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WHAT 1897 HAS SEEN.
RECORD OF THE IMPORTANT EVENTS OF THE YEAR. Graeco-Turkisih War and the .Cuban Insurrection The Great Strike in the Coal Fields-Political Changes of Twelve Months. J A Chronological Table. The year ISO" has been, it might be said, almost a commonplace one, since its com mencement, that is, no events of over whelming moment have taken place, bt there has been no dearth of important occurrences. The war between Turkey and Greece, the struggle for freedom in Cuba, the costly and long-drawn-out strike in the Ohio and Pennsylvania, coal fields, the change of national administra tion, the enactment of the Dingley tariff law, the disastrous spring floods in the Mississippi valley and autumn fires in the West and Northwest, and the epidemic of yellow fever in the Southern Stnta are clearly not matters of small importance In the history of the world. The year has ' been; an unusual one from the fact that but few men of. really great reputation hare passed from the stage of their earth ' ly labors; their number can be computed upon the fingers of the two hands. ' The most important events of the year are recorded below in the order of their occurrence: ' JANUARY. 1 Thirteen miners perish at rachuca, Mexico. .'. .Extremely high temperature and . heavy rains in Northwest. . ..Plngree Inaug urated Governor of Michigan. 2 W. A. Hammond, wrecker of Illinois National Bank,- commits suicide Fatal storm in Southwest. .. .Nashville, Tenn., has 1400,000 fire West and Northwest del uged by rains. 8 Snow and frost succeed rain. 4 Furious blizzard In the West Gov. Bcoflcld Inaugurated at Madison, Wis.... Three St. Paul banks fall. K dnxr AltiraM nnrrlnnn 1P criminals. . . .St. Stanislaus parsonage at Bay City, Mlch., saeked by warring church factions. .: .Four children die by Are near Westfleld, Wis.; .three near Babcock, Wis. 8 Illinois Legislature nieets Seven TJr- sullne nuns perish by Are at Convent of Our Lady of Lake St. Johns, Roberval, Quebec. 11 Tanner inaugurated Governor of Illi nois with much pomp and ceremony.... Mount Inaugurated Governor of Indiana - wfth very simple style. . . .House kills Pa cific' funding bill American-British arbi- ' ration Lieaij j 12 Five children drown, skating, at St. Louis Four die In powder explosion at Bhamokln, Pa. 13 Five killed In a Pottsvllle, Pa., coal shaft. 14 News of capture of Santa Clara by Cuban Insurgents Bombay, India, a city of death'and terror because of ravages of bubonic plague (black death) and famine; thousands dying, and city being depopulated; dead He uuburled, and vultures hover over the town and country; sky ablaze by night with funeral pyres; Europe greatly alarmed. 19 Win. K. Mason chosen Senator from Illinois. .. .Three negroes lynched In Louis iana. v . Ol XTI I, Jf t T Tc.ln.wl 22 Mercury falls SO degrees to zero at Chicago Death of Sir Isaac Pitman at London. 24 Widespread cold wave; Chicago tem perature 17 below zero $500,000 fire loss at Northwestern stove repair works and 0. I. Barnes' residence In Chicago. 25 Twenty below ssero at Chicago. 20 Fourteen below zero at Chicago; 700 poor families aided; relief measures adopted over entire city ... .$2,500,000 fire at Phila delphia $350,000 fire at Chicago. 27 Continued cold weather in Northwest. , 28 Lyman J. Gage of Chicago accepts treasury pornouo. 31 Family of seven die by fire In Hobo ken, N. J Cruiser Brooklyn on the rocks. , HSBKUAKI. 2 Pennsylvania State capltol burned: loss $1,500,000 Venezuelan treaty signed. 8 Admiral Bunce's squadron in a storm off Hampton Boads; three seamen swept away, several Injured. .. .$200,000 railroad shop Are at Prlnceo'n, Ind. L 10v-Br5dIey-Martln ball at New York costs fsOO.OOO. .. .Phenomenal drop In price of steel rails. ' 13 Aid. O'Malley acquitted of murder at Chicago. ...Death of J. Randolph Tucker at Lexlugton, Va., and Gen. J. O. Shelby at Adrian, Mo.; both noted Confederates. 14 Greeks bombard Canea, Island of Crete, under Turkish rule. 15 Appeal of Jos. R. Dunlop, convicted of Improper use of malls at Chicago, to Supreme Court fnlls. 10 Millionaire Duestrow hanged at Union, Mo., for wife murder; Peter Schmidt and Sam Foster hanged at Clayton, Mo.... Greeks capture Turkish fort at Crete. 17 Powers of Europe protest against ac tion of Greece. , 18 Two thousand Moslems slain In Crete by Greeks. . . .Big shortage of State officials discovered In Nebraska. 