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Give Yoa Guaranteed Cream oi Tartar Bakinn Powder Alum Baking Pow ders interfere with digestion and are un healthfuL Avoid the alum. WHY FRUIT TREES ARE WINTER KILLED Whilo it is very loldom that the wlntur in this climate in levere enmiKb to require any particular protection for fruit trees, still there have been winters when many trees have boen . i ... l 1L . f.l nil rroBiod ana iu uiu mjing au ounce of pieveutiou is worth a pound of cure still holds good. Th U. 8. Agricultural Department has compiled some valuable information on this subject whioh has been recently pub Wished in the Practical Kruit Urower, and is as follows : About once In si decade, and some times oftener, a eeveie winter occurs iu wbloli an unusually large number of fruit trees are killed. An exami nation of the orchards after such win ters shows many irregularities as to the extent of the Injuries in orchards differently located and managed. Some varieties of fruits are unit rmly less hardy than others, ana the win ter injury 10 mese Burto uiitjr uo wnuou directly to their greater tenderness. Ou the other band, trees normally perfectly hardy in a locality niey suffer serious injuries or be entirely killed during such "test" winters, while othor trees of thesume varieties In the same orchard may escape in jury entirely. During the prolonged cold wiutor of 190U-4 great losses were suffered by oroherdints in the Lake Erie peaoh belt. Home orchards were entirely destroyed ; others were appar ently uninjured and oume through the winter in a vigorous, hardy condi tion, Bud still others, while suffering severely, yet coutainod seotions, rows or parts of rows, or individual trees that came through the winter unin jured. Many theoriei were advanced by the orchard ists as to the cause ot these auomalles, and many contradic tions appeared. The theory of Insuffi cient drainage, which might be ad vanced as the cause of injury In one orchard, would recolve direct rofuta tiou in the uext. If an orchard on elevated ground escaped in one in stance it might be partia ly or entire ly killed in another. In order to luarn the cause of these irregularities, iha hni4.lnnltiiFl.it. nt tl.A Odin L'.vnori. ninut Station and his assistants visit ed both luiured and uninjured or chards In Catawba Island aud the peninsula of Lasern Ottawa comity, in Ohio, and made a thorough study of the matter, reporting the remilU of their investigations in a recent bulle tin of the station. Their investigations show that while a UHtiurni nr direct causa of the In jury was. of course, the severe and long-continued cold, the specific sausea of the varying degrees ot in jury were exceedingly numerous. Ueuerally speaking. It was fouud that where the vitality of the tree or or chard had been lowered by any cause whatever during its previous history the chances of injury to the tree by the cold were much increased. Factors observed in different orchards which contributed to low vitality iu the troes were an lnMufljcient degree of fertility, a low physical condition ot the soils, prevalence of ban Jose scale, leaf curl, peach tree borers, ex tremely dry condition of the ground in some Handy and gravelly ildges, "water-logged" soils, eto. There was a marked contrast iu the . exteut of the winter injury ou bare soils soils given clean cultivation aud on covered soil. The bare soils freeze deeper aud the injury w t much gruutoi than on soils covered with a mulch or other material. The greater depth to whluh bare soils freeze in winter than covered soils was brought out in an experiment made at the station. A plat of peaches lu an exposed situation was selected and a strip of sod 10 to 12 feet wide removed from one row, leaving the bare surface of the soil fully expoHed to the cold. Another row alongside was left lu grass which had been clip ped and allowed to lie upon the ground. Where the sod was removed the ground troze to a depth of 1H Inches, while under the thin sod cov ering of grass and weeds in the other row the ground froze to a depth of about H luohes. The troes lu the bare ground were very slow in starting into growth the following spring ot VMi. All of the tree iu this row were soriuuxty injured bv the cold. many branches dying, while in one oase the entire tree was so badly in jured that but few leaves appeared throughout the season, and these upon shoots so feeble and slender that the tree might well be considered dead. Lmter in the season, however, tome of the trees rallied slightly, though