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i ' VOL. I. HOOD RIVER, OR., SATURDAY, AUGUST 31, 1889. NO. 13... The Hood 3(ood' liyer (a lacier, v . '- PUBLISHED EVER? 8ATUBDAY MORNING BY ! The Glacier Publishing Company. ! SUBSCRIPTION PRICE. Ono year.. ...... $2 00 Six months .' 1 00 Three months , 60 - Sngie copy , . . . 5 Cent Mr. George T. Prather la authorized to receive and receipt for all subscriptions and to transact any business for the Glacier. . . , . List of State and County Clclals. . Governor S. Pennovcr Secretary of State G. W. McBride Treasuror Geo. W. Webb Superintendent of Public Instruction .. K. P McElroy .... v ;.:.,.-...liSaSa Congressman . . B. Hermann State Printer Frank Baker , COUNTY. " v Judge ; '.C. N. Thorhbury Sheriff.... Geo, Herbert Clerk .' .....G. H. Thompson Treasurer Geo. Rueh Commissioners .......... .,. ...,.. Assessor H. Gourlay . Surveyor E. P. Sharp Super! ii t end ont of Public Schools .... A. C. Connelly Coroner Win. Micheil LOCAL OFFICERS. Postmaster Mrs. Jennie ChampHn Justice of the Peace.,.. Henry Howe Constable V.E. S. Oli tiger "a Public j VtSS E. J. THOMAS, M. D.,v ' ' (Graduate of Jefferson Medical - College, Phila., 1878.) , :Physiciany Surgeon .. '. HOOD RIVER, OREGON. A FULL LINE OF 1 ,. Drugs, Medicines and Toilet Articles, KEPT IN STOCK. - RAIL DIVISION. ELEGANT NEW DINING CARS will run daily, commencing' Aug. 22, over the Ore gon Railway & Navigation Co., Oregon Short Line a.id Union Pacific Ky.( between Port ; land and Missouri Kiver. The cuisine , - and service are unexcelled. TiniTPTQ ant trom ""ciP51! points in the HUU.1J1U I United States, Canada and Europe. Elegant New Dining Cars. PULLMAN PALACE SLEEPERS FREE FAMILY SLEEPING CARS j I Run Through on Express Trains, to r OMAHA, COUNCIL BLUFFS t and KANSAS CITY j j Without Change. 5 Close connections at Portland for San Francisco and J j Puget Sound points. I OCEAN DIVISION. ' , TO SAN FRANCISCO. Leaving Steamship Wharf, Portland, at 12 Midnight, s . as follows: . 8THAMBR. BAT. Oregon Saturday. . State.. ' Wednesday Columbia Sunday.". . Oregon Thursday. . State..; Monday... Columbia Friday. , . . Ores on Tuesday. . . . State Saturday ... nATB. .An (rust 2 . " 7 . 11 . 15 . " 19 . "28 . " 2.7 . 81 Barrage must be checked either at Ash St. during the day, or by the U. C. & B. T. Co. Ho unchecked baggage will be received on the Steamers. Ticket Ofllce First and Oak Sts. TO PORTLAND Leaving Spear St. Wharf, San Francisco, at 10 A, M., as follows: STEAMER. DAY. DATS. State .Friday August 2 Columbia Tuesday.... " 6 Oregon Saturday ' 10 State.... ....Wednesday " 14 Columbia ...Sunday.... " 18 Oregon. .Thursday 22 State., f.. Monday...". " 26 ColuuuTia Friday " 30 No fr light will be received on morning of sailing, except fruit and vegetables, and these will not be taken a'ter 9 A. M. Kates of passage (including meals and berths): Cabin, 816.00; Steerage, $8.00; Round trip, unlim ited, 830.00. S. E CROWE, AOENT.HOODRIVER. STATE AND TEEEITOEY. Lata Dispatohes . Gleaned Prom the ' "Great Only." PROTEST ASAIKgT CHINESE TRANSIT irrigation Committee Portland to Port Townsend Arid Lands-No Fair . at Spokane Items. -. ' .. '; Sax Francisco, Aug. 25. A mass meeting was held last night in Metro p&litan Hall under the auspjees of the council of federated trades to protest against the decision rendered recently by Secretary of the Treasurer Windom, in the matter of Chinese ia transit across the United States. Mayor Pond presided and a number of prominent speakers addressed the meeting, among thera Congressman Morrow. . Resolutions were adopted protesting against the decison of Secretary Win dom, and calling upon the present ad ministration to at once take necessary steps to render the decision null and void. A copy of the resolutions was ordered sent to the president of the United States and to the secretary of the treasury. .' j', ' ; The Irrigation Committee. San Francisco, Aug. 25. The senate committe on irrigation and the reclama tion of arid lands were driven over the city this morning in company with the members of the state board of trade, i It was learned from a member of the committee. that in fflaho the committee found"that there Over 600' separate irri gating channels now