THK (aZKTTE-TIMKS. HKI'PNKR. ORK.. THI RSD.XI,, W.C. 81. 1014
THE NAME STUCK.
How the Pittsburgh
to Bi! Ca'ied
Tho r:it-:.i! u:i-
-:il!cl til,' l')':aii's. -1
Ball Club Cam
t tl:..t 11:11110 s
t'i. r.-;i:i ,,f t!it kiii;.:iiii's of lmis
rit'rimiHS'. a M.ir .-e vml baseman,
fiMlil liif AlhVtus way back in 1SSS
r lv..i At tlvit tiino there was it
vnri;i:;i; .vmvc'.n- lit between the Na-
timial lenu-.ie .".ml the old American as-
soeiation. tiy which neither organi.a -
tiou was permitted to reserve more
than fifuiu players nt tbe close of the
The owners of the Athletics, iu the
American association, desired to keep
sixteen 01' their men. but as only
fifteen could be legally reserved, the
only war MH'ii was to leave one name
off the list nnd take a chance 011 no i
other clnli picking up the player. Ac
cordingly tin. Athletic inau-igcmcut
failed to name ltierbaiier in the re
serve -list, hoping the omission would
be overlooked. lint a friend of the
Pittsburgh club noted that Rierbauer's
unine was missing, and as Louis was
h uiuch sought player the friend told
Horace l'hiliips, manager of the Pitts
burgh club. Phillips proceeded to Erie,
l a., where Louis passetl the winter
months at his home.
r.ierbaucr was willing to listen, a
tempting offer was made, and when
1 i.i lips returned he brought with him
tin' player's signed coiilruct for the
f .owing season. The whole pro
ft'i i;e was perfectly regular, under
the rules, and Bierbauer played lu
l ialMirgh for many years, but the
m-i.ner of bis capture caused no end
of t.iik iu the baseball world, and one
1 htiadelphia writer referred to the
nf;;.h' as an act of "piracy" on the
1m hall sens. The Plttsburghers were
pro aptly named the "Pirates," and the
title has stuck. Kansas City Star. "
SALTING SAVES TIMBER.
Which Show How It Actr
as a Preservative. j
it was round m replacing a recent -burned
railroad trestle along the north
shore of Great Salt lake. Vtali, that
the piles were sound after forty-three
years of service. These were of local
pine and fir, but were found to have
been Impregnated with lake s-tlt.
I lie result of this investigation is
what started the United States forest i
service 011 its recent examinations of '
the use of salts us a preservative of
timber. At another point on the lake
some eighteen inch piles, twenty-nine
years old, have been similarly pre
served with salt, which has penetrated
to the center. Timbers in the South
ern Pacific railroad trestles across the
lake, placed lu VMXi, appear as good
us when driven, and have been pre
served above the water line by salt
spray dashed upon them. The first
transcontinental telegraph-line, which
was built before the first railroad, ex
tended west from Salt Lake City
through the then prosperous mlulnjf
camps of Eureka. Austin and others. '
When the railroad was built the tele
graph line was transferred to this
right of way, and the old poles were
sawed off at the ground. A recent
examination of the butts left in the
ground in the salt desert near I'isb
springs, Utah, showed that after the
fifty years since the poles were cut
off the butts were perfectly sound. It
lias been common practice iu the Salt
Lake valley to preserve poles by put
ting! about seventy-live pounds of salt
in the ground around the butts. En-
What Week End Guests Bring.
According to Harrison Rhodes' ac
count in Harper's Magazine, week end
guests in high society bring
Their own motorcars.
Their own maids and valets.
In nt least one ense, her own boiled
rice, dried toast. Bulgarian sour miil:
ninl other fixings, all in an especially
designed silver-gilt dinner pail.
frequently their own bed linen, pil
lows ond bath towels.
One lady, known to many visiting
!i--K If it happens that she is g.'ilnjf to
exceed (lie week end limit, brings her
own coo!; and buticr.
There Is a whisper, npt to be credited
to Mr. Rhodes, that some of these
guests bring also their own welcome.
Vulcanizing With Light.
Messrs. Ilelbronner and Bernstein, in
I'raii'-e. have been experimenting with
ultra violet rays us a means of expe
rtising and simplifying the vulcaniza
tion of rubber. Vulcanization consists
in Impregnating rubber with sulphur.
