Newspaper Page Text
Ail Mutt Answer Country's Call.
Transportation: Freight bills, $77,- 3,000; passenger tickets, $75,000;- ' CZSt fTnrra liilla. $15,000,000: nlnn F 1 - " J - J MT-f- y tuiesy' $,ouu,uuir, scats, oerins ana i ttatcrooms, $750,000. v;..1 Electric lights, pas, domestic pow er, telephone service, 9ju,wu,uuw. !-V ' . Motion Picture Levy. !.;(,' Motion picture films, $7,500,000. J, Telegraph and telephone messages, V,f .600,000. Advertising, $7,500,000. ' Insurance, $5,000,000. , .Automobiles, trucks and motorsy ' ejes, $G8,000,000; tires and tubes, $12- fitO.QOO. t ;1I usical instruments, phonograph records, $7,000,000. 'oV'Jewclry, $7,500,000. -' "Sporting goods, golf clubs, base .'.bill bats, billiard and pool tables and r, fells, $2,000,000. '.pleasure boats, $500,000. ' Perfumes, medicines, $4,750,000. 1 ' Proprietary medicines, $8,500,000. (' '''' (Chewing gum,. $1,000,000. k: Admission to theatres and other amusements, $60,000,000.. Dues in clubs and other organiza tions, $1,500,000. I' jWar estate tax, $6,000,000 (esti mated, . however, that the increase will yield $38,500,000 when in, full operation). Virgin island internal revenue, $20- 000. - ; Tight on Profit Tar. Ono of the hardest fights, it is pre dicted, will center about the increases in. the" excess profits tax. Represents tire Pairchild, of New York, who op posed these increases in committee, and other Republicans, will carry , opposition to the senate if necessary. Much' confusion arose among mem bers over the new income tax sched ules which also may meet stubborn opposition. Committee explanations of the involved language of the bill show that its practical operation would be as follows : It proposes a normal tax of 2 per cent on individuals having incomes between $1,000 and $3,000, if single, and ,$2,000 and $4,000 if married, or the head of a family. An additional normal tax of 2 per cent would be added in the case of larger incomes. Aj, $5,000 an additional surtax would be imposed, graduated until at $500, 000 and over it reaches 23 per ccn w .... Surtax is Explained. : married man with a $7,500 in come, for example, would pay a tax of $205. It would be assessed in this manner. An exemption of $2,000; a tax pf 2 per cent or $40 on the next fepQQ up to $4,000;. a tax. of . 4. per cent onfPQ difference between $4;Q09 peYCent on all over $5,000, or $25. ..A single man with a $7,500 income would pay $245. lie would ,pay $40 at a -2 per cent on income between $1,000 and $3,000; $180 at 4 per cent between $3,000 and $7,500, and a sur tax, of $25 at 1 per cent on the $2,500 abo ve. $5,000. Surtaxes under the present law do not begin until $20,000 is reached and exemptions begin at $3,000. and $4,000 for single and married men, -respectively. , The house provision for increase in te pay of enlisted men by a horizontal Increase of $15 per month for the period of the war, was materilly modified. Under the compromise provision the advances in the pay of soldiers will be as follows: All enlisted of the army in active service whose base pay does not exceed f 21 per month shall receive an increase of $10 per month; those whose base pay it) $34, an increase of $8; those whose base pay ia $30. $36 or $40, an increase of $G, and those whose base pay is $45 or tnoro an increase of $5 per month. ' Death of George W. Butcher. George W. Butcher, a life long resi dent of New Haven township, and one of the towneh'p's most substantial farm era, passed away Tuesday afternoon at four o'clock, following an illness of but on week with liver trouble. He had not seemed in a dangerous condition until Tuesday evening. He expired before a physician reached his home. The funeral will be held Friday morn ing, from' the home at 10 o'clock, and from the Wesley an M. E. church at 11 o'clock. Rev. Densmore officiating, in terment being made in the West Haven cemetery. Mr. Butcher was born In New Haven township, June 20, 1861. and had re sided 'twere ever since. On December 25, 1084, he was united in marriage to Miss Minnie Hopson of the same town ship. - Hs leaves beside his widow, one brother, Charles of Henderson. , Jot3 Available for Gardening. iVof. Robert Linton, supervisor of gardening in the city, has a number of lots, situated in outlying parts of the fity, so remote from the heart of.pwosso that he has no applicants for "them. He offers these lots to per sona living near them who desire them for gardening purposes. Mr. Lintoh ..resides at 331 West Oliver street' and his telephone number is 735-Ked. He will receive applications for lots by telephone or otherwise and will give any information that he .oanrwhich is desired by gardners generally'.