles; clean the system, 'sweeten the breath, banish headache; t)at in the world for liver, kidneys and bowels. Only 25c at H. J. Dwl juell'a drug store. VWork of Cattle Commission, The slate cattle commissioners Lave been doing a large amount of work within the past tew months and the per cent, of tuberculosis found 3ms been larger than ever before. The increase is due no doubt to the fact that most of the work has been done in herds where there never has been an inspection before. Since Decem ber 1 about 5,000 head of cattle have been subjected to the test and of this number six per cent, have been -slaughtered. The greatest average previous to this time was four per ent. The commissioners are receiving re quests constantly from farmers to test herds and nearly all animals con demned are subjected to the test at the request of the owners. It ia in tended to increase the work of the commission and it is expected that many more herds of the state will be visited within a short time. The opposition against the commission that existed at first is rapidy disap pearing and their work is consequent ly easier than formerly. Letter to I. 0. Andrews, Morrisville, Vt. Djar Sir: Rockland, Maine, is a aeacoast town: hard place for paint About seventeen years ago, Farrand, Spear & Co., Rockland, began with Devoe. Their HrHt sale was to paint the Harrington residence, well known there. Mr. Farrand says the house ap pears, from the start, to be well painted now, and has never been r& painted. We should like to know more defl nitely about a job of paint that has lasted seventeen years on a sea-side house. It is the longest time we have ibad a report on. 'Lead and oil lasts three years a Brst-rate job and nobody eaya it lasts longer. We are content to say that Devoe load and zinc lasts twice as long: but we know of houses innu xoerable, on which our paint has ex ceeded six years. Yours truly, 20 F. W. Devoe & Co. P. S. Geo. W. Doty sells our paint in your section. This tignature is on every box of the gonulnt Laxative uromo-Uuinine Tablets - remedy that euro a cola in one day Number Work. The following article on "Number Work" is by a well-known educator. We give it place in our columns be cause of its importance to teachers and scholars. "He who has lived most ia not he who has numbered the most years, but he who has been most truly con scious of what life is." He who teaches the child best is not the one that is best acquainted with the branches of knowledge that he is to teach, but he that is best ac quainted with that complicated and mysterious thing, in its plastic forma tive, and growing stages, upon which he is to work the child. It is re quired of a sewing girl that she know something of the structure of the ma chine she uses. He who neglects the loving study of this "living epistle" will never be come very wise in the knowledge of the correct teaching and training of children, no matter what else he may study. Very much valuable time is lost in the first year in trying to impress on the child's mind what it already knows. What child at five that ever enter ed a school-room that does not know a cat or a dog, or even a picture of one, and yet a teacher will spend 15 minutes to be sure that the child knows thai and one minute on the word cat, the very thing that is not known. The same thing is true of number work. Won't the child say to you at home, "give me two apples? Give me three of 'em ? " Why not begin at once and make the connection of the illustration with the thing it doesn't know. Ob jects should be used until the child has a clearly denned connection be tween the figure and number. Numbers one, two, three and four, with illustrations and variations, should consume some time. It pays just here to make haste slowly. The formation of the digits with illustra tions must continue until the child knows them throughly. Ddve'oping ideas of numbers by using illustra tions should be continued in connec tion with learning to form all figures to ten. By using objects in groups, pupils will soon become quite apt in distinguishing, at a glance, the num ber. This aptness will be an aid in more advanced work. Disarrange the order of the figures one, two, three, four, etc., so as to be sure they know them. No attempt at addition is made until the child has learned thoroughly to read, to write, to count, and to understand the numbers from one to ten. This is the foundation and it pays to lay it well. Thetimeit takes varies according to the age and de velopment of th? pupil. liiat of which I am to speak more in particular is the how in teaching addition and her twin sister multi plicationin connection with the 45 combinations. It is, in fact, a word method in number. Its main points are, first, the ready recognition at sight of the necessary combinations. Second, the announcement of results only, and these in the