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River lacier. w le , v ;r..; -: . It's a Cold Day When We Get Left. AOIL., X. . HOOD RIYER, OREGON,' FRIDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1898. ; ; , ' NO. 20. Happenings Both at Home L ,; V and Abroad. A WEEK'S NEWS CONDENSED In teres ting Oulleotlon of Items Froaa Many Place Called From the Pxese Report of the Current Week. German exports to America are Bald to be decreasing. In Wisconsin it is. estimated that 600,000,000 pine trees have been de : itroyed by fires. ." . - - y' 1 ": . Spanish forces are preparing to leave Cuba. , . Marching oiders have been given at several points. An authentic report received at San Francisco, says the seal heids of the northern waters are being rapidly ex terminated. ;;, ; : ' It is reliably reported that the ulti matum of the powers to Turkey regard . ing the island of Crete, has been pre sented to the sultan.. .'.' : Advices from Van, Turkey, say fight ing occurred at Ahmhgord between Turks and j number of Armenians from Russia. About 50 Armenians were killed. . A Quebec speoial says that Skagway or Dyea are to be placed under British administration, and that Canada will be allowed acoeos to the Yukon by way of Lynn canal under the treaty now be ing perfeoted at Quebec. It is estimated that the total hop . crop of Washington this season will be between 27,700 and 80,000 bales. A considerable portion of the orop has been already contracted for on a baBis of 10 and 11 cents per pound. The- story of the loss of 'the fishing schooner Bella has reached Seattle. The captain of the vessel was washed overboard and drowned.. A member of the crew was also washed overboard, but rescued. . The wreok has been 1 beached by the Farallon. , Fire,, supposed' to have, originated - from forest fires, burned, half of Cum berland, Wis., causing a property loss estimated at . f 225.000. About 25 families are; homeless. Five children are reported burned tQ death. A large saw mill is' among the buildings burned, throwing many out of employ ment. Bain saved the entire city from being trarfiedV ' ' ' ' The'ateamship Qaelio has arrived In San Francisco from Hong Kong and Yokohama via Honolulu,, bringing the congressional commission from the lat ter place., 'In:8peakiiig of the work of the qmniission-' Senator Culloin said: "We have done as mnoh as was possi ble in the time at our disposal, and we have covered the ground ' thoroughly. When. We, meet ,ihWashington - we. will go to works at once on. a report.'? ; , . Senor Agdncillo, the Philippine rep ' resentaf.ive'who'has gone t6 Washing ton to psk,(that the insurgents be heard by ther peace commissioners, at Paris, lias matle 'public a translation of the . Philipjiine constitution, which Aguin aldo was to Lave proclaimed at Malo Los. By. -this' constitution Aguinaldo formally renounces the titleof diotator, and assumes that of president of the revolutionary government of the Phil ippines. ;'';;. ', . ""? The agei Queen Louise of benmark died a Copenhagen. ' I American' and Spanish . oommisslon--. ers. met and breakfasted together in Paris Thursday, i ; In Colorado, forest and prairie fires have done tremendous damage in Routt count? along the Roaring Fork river, and down in the San Juan region. In addition to the troops already or dered to go to Culja not . later than Oo itober atl,vtheie'-will follow four more divisions', throe of infantry' and one of ' eavalnb V-,J- '' Secretary ' 'Alger has returned to "-Washington, after his inspection of the '' army oain'ps.H He says the troops did not taBe care of themselves, which ao , . counts.;for their, present condition. ... .. A man' has been arrested at . Orsova charged! with 'complicity in a plot to assassinate tHe king of Ronmania.: The . police.ieceived timely warning and the attempt waaV: frustrated. . A phial of poison, a tlagger and eeveral other weapons were-found in the man's pos session. ,.f?-'''- ' :' ;:';,; ' Striking union .coalminers and ' im ported, negroes' engaged in a pitched battle in the main street" of Pana, 111. Several hundred, shots were fired. No one was wounded in the ranks of : the union :men... The negroes, ' it is be- - lieved had several, wounded men, and jone died after reaching the stockades. A dispatch to the New York Herald from "Panama, - Colombia, ,- says: , It ' may be "plated. , with entire confidence that Colombia has not defied Italy by declining'('to : pay the Cerruti olaim. The dispute with Italy Is regarded as settled' sofar1 aS the award of President (Cleveland, in i the' 'case is -concerned. ISixty pounds sterling has already been ipaid td -Ernesto. Cerruti for personal damages, and the payment of the lia bilities of Cerruti & Co. has been guar- an teed. ' ' . LATER NEWS. A London special from Bombay says a ferry-boat capsized while orossing the Andus river, and 