- ' Legal Technicalities May FreeMan and Woman. Jennie TenEyck Is serving sentence in the Detroit house of correction, and Frank Quick of Durand, is awaiting trial for perjury, turough their getting married when It was supposed the woman already had a husband living, and he was also thought to have a wife when he married Jennie TenEyck, but it may be technically shown that neither of them were legally married to others at the time they married. Quick's supposed wife was not divorced when she married him, making the marriage illegal. Mrs. TenEyck was first married- to a man named Jones, then to a man named Wllles, who ob tained a divorce with a decree that she should not marry for two years. She was married to TenEyck before the two years expired which will probably make her. marriage to TenEyck void, and may result in her marriage with Quick being legal and clear her from a bigamy charge, and Quick from a perjury charge. Milk Producers Meet. A meeting of the Shiawassee coun ty milk producers is being held in the armory today to hear the report of officers of United Dairies company. This newly organized company , is a part of the producers' association. The building has been purchased and work will begin at once to re model same into a model dairy sta tion. Orders will bo placed for up-to-date machinery for the manufac ture of cheese, butter and other py products. A special effort will be made in plant equipment to install the best machinery obtainable to pre pare milk for city distribution. At the directors' meeting of the United . Dairies company, held in Owosso, C. J. Thomas was tendered the position of general manager of the company. If Mr. Thomas decides to accept, he will take up permanent residence in Owosso and turn the management of his farms over to his sons. . Mr. Thomas is one of the larg est producers of milk in central Mich igan and is qualified to render effic ient service o the public and also to the company he 13 to represent. Christian Endeavor Convention. The annual convention of the Shia wassee County Christian Endeavor As sociation was held Saturday afternoon and evening and all day Sunday at Burton. The principal speakers were LaVerne Spafford, state field secretary, of Grand Rapids, Mrs. F. B. Kltch of Detroit, and Miss M., Ford of Jackson, sate jdtffoibrYer.'' Mr. Spa'fforA spoke "on 'Big Business," and showed what can be accomplished by organization, con cluding by urging thorough organiza tion in the Christian Endeavor , work. Mrs. Kltch spoke on efficiency in mis sionary work while Miss Ford talked on "My Juniors " She nrged thorough or ganlzation among the 'younger boys and girls. Rev. Ostrander, pastor of the Burton church, delivered the con yention sermon Sunday morning. The following officers were elected: President. Miss Anna Mason, Burton; vice president, Walter Peddington, Carland; secretary, Miss Elsea Clark, Owosso; treasurer, Mason Stiff, Burton; junior superintendent, Miss Harriet Cadz, Burton. W. C. T. U. Convention. Continued from page 1.1 E. Brands, Corunna. Gold Medal Contests Mrs. Myrtle Parker, Owosso. Evangelistic Mrs. Julia A. John son, Owosso. Purity ' and Mothers' Meetings Mrs. Alice Grimes, Durand. The presidents of the local unions are vice-presidents of the county as sociation. Wednesday's sessions were very in teresting, addresses being made by Mrs. Florence D. Richards, president of the Ohio W. C. T. U., several fine vocal and instrumental selections be ing rendered and papers and talks by various speakers. Addresses of welcome were made by Mayor Wright, Rev. E. J. Warren, Supt. of Schools M. W. Longman, Mrs. Maude Thompson, for the Wo man's club, Mrs. Carrie Gctman for the fanners' club, Mrs. J. C. Ilolden for the Y. W. C. A., and Mrs. Eliza beth Hale for the local W. C. T. U. The Owosso high school band render ed music PERRY Perry, Mich., May 9.- A very pret ty-wedding was solmcnizcd Wednes day at high noon at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Ward, when their daughter, Morion, became the bride of Arthur Linsley, of Lansing. Only the immediate relatives 'and friends were present. Rev. Morgan perform ed the ceremony. Mr. and Mrs. Lins ley left for a short wedding trip after which they will be at home to their many friends in Lansing where .the groom is employed in the post office. Mrs. Linsley is well and favorably known here, having spent most bf her life in this vicinity and but very re cently having graduated from the Sparrow hospital us a nurse. Prise fof Deat Tilled Farm. It is probable the Shiawassee County Fair Association will offer a prize for the best tilled farm In the connty