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THE (5AZETTF-TIME. HFPPNFR. OREflON, THCRSDAY, MAY 15, 1913.
THE GAZETTE-TIMES The Kppnr GKfttta. Established March SO. lSSS. The Heppner Times, Kstahllshed N.ivtmtwr IS, 1S9T. , Consolidated February 15, 11I. Published every Thursday morning by Vawter Cmword and Spencer Crawford ad entered at the Postotflc at Hepp ner, Orepon. aa aecond-clasa matter. ADVERTISING RATE!) lilVEK OH APPLICATION SUBSCRIPTION KATES: One Year...-. . IS. 00 Blx Months 1.00 Three Month .7S Single Copies .5 MORROW COVKTY OFFICIAL PAPER A BUSINESS PR01t)SITIOX. Under this heading, Col. Hofer, of The Manufacturer, published at Salem, comes out strongly in favor of the proposed measure to pay ir rigation and draiiuc district bond interest fot the -first five years after such projects are started. This measure is No. 304 on the ballot, and its purpose has heretofore been set forth in these columns, and has our unqualified indorsement. Thh Eastern Oregon section is especially interested in the passage of this measure, and the people of Morrow county should support it unanimous ly. We are glad to give place to this indorsement by Col. Hofer. Among the measures to be sub mitted to the voters at election June 3, is one of particular merit from the standpoint of agricultural and industrial development. From any angle it can ; be con sidered the measure to permit the state to pay irrigation and drainage district bond interest for the first five years after such a project is started, by issuing state bonds, said bond money with interest to the state to be repaid by such districts, six months after maturity of such district bonds, seems a safe and sane proposition. It seems doubly safe when it is provided that no such drainage or irrigation district can be started without the approval of a state board comprised of the State Engineer, the Attorney General and the State Superintendent of Banks, who. respectively pass on the feas ibility of the drainage or irrigation system, the legality of the contracts, etc., and the holding of the bonds by the state as security for these farmer organizations. The plan is a businesslike way of using the credit of the state for de veloping what is. now waste land so that it can be used by settlers and at the same time requiring these set tlers who have the benefits of this improvement of their land, to pay for it. The first five years on any farm is the hard time and when a man needs help. By that time some thing is coming in. Individual bond buyers would not take the time to examine titles and investigate the advisability of these different little projects scattered over the state on some 7,000,000 acres of this unused land, but they would buy the. bonds immediately the interest was guaranteed by the state. This is a legitimate way of using the credit of ourt great state to de velop and increase its resources and at the same time provide means for thousands of returning soldiers as well as other settlers to acquire homes. The state fixes the price and terms of sale at which the land can be bought, in tracts of 60 or 80 acres, and there is no chance for land speculators to shove the price up when the improvement starts. These lands are located in the Willamette Valley along the Colum bia river, in the valleys along the coast and in Eastern, Central and Southern Oregon, about equally divided. Settlement of these lands will mean $50,000,000 of outside capital spent in construction work in the next ten years, and add a hundred million to assessed valuation of state. Inasmuch as it is a development proposition for the whole state, the expense of which is borne by the beneficiary and not the taxpayer, it owuld seem that undivided support should be given the measure at this time when we are exerting every effort for increased production and industrial development. By what reasoning does the ideal ist figure out that we are not to judge the future by the past? What reason does he give you that the competitive struggle of history will not continue under a league of nations? If England, as she would, under even the amended covenant, control one-fourth the territory and population of the world, desire to dominate the commerce of the world in conflict with the purposes of the United States, would you be willing to turn that control over to her, and take a chance of thus limiting the development of Amer ica? Not because this country ( means to be selfish, but because of I the desire to be second to none, i Would vou be willing to surrender any of the principles or traditions that have made America the greatest of nations? AHEAD' OK THG GVX. In the good old days the banker sat behind his mahogany rail and waited for business to come his way. He loaned money and that was all and generally he was the most un progressive man in the community for he was out of touch of every thing but money matters. Times have changed and the banker today, if he is making a suc cess, is usually about one jump ahead of the gun when it comes to being posted on conditions which spell prosperity for his territory. The progressive bank today de velops business instead of just wait ing for it to come. As an illustration, the banks of Kalispell, Montana, recently .created a fund to be loaned to young farm ers for the purchase of livestock, said funds to be loaned at 6 per cent and repaid out of the increase from stock. In other words these banks are developing an industry which in turn develops the community and in cidently business for the banks. This is constructive work and the new idea of service in banking. !