100 passengerB were drowned. " ' " The Hawaiian Star says the new gov ernment of Hawaii is to be territorial in form, , with one representative in congress. . Dr. David J. Hill, of, Rochester, N. Y., has been appointed first assistant secretary of state to succeed John B. Moore, resigned. : , .' The Paris Figaro states that Count D'Aubigne, French charge d'affaires at Munich, will leplace M. Cambon as minister at Washington. Cambon will go to Madrid. ' ' Thirty thousand people were present to witness the launching of the battle ship Illinois at Newport News.Va. Many prominent persons were present from the national capital. ' " ' . : The American authorities in Manila have invited all' the ' schoolteachers to resume the instruction of their classes. The schools have been closed since the, surrender of Manila to the Amej-ioans. Upon separate ballots being taken in the Oregon legislature Tuesday ; in Salem, H. W. Corbett received 36 votes, Judge Bennett, 24. and M. C. George, 10. Forty-six votes are re quired on joint ballot to elect. A. P. Swineford, ex-governor of Alaska, while in Chicago declared the prospectors who have returned gold less from that region were unsuccessful be cause of lack of foresight . in failing to prepare for life in a new country., ; In consequence of serious disorders due to the presence of the insurgents in the vicinity of Manzanillo, General Lawton has dispatched thither the steamer Reina de Los Angeles with one battalion of four companies from 'the Third imraunes under Colonel Day.' Evacuation is well nigh oompleted and the Stars and Stripes will soon wave over the entire island ' of Porto Rico. The Spanish and Amerioan com missioners have worked in peifeot har- ,mony. The Spanish made no attempt to delay the carrying out of the terms of the protocolbut on the contrary were anxious to return to Spain. ': ' Isaao Schlesinger, his wife and two children were held prisoners 14 hours at their home in West-Taylor street, Chicago, by a crowd of 200 boys. . Dur ing most f this time the family were compelled to go without food, as their larder was empty. They were in con stant fear that an attack-, would be made upon them. '., ., .'-,, . - In, the case" brought ' by Governor Pingree, of Michigan, to compel the Michigan Contral railway to sell mile age tiokets at a flat 2 cents, the Wayne county district court holds that the company, under its special charter, has a right to fix its own tolls, and that this is a vested, right whioh the state njust pay for if it takes it away. . A report from General Otis to the department states that the total. num ber of deaths among the troops at the Philippines in three months was 87. . 1 The state department has issued' circu'ar instructing the United States consulates to half-mast their flags in memory of the late Ambassador Bayard. A warrant is but for the arrest of United States' Senator Quay. Himself and son and other prominent Pennsyl vania! are charged with having '.used, state moneys from the People's bank to speculate in stocks. , ' Thirty miles from" yMurfreesboro", Tenn., four prominent men were assas sinated by John Hollingsworth and several of his friends, who fired . upon them from ambush. :. Hollingsworth was later captured and shot by a posse. General Fitzhugh Lee's corps will go to Cuba this month. The general health of his command is excellent. The camp at Jacksonville, Fla., is well watered and in splendid sanitary condi tion. - Cuba, the general thinks, will bo divided into military departments.' : The steamer Fastnet has arrived at Vancouver, B. C, from Skagway with half a million in dust, and with news .that a million more was on the wharf when the Fastnet left. , There will . be but one more boat from Dawson, - the Columbia, whioh .will bring down a large amount of treasure. ' Captain Dreyfus, whether guilty or innocent, has certainly oaused a verita ble oyolone of passion to be let loose, and Paris was in a turmoil all .Sunday. Crowds, scuffle, uproar and arests was the programme of the day. About a score of people are said to have been seriously wounded in the various free fights. ' .-. '"; "" ' Secretary Long, upon advices reoeived at the state department, which show the existence of threatening conditions in China, has ordered Dewey to send two warships immediately from Manila to a point as near the Chinese capital as possible for a warship to approach, The vessels selected are the Baltimore and Petrel. , Bertha Beilstein killed her mother in Pittsburg, Pa., and later put several bullets into her own body, from the effects of whioh she oannot recover. The only explanation the girl has given for her terrible deed were these words: "1 was tired of life. It held no pleas ure for me. I wanted to die and did not want mother to live and fret over my death. For that reason I killed her." E COMMISSI Being