in operation, with a total length of main of 1800 miles. Besides this, the laterals measure many hundred miles additional.' It is esti mated that some 6,250,000 acres in Idaho can be supplied with water at a cost qf not to exceed $1 an acre. There are no great engineering difficulties to encounter, and the whole of this im mense area of fertile soil can be readily brought under cultivation. . Portland and Port Tovrnaend. Port Townsend, W. T., Aug. 24 The steamer Olympian brought to this place today a railroad construction outfit, with which the Union Pacific will Degin building the Toad from here to Portland. A corps of engineers and Captain Hill, superintendent of the Oregon' Improve ment Company, arrived with the outfit. The wharf was crowded with spectators upon the arrival of the steamer, all anx ious to satisfy themselves that the outfit had arrived. . Work will , begin early next week. The Transcontinental peo ple are fully aware of the importance ol beginning work at an early date. The bonds require that twenty-five miles of road shall be completed by January 1, 1890, or the bonus will be forfeited. The Arid Lands Committee. San Francisco, Aug. 24. The senate committee on irrigation and arid lands of the West arrived in the city this eve ning. Tomorrow they will bo given a dinner at the Cliff house by the recep tion committee and driven over the city. Monday they begin taking testimony on arid lands. Tuesday they go on an ex cursion to Monteray, and Wednesday start on a tour through San Joaquin val ley, making stops at Fresno, Bakers field and other rints, thence they pro ceed to Los Angeles and San Diego. At Sacramento this afternoon the ' party were tendered a reception by the State Board of Trade. At' the Department of State. Washington, Aug. 24. The acting secretary ot state today said that no communication from Minister Lincoln upon the subject of the Behring sea seizures had been received at the de partment. He had heard nothing, be yond what he had seen in the news papers, from the British government of the intention on its part to request arbi-: tration, and, in fact, the department has had no communication from the British government upon the' subject since Sec retary Bayard quitted the office'. ' Excommnulcated. New York, Aug. 25. Adispatch from Rome says King Humbert and Queen Margherite have been placed under the ban of the church. The sentence of ex communication is stated by the "Venice Gazette, one of the best-informed and widely-circulated papers of the kingdom, to have been pronounced by the pontiff in person on' the occasion of a secret consistory held a few" days after the dedication of the Bruno statue. The assertion of the Gazette is universally believed, and there is much to corrobor ate the authenticity thereof. ' Bippolyte President of Hajrtl. New York, Aug. 24. Dispatches from Port-au-Prince dated today at Mole, St. Nicholas, say that Legitime, the rival of Hippolyte for the presidency of Hayti, has abdicated. Legitime em barked on a French gunboat on August 22, and Hippolyte peacefully entered Legitime's late stronghold, Port-au-Prince, two days' later. A temporary government has been formed. The American war ship Kearsarge has moved nearer the city, and Admiral Gherardi is master of the situation.: No Valr at Spokane. Spokane Falls, W. T.; Aug. 24. At a meeting of the Washington and Idaho Fair Association this afternoon, it was decided 'hot to hold an annual lair this fall. , This action is prompted by the fact that it would be impossible on account of the fire to1 pVoyide accommo dations for those who would attend ; be sides, all the members of the Fair asso ciation and citizens generally are' too busy to give the matter the attention necessary to insure a successful meeting. A Falling off in Immigrants. New York, Aug. 24. The statistics for six months show that 84,000 less immigrants have arrived at this port than during the corresponding period in 18S8. The largest decrease is in Ital ians. .. ' ' ' . 