21 Canea bombarded by the powers.... Baby girl at the Harrisons'. 22 General observation of Washington's birthday. .. .Floods In Ohio Valley. 25 Powers decide Greece must evacuate Crete, MAECH. : 4 Mclvlnley Inaugurated."., fsiz killed at Boston by gas explosion. 5 Extensive floods In Mississippi Valley, and In .Ohio, Kentucky and Indiana.... Greece defies the powers. t Foundering of steamer Vllle de St. Na alre off Carolina; 65 lives lost. 9 Tremendous rainfall In central States. 10 Six killed In a wreck near Princeton, Ind. 12 Blizzard sweeps the Northwest $400, 000 wholesale grocery fire at Chicago. 15 $1,500,000 fire at St. Louis Floods In Mississippi Valley make thousands, of ne groes homeless. 17 FItzsImmons whips Corbett at Carson XTm TO It .... 1 1. 1 a i a vny, jcv, i. ,io nvtra iul uy xouuueriuy oi Tencu vtcasx? off- i ..rollna. 21 Powers blockade Cretan ports to Greek ships. 22 Cyclone kills eight and Injures 23 school children at Arlington, Ga. ; family of five - killed In Henry County, Ala. 23 Heavy full of slushy snow In North west. . 80 Forty-five killed by a cyclone at Chand ler, O. T. 31 House passes Dingley tariff bill.... Pnwwfl hnmhnH Hrtflna APR1I,. 6 Carter H. Harrison elected Mayor of Chicago by 75,000 plurality. .. .Alarming floods in Mississippi Valley. 8 $1,000,000 fire at Knoxvllle, . Tenn;' 17 people killed. 9 Suow storm In Central States. 10 Daniel W. Voorhees, former U. S. Sen ator from Indiana, dies at Washington. 16 Riots In Indianapolis over 3-cent ear fare $500,000 fire nt New Orleans. 17 War between Turkey and Greece. 10 mercB wiimsiorm in umcago; 100,000 flre. 20 Desperate fighting In the Levant.... First execution by electricity In Ohio. 23 Osman Pasha assumes, command of Turkish troops, which have met severe re- verses, 24 Turks capture Larlssa Vast floods In Missouri. and Mississippi Valleys. 26 Hundreds of families at Ottumwa, Iowa, and Qulncy, 111., homeless by floods. 27 Dedication of Grant's tomb at New York. .. .$2,000,000 flre at Newport News, Va. I 28 Greeks at Athens .riotous because of enny reverses. .. .Flood , ai. South Guthrie, O. T., kills over 70. . '29 Ralll heads new cabinet of Greece.... Wild gale with loss df life and vessels on Lnke Michigan. ', ' 30 Greeks win' a big battle Seven ne- r groes lynched by a mob of negroes In Texas. MAY. ' . ' 1 Snow at Chicago. fc-$4,bOO,eOO -flre at Pittsburg, Pa. 4 One hundred die by fire in a Parisian bazar. ) 7 Brutal murder of the Harris family, near Waukesha, Wis., by Win. Pouch. I Sixteen die by flre on Mallory Line - . steamship eona, off SandyTtook. .. .Greece asks Intervention of powers. 14 Snow at Chicago. 18 Czar Intervenes to Btop war In the Levant. 81 Severe earthquake shock In Cincin nati and southeast. .. .Five of a picnic par ty killed on Long Island. JUNK. . . ' 2 Spanish cabinet resigns. IT Two of a moo of lynchers killed at Urbana, Ohio, and nine wounded, by militia under command of Sheriff McLean. 7 Six killed in a wreck near Hudson, Wis. 9 $200,000 flre. at Carllnville, 111 Death ff Alvan Clark, famous lens-maker, at Cam bridge, Mass. 11 Wife murderer French hanged at Rockford, 111. i 12 Mayor Richards killed at Bunker Hill, 111., by Editor Hcdley. 18 Attempt to kill President Fa'ure by a Paris bomb-thrower. . " 14 Suicide of Barney Barnato at sea. 15 Temperature of 08 In Chicago; 40 pros trations. 16 17 Northwest suffers from awful heat 18 Storm kills four children at Lincoln, 111. .. .Cyclones In many Western localities. 21 Victorian Jubilee celebration com mences at London. 24 Cyclone In Kansas kills three; hall bombards Topeka. 25 Lynching at Crystal Springs, Miss.... Race war at Key West over attempted lynch ing. ...Cornell defeats Yale and Harvard In college boat race. ...Four legal executions at St. Joseph, Mo., Fayettevllle, V. Va., Atlanta, Ga., and Houston, Texas. 26 Seven killed In a wreck at Missouri City, Mo. 29 Three killed In wreck of a Christian Endeavor train at West Chicago; 15 hurt. .. . Five men drowned at Chicago while bathing to get relief from terrific heaK .. .Northwest scorched. - - .- 80 All districts report many fatalities from heat. jcly. ' v: v 1 Continuance of fearful heat. .. .Close of Victorian Jubilee. , 2 One dead and 16 prostrated by heat at Chicago, In a temperature of 95 degrees. . . . Cornell Boat Club defeats Columbia and Pennsylvania. 