Rushed by the Amer icans 'at 'Paris. HAVE ALREADY MADE DEMANDS Report of Retention of the Philippines Stupefies Madrid Will Resist to the Verge of Hostilities."' '-', , ' ' Paris, Oot. 6. Major-General Mer ritt reached Paris today. The Ameri can peace commission held a session this morning preparatory to, a second meeting with the Spanish commission ers this afternoon. ; Today's session lasted until 4 o'clock, at which hour the commissioner! ad journed, to meet at 2 o'clook next Fri day afternoon, such interval being de 1 sired and ' necoessary to allow separate consideration' by each 'commission ot matters before the' joint ' commission.. The Interval will he thus filled with work' by each commission, the ultimate results i being so facilitated. The sec retary of. the .Spanish , commission, will arrive tonight, and the interval will also be employed by the secretaries jointly in maturing plans for the. work of procedure. While the 'American commissioners were at luncheon today, General Merritt called at their hotel, but did not wait to see the commission. He Wjjll call again tomorrow, to. see members of the commission.' ' -. The Spanish and American commis sioners will be . received tomorrow by President Fauro. " The hour fixed for the reception of the Americans is 3:45 in the afternoon.' General Morritt will accompany the Americana to this func tion, which will be held at the Palace de Elysee. The opinion, is now held that the work ot the commissioners may be fln- 1 1. 1 !.L1 . L 1. B A 1 insuuu Wllillll H IllUIltlJ AIUIU prues- ent time. While it is the general im pression that' today's-' meeting was again devoted to preliminary work, and that the . adjournment to Friday was taken only to enable the secretaries to draw up a 'schedule of work, the representative of. the press learns that the session was highly' important, and that the Americans have made a de mand of such character that - the'Span iards find it necessary to ask' for an ad journment in order- to enable them to -consult with: the-governmont at Madrid. It is believed that the question con cerns the- Philippines,. and it Is known that the Americans are highly pleased at having so soon.' reached , what they, oonsider a very important phase ot the negotiations, and consider the two sea-' sions thus far held as very satisfactory to America. : ' -. - The fact that a member of the com mission e'tpiesaed the belief that work would be:;ooinpletad within a month indicates a happy frame of mind. . i In the Spanish camp great hopes are built on what s' they believe , General Merritt will advise,; namely, that the Philippines are1' incapable of self-government, and that the whole situation does not warrant Amerioa in taking the responsibility for the entire Philip pines. ; The Spanish commissioners are quite ready to give whatever America asks in the way of coaling stations, but will resist - more, to the verge of a, re newal of hostilities. ; -v - a Madrid Worried. .. . . , . t Madrid, Oct. 5. The reported inten tion of the United States government to retain the whole of the Philippines has area ted almost a state of stupefac tion here, and it is semi-offlcially an nounced that the Spanish government has resolved to vigorously, combat any action which, it is olaimed, the terms of the peaoe protocol preolude. Gen eral Eios, governor of the Visayas islands, reports to the government an other defeat of the insurgents. The Spanish volunteers, he says, also re pulsed an insurgent attack on the town of Basan, and killed 81 of the attack ing force. " . . ' ., TO CORNER WAR IMPLEMENTS. Reported Scheme to Form ft Combine of Warship and Gun Factories. Cleveland, O., Oot. 5. An evening paper says one of the most gigantic pro jects for a combination of capital, is be ing examined in this city.-1 It is noth ing less than an attempt to .unite the warship building interest and armor plate and gun-making interests of the world into one great syndicate. Men of international,., reputation in. the financial and' manufacturing world are in the deal. The projectors claim they can raieeaoapitalof $200,000,000. Among the Clevelanders who are in the deal Is said to be Colonel Myron T. Herrick, president of the Society of Savings, and Robert Wallace, president of the Cleveland Ship Building Com pany. Dr. Gatling,. the famous in vetor of guns, has been here in confer ence with ptlier men in the deal. Arm-' strong, the iiiventor of the gun which bears his name, has also . been here. Andrew Camegie Is one of the ' ohief men in the negotiation. Robert Wal lace is now in the West with several foreigners. Before he returns he will stop at San Francisco, and the proprie tors of the Union Iron Works will be approached as to whether they will come into the denl. THOUSANDS ARE SICK. Critical - Condition of the . Army in ' ; Porto Rico. ' ; Ponoe, Porto Rico, Oct. 