1 ' , :' . Wheat Enough for Home Supply and , Large Quantities for Export. . Latest returns estimate the American wheat crop of 1889 at500,000,000 bushels or nearly 85,000,000 bushels in excess of the crop last year. This will leave not less than 150,000,000 Dushels of wheat for export. Last year the exports of wheat and wheat flour amounted to 121, 000,000 bushels, notwithstanding the ob stacles to Ihe export trade that were created by speculative operations in the Chicago wheat pit. In the present favorable conditions the corn tirop of this year promises to be enormous;-' Last year's yield of In dian corn' was estimated to be nearly 2,000,000,000 bushels, and it is probable that it will be exceeded considerably by the crop of this year. Last year's exports of Indian corn and corn meal amounted to , but little more than 35,000,000 bushels.,' But in consequence of the short crops of wheat and other cereals in Russia and Austria, the exports of Indian corn promise to be greatly simulated in order to supply the poor of Europe with cheap bread. ' The senate committer examining into arid lands and storage of water seem to get around over the country pretty lively. Before one can realize it they get from San Francisco to Omaha and back again. They will learn a good deal about railroad travel but we do not see how they are going to find out much about desert lanos. Afire at Port Costa, Cal.,. Monday morning destroyed 11,000 tons of wheat, three deep sea vessels and forty-two freight cars. Loss $600,000. It is estimated that 100,000 strangers are in Milwaukee, half of whom are veterans. ' , The charge against Judge Field has been dismissed. -. , ; ' : ;,YAQTJINA BAT FREIGHT. Another Instance of Canadian ' Pacific ' " Competition. ' A THOROUGH INVESTIGATION MADE. Shipping of .Freight for Government ' - Work at This Port Not Done by ' the Federal Authorities. ' San Francisco, Aug. 25. A well known railroad man, who was watching a lot of machinery and materials which were being loaded into the Oregon De velepement Company's steamer at the sea wall, was heard to remark today: "Now there is an instance of how the Canadian Pacific can cut our throats. It looks very much to me," he said, "as if the Federal goynrnment were standing in with the Canadian Pacific to crush American transcontinental rail roads. . That machinery is going to Yaquina bay to be used on government work the breakwater there, and it came from High Bridge, N. J. , It went from New Jersey into Canada, and came across the continent on the Canadian Pacific. At Vancouver it was trans ferred to the City of Pueblo which brought it to San Francisco. Here it is transferred to the Oregon Improve ment company's steamer, and will go north, two-thirds of the way back to Vancouver, before it reaches its desti nation.;'' . ; ''- ' . "Now don't you think there is some thing wrong about a system which per mits the Canadian Pacific to haul that stuff such- a' long distance, handle- it twice in transit and then Jay it down in Oregon at a freight rate with which the Northern Pacific or Central Pacific can not compete?" "But how does the Canadian Pacific doit?" was asked, v "On account of its differentials," said Thomas M. Knight,, freight agent of the Northern Pacific, who was standing near. ' In order to ascertain whether the I'ed eral government was really shipping its freight destined for public work on this coast over the Canadian Pacific, an agent of the road in this city was called upon. He looked over his way-bills, but was unable to ascertain . who had shipped the stuff to Yaquina bay. He freely admitted that on account of its differentials the Canadian Pacific could afford to handle freight twice in transit and still deliver it at a lower rate than the more direct American roads. The agent of the Oregon Development Company could not tell from his books wro were the original shippers of the freight. '; ' ' ; ' Colonel George A. Mendall, super vising engineer of the government river and harbor work on this coast, was seen. 1 He said that the work at Yaquina is in chargepf another officer, so he did not know whether the government had. shipped the freight or not. " Still he thought it probable that the officer' in charge of the work had contracted with the New Jersey firm for the delivery of certain material at Yaquina bay. In this case the contractor would naturally choose the road offering the best rates. Colonel Mendell considered it altogether improbable that the general