8Awful heat in Chicago kills six and prostrates 40; 18 die at Cincinnati. ..-.Snowstorm In Colorado. .. .Deluge at Duluth does $1,000,000 damage. . 4 Heat and fatalities continue east of Mis sissippi Valley; thunderstorm at midnight relieves Chicago, after eight have died. 6 Twenty die at Chicago from previous exhaustion by heat, though temperature did, not exceed 78 degrees. .. .Celebration claims five deaths there, and scores of Injured vic tims. . . ,H. B. Stone of Chicago killed at NonqulH, Mass. ' 6 Ten killed by cyclone at Lowry, Minn. . .. .Nine killed by boiler explosion at Harts vllle, Tenn. .. .Coal, miners' strike becomes general In the East. ' 7 Continuance of extreme heat and con sequent fatalities Senate passes tariff bill. ....Six killed at Bay City, Mich., by street car plunging Into an open draw. 8 Chicago and Alton freight house burns at Chicago; loss $250,000. .. .Heat and death roll Increases... .Death 'of Senator Harris of Tennessee. . ,..-..'. 10 Drop of 85 degrees In temperature at Chicago; change general. 12 Death of Millionaire Columbus R. Cum mlngs of Chicago. 16 Negro lynched for assault and murder at West Point, Tenn. .. .Illinois and Indiana coal miners go out. 17- jiNews of fabulons gold finds In Alaska. 19 Tariff bill passes the House. .. .Snow storm In Chicago. 22 Logan monument unveiled at Chicago. 23 Four killed by explosion of naphtha on steamer at Bridgeport, Conn. .. .$1,000,000 grape sugar factory flre at Peoria, 111. 24 New tariff law enacted; Congress ad journs Cloudburst at Boston. 80 Seven killed by cyclone at San Jose, 111. AUGUST.' 6 Elevator flre at Chicago kills four fire men, hurts 20 more, and does $500,000 dam age. 8 Assassination of Premier Canovas of Spain. 15 Orleanlst Prince Henri seriously wounded by Italian Count of Turin In a duel at Paris. 16 Great boom In wheat. .. .Cold wave at Chicago. 17 Snowstorm In South Dakota. .. .Wheat touches 98c at Chicago. . 19 Unknown man killed by fanners near Chicago, for assault. .. .Four killed by glu cose factory explosion at Davenport, Iowa. 21 Wheat reaches the dollar price in sev eral cities and occasions great excitement. 23 Three hundred Sepoys massacred by Afrldls In India. 29 President of Uruguay assassinated. 29 News of a great tidal wave in Japan. 80 Steamer Portland arrives at Seattle with AlaRkan treasure. r 81 Yellow fever breaks ' out at Ocean Springs, Miss. SEPTEMBER. 2 Crops reported greatly damaged by long continued drought. 7 Railroad collision near Emporia, Kan.; several killed. ...Lake' St. Clair yacht cap sized, drowning six. ' 9 Terrible head-end collision near New castle, Colo., kills 80 people and mangles many others. 10 Twenty-two striking coal miners near Latimer, Pa., shot dead by deputy sheriffs; many others wounded. ' 1 11 Miners' convention at Columbus set tles the great coal strike. 13 Tidal wave along the Texas coast took many lives and did great damage to prop erty. 15 Five alleged burglars taken from Jail by a mob at Versailles, Ind., and lynched. 16 Anarchist assaults President Diaz of Mexico; death of the assaulter at the hands of a mob. 20 Outbreak of yellow fever In New Or leans, i 21 President Ratchford of the United Mine workers declares the coal strike ended. 26 Nine men killed In a bloody riot' at Glrnrdvllle, Pa.... Mrs. John Becker and Ave children slaughtered near Carroll, Iowa. ....Railway hold-up at Moorhead, Minn. ' 29 $1,000,000 flre in Washington, D. G.... Fall of Azcarraga ministry In Spain. 30 Resignation of the Ralll ministry In Greece. OCTOBER. , i Five bandits held up a train In Indian Territory.. ..Thirty persons hurt In railway accident at Medford, Mass. 8 Death of Gen. Neal Dow. 4 Sagasta ministry assumes control In Spain. .. .Austin, Pa., almost entirely de stroyed by flre. - 5 Connecticut votes an educational test for voters. 6 Alton train held up near Kansas City, Mo Thousands of lives lost and mnch property destroyed by a typhoon In the Philippine-Islands $117,000 flre at Chicago stock yards. .. .Large flre in Detroit. .. .Six girls burned to death at Planklnton, S. D. . . . Disastrous flre at Medora, .111. , . 7 Two prisoners roasted In Opellila;" Alai., Jail, 8 Gen. Weyler recalled from Cuba.... Death of ex-Senator McPherson of New Jersey. - 12 Bandits rob a train near AnBttn, Tex as. ...Death at Detroit of ex-Senator Chas. W. Jones of Florida. 