shortest possi ble terms. Third, the leaving out of all unnecessary work by signs. A child need not comprehend the value of two digits in order to recog nize their sum. He need not drag through a detailed expression by for mal signs and a full statement in words in order to know that two and two is four, not two plus two equals four. He ia not to know any other form of oral expression for two and two than simply " four, ' then he is done. Anything further is as un necessary as that a child in learning to read should be taught c plus a plus t equals cat. Teachers who pride themselves upon the word and sentence methods of teaching reading are teaching numbers by a worse method than reading ever knew. When pupils begin columa addition they are expected to throw all this aside, but why should they waste valuable time andigain bad habits of thought in learning it? It has been asked in several institutes, "How many of you can solve a problem in multiplication without mentally re peating bits of the multiplication table in the form in which you learned it?" Take for instance 584x8 Who can give the result in units col umn of the answer without mentally saying "Eight times four are thirty- two I ' ho can state the result for tens without going through with "eight times eight are sixty-four, and three are sixty-seven 7 How many are able to multiply the figures of the multiplicand with out looking back each time to the figures of the multiplier? Id no case has it been found that over 10 per cent could vote for affirmative upon any 01 these questions. Not many, if any of us, could stand the test. There is a generation that can be helped. If John is saying 4 plus 3 equal 7, 4 and 3 are 7. Writing 4 plus 3 equal 7, or 4 and 5 are 9 or re peating six times six are thirty-six, and writing GxG equal 30, stop him now. What would you have him say? was the despairing question of a bright teacher who was requested by her superintendent not to allow Dan to say six times nine are fify-four. "Nothing,"' was the laconic an swer. Of course the child should know something about the value of num bers. What do we know about the value of numbers? Probable not any thing over five or six, unless we have verified by counting or multi plying. We cannot look at a group of boys and tell whether there are six or eight of them until we have counted them or added by grouping. To be brief, simple observation is limited to four or fivA nhiscts. Be cause of this fict the pupil's work snouid De done by tne word metnod in numbers. Read numbers in croups and an nounce results at sight. The nractical vhIiia ofnnmber work will be accuracy and raoiditv. We can lav the foundation for thmnrncti. cal work at the very outset of school lite. 11 is done by learning tne com bination and learning thpm thorough ly while the memory is easily trained. w. s T. Farmers' Meetings Closed. The farmers' meetings, which have been conducted throughout the state during the past few weeks under the auspices of the 6tate board of agricul ture, have closed for this season. There have been thirty-seven meet ings held and the attendance has been large in every case larger per haps than in previous years. Every year the farmers show more interest in the gatherings and as they are scattered throughout every part of tne state, become easily accessible to any who wish to attend. The topics discussed this year em braced every feature of the work which Vermont farmers take up and the speakers were men well ioformed upon the various subjects. The most notable speaker was J. H. Brigham, assistant secretary of agriculture, who was in the sta.e for two weeks. The agriculture experiment station furnished excellent speakers and the system of questioning at the close ol an address gave the farmers in at tendance an opportunity to inquire in to any phase of the work and express their own opinions. It is hoped that the meetings will be continued next year. Night Was Her Terror. "I would cough nearly all night long," writes Mrs. Chas. Applegate, of Alexandria, Ind., "and could hard ly get any 6leep. I had consumption so bad that if P walked a block 1 would cough frightfully nnd spit blood, but, when all other medicines failed, three $1.00 bottles of Dr. King's New Discovery wholly cured me and I gained 58 pounds." It's absolutely guaranteed to cure Coughs, Coldn, La Giippe, Bronchitis and all Throat and lung Troubles. Prices 50c and $1.00. Trial bottles free at H. J. Dwinell's drug store. A Dutchman's Opinion of Life. A Dutchman in addressing his dog said : " My dog you haf von schnap. You vas only a dog and I yasa man, but I vish 1 vaa you. Effery day you hayf the bets of it. Ven you vant to go mit der bed in, you scbust durn tree dimes mid yourself around und lay down. Men I go mit der bed in, I haf to lock up der blace und vuid up der cloc und pull me mine clothes off yet. Den my vile