this ' year. The amount or. kind of prize is 1 not decided, nor the method of award ing, but will undoubtedly be worked out In the next few days. Death of J. Q. Shelp. John Gordon 8help, a resident of this city for the past 15 years, died Monday I night following an Illness of some time, with leakage of the heart. Since his residence In this city he had made his home at 934 Factory street. The fun eral was held Thursday afternoon at 1:80 o'clock from the home, Rev.' E. J. Warren officiating. Mr. Shelp was born in New York state, Sept. 28, 1833. When a young man he came to Michigan and settled on a farm in Antrim township where he resided for more than 50 years. He leaves beside bis widow, the fol lowing children: Mrs. Dora Whaler and Mrs. Rose Huntington of Chesa ning; Henry Sbelp, Mrs. Jeanette Sot fin, Mrs. Irene Bowers and Miss Sophia Sbelp of Owosso; Mrs. Ed. Whaley of Harbor Springs; Mrs. Alta Covell of Detroit and Alva Shelp of Bowling Green, Ohio. Nineteen grandchildren and eight great grandchildren also sur vive. LAINGSBURG Homer Baker passed away at the home of his parents, Mr. and Mrs. M. G. Baker In this village, Saturday night following a three years' Illness of tuber culo8ia, terminated by a severe attack of grip which developed Into pneumonia. He was nearly 21 years of age and had been a resident of this place practically all his life, coming here from Milford when a small boy with his parents, who with his sister, Mrs. R. E. Simpson, survive him. Although of a quiet dis position, he was highly esteemed by all who knew bim. Fnneral eervicea were held at tho family home Tuesday. In terment in Laingsburg cemetery. ' The first shipment of ' stock by the Union Co-operative Stock Shipping Co., was made Monday. Carr Baldwin of Bennington, has been chosen as general manager, and L. E Willett of this place as assistant. Rev. Arthur Simmons of East Lans ing, occupied the pulpit at the M. E church Sunday morning and evening. Mrs. F. M. Dodge of Fergus, spent Sunday at the home of her brother, E. E Bix by and family. - James Newton has sold his 'property to John Camp and with his family will move to the Jasper Randall -f arm in Wnndhnll. u rs i m- FOREST- FIRESr Thsrs Arc Thres Kinds, of Which the "Crown Fire Is the Worst There are three kinds of forest fires the "surface fire," which merely runs In the leaves and ground litter; tho "ground fire," that covers the under brush of the dense forests, and the "crown fire," the most dangerous and terrifying of all. A crown fire is usu ally caused when the ground or surface fire reaches the top of a ridge or knoll, and the increased draft carries the blaze up the trunks of the trees to the tops of the "crowns." It is the crown fires which have made the great forest fires of history. . . Surrounding the- burning area by a trench from whicli everything down to the mineral soli ha been removed is the only kind of fire line which will stop a ground fire, and It will often 'stop a surface fire. For surface fire "whip ping" or using brush branches or water soaked sacking to whip the burning leaves at the edge of the fire back into tho burned area is most effective. Sand as well as water is valuable In fighting this kind of fire too. , There Is only one way to fight a crown fire that Is, by "backfiring" fighting fire with fire. This method Is extremely dangerous, consisting of set ting a counter fire far enough from the main body of tho original fire so that all inflammable material will be burn ed by the time tho fire reaches that point, and the fire will die from lack of material to feed on. The backfire is set far enough from the main fire to escape the draft which is fanning the blaze. New York Times. FOUR-IN-HAND TIES. An Easy Way to Iron Them Aftr Thoy Hav Bssn Waahod. It is not an impossible task to wash a four-in-hand tie. The difficulty comes In Ironing it In such a way that its original shape will be restored, writes Emtio Parent in the Popular Science Monthly. To do this it is necessary to proceed carefully. Start by placing the wldo end of the tie upon the board wit h tho seam up, then thrust In the finger and take hold of the lining: Grasp the silk cover in the other hand and pull it back from over the lining for about half of Its length. Then with a hot Iron run over tho lining to straighten it out. - ' Cut u piece of stiff cardboard to fit into the wide end of the tie and long enough to reach to the narrow band. Slip thin in between the lining and the scam side of tho outer layer. Then turn tho material buck ia proper shape, dampen a clean cloth, lay it over the tie and Iron In the usual way. . - Tho cardboard form will