14 Four people killed In a railway acci dent at Stlttsvllle, Ont. 15 Four persons killed and many Injured by caving In of a theater roof In Cincin nati. 16 Steamer Triton sunk In Caribbean Sea and 160 lives lost ' 17 Windsor, N. S., flre-swept and '3,000 people left homeless. .. .Death of Chas. A. Dana of the New York Sun. 19 Death Hf Geo. M. Pullman of Chicago. 21 Jury In Luetgert nlurder case In Chi cago disagreed. " 24 Twenty lives lost In NewYork Cen tral accident at Garrisons, N. Y Bank wrecked at Blairsburg, Iowa, 27 Wabash Railroad offices In St Louis burned. 29 Henry George, . single-tax advocate, died of apoplexy at New York. . NOVEMBER. 1 Sale of the Union Pacific Railroad. 2 Thirteen firemen Injured by a gasoline explosion at a flre in Philadelphia. .. .Elec tion day: New York elected Van Wyek (Tammany) Mayor; Ohio, Pennsylvania, iowa and Massachusetts went Republican ; Maryland, Nebraska, New York, Kentucky arid Virginia Democratic; Colorado was car ried by silver men, -and in South Dakota Re publicans $nd Democrats won over Populists:' 4 Chesapeake and Ohio train wreck at Charlottesville-. Va., In which four people are killed and maay Injured. .. .Five men badly burned by molten Iron In Milwaukee, and two die from their injuries. 6 Train robbery, near Grants, N. M Fourteen lives lost by. the sinking of the steamer Idaho on Lake Erie. 11 Yellow fever quarantine declared off in New Orleans. .. .Thieves steal $14,000 in money and Jewelry from a Silver Creek, N. Y., bank. 12 $50,000 flre at Fostorla, Ohio. 13 Three Indians lynched by a mob at Wllliamsport, N. D. ' 17 Three people Injured in a railway wreck near Cleveland, Ohio. .. .Panic In a Cincinnati school caused the Injury of four children. .. .Rozel, Kan., sinks Into the 1 prairie In a night. 19 Three miners killed In railway wreck at Cool Bluff, Ind.... Great fire In London, England; loss $25,000,000. 20 Masked negro, attempting to hold up a Kansas City street car, shot conductor and motorman. . 21 Flre at Melbourne, Australia, In which $5,000,000 of mercantile property was de stroyed. ...Two motormen killed In a collis ion In Baltimore, Md Flre at La Grange, Ohio, In which $25,000 worth of property was destroyed. 23 F. A. Novak found guilty of murder at Vinton, Iowa. 25 Cnpt. Loverlng found guilty by court martial at Fort Sheridan, Chicago. 28 Resignation of the Badeni ministry In .Austria. .. ; Three men asphyxiated ! the Grand Trunk tunnel at Port Huron, Mich. 80 New cabinet formed in Austria...; Eleven persons killed in a railway accident at Warsaw, Poland. ... Martin Thorn con victed of the murder of Wm. Guldensuppe at New York, ; DECEMBER. 1 Thirty-seven miners killed In Homburg, Bavaria, by explosion of flre damp. .. .Furious- riots at Prague. Bohemia. ' 4 Three men killed and several persons Injured In a collision of trolled cars near Detroit, Mich. 5 Resignation of the Italian ministry. 6 Congress convenes In regular session at Washington. 11 Two men killed In railway collision at Oakland, Cal Haytlan cabinet resigned. 13. New Haytlan ministry formed. 14 Resignation of Chilian cabinet. . Rudlnl cr.blnet reconstituted In Italy. ' 16 Three men killed In C, E. & I. wreck at Clinton, Ind.. ..Death of Alphonse Dau- det, noted French author William Ter- rlss, English actor, assassinated In London. ....Ratification of peace treaty- between Greece and. Turkey. .. .New Chilian cabinet formed. 17 Six lives lost in flre at Ottawa, Ont. . , . Three persons perish In an $850,000 flre at Grand Forks, Dak. 18 Zero weather in Chicago. .. .Death of Hon. Washington Heslng, of Chicago. 20 Five train wrecks at Castle Rock, Colo., two persons killed; at Pontlac, 111., five persons Injured; near Benson, Ariz., one man killed; near Rlpton, Ala., four men killed; at St. Louis, one man killed and tw6 Injured. 