The experimenters mix solutions of
sulphur and rubber at normal tempera
ture and submit the mixture to the
Influence of ultra violet light for ten
seconds. On evaporating the liquid a
film of vulcanized rubber is left. A
very small quantity of sulphur suf-flces-6
In 1.000. New York World.
Gilbert K. Chesterton, the 300 pound
Englbh journalist, lately wrote a farce,
"Magic," which had a short run in
London, und then died quietly. One of
the features of the London theatrical
season was n play called "Fanny's
I list Play."
(i. Bernard Shaw was prevailed on
to attend one of the performances of
"Magic" and at the end of the show
left the house murmuring quizzically,
'"Fatty's First Play.'"
She Loved That Tortoise.
Miss Ellen Blddell of Violet Lodge,
Parkroad. Ipswich, who died March
last, nged eighty-five, and left 14,097,
stated lu her will that she desired her
residuary legatees to be kind to and
to find the best borne they can for her
tortoise, which she hud had since
June, 1845. London Standard.
I PRACTICAL HEALTH HINT. I
Cancer of the Tongue.
TS.at the coinuionest cause of
can. er of the tonjnie, nt anv rate ?'
in persons under thirty years of
age. is the irritation from sharp
edged or carious teeth is proved
by statistics collected by Prs.
Corse and Pupuich and quoted
iu the New York Medical ltee
ord. Thirty per cent of the cases
they studied were traceable to
this cause. Cancer of the tongue &
111 young persous almost always f
appears as an ulcer on the lxir-
der of the tongue just where It i
rubs against tile teeth. Some- i
times It is at the tip. The cases I
In which it appears nt the back
of or underneath the tongue are
rarer More than W) per cent of
those cases prove fatal within a
few months. Mornl.-At the first f
sign of decay or roughness of a k
tooth go to a dentist at once.
MUSEUM FOR THE FUTURE.
Its Content to Be Still Perfect a Thou
sand Years Hence.
A thousand year museum, designed
to preserve exhibits so nearly perfect
that they will not have changed iu
appearance when shown to Americans
in 2S14, is a recent addition to the
American Museum of Natural History
in New York. Dust, light, insects and
moisture are the constant enemies of
museum exniiurs. so sleclal snrugc
vaults have been built, which will
keep all four under perfect control
nnd iu nil probability preserve ex
hlblrs for 1.000 years. The buildings
rre not expected to lust for anything
like that length of time, but the sys
tem will do lis work of preservation
perfectly weli until the time for new
vaults comes along, llust and light
can be kept under control by constant
attention, so the real problems of Ideal
preservation are moisture nnd insects.
The vaults have been built of con
crete, with perfectly fitting air tight
metal doors, so that neither moisture
nor Insects can get In.
In the event, however, of insects
getting in when tho vaults are visit
ed, for lustauce provision is made to
kl" tneul oft b.V filling the vaults with
some deadly gas for a few hours -OC
Exhibits that are not very exciting
now. but which will be genuine curi
osities hundreds of years from now,
fre being stored such ns Indian bas
kets, headdresses and weapons. Some
of the buckskin articles may not last
a thousand years, because the Indian
tanners did not do sufficiently perfect
work, but It is predicted that most of
the relics will last that long in good
shape. Saturday Evening Tost.
FRIGHT AND SWIMMING.
Cramp It Not Dangerous if Bathers
Only Keep Their Heads.
The widest publicity should be given
to Dr. YVelzniiller's advice to the West
Side Y. M. C. A. that It is fright, not
cramp, which drowns many swimmers
each summer. Cramp nloue Is innocent.
This Is Dr. Welzmlller's sound and use
"When seized with crump, swim
without using the crnmpy limb nnd,
while swimming, alternately draw up
nnd stretch out the limb as far as pos
sible, thus helping nature to overcome
the condition. If the cramp becomes
worse turn over and flout and exercise
the cramped leg or arm us much us
possible until the pain passes."
Scarcely n long distance swimming
race is held that some competitors are
not attacked by cramp. These experi
enced swimmers do not even stop, but
go on nt lessened speed while "kicking
out" the local trouble. Yet every year
swimmers quite capable of this easy
trick become confused by the pain of
a cramp, swallow a little water, re
member AvI1.1t they have heard-that
"cramps and sudden death are synony-mous"-and
go down, literally fright
ened to death.