-l The Roosevelt Highway will put new life, new enterprise, new pep, new energy, new effort and new de termination into the people living in the Coast counties, and will open up and develop a vast stretch of coun try that the people of Oregon know but little about, and will bring into existence a splendid scenic highway that will surprise the people of Ore gon as well as the people of the United States'. It is in the rough now, but with skilled engineers and ex perienced road builders, it is our honest prediction that Oregon will have the most magnificent and pic turesque highway in the world. That is one reason why everybody in Ore gon should be a booster for the Roosevelt Highway.Tillamook Headlight. THE WHISKEY INSURRECTION. Probably no crisis faced bv this nation in the past more closely ap proaches the present situation in which we find ourselves than the Whiskey Rebellion of 1794; the im portance of which has been almost universally overlooked bv historians and writers generally. This rebellion was the first real test the new republic faced. Although the outward cause of the rebellion of the Pennsylvania rioter? was protest against the new excise tax on whiskey, the deeper cause was the activity of the various anar chistic and tree thought societies throughout the new nation. Societies drew their inspiration from the license in insane France; just as today anarchistic revolters here draw their inspiration from the Bolsheviki. It was touch and go for several months whether or not the new republic would survive this wide spread, armed rebellion, but by ap pealing to the citizens, by raising a volunteer army, and by promptly facing rebellion in its strongholds the crisis was met and vanquished. It requires no deep student of the philosophy of history to discover that had dilatory policies of fainthearted pacifism ruled the councils of state, this republic would have died then, almost in its inception. Then, as now, the great majority of the citizens were for established government, and for representative authority, but the few malcontents and ruthless bravos by their furore, well nigh drowned the voice of the mass. An appeal today to the people of this nation would show that most of us are real Americans; levers of liberty, but not of license ; respecters of the law, and of property rights, and that few of us are avid for the Bolshivi crown of nettles. A REAL SERVICE. A few years ago we heard a lot about "it pays to advertise." We hear little of that today be cause every business man who has been able to meet competition these last few years has discovered this salient commercial feature. Those who didn't discover it are to be found in the business cem etery, where receivers keep watch and ward, and all is peaceful. But Mf. Business Man, did you ever stop to figure out how news papers have kept doing business without shooting prices up 100 per cent? i You can be sure that the news paper has discovered its share of additional "overhead" the last four years. Labor, white paper, postage, ma chinery, office supplies; these have cost more, as your raw material and labor cost more, but generally the increase in advertising rates has been slight, and the cost to the news paper reader has not at all been raised in proportion to the added expense of doing business. Meanwhile the papers of the na tion have given milliins on millions of dollars worth of most valuable space to promote all war activities. They have led in subscribing to the multitude of funds. Once in a while some sapient chap arises and yells for a government-owned press service but we know of no public-owned or man aged business that approaches the newspepers in economy of operation, satisfactory service, and reliability. We feel rather certain that the average government office would not only fail to show a profit pub lishing a daily paper, but that the public would be less ably served rather than more so. The few municipal newspaper ventures have proven rather horrible examples of how to do it. The newspaper that survives these days is giving its full share of public service for such dividends as it may acquire. Let us remember all the good road bills at the special election and give them our support. It is a big program that spells progress for Oregon. WANTED A place to room and board close in. C. B. Vickers, Univers al Garage. Rivers & Ackley Look for us in the repair department of the HEPPNEE GARAGE. 1 Your Car floes not very often need repairing, but when it does you want the beet work done on it it is possible to obtain. You want it repaired right, and repaired to last. You want the trouble located and fixed without putting some other part on the bum. And you want this all done at a reasonable price. We ask you to give us a trial the next time your car needs Jne services of a repair shop. We are equipped and have the expert mechanics to do the job right. Our battery repair department is at your service and our many satisfied patrons attest to its efficiency. Free inspection and free distilled water. Oxy-Acetylene Welding We weld anything except a broken heart. IllllllllllllllillllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllS Buy Your Shoes for Work and Dress at Minor & Company There is no shoe which gives the service and satisfaction given by our "NAP-A-TANS" We have them in all lasts light or heavy hard or soft toe low or high tops. For a light, comfortable summer shoe, try our "WURKSHUS" Made of brown canvas with rubber soles. Complete line of Harvest Shoes. Tennis Shoes and Oxfords. Minor & Company SENIOR PLAY lll,MIIMIMllllMMMMWW''MWWMWMMIIM 7 The Senior Class of Heppner High School Will Present ivelly Ste A Comedy Drama in Two Acts Cast of Characters Joseph Billing, mill owner, president of Beliuam TruHt Co. Edward Notson Joseph Billings, Jr.. Emery Gen(ry Theodore Cunningham, Billlnga' secretary Die Walking Horatius Thlmple........ .".".".Jasper Crawford Mary Smythe, Billings' sister j,,, Beverly Smythe, Mary Smythe's daughter........ Nean Hampton Juliet Smythe, Mary Smythe's daughter . Helen Ban-alt Rose-Marie Smythe, Mary Smythe's daughter Cecile DeVore Gwendolyn Smith, her niece Lorraine Groshens ' Martha Holton, Billings' nelce Sibyl Canon Lucille Loveland, of the Winsome Winnie Co.. Loye DeVore Carrie Arry. -"-"...Opal Hall Nora, the maid 1 Ethel Copenhaver Jerusha Billings Ruth Vttn Vactor f J i SCEXF Room In the home of Joseph Billings, Benham, Mass. This play is, as the name "STEP LIVELY" implies, lively from start to finish. Be sure and see Joseph Billings round up the rest of the family and make everyone step lively. : ,; HIGH SCHOOL AUDITORIUM Wednesday, May 21, '19 , Curtain 8 p. m. Admission, Adnlts 50c, Children 25c. IlliiM IE z i