21 Suclde of Miss Leila Herbert at Wash ington, B. O Three skaters drowned at Tonawanda, N. Y Three skaters drowned at Gardner, Mass. JOHN W. MACKAY'S TOMB. Great Mausoleum Built In Brooklyn at a Cost of $300,000. John W. Mackay's "home after death" Is rapidly nearing completion. The Mackay-tomb, or mausoleum, near the Ninth avenue entrance of Greenwood cemetery, Brooklyn, will soon be com pleted. This structure, which Mr. Mackay has erected after the fashion set by sev eral bf New York's prominent men, who built their tombs before they died, is one of the noblest in the necropolis. The ap proximate cost will be $300,000.: The MACKA1"'8 ''HOME At'TKR DEATH." Mackay mausoleum is, within, like a min iature church auditorium. No evidences of the real character of the place appear. It is lighted and heated with electricity, and at Jeast fifty persons ould attend mass sard in its space. Yet to no way is iit catacomb-like. There are twenty two crypts for bodies. The interior is dined throughout with marble, with a wainscoting of black Belgian capped with Comnemara green. The roof is formed of a tremendous slab of granite the largest ever quarried in this country. It came from Maine, and its dimensions are 22 feet square by 16 Inches thick. Its weight is fifty tons. , SAYS REBELLION IS GAINING. Report that Gomez Cannot Be Brought : to an Engagement. The correspondent of the MadHd pa per, El Imparcial, has cabled the state ment telegraphed by Gen. Parrado to ,Gen. Blanco that the insurrection in Santa Clara province is triumphing, and that it is impossible to fight . Gen. Gomez, as he evades all engagements. The Spanish troops, he says, are without food. Great consternation has been caused in Havana by the execution of Col. Ruiz, the emis sary of Gen. Blanco to Gen. Aranguren. The Cubans declare they will execute alj euiistiuries- who come in favor of auton omy, without paying any attention to who they are. ' (. Forty-three concentrados at work in the country were captured by tbe forces of Geji. Maroto, and put to death with the swOrd. Among them were women and children. The Spanish forces at Manza nillo, numbering 18,000 men, are without food. Gen. Pando has sent word to Gen. Blanco to send beef to the troops, as many were dying pf hunger. .' Told In a Few Lines. ' A Maryland man accused of kissing a pretty girl has proved an alibi. Give him the limit of- the law. Charles Ewald, aged 65, while switch ing cars with his team at Daggett, Mich., fell across the track, the carwheels pass ing over bim, killing him. . . The firm of Morton, Bose & Co., bank ers at London), will be reorganized on Jan. 1, Mr. Rose retiring. The firm thereafter will be known as Morton, Chaplin & Co. ' William C. Woodward, alias "Big Haw ley," who was convicted at New York of attempted blackmail on Samuel W. Brig ham, was sentenced to five years' impris onment. ... t ',. The amount of damages claimed by the owners of the streamer La -Cauadienne, which was' in collision with the United States cruiser Yantic, is understood to be about $10,000. ' ; What's this!. A dispatch from Maine states that "this season's importation of French sardines will be light, owing to the small catch of young herring off the Main coast." Can it be? ,' ' ' ' " The Government of the United States owns in the city of Washington 1,600,000 volumes of literature. Of these about one half, or 787,715, are In the congressional library. The remainder are scattered ..through the various executive depart ments. The daily number of readers in the congressional library averages 3,320. About 700 persons, including the mem bers of both houses Ad high officials of the Government, are entitled to draw books and take them away from the build ing, and the average number loaned out in such a way is 1,440. It is a favorable commentary upon the honesty and oare of our public men that during' a period of thirty years the numbor of books lost or not returned was only five in a thousand. ' Large numbers of petitions, supported by many signatures and uniform in their phraseology, are being presented to the House of Representatives. ' They ask the passage of a series of laws to protect the morals of the public. For example, to prohibit gambling in stocks, produce, rac ing pools and other forms of speculation by telegraph, to prohibit the transmission of stock quotations for speculative pur poses, and the transmission in- the mails of newspapers containing pictures or de scriptions of prize fights, to prohibit the exhibition of kinetoscope reproductions of prize fights and other brutalizing specta cles, and to prohibit the transportation from State to State of materials for such exhibitions. ,The ladies of the cabinet are decidedly put out by the edict that forbade their New Year's receptions and the dinners that were to precede and folBpw. They do not see any occasion for it. The Pres ident did not ask or even suggest a sus pensionof