If Dr. "Welzmlller's directions could
become part of the mental habit and
instinct of every swimmer they would
enable many a promising young liuyi
seized with cramp to keep cool, and
that is commonly all that is necessary
to save his life. New York World,
A Gloomy Bedroom.
A sight which attracted a great deal
of curious attention in London recent
ly was a furniture show window in
nxrord street, which had been set out.
by a futurist decorator ns a sample of
the bedroom of the future. The sheets
and pillows on the bed were coal
mack, nnd the wall paper was of
black and white stripes. There were
orange and green cushions on 0 purple
sofa nnd a vivid green china bird to
put the finishing touch to the gloom
of the surroundings.
Icebergs and Temperature.
There seems to be some difference of
opinion ns to the effect of an Iceberg
on the temperature of the water In lis
immediate vicinity. The recent obser
rations made by those on board the
vesselS of the United States Ice patrol
of the north Atlantic ocean show that
the temperature of the water In the
ocean nt points far removed from the
presence of Icebergs Is as low ns that
In the immediate presence of the berg.
The United Stntes in shortening
few yenrs ngo the official nnme t.
'Amcrlcn" did so not ns much for U19
sake of economizing time and space nt
for nsserting pride of plnce in the
western hemisphere. Westminster 0-eettc.
Hi DESCHUTES BASIN
ruiein, ur., iec. ZS. flans an
estimates of cost of irrigating 200
UU acres of land in the upper Do
schutes River basin are embraced i
a report to be Issued soon bv John
T. Whistler and E. G. Hopson, of th
federal Reclamation Service, and
State Engiueer John H. Lewis.
The land, according to the report
can be reclaimed in four units, and
all of them must look for their water
supply to two reservoirs, one to be lo
cated on the Deschutes River at Ben
ham Kails, 16 miles south of Bend
and the other to be located at Crane
Prairie, on the We.U Fork of the Des
chutes. The estimated cost of the
first reservoir is $991,000, and that
tor the second $152,000. The cost of
irrigation will run from $38 to $60
the north unit embraces 99,00
acres. In the vicinit- of Gateway. Mad
ras, Metolius, Culver and Opal City
and will cost $5,519,000. The west
side unit consists of 20,352 acres
which adjoins the Tumalo project,
and will cost $831,500. In the east
side unit there are 36,000 acres, and
the total cost will exceed $1,000,000
The south side unit embraces 48,460
acres, and the cost is estimated at
'lhe state and the United States
Reclamation Service are co-operating
upon a dollar-for-dollar basis in the
preparation of plans aud estimates of
the cost of a number of projects, and
reports on a number of them will be
announced in the future.
WO.MKX WHO WERE SOLDIERS,
London Tit-Bits: The war. has
produced its crop of stories, more or
les3 true, of women who have dis
guised themselves as men, shoulder
ed a rifle and fought in the trenches
One of these heroines, who did a gal
lant deed In rescuing a soldier, and,
though probably she will not ha al
lowed to take any further part in the
campaign, she will go down in Rus
sian history as a minor star a fol
lower cf Joan of Arc, and some of the
Spanish heroines of the Peninsular
There has been scarcely a war In
which some woman has not had a
part in the fighting line. During the
Balkan war women of all classes In
Servia, Montenegro and Bulgaria,
who can handle a rifle as well as they
can a saucepan, fought for their re
spective countries. A notable : case
was that of- Miss Sophie Jfofranoyitch,
a young Servian girl, who obtained
permission from King Peter to fight
like an ordinary soldier, and, dressed
in military uniform, accounted for
several turns, a Belgrade school
girl, Milena Manditch, was also, found
among the volunteer forces raised by
the Servian committee for national
defense.- She was only 17 years of
age, and went from the high school
at Belgrade to take her place in the
fighting line, wearing an ordinary
Another extraordinary case of a
woman in a recent war hiding her sex
and fighting as a soldier was that of
Xenia Kritskaya, a Russian girl, 011
whom the czar conferred high mil
itary honors for the jtart which she
took in the Russo-Japanese war. No
one suspected her of being a woman,
and this brave "soldier" gained re-
lown by saving three wounded com
rades, dressing their wounds, and
then reentering the firing line until
jhe herself was wounded. Another
Russian woman, Harrietona Korot-'
kiewitch, donned man's attire and
fought In many battles during the
'tu!;sr-.Iupaneee war, in order to be