all showed a serious lack ot vitality. The trees in the sod did not suffer in the least degree, all mak ing a healthy, uniform growth dur ing the season of 1001. The value of an auuual clover crop as compared with clean cultivation waa fouud in an orchard eighteen years plauted, one-half of which bad . been cidtivated during the llrst half of each season aud then sown to crim son clover, while tlie other halt was given clean cultivation during the growing seasou. Upon the clean cul ture area there was a much greater percentage of injury from the cold of the winter thau upon the crmson clover section. Where the clover crop bad been grown and plowed ' down the trees showed remarkably healthy, heavy, dark green foliage, contrasting sharply with the yellow ish, sickly foliage of the clt-au-oulture plat. Another grower in the injured peaoh region stated that not a single orchard or sectiqu of an orchard of which be knew,' that had received ' even a light dressing of baruyard manure within the last year or two, had suffered notiOeBWy irom me MimnwMmmnmwiMimmMMnmmmmimm-mn, m- mm ia , - - id' ii.p.nld orobard of CCO trees was found located on shallow lime stone soil covered with a dense, L th v.ina ffrnwi. The Hau Jose scale had wrought havoo in the neighborhood, but nan umu nn.lfli- control in his orchard by ?"'- ft' i 'TARft hlToid" toe wuoie viwm. . -"VT V -j Across the road from th s orchard was another, located on similar soil and also In od, but in which the . t. a W.A.i jmiit.rnllAn. luft soaie nau u --- story Is told in two words-entirely Another instance is c ted lu which an orchard was sprayed in the spring of 1902 lor the control of the scale, with the exception of three rows through the middle, which were over looked. As a result, the soale in creased rapidly during this season on these unsprayod trees, and they were also attacked by leaf curl, which practically defoliated them. I he whole orchard was sprayed in l'JOJ, nevertheless the tress had been so weakened by the leaf curl of the pre ceding year that the gcod care given them la l'J03 was unavailing, o. d ev ery tree In the throe rows was killed, while every tree on either t.'Ie of them which bad been sprayed came through the winter souud, vigorous and healthy. , A very simple, easy and very effec tive method of preventing winter kill ing of peach trees was observed in the orchard of one grower. Just be fore winter set in this grower hauled manure to the orchard, but Instead of scattering it beneath the trees in the usual way he banked a very few forkfuls immediately around the stem of the tree. Wheu the supply of man ure ran out peat or e rtn wrs nauiea I... t tin nmiiuprl mid hunk d around the stem of the tree iu the same man ner. The results from ine use oi ,kAL.a n...tnrUla VBOTA llfliluim Slid. bilWD .i.." " - . surprising as it may seem, every tree thHt ranitived this simple treatment survived the winter without the least injury from cold, while the tew trees and sections of rows left here and there unbanked and servlug as rhncks" in the expert neut died, iilinnut tn a traa Another orchard of some 600 trees a little farther to the west of this orchard, whlcn Daa re- lha aarriA h 1 If h IMlltlirA 1111(1 uoirou tua onuju " n Kood care, with the exception ot the simple banking process, wan m mum. ,., I H'lia traua In UlPHA Of. chard we 0 extremely vigorous aud had made a rauK growm, wwuu um them nennliarlv susceptible to Injury by freezing. On the same farm trees on a piece of ground which was so stony that it could not be cumvaieu, auu wmcu was kept in blue grass sod, with a heavy mulch of coarse material, such as coin stalks, barnyard manure, etc., about the stems according to the true "sod-and mulon" meinou, came through the wiuter without injury. Thnua InwAuHuuf InnB lipinff nilfc fltrilf- ingly the necessity of such continu ous ana tuorougn cultural practices lm the orchard as shall maintain the trees at all times in a vigorous, l,.,.ltk. ..JIHnti Tli fnrtilitff and vegetable matter of the soil must be maintained by the addition 01 man- LIIO Ul bMV 1 w " III,, . uau.vB Spraying to control iusect pests and lingua diseases must ue tuuruuu auu unremlttont. Trees on undraiuod or very rich soil, trees weakened by over . 