social affairs.', He told the menfbers of his cabinet he should close the White House for thirty days, although he did hot think it was necessary for them to follow his example, but without con sulting their wives, they agreed to do so. The husbands have since had an unhappy time, and the Washington social world has offered them no sympathy. ' . . The opposition to the ratification of the Hawaiian treaty has simmered down al most entirely to the sugar trust, the Louis iana planters and the beet-root sugar manufacturers. There are a few Senators who oppose, the treaty on principle, as they believe It inexpedient for the United States to assume the responsibility of gov erning any detached territory, and several on the Democratic side have joined the opposition because they regard annexa tion as a Republican measure. ' Chairman Loud of the House Commit tee on Postoflices has been working during the recess on the report of the committee on the Loud bill, and has practically com pleted it. He believes that the measure will effect a saving of' at least $10,000,000 annually, and will wipe out the enormous deficit that confronts the Potsofflce De partment every year. Mr. Loud believes the bill is much stronger this session than last, and, while not absolutely confident, thinks it will finally carry. . The agents of the- Cuban junta in Washington justify the assassination of Col. Ruiz as necessary to intimidate the cowardly and corrupt men in their ranks who are likely to be allured into making terms with the Spanish authorities either through fear or bribery. They say that hereafter no Spanish agent will dare ap proach an insurgent camp, and that it will be dangerous for any stranger to do so. The distressing death of Miss Leila Her bert has caused a shock to her many friends and acquaintances in Washing ton. She was a young woman of beau tiful character, gentle, amiable and gen erous, and was generally beloved and ad mired. Those who knew her best believe that her suicide was due to fear that she might be a permanent cripple. The pension certificate of the Rev. L. J. iveith of Vlncennes, Ind., will be can celed, because the holder has informed the bureau that he does not consider him self longer entitled to a pension, his dis ability having disappeared, and has asked that his name be dropped from the rolls. There is only one other such case on rec ord. ' ' ''' " Secretary Wilson is greatly' interested in legislation for the establishment of postal savings banks because he believes they are necessary to the prosperity of the farmers, , It is sometimes an all day's job, he-says, for a farmer to go to the town where the nearest bank Is situated, while there Is a postoffice in every village. . The copyright department is a most im portant branch of the Government, and Indicates an enormous increase in literary and musical compositions and In designs" which are susceptible to copyright In 1870 the number of copyrights granted was 5,021; in 1880, 20,080; In 1890, 42,. 758; in 1896, 72,470. , : : The recent report of the Comptroller of the Currency shows that the savings banks of the United States are mcistly confined to the northeastern section of the country. Nearly 80 per cent of the num ber of banks and amount of deposits is represented by New York and New Eg- land. The committee appointed by the Society of the Army of the Tennessee to secure the erection of a monument to: Gen. George B. McCJellan at Washington has held Its 'first meeting and elected Adjt, Gen. Buggies chairman. Ink erasers are not allowed in either the War or the Navy Department except un der the direction of a chief of bureau, and no one is allowed to erase an entry in any official record book without explanations and express permission. ''' The sale of postage stamps for the last quarter of the year 1897 was the largest in the history of the country. NEVER TOO SURE. Against the probability or possibility of mischance or accident we can never be too sure. But if ye should stop to consider how great is the chance of sudden death, we would be made too timid and unhappy. Caution is needed hot to be foolhardy, and precaution to know what is best to do when an accident happens. One dav this winter two men were walking, and one said: "We're too timid in treading on slippery places. I tread tir'mly and never think about them, and so escape a fall." "Never