aear hor husband. She fought' side
'y side wit!; him in numerous sorties,
Mid won tho admiration of-oHlcers
ind men by her fearlessness. One
lay, while riding to the trenches
with dispatches, a large shell strucl:
and destroyed certain earthworks
'Iarriotena vas-'seen to stasger as
he shell exploded, and she was plclt
id up dead. It was only after her
leath that her Bex was dlsqovered
The British army has had its wo
men soldiers, and two of them arc
buried in the cemetery of Chelsea
hospital. One of these dames Han
nah Shell, a truculent-looking per
son, whose portrait is preserved in
the great hall of the hospital, served
in the siege of Pondicherry and was
badly wounded, her sex being dis
covered when she was removed to
the hospital. She became a pension
er nd wore on occasions the three
cornered hat and uniform coat of
Chelsea, and was, at her own request,
buried in the graveyard of the hos
pital. Christina Davis was the other
female soldier burled in this ceme
tery. She is described as ' a "fat,
jolly woman." Another English
woman who successfully posed as
a man and enlisted as a soldier was
Phoebe Hessel, who was a private In
the Fifth foot regiment, and fought
at Fontenoy In 1745, under the duke
of Cumberland, being severely woun
ded. Ultimately she died at Brighton
in 1821 at the age of 108. The most
famous Englishwoman "soldier,"
however, was "Dr. James Barry,"
who joined the medical corps In 1813
and served at Waterloo and Id Cri
mea. In 1858, after many promo
tions, she became Inspector general,
and it was not until many years la
ter that the fact that she was a wo
man was discovered.
1 illS OF
IHE STATE OF OREGON
Florence wants a hotel and a
Douglas county tax levy reduced
half a mill.
Grant county tax levy Is reduced
The Bandon water plant has been
acquired by the city.
The route for the Columbia-Clat
sop canal has been surveyed.
Marlon county tax levy Is reduced
three and seven-tenths mills.
Coos Bay Is leading all points on
the coast for lumber shipments.
The brick industry of Eugene ob
jects to competing with prison brick.
A fisliway has been ' completed
around the falls of the Illinois river.
Logging operations will continue
all winter on South Inlet, Coos Bay.
Mr. and Mrs. Earl MeU have es
tablished a glove factory at Eugene.
Wallowa has a new electric feed
The plumbing industry was boom
ed all over Oregon by the recent cold
The Gresham cannery plant of the
Fruit Growers Association is com
pleted. Pendleton gets 16,000 feet of six
foot concrete walk from the Northern
The Swops Mill Co. have purchas
ed and will operate a Sawmill at
The railroad from Grangevllle,
Ida., to Nevada will pass through
Baker commercial club lias a big
campaign on pushing the local cigar
Improvements and maintenance
cost for North Bend for 1914 was
The hstabrook Co. at Bandon has
large contracts, for getting out cedar
ties this winter.
Woman's Federation will try to es
tablisti a hospital for crippled child
ren with state aid.
Another fight is to be made to de
velop the Oregon Stone industry and
stop importing substitutes.
The Stettler Box factory of Port
land will build a large additional
plant on the east side to cost $60
While millions have been added to
investments by public service cor
porations in Clatsop county, the to
tal assessed valuations this year are
$20,000 less than last year.
The Committee of One Hundred
Makes Public its Measure.
Some Main Features Given
Synopsis of the bill providing for
the enforcement of the state prohibi-
ion amendment, adopted at the last
general election by the people of Ore
gon, has been given out by the Com
mitteo of One Hundred. It is rather
rigid measure. The main features
f tho bill are as follows
1. Making the attorney general
x-officlo state commissioner of pro
hibition, with full power and sole
ual responsibility for enforcement
e to have the privilege of employing
jpecial deputies, and power to en-
orce the law when county officials
Providing ouster proceedings
or delinquent county and city offi-
3. Making it unlawful to sell,
mrter, furnish for sale, or keep for
ale anything for which the United
States government requires a liquor
baler's tax, and defining any bever
age containing as much as one-half
of one per cent of alcohol by volume
as an intoxicating liquor.
4. Making it unlawful to adver
tise liquors by newspapers, billboards
5. Making fines a lien against
property where offenses were com
6. Making it compulsory for con
victed persons to give bond that they
will not offend for two years; on fail
ure or refusal to furnish bond, to go
to jail for two years.