5. It is the well-grounded and almost' unanimous 'opinion of the medical staff of the American army in Porto Rico that the condition of the volunteer forces here necessitates their immediate removal north. Sickness is increasing, and has been increasing duiing the past three weeks at an alarming rate. Today the siok report shows over 2,700 in hos pitals or in quarters, out of a total com mand of 10,000 men; that is, over 25 per cent of the troops are on the siok list. v This, however, does not mean that there is an- effective strength of 7,500 men.' ' The soldiers discharged from the hospitals as fit for duty are in nine cases out of ten incapable of serv ice, and if ordered on duty are almost invariably back in the hospitals within a few days. The medical officers have found that the convalescents do not, and seeming ly cannot, recover their strength in this olimate, and for this reason they are being sent north as rapidly as pos sible, several hundred leaving every week. ,'-.'. ;-;'" V '.,.' . " : FATAL FOREST FIRES. Several Lives Were Lost in Wisconsin ." ,; Woods. ,u Cumberland, .Wis., Oot. 5. The bodies of a man and a boy were found today in the woods between A mena and Poskin Lake, burned beyond recogni tion. Several nersons are still missing. Peter Ecklund, .who was seriously burned by' forest fires, was brought to this city today in a critical condition, and it is thought he cannot live. A 4-year-old daughter of Rudolph Miller, and the 7-year-old son of Nets Swanson were . found in the woods, miles northeast of Almena, so badly burned that they cannot recover, ; : Mrs. Frank Heinricbmeier, at Poekin Lake, died this morning, as a result of fright and exhaution in fighting fires. Relief rooms were opened today, and relief is being extended to starving families. The fire is still roaring on one side of this city, but the gieatest danger is believed, to be over. . Near the town of Johnston, Polk county, eight miles distant, heavy loss of farm property is reported today, and fires are still raging. ! , AMERICAN ' PORK. Thousands of Tons Have Entered Oer , -many Without a Certificate. Berlin, Oct. 5. A most important revelation regarding American pork was made by the German government an nouncement in , the semi-official press today, that It has received information showing that American pork had en tered Germany . without certificate. The United States embassy confirms the report that the discovery had been made that thousands of tons of Ameri can pork have been imported' through a number 'of custom houses for . years past without certificates. Theembadsy has requested the foreign office to in struct the custom house to insist in every case upon a certificate. 1 ' No .American firm is implicated in these transactions, whioh explain the alleged discoveries . of trichinae in American pork. - German dealers in American pork offered in July last a reward of 1,000 marks for a oase of human trichinosis due to Amerioan pork, and three months have passed without anybody claiming the money. NEARING THE CRISIS. Foreign Ministers at Peking- Hold an Emergency Meeting. ' London, Oct.' 5. A special dispatch from Shanghai says that telegrams from Peking have been detained . two days. The last telegram received, according to this dispatch, announced that the foreign ministers had held an emer gency meeting. The German warship at Kiau Chou, it also stated, had start ed hurriedly for Taku the day before. Marquis It'o, who, it is understood, is .visiting China, for the purpose of arranging an offensive and defensive alliance betwen China and .Japan, has left Tien-Tsin ' for Shanghai, owing to the impossibility of prosecuting nego tiations during the crisis. The foreign ministers, it is stated, forbade any foreign residents going to Peking. It is expected that Sir Claude MacDonald, the, British minister, shall surrender Kang Yu Wei. Yamantsu, leader of the rebellion, in the Sze Chuen province, has issued a proclamation ordering the extermina tion of all foreigners. .... , Mob Menacing Foreigners. - '' London, Oct. 5. The Peking corre spondent of the Daily. Chronicle', .tele graphing Saturday by way of Shanghai, says: , "A mob is menacing foreign ers. The wife of the Italian minister was attacked yesterday, while on her way to church, and several Americans oomihg from the railroad were wound ed by stones. . , ' "' "The foreign ministers ' have 'sent a collective note to the government, ask ing for the- suppression of these out rages, and the punishment of: the cul prits.".,,, ' ,' .