prevent tho pressure of the iron from causing o glossy mark to "appear on the silk front opposite the Beam. When through put the forn aside for auotbcrtiuic. A Edward No document In actual Amer- lean history conveys a more $ powerful lesson of what citizen-' $ ship In this republio means, none $ delivers a more searching appeal $ .to loyalty, than this fanciful re- cltal of the Man Without a Country. The unhappy creature X whose living death It has graved 41 upon the memory of mankind 2 was but a figure born of a writ- er's Imagination. Yet, the ae- $ count of his passionate outburst and of his dreadful expiation $ stirs the dullest soul, and will 2 awaken emotion In the minds w $ of readers of generations yet un- $ born. There can be no more ar resting lesson for the disloyal or $ the heedless, no more Inspiring appeal to the spirit of true Amer- $ j icanlsm, than this memorable work of literary art and high- souled patriotism. I suppose that very few casual readers of the . New York Uerald of August 13th observed, in an obscure corner, among the "Deaths," the an nouncement : "NOLAN. Died, on board U. S. Cor vette Levant, Lat. 2 11" S., Long. 131 W., on the 11th of May, Philip Nolan." I happened to observe it, because I was stranded at the old Mission house In Mackinac, waiting for a Lake Superior steamer which did not choose to come, and I was devouring, to the very stubbie, all the current literature I could get hold of, even down to the deaths and marriages in the "Herald." My memory for names and people Is good, and the reader will see, as he goes on, that I had reason enough to remember Philip Nolan. There are hundreds of readers who would have paused at that announcement, If the officer of the Levant who reported it had chosen to make It thus: "Died, May 11th, 'The Man without a Coun try.' " For It was as "The Man with out a Country" that poor Philip Nolan had generally been known by the offi cers who had him in charge during some fifty years, as, Indeed, by all the men who had sailed under them. I dare say there is many a man who has taken wine with him once a fort night, in, b 9. thr.ee j yeaxsV. cntfse, who never knew" Jhat bis- amQ.vwas 'jNo, Ian, or whether the poor wretch had any. name at all. . There can now be no possible harm in telling this poor creature's story. Reason enough there has been till now, ever since Madison's administra tion went out In 1817, for very strict secrecy, the secrecy of honor Itself, among the gentlemen of the navy who have had Nolan In successive charge. And certainly it speaks well for the es prit de corps of the profession and the personal honor of its members, that to the press this man's story has been wholly unknown, and, I think, to the country at large also. I have reason to think, from some investigations I made in the naval archives when I was attached to the bureau of construction, that every of ficial report relating to him was burned when Ross burned the public buildings at Washington. One of the Tuckers, of possibly one of the Watsons, had Nolan in charge at the end of the war ; and when, on returning from his cruise, he reported at Washington to one of the Crownlnshlelds who was in the navy department when he cume home he found that the department Ig nored the whole business. Whether they' really knew nothing about It, or whether It was a non ml ricordo, de termined on as a piece of policy, I do not know. But this I do know, that since 1817, and possibly before, no naval officer has mentioned Nolan In his report of a cruise. As I say, there is no need for se crecy any longer. And now the poor creature Is dead, It seems to me worth while to . tell a little of his story, by way of showing young Americans of today what it is to be A MAN WITHOUT A COUNTRY. Philip Nolan was as fine a young officer as there was in the "Legion of the West," as the western division of our army was then called. When Aaron Burr made his first dashing ex pedition down to New Orleans In 1805, at Fort Massac, or somewhere above on the river, he met, as the devil would have it, this gay, dashing, bright young fellow, at some dinner party, I think. Burr marked him, talked to him, walked with him, took him a day or two's voyage in his flatboat, and, In short, fascinated him. For the next year barrack life was very tame to poor Nolan. He occasionally availed of the permission the great man had given him to write to him. Long, high worded, stilted letters the poor boy wote and re-wrote and copied. But never a line did he have in reply from the gay deceiver. The 'other boys In the garrison sneered at him, because he sacrificed In this unrequited affec tion