be too sure," said the other, "it is that that throws you off and makes the fall the harder." Just then tliey came upon a place covered with thin snow, where kids had been sliding. The first speaker slipped, and came down with his foot turned, and badly sprained his ankle. He was , a cripple oh crutches until a short time ago, having used many things without benefit. Up to that time he had not used St. Jacobs Oil, which, when used, cured him completely, so that he walks as usual. There is a probability that for, the rest of the season he will walk cautiously, with the precaution of having this great remedy ready for use. . Value of the British Navy. i It is interesting to note that the dapi tal value of the British navy at the present time exceeds 94,000,000. The first cost of the fleet which led to the downfall of Napoleon was but 10, 000,000. The fleet then comprised be tween 480 and 490 fighting vessels. California claims the largest boy in the world of his age. His name is John Bardin. He is 15 years' old, six feet" five inches tall, and weighs 220 pounds. '.' v TREMENDOUS EXODUS TO THE KLONDIKE. ' Despite the warnings of those who have been on the spot, and predict suffering In the Klon dike region, thousands of adventurous Ameri cans are wending their way thitherward. All of them should be provided with that medicinal safeguard, Hostetter's Stomach Bitters, which warms and nourishes the system and prevents malaria, rheumatism, kidney trouble, besides remedying liver complaint, - dyspepsia and constipation ' It is estimated that Australia con tains nearly 7,000 species of plants not found elsewhere. ', AN OPEN LETTER TO MOTHERS. We are asserting In the courts our right to the exclusive use of the word " CAST OR1A," and " PITCHER'S CASTORIA," as our Trade Mark. I, Dr. Samuel Pitcher, of Hyannis, Massachusetts, was theorlginator of " PITCHER'S CASTORIA," the same that has borne and does now bear the facsimile signature of CHAS. H. FLETCHER on every wrapper. This is the original " PITCHER'S CASTORIA" which has been used in the homes of the mothers of America for over thirty years. Look Carefully at the wrapper and see that it is the kind you have always bought, and has the signature of CHAS. H. FLETCHER on the wrapper. No one has authority from me to use my name except The Centaur Company of which Chas. H. Fletcher Is President. March S, 180J. SAMUEL PITCHER, M.D. . ". The laregst parish in London in point o'f area is Lewisham, which has 5,773 acres; and the largest population1 is Islington, which has now 880,000 in habitants. After being swindled by all others, send us stamp for particulars of King Solomon's Treasure, the ONLY renewer of manly strength. MASON CHEMICAL CO., P. a Box 747, Philadelphia, Pa. r The teaohing of music is 'becoming more general every year in the public schools of this country. Two bottles of Piso's Cure for Consump tion cured me of a bad lung trouble. Mrs. J. Nichols, Princeton, Ind., Mar. 26, 1895. , The distance of the earth from the sun is about 8,000,000 miles less in December than it is June. i . ILLUSTRATED ra FREE Lamberson 180 FRONT ST Portland. Or, YOUR LIVER Is it Wrong? Get it Right. Keep it Right. Moore's Revealed llemedy will do it. Three doses will make you feel better. Get it from your druggist or any-wholesale drug house, or from Stewart & Holmes Drug Co., Seattle. WHO ARE WEAK Men who suffer from the effects of disease, over work, worry, from the follies of youth or the ex-1 cesses of manhood, from unnatural drains, weak noss or lack of development of any organ, failure of vital forces, unfitness for marrlace, all m h men should "come to the fountain head " for a scientlflo method of marvellous power to vitalize, develop, re store, and sustain. We will mall without charge in a plain scaled envelope a pamphlet that Tells It All. Nothing sent unasked. No expo sure, so deception. Address ' ERIE MEDICAL CO. ' SB NIAGARA STREET, BUFFALO, N. Y. American Type Founders Company Drugs... .' Patent Medicines at Cut Rates... '; WOODARD, CLARKE & CO., a and Retail Druggists, Portland. Wholesale DArD for tracing and locating Gold or Silver ml 11 Ore. lost or buried treasures. M. 1. ilVVU KOWIEB, Box 337, Southlrjgton, Conn. 1 crown' II iM J BROKEN GOWfJ III L 11 DISCOURAGED 3 r El 77,77.. ....i.TTT-I. r.,, r . n i Mk H lUHta HYntlit ALL tLSt TAILS. t'J hd Best Cougk Syrup. Tastes