1 1 llt!l. I 1 . - bearing or oy oorers, au aime iuvii kintal, fnlnrvf P.lncAF nrmtl nnd niuiui tiij. j 1 w . - - - - 1 mulches proteot the ground from deep o. l ltt I.. I !.... ireeziug buij resuimui muter injuij. Sod serves the same purpose. Hank ing up the trunks with a few shovel fuls of manure or eartn apears to have a marked favorable influence. . Veiling Lore and Old. The spirit of CliriHtnms saturates the nanes ot liinmncott s aiairaitine lor lie cumber. "A Moment 01 uontidenre" by Klla Middleton Tybout (whose "Wife ot the Secretary of State" is one ol the books of the year), exhales the feaxon of good cheer beside the glowing hie. As sparks fly upward a new love Is born on one side of the curtain ; while on the other, old fires are rekindled in the con fldunccs of a man and a woman who have weathered love's battles. Hut the sears are there, and to these sears they now point not without pride. Wins ly Unit's treatment Is delicate and syiii pathetic. Provides an Incentive for Rebates. "The president in his luBt anunal message," so writes Samuel Spencer in a phamphlet which was read before the Board of Trade of the city of Newark. N. J., "laid special empha sis upon the necessity for doing away with rebates, and for the keeping of the highway of transportation open to all upon equal terms. There is no issue or controversy before the people of Congress as to whether or not re bates or secret discriminations should be stopped. No on deidrea more than the railway managers themselves that there should be au end to all such practices. They are as detrimental to the transportation interests as tbey are to the great body of shippers. "No rational suggestions have been made, however, as to how the grant log of rate-making power to the inter state Commerce CrmmiHsiou oould be effective to this eud. A rebate or any secret diuoriuiinatory device can, of course, be applied to a llovern mental made rate as well as to one made by the carrier. "lu fact a rate established by the Commiasiou, aud thereafter unalter able by the carrier in reduction or otherwise, except upon petition to the Commission, instead of serviug as a cure or a preventive would le a distinct incentive towards secret re d net ion when commercial conditions demanded an a publio and legal re duction could not beproperly made. (ilvc Your Stomach It pit. Nothing will Cure indigestion tlist doesn't digest the food, itself, and give the stomach rest. You can t expect that a weak stomach will regain its strength and gut well when it is compel led to do the full work that a sound stomach should do. You wouldn't ex pect a sick horse to get well when it is compelled to do a full (lay's work every day of the week. Kodol Dyspepsia Cure is a perfect digeatant and digests the food regardless of the condition of sour fctoinaeh. Htiheves Indigestion, llelchiug, Nji.r Mainach, and all stom ach disorders. Sold by (i. K. Williams, Would Like to Know. There is a good deal of curiosity as to whether the fruit growers of othor portions of Oregon Intend to allow the Hood Kiver growers to bare things all their own way in the oontest f Jr the array of cups to be awarded ou apple exhibits at the auuual meeting of the State Horticultural Society, wbioh is to be held iu Portland iu January. Rural Northwest. The mission of "Karl v Risers" Is tn clear the way and give Nadir fullswav These famous little pills rid the stomach and bowels of all putrid iratter, thus removing tlie causes o! headache, con si ipation, sallow complexion, etc. De Witt ' Little Karly Rieers never grip or sicken, a sale, pleasant, perfect pill Sold by G. E. Williams. CHRISTMAS MASQUERADE Grand Christmas Mask Carnival To be ivea by . PROF. AND MRS. KOLST OF THE DALLES if the Opera House Hood River Friday Evening December 22 Four Handsome Prizes to be Given Away ( We Invite the Hood River dancers to come and have a good time, as no expense will be spared for that evening. Admission-Gents, $l.00j ladies free. Music by Prof. Mc Call'i Orchestra. The graceful Three-Step will be introduced. Do you want a snap? You can't lose if you buy a tract in famous MAINE & BOWMAN PLAT MS " r- J 1 " v Cut up in tract' to suit you. Just sold ten ncrcs fortWO thousand dollars and the rest, than that which we re serve will soon be sold. The finest berry and apple land in tha world. Within the city limits ol White Salmon. Ten-acre or smaller tracts jiiHt tho thing for berries and vegetables. After yon have looked around come and tee us and you will find juat what you have have been looking for. Cherries from tract this year ire tlie winners m the great fruit exhibits. MAINE & BOWMAN, White Salmon, Wash, Richardson Bros. Blacksmiths Horseshoeing a Specialty All repair work neatly and promptly done. ' Corner of Oak and Firat Streets HOOD RIVER, OREGON. Ofllces and Rooms. The very best for rent in