for a politician the . time which they devoted to Monongahela, sledge, nnd high-low-Jack. Bourbon, euchre, and poker were still unknown. But one dny Nplnn hid his revenge. . This time Burr came down the river, not as T rr" - . Ts r A I Mar Wmoiit Country Everett Hale an attorney seeking a place for his office, but as a disguised conqueror. He had defeated I know not how many district attorneys; he had dined at I know not how many public dinners ; he had been heralded In I know not how many Weekly Arguses ; and it was ru mored that he had an army behind him and an empire before him. It was a great day his arrival to poor Nolan. Burr had not been at the fort an hour before he sent for him. That evening he asked Nolan to take him out in his skiff, to show him a cane-brake or a Cottonwood tree, as he said, really to seduce him; and by the time the sail was over, Nolan was enlisted body and soul. From that time, though he did not yet know It, he lived as "A Man without a Country." What Burr meant to do I know no" more than you, dear reader. It Is none of our b'uslness Just now. Only, when the grand catastrophe came, and Jef ferson and the House of Virginia of that day undertook to' break on the wheel all the possible Clarences of the then House of York, by the great treason trial at Richmond, some of the lesser fry in that distant Mississippi valley, which was farther from us than Puget Sound Is today, Introduced the like novelty on their provincial stage, and, to while away the monotony of the summer at Fort Adams, got up, for spectacles, a string of court-martials on the officers there. One and anoth er of the colonels and majors were tried, and, to fill out the list, little No lan, against whom, heaven knows, there was evidence enough, that ho was sick of the service, had been will ing to be false to It, and would have obeyed any order to march anywhlther with anyone who would follow him, had the order only been signed, "By command of His Exc. A. Burr." The courts dragged on. The big files es caped, rightly for all I know. Nolan was proved guilty enough, as I say; yet you and I would never have heard of him, reader, but that, when the president of the court asked him at the close, . whether he wished to say any thing to show that he had always been faithful to the United States, he cried out, in a fit of frenzy: "D n the United States I I wish I may never hear of the United States again 1" AX.flypppse Jxej dldnotvknpw hp5t.i:the wqrds .shocked 'jeWaCxjjflnol. Morgan, who was holding the court. Half the officers who sat In it had served through the Revolution, and their lives, not to say their necks, had been risked for the very idea which ho so cavalierly cursed in his madness. He, on his part, had grown up In the West of those days, in the midst of "Spanish plot," "Orleans plot," and all the rest Ills education, such as it was, had been perfected In commercial expedi tions to Vera Cruz, and I think he told me his father once hired an English man to be a private tutor for a winter on the plantation. He had spent half his youth with an older brother, hunt ing horses in Texas ; and, in a word, to "I Wish I May Never Hear of the United States Again 1" him "United States' was scarcely a reality. Yet he had been fed by "Unit ed States" for all the years since he had been in the army, ne had sworn on his faith as a Christian to be true to "United States." It was "United States" which gave him the uniform he wore, and the sword by his side. Nay, my poor Nolan, it was only because "United States" had picked you out first as one of her own confidential men of honor, that "A. Burr"jcared for you a straw more than for the fiat boat men who sailed his ark for him. I do not excuse Nolan; I only explain to the' reader why he damned his coun try, and wished he might never hear her name again. ' lie never did hear her name but once ngaln. From that ' moment, Septem ber 23, 1807, Ull the day he died. May 11, 1SC3, he never heard her name aaln. For that half century; and more he was a man without a cocn-i try. Old Morgan, as I said, was terrlblyj shocked. if Nolan bad compared) George Washington to Benedict Ar-i nold, or had cried, "God save Klngi George," Morgan would not have felt! worse. Ho called the court Into his private room, and returned In fifteen minutes, with a face like a sheet, to say: "Prisoner, hear the sentence of the 1 court The court decides, subject to the approval of the president, that you never hear the name of the United' States again." Nolan laughed. But nobody else laughed. Old Morgan was too solemn, and the whole room was hushed dead as night for a minute. Even Nolan lost