- ,' ".. ; ' . . ' Wheels Moving A gain. . Lawrence Mass. , Oct. 6. The Wash ington mills started up in all depart ments this morning, after a partial shutdown of several weeks. ' About 4,500 hands are now employed. DOWN TO BUSINESS. Sixty Bills and 25 Resolutions Intro duced In Senate, and 86 Bills and 35 Resolutions in House, ' ' Both houses of the Oregon legisla ture adjourned early Friday afternoon until Monday afternoon, at 2 o'clock; and most of the members left town over Sunday.: , Everything about the state printer's office is running at high pressure to get the bills already intro duced in shape. . In the senate 60 bills have been in troduced, and have gone to the printer. Some 25 resolutions have also been handled there. In the house the num ber of bills introduced is 86, and reso lutions, including joint and concur rent. 85. , , ',;,' ' .' ' .. ' Proceedings in Detail., The senate opened at 10 A. M. Fri day with prayer by Rev. Hornsohucb A communication from the secretary of Btate was received, forwarding the correspondence on the matter of consti tutional amendments between his office and that of the attorney-geneial, with the adverse opinion of the latter officer. It was referred to the judiciary com; mittee. The committee on agrioulture was permitted to leave the senate until Monday in order to visit Corvalhs., Resolutions were introduced as fol lows: ''. , By Miohell, that the sergeant-at- arms furnish the senators with three daily papers, he making the selection. - By Reed, for a joint committee to inspect the building and business of the Oregon Soldiers Home at Rose burg; adopted and ordered printed. Bills were introduced as follows: -By Michell, to establish a rule of pleading in case of arson; read first and second time by title and refeired to the committee on judiciary. By Morrow, amending the statute creating the sixth judioial distriot. By Wade, giving the pieference in employment to old sol diers and veterans. By Reed, amend ing the statute to protect salmon and othe food fishes of the stte; read a second time by title and referred to the committee on fisheries. ... ,' The senate then took a recess until 2 P. M. In the House. ' In the house the committee on agri culture was excused until Monday, so that the members might visit the agri cultural college at Corvallis and in vestigate the recent fire in accordance with the governor's message. Bills were introduced as follows: By Topping, changing the location of the county seat of Coos county from Empire City to Coquille City. By Freoland, to regulate the scale of sal aries for county officers who are; now on fees, and also establishing trial fees. By Gray, giving preference to honora bly discharged Union soldiers in work on public works. By Palmer, making the legal rate of interest 6 per cent, ex cept on contracts, where it can be made 8 per cent by stipulation between the persons interested, but regulating the right of private parties to examine the public recoids and make suoh notes as are wished. By Thompson, regulating the salaries of Washington oounty offi cers as follows: County clerk, f 1,800; recorder, 1,000; sheriff, $1,800. ' The house then adjourned ' until 2 P. M. -. I. . At the afternoon session bills were introduced as-follows: ; ' , By Ross, to abolish estates in entire ty. By Hill, prohibiting the sale ol railroad tickets by other than regular agents of roads. By Freeland, fixing the terms of court in the sixth-judicial district. By Marsh, to establish the boundary lines of Washington county. A number of bills introduced at the commencement of the session came up for a second reading and went to the proper committees. The veto messages of the governor came up in the house today on a special order. One in regard to sheriff's fees, etc., in the case of embezzlement by an official of Douglas oounty, was referred to the Douglass county delegation for a report. , Ex-Representative U'Ren had intro duced in the house an amendment to the constitution of the state, section 1, article 4, to agree with the populistic platform providing for the initiative and referendum; indefinitely postponed. A report of the committee on resolu tions recommended that the resolution providing for an investigation of the state military board be not adopted, owing to the chaotic state in which the military board is now in owing to the war. - ' The house adjourned until Monday. Freeland of Morrow, introduced -, a bill to make a change in the salaries of sheriff and county clerk in Morrow county, reducing each from $2,400 to $2,000 a year. ; - ,. . ' Representative Ross of Multnomah, introduced the briefest .bill of this or any other session, it is believed. It is a bill for an act abolishing tenancy by entireties, and reads as follows: "That tenancy by entireties is here by abolished." r This is to do away with the common law rule that personal estates shall go in entirety to the husband or wife in case of the death of the other j instead of descending to heirs. The disposal of real estate is already-arranged for by statute. FAST WOK DONE. Considerable Routine Business Tran-sacted-r-Astoria Charter Amended. Much routine business was transacted