government would ship anything Over the Canadian Pacific, as American roads owe it im mense sums of money. ,1 . IMMENSE GOLDEN NUGGETS. The Largest Piece of Gold Yet Found was Worth Nearly 9150,000. . In order to correct man' mis-statements that are going the rounds of the press in regard to the largest nuggets of gold ever found, the editor of the Silver Dollar desires to publish' the following facts, which he obtained while Commis sioner to the great mining exposition held in Denver, Col., , in 1882. These facts were obtained from the gentleman having charge of the Australian exhibit which included models of all tho large nuggets discovered in that great gold field. r '; ': ' ' The largest piece of gold in the world was taken from Byer & Haltman's gold mining claim, Hill-End, New South" Wales, May 10, 1872. Its weight was C40 pounds; heighth, 4 feet 9 inches; width, 3 feet 2 inches, average thickness, 4 inches; worth, $148,800. It was found imbedded in a thick wall of blue slate at a depth of 250 feet from the surface. The owners of, the mine were living on charity when they found it. Welcome Stranger nugget was found on Mount Moliagel, February 9, 1869, weighed 190 pounds, and was worth $45,600. This nugget Was raffled for $46,000 at $5 a chance, and was won by a man driving a baker's cart. It was sold to the bank for its tiue value and melted. ' 1 ... ', .' The Welcome nugget was found at Bakery Hill, June 9, 1859 ; it weighed 184 pounds, 9 ounces, 16 pennyweights, and was worth $44,356 ; was raffled for $50,000 at $5 a chance, and was won by a small boy in a barber shop. , Lady Hotham nugget named in honor of the wife of the Governor of New South Wales, was found in Cana- , dian Gully, -September 8, 1854. It: weighed 98 pounds, 10 ounces, 12 penny weights, and was sold for $23,557. . Union Jack nugget, found at Buingorg February, 28, 1857, weight 23 pounds, 5 ounces, and was sold for $5,620. It . was found by a runaway sailor, who sold , it for, the sum "named, and spent the money in four weeks. . ' . No name nugget, found at Eureka, Dalton's Flat, February 7, 1874, 50 feet belowiheurftce, weighed 52 potAJs 1 ounce, and was sold $12,500. " The Leg of Mutton nugget was found at Ballarat, January 31, 1853, at a depth of 65 feet. It weighod 134 pounds, 11 ounces,' and was sold to the bank for . $32,380. This nugget was shaped like a leg of mutton, hence its name. No namn nugget, found at Bakery Hill, Ballarat, March 6, 1855 near tho surface,- weighed 47 pounds, 7 ounces, and was sold for $11,420. , No name nugget, found in Canadian Gully, Ballarat, January 22, 1853, at a depth of 25 feet, weighed 84 pounds, 3 ounces, 15 pennyweights, and was sold for $20,235. . . V : The Kohinoor nugget, found at Bal larat, July 27, 1860, at a depth of 160 feet from the surtace, weighed 60 pounds, and was sold for $16,680. Sir Dominic Daly nugget, found Feb ruary 27, 1862, weighed 26 pounds, and sold for $6,240. - No name nugget, found at Ballarat, February 28, 1855, only 16 feet below the surface. , The discovery was made by a small boy. The nugget weighed 30 pounds, 11 ounces and 2 pennyweights, and sold for $7,595. : , , No name nugget, found at Weebville, August 1, 1879, weighed 12 pounds, worth $2,280. ' ' No. name nugget,. found at Ballarat, February 3, 1853, just 12 feet below the surface, weighed 30 pounds, and sold for $7,360. ' - , No name nugget, found in Canadian Gully, January 20, 1858, at 18 feet below . the surface, weighed 93 pounds, 1 ounce and 11 pennyweights, and sold for $22,350. .'V No . name nugget, found at Bakery Hill, March. 6, 1855, weighed 40 pounds, ' and was worth $9,600. Nil Desperandum nugget, . found at Black Hills, November 29, 1859, weighed 45 pounds, and sold for $10,800. Oates & Delson nugget, found at Don- nolly gold field in 1880, at the roots of a tree, weighed 189 pounds, and ' sold for $50,000. . - : : : In addition to the above were the Huron nugget, worth $20,000, and the Empress'nugget, worth $27,661. Gold in the drift deposits has been . found in larger masses in Australia than in any other county.' Many large nug gets were found in California during the era of placer mining, but we have no record of any to compare with those we have described in Australia.