his swagger in a mo ment. Then Morgan added : r "Mr. Marshal, take the prisoner to Orleans In an armed boat, and deliver him to the naval commander there." The marshal gave his orders,, and: the prisoner was taken out of court "Mr. Marshal," continued old Mor gan, "see that no one mentions the United States to the prisoner. Mr. Marshal, make my respects to Lieu tenant Mitchell at Orleans, and re quest him to order that no one shall mention the United States to the pris oner while he is on board ship. You will receive yourv written orders from the officer on duty here this evening. The court is adjourned without day." I have always supposed that Colonel Morgan himself took the proceedings of the court to Washington City, and explained them to Mr. Jefferson. Cer tain it Is that the president approved them, certain, that is, If I may believe the men who say they have seen his signature. The plan then adopted was sub stantially the same which was neces sarily followed ever after. Perhaps it was suggested by the necessity of sending him by water from Fort Adams and Orleans. The secretary of the navy was requested to put Nolan on board a government vessel bound on a long cruise, and to direct that he should be only so far confined there as to make it certain that ho never saw or heard of the country. We had few long cruises then, and the navy was very much out of favor; and as almost all of this story Is traditional, as I have explained, I do not fcnow cer tulnlyvwhat his first cruise was. But the commander to whom he was In trusted perhaps It was TIngey. or Shaw, though I think It was one of the younger men wo ate all old enough now regulated the etiquette and the precautions of the affair, "and according to his scheme they were carried out, I suppose, till Nolan died. When I was second officer of the In trepid some thirty years after, I saw the original paper of instructions. I have been sorry ever since that I did hot copy the whole of it It ran, how- ever, much In this way: "Washington " (with the date, which must have pesn late jn J8Q7); "Sir You wllljrecelve from Lieu tenant Neale the person of Philip No lan, late a lieutenant in the United States army. m 1 "This person on his trial by court- martial expressed with an oath the wish that he might never hear of the United States again. "The court-sentenced him to have his wish fulfilled. "P'or the present, the execution of the order Is Intrusted by the president of this department. "You will take the prisoner on board your ship, and keep him there with such precautions as shall prevent his escape. "You will provide him with such quarters, rations, and clothing as would bo proper for an officer of his late rank, if he were a passenger on your vessel on the business of his gov ernment The gentlemen on board will mako any arrangements agreeable to them selves regarding his society, ne is to bo exposed to no Indignity of any kind nor Is he ever unnecessarily to be re minded that he is a prisoner. "But under no circumstances Is he ever to hear of his country or to see any information regarding It ; and you will especially caution all the officers under j'our command to take care that, In the various Indulgences which may be granted, this rule, In which his pun-. lshment Is Involved, shall not be broken. "It Is the Intention of the govern ment that he shall never again see the country which he has disowned. Before the end of your cruise you will receive orders which will give effect to this Intention. "Respectfully yours, "W. SOUTHARD, : "for the Secretary of the Navy." If I had only preserved the whole of this paper, there would be no break In the beginning of my sketch of this story. For Captain Shaw, If It was he, handed it to his successor in the charge, and he to his. The rule adopted on board the ships on which I have met "The Man without a Country" was, I think, transmitted from the beginning. No mess liked to ' have hlra permanently, because his presence cut off all talk of home or of the prospect of return, of politics or letters, of peace or of war cut off more than half the talk men like to have at sea. .But it was always thought too hard that he should never meet the rest of us, except to touch hats, and we finally sank Into one sys- s tem. lie was not permitted to talk with the men unless an officer was by. With officers he had unrestrained in tercourse, as far as they nnd ho chose. But he grew shy, though he had favor ites: I was one. Then the captain! always asked him to dinner on Mon day. Every mess in succession took up tho Invitation in its turn. Accord ing to ihe size of the ship, you had him (Continued on pae six.)