in the two hours the legislature was in session Monday afternoon. . , The senate received four new bills, ; one of whioh was finally passed under suspension of the rules an amendment to the Astoria charter to enlarge the powers of the common council. Twen-ly-eightj bills were advanced through the second reading, and half a dozen, resolutions were concurred in. .' .' The Astoria charter amendment also went through the house, as did a bill to give Tillamook, county two terms of court each year instead of one, and a bill to authorize Coos county to sell ' certain property that had been pur chased for a courthouse site, but had been found unsuitable. A dozen new bills were intioduced in the "house, eight others passed second reading, and . five resolutions were handled. ; By the agreement of the senate to the resolution authorizing an investigation of the insane asylum and , the concur rence of the house in a resolution to in vestigate the Soldiers' Home at Rose burg, . the fourth investigation of- the session was set on foot, the others being of the penitentiary and of the secretary of state's office, which are already hi progress. . . One of the resolutions introduced by Ross of Multnomah, and passed, is for arranging appropriate exercises 1 for a joint meeting of the two houses Febru ary 14, to celebrate the 40th anniver sary of the admission of Oregon as a state and the 50th anniversary of ex tending United States laws over Ore gon, the governor being requested to appoint a committee for a semi -e'en ten nial ce'ebration in Portland, June 15. . The last member to appear at roll-call this session is Representative Donnelly, of Grant,' who had been absent in Ten nessee and only arrived Monday. When the general agents .of insur ance oompanies have an opportunity to read the bill introduced by. Fordney of Wallowa, in the house, they will, it la understood, take immediate steps to defeat it. The bill provides for the retention and investment of the legal reserve on all policies to be written in the future in the state. A failure to comply with the provisions of the bill will entail a forfeiture of the license of the offending company. ' 1 The Senate. : Bills were introduced in the senate Monday as follows: By Kelly To repeal the act regulat (ing the sale of adulterated food and medicines. - By Adams Providing for the taxa- ' tion of dogs and kindred subjects. By Mulkey To incorporate the town of Monmouth. : ' By Fulton To amend the statutes relating to the incorporation of the city of Astoria; passed. ' .- ; ' 1 '. "': The House. In the house Monday afternoon, bills were introduced as follows: ' By Flagg To incorporate the oity of Salem. It provides for bonding out standing warrant indebtedness and aims to secure better sanitary conditions. -' By Stanley To reimburse the Omaha fair commissioners in the sum of $18, 000. By Curtis Amending the ' general laws in relation to the administrative department so that the term of the gov ernor shall commence the second Mon day in January after his election. ,By Sherwin Amending the chartor of Ashland; passed. By Maxwell Amending the miscel laneous laws in regard to the time of holding elections iii the fifth judicial distriot. , v . By Stillman Compelling persons or corporations operating sleeping" cars lo keep upper berths closed when not oc cupied, and imposing $500 fine tor vio lations. . - ' By Hobkirk A bill which is intend ed to remedy certain alleged irregular ities in the manner in which the rec ords of Multnomah county are kept, and throwing the same open to the gen eral public. Wade of Union, introduced in the senate a bill for an act giving prefer ence in appointment and employment to honorably discharged Union soldiers and sailors, in every department of the state, and in counties and cities and on public works. It is provided that age, loss of limb, or other physical impair ment whioh does not in fact incapaci tate, shall not be deemed to disqualify them, provided they possess the busi ness capacity to discharge the duties of the position involved. It is also speci fied that no such soldier or sailor now holding any such position, unless for a definite term, shall be removed, ex cept for cause shown after due hearing. The measure is not made to apply to confidential positions. Failure on the part of appointing officers to observe the letter and spirit of the law is made a misdemeanor. ; ".,'..' ' The Baker City charter bill was the first measure to pass both houses. Its chief purpose is to relieve the present city officials of office. 1 They were elect ed more than four years ago, and then the oity charter was amended, and by inadvertence it failed to provide for any ' election. So the mayor and councilmen have had to continue to hold office, greatly to the envy of politicians else where. The new oharter remedies the difficulty. ' .