Good. Use K L&l In time. Pold by druggists. F'l I WHEN MARTYK8. V liots of women suffer constantly,' and seldom utter complaint. Our hahits of life and dress tell sadly upon women's delicate organiza tions. ' They ought to be told just where the danger lies, for their whole fu ture may depend upon that knowl edge and how to overcome the dangera that threaten them. There is no need of our describing the experiences of such women here i they are too well known by those who have suffered; but we will impress upon every one that these are the never-falling , symptoms of serious r womb trouble, and unlesa relieved at once a life will be forfeited. , Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com pound never fails to relieve the dis tressing troubles above referred to ; it has held the faith of the 'women of America for twenty years. It gives tono to the womb, strength- , ens the muscles, banishes backache -and relieves all pains incident to women's diseases. All Druggists sell it and recommend it ' ' State of Ohio, City of Toledo, I Lucas CotiNTi. j Frank J. Cheney makes onth that he is the Benior partner of the firm of F. J. Cheney & Co.; doing business in the City of Toledo, County and State aforesaid. an3 that the said firm will : pay the sum of ONE HUNDRKD DOLLARS -for each and every case of Catarrh that, cannot be cured by the use of Hall's Catarrh Cum. ' FRANK J. CHENEY, Sworn to. before me and subscribed in my presence, this 6th day of December, A. D. 1888. ,-- , A. W. GLEASON, j se f ;, . . Not-aiy Public Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally, and acts directly on the blood and mucous surfaces of the system. . Send for testimonials, free. F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O. Sold by druggists, 75c. Hall's Family Pills are the be3t. An international congress is being ar ranged ih Paris for the discussion of means of preventing fires at theaters and other places of public resort. - The Bible was written by' degrees during a period of 1,600 years..' It was anciently called "The Books," but for the past 700 years the "Bible." HOME PRODUCTS AND PUKK FOOD. All Eastern Syrnp, so-oalWd; usually very light colored and oi heavy body, is made from 'r glucose. "Tea Garden Drips", it) mnde from by first-Class grocers, in cans only. Manufac- ' tur.ed by the Pacific Coast Syhup Co. All gen uine "Tea Garden ltrim" have the manufac turer's name lithographed on every can. Frogs , subsist on insects, ' and are " themselves devoured bv a varietv of other animals.. LAMB BACK Weak Kidneys, Lumbago, Rheumatism and Sciatica Are Cured by A strone current It can be'regu. of electricity is felt lated by a nevf ' by the wearer everv patent regulator tnomentthis belt is Jrs no as to make it i on the body. Sfi i5 strong or as mild, vijif as you want it. It conveys a steady, soothing current of elec tricity into the. weakened muscles, giving them a healthy nerve power,, which revives them. It makes them strong. It is curing hundreds every month. t Book about it free, by mail, or at the office. Address. SANDEN ELECTRIC BELT CO. 953 West Washington St., Portland, Or. Please mention this laper,j - ., frM$S seeds crow a ait wFerry's. The best' . .its RAnrlH actum n.ro Pflrrv'n. VThe best seedH known are Kjftjl erry s. it pays 10 piaut Ask the dealer for them. Send for FERRY'S SEED ANNUAL and getall that's good andd new toe latest ana EVERYTHING FOR THB PRINTER.... mm Gods) We lead and originate fashions in.... TYPE Cor. Second and Stark Sts. .PORTLAND, OREGQf WHEAT Make money by succesfu , speculation in Chicago. W i buy and sell wheat on mar- ; irins. Fortunes have been I made on a small beginning by trading in fu tures. Write for full particulars. Best of ret- ' erence given. Several years' experience on the . Chicaso Board of Trade, and a thorough know- ! ledge of the business. Send for our free refer-I ence book. DOWNING, HOl'lQNS & Co, - Chicago Board of Trade Brokers. Offices in Portland, Oregon and Seattle, Wash. r" ' "cm ldreJT'Ie t h iVc. ,",""'N Mrs. Winslow's Sootuiko SIBUr should always be 1 9 used for children teething. It Boothes tlie child, BOft-1 jt ens the gums, allays ail pain, cures wind cnlic:,and Is 4 ' 9 the best rflmedr for diarrhoea. Twenty five cent, a J t bottle. It Is the best of all. J P. X. V. Jio. 8, '8. W.HBN writing; to advertisers, pi I V ' mention this paper.