7. Making it unlawful to solicit
or 'receive orders for liquor, sale to
be considered as taking place where
delivery is made.
8. Making it unlawful to keep or
furnish liquor to members in any
club house or place of public resort.
9. Making place where Intoxicat
ing liquors are sold or kept for sale
a common nuisance, and providing
for abatement of the same.
10. Providing a strong search
and seizure law; liquor to be des
troyed upon conviction.
11. Making ownership of govern
ment liquor dealer's stamp or posses
sion of lhjuors in quantities prima
facie evidence of Illicit selling.
12. Making the sale of near-beer
and all other malt liquor substitutes
13. Providing a way for county
THE LAND OF SUNSHINE, FRUIT AND FLOWERS
CALLS YOU .
tITH SUMMERTIME IN WINTER.
Outdoor jin.l Indoor Sports Boating, Surf-bathing,"
Golf, Polo, Tennis. For rest and recreation,
California is tlelio-litful.
For Saftey and Comfort, go via the
Oregon-Washington Railroad & Navigation Co.
through Portland. KKTUHN THE SAME WAY
CALIFOKNTA IS STAGING TWO BIG SHOWS.
Celebrating completion of the Panama Canal.
PANAMA-PACIFIC INTERNATIONAL EXPOSITION
San Francisco, February 20 to December 4, 1915.
San Diego, January 1 to December 31, 1915.
They represent the highest and
best of human endeavor in the .
world of art, science and indus
try. See Both of Them.
Tickets, information, ect., upon op
J. B. HUDLESTON,
Agent, O-W. R. & N. CO.
HEPPNER WOOD YARD
E. E. BEEMAN, Prop.
Wood and Coal
Leave orders with Slocum Drug Co. or phone Main 60.
CASE FURNITURE COMPANY
The Jewell Green Houses
THE DALLES, OREGON
courts to appropriate funds to be
used by prosecuting attorneys in se
curing evidence, and providing that
one-half of all flues shall go to the
witness securing the evidence.
14. Providing that organizations
or individuals may employ counsel,
who shall be recognized asjissociate
district attorney; no case to bo dis
missed over protest of associate coun
sel except by order of the judge; and
providing that in case of conviction
reasonable attorney's fees for the
plaintiff shall be assessed and collec
ted with the fine.
15. Providing for the seizure and
confiscation of motor boats, auto
mobiles and other vehicles, not com
mon carriers, used in delivering
FRANK RECEIVES SIAY
8. Supreme Court Kxtends Aid
to Man Sentenced to Hang
At Washington, D. C, on Monday
Supreme Justice Lamar granted the
application of Leo Frank for a re
view of the latter's conviction on a
charge of murdering Mary Phagan
at Atlanta, Ga. Justice Lamar's ac
tion automatically stays the execu
tion of Frank, set for January 22 by
a Georgia court. '
The Georgia authorities were ex
pected to urge the supreme court to
advance the case and expedite its
Justice Lamar's opinion held that
It was proper to consider Frank's
contention that his constitutional
privileges were violated by his ab
sence from the courtroom when the
verdict was returned. He held this
was a federal question on which the
supreme court was qualified to pass.
This case has become of nation
wide Interest because of the fact that
there was so flagrant a miscarriage
of justice, and Frank was being rail
roaded to his death seemingly
through a frenzy worked up over
the atrocious murder. A calm and
impartial review of the evidence up
which he was convicted may be the
means of revealing the true mur
Phone B. 2721
Livery & Feed
WILLIS STEWART, Proprietor.
First Class Livery Rigs
kept constantly on hand and
can be furnished on short no
tice to parties desiring to drive
into the interior. First class
Hacks and Buggies
Call arouad and see us.
We cater to the
ers and Camping
and can furnish riga and driv
er on short notice.
HEPPNER . - - OREGON
Stop and look at Gilliam & Bls
bee's window and Bee if the cat In
there. Also see their clock window,
it shows you the time all over the
An up-to-date dwelling for sale;
plenty of fruit for family use; good
location. Price reasonable. See
Smead & CraVford.
Brown Leghorn cockerels for sale.
Single comb. Good birds.
f- W. B. TUCKER, Heppner, Ore.
RAMS FOR SALE I have Lin
coln and Shropshire. Both lambs
and yearlings. C. A. MINOR.
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