she up wakens und scholds me like thunder. Dn der baby cries und 1 haf to valk him up and down by ehiminy, und ven I schust get to sleep it's time to get up alretty. Ven you get up you stretch yourself und scratch a couple of dimes und you're up. I haf to light der fire und put on the kdettle und den I haf von pcrap mit min vile a leetle. I pulls her mit dot stove against und she schlaps me mit a brickstein out. Den maybe I get some breaklast al retty yet so quick. You blay around all day und haf blenty of fun. I haf to work all day und haf blenty of troubles. My income vas yet less my outcome und de lamlord he say 'no money no incomeni, outgitten by himmell.' Ten you die you still haf the best of me you schust lay shtill. Ven I die I haf to go to von hell al retty yet. The "magnate" is already figuring in the preliminary campaign for the next governorship campaign of Ver mont. Let's drop the word or any candidate to whom it is too closely applied, and elect a man. General McCullough is again talked about for the governorship, and of course not passing all his days and nights in Vermont, there are mutteringa that he is not one of the "people." But the present executive alo had to face ante-election accusations of being too susceptible to railroad influences and yet was elected as the "young men's candidate," as the unanimous choice of the toiling masse, and not as a "magnate." Woodstock Spirit of the Age. The Vermonters are complaining grievously because no matter how much real Vt. maple sugar they put out, the country buys about 40 times as much and pays good money for it. Tbey want a real maple sugar label of just the same sort as they have secured to put on oleomargarine. But we doubt if they ever get it. The sugar makers are too faw in compari son, and the public does like to be gulled oa such things. Boston Record. You May Need Wm-Kittev For Cuts Burns Bruises Cramps Diarrhoea All Bowel Complaints It Is a fare, lafa and quick remedy, There's ONLY ONE Perry Davis'. Two sizes, S6c. and 50c. ' Prune The Trees. The pruning season is near at hand and farmers hereabouts will be inter ested in a few lines an that subject. A resident of Wolcott recently gave the News Axn Citizen representative a few pointers on that subject. Among other things he said : "Orchards do not require pruning every year, except it may be where they are growing freely, than there may be a few branches td cut away each year. In old orchards there al ways are decayed limbs coming on; these should be trimmed out. Many young trees can have their growth regulated to a large degree by watch ing them in their growing season and niping off the buds ofgrowing shoots and cutting away others. Trees of beautiful outline may be produced in this way. At this season of the year when there are no leaves in the way we are better able to see just what trimming needs to be done. We may find many trees that require no pruning at all, while there may be others that need it badly. Many trees are much too crowded with branches, and it will be better to cut out too many than to leave them crowded. Air and light must be let in to all parts of the tree, if all branches are expected to bear alike. The lower part of the tree is apt to be to thick too many limbs just above the lower branches and the center of the tree ia often too crowded for the best results. In tak ing off branches that are not wanted, cut them close to the base, and never an inch or two above where they start; for if not cut close, three or four shoots will start out, thereby increas ing rather than decreasing the num ber. Small twigs are apt to be too num erous and these should be cut out. An important part of this work is in properly painting the wounds. When pruned after the sap starts it is not so easy a matter to get the paint to ad here to the cuts. Many a fine tree has been ruined by not being painted. Water gets in the wood, decay sets in and soon the tree fails. A Horrible Outbreak "Of large sores on my little daugh ter's head developed into a case of scald head" writes C. D. Isbell of Morgantown, Tenn., but Bucklen's Arnica balve completely cured her. It's a guaranteed cure for Eczema, Tetter, Salt Rheum, Pimples, Sores, Ulcers and Piles. Only 25c at H. J. Dwinell's drug store. New Songs. Published by Oliver Ditaon Co., Boston. August W.Hoffmann. "Love's Con quest," for high voice. G to g. ( Words by F. A. LeHuntte.) Asplen did song for tenor or soprano, with a dainty lilting melody'. The composer has shown rare skill in his handling of the voice part, in which every note tells, although the compass of the melody is only one octave; The ac companiment is easy and eff ictive, its movement suggesting a graceful gavotte. Each of the three verses has a separate treatment, but the whole is harmonious and natural. Nicholas Douty. "Sweet and Low," for a high voice. E to g. (50c.) (Words by Alfred Tennyson.) A classic and melodious setting of the most popular of lullaby poems. A soft, swinging barcarolle movement sustains the voice throughout the song. Delightfully easy to sing, the voice part of moderate compass, and the piano part lying well under the fingers. W. J. McCoy. " There Are so Many Ways to Love," for high voice, f F to a. I (oOc.) (Words by Arthur Oris som.) "Would You?" for medium voice, c to E fiat. (50c.) (Words by J. W. Walsh.) The hrst ot these fine love-songs is well suited to the use of either soprano or tenor; the second for mezzo-soprano, contralto or baritone. Both are of just the kind of pieces to brighten up a group of songs, or to reserve for encores, especially when it is desired that the first encore shall lead to a second. J. C. Macy. " Love's Lullaby," for medium voice in A flat. Campass E flat to F. (50c.) One of the best ot modern home songs, with a beau ti ful, caressing refrain. The words of the first verae are as follows : "Come back to your nest, my dearie, 1 here 8 room where tue botne htrut glows, Where tbe aniile of Love dotb sing, dearie, The Bonn that ev'r.v heart knows. The world's rude touch is chilling, Like winds that blow from the west; Its frost is stinging and killing, An! come to your own borne nest. Carl Bupcb. "Under the Greenwood Tree," for high voice, dtog. (40c.) (Words bv William ohakespeare.) The gay and joyous beauty of this nne composition is dehguttul. Ihe climax ia splendid, aud the song is genial, eapy for the singer and not at all difficult to play. .tap VERM0NTER I A STATE MAGAZINE TOT I I'lVI'IH I Will HI V V J tfMCfU3BNCRffiVlBMtMJlf FAKE TESTS and TESTIMONIALS ABOUT CREAM SEPARATORS. There are always new people to foe gulled with an old fake. Hence a word of caution is perti nent regarding the reputed separator " test " and "testimonial" advertisements now being pub lished in some of the papers and put out in circulars. As regularly as the malarial and sarsaparilla season conies round the would-be competitors of the De Laval machines like to ilatter themselves by seeming to stand up .alongside the De Laval machines and publish reports of their imaginary nearness in eiliciency--according to means and measurements of their own creation and with out much regard for truth and honesty. Many of these so called " tests " arc simply man ufactured out of the whole clothit being im possible to locate the places where made or the persons by whom made. Others of them are made by agents or employees or by intending buyers who are offered a big discount and an agency provided they will "try" a De Laval machine in apparent test, the conditions of which " test " are to be fixed by the concern in question and the " results " then certified to by the pur chaser. Sometimes innocent parties are called in as "judges," to certify to skim-milk "tests," when they know no more of the manipulative use of a Babcock Tester than they do of a Hying machine. Occasionally tests may be honest in a way but so conducted as to be altogether imprac tical and misleading in results shown. All this applies equally to testimonials, though some of these are given in good faith just as is the case with " dilution " separators and every other fake and nostrum ever perpetrated. There isn't a man living sufficiently familiar with cream separators to pass competent judg ment upon them who does not know that the patent protected " Alpha " disc system employed in the De Laval machines renders them unap proachable by anything else yet devised a fact to which thousands upon thousands of De Laval A "20th Century" De Laval Catalogue may be had for the asking. THE DE LAVAL new england agents! Mosely & Stoddard Mfg. Co., RUTLAND, VT. It's up to you To do your part N. B. BLAIR, Boots, Shoes and Rubbers Offers the largest and best stock of Footwear ever shown in La moille county. 12 different brands of Rubber Boots, all first-class, including the three best brands of Rubber Goods made in the world, namely, Gold Seal, Snag Proof and Ball Band. We offer a complete line of Men's, Ladies' and Children's Shoes and Rubbers. The celebrated "Queen Quality" shoe for ladies, adver tised in nearly every magazine in the United States is our leading 83.00 shoe. N. O. BLAIR, 22 Portland St., MORRISVILLE. . Wire. Elastic, Single, Double, Hard Rubberr Leather Covered at prices from $1.00 to $5.00. We guarantee a fit or your money back. HALL & CHENEY, Pharmacists, Brick Block, corner Main and Portland Sts., - Morrisville, Vt. MONUMENT Hardwick, Barre, Qulncy and Scotch Granites and Marble. Made and shipped direct from quarries. Our Dark Blue Hardwick Granite a Spe cialty. To secure the latest designs, the best ot work and low prices, write to II. R. MACK, II(udvlck, Vt. bear witness with their experience. SEPARATOR CO. GENERAL OFFICES; 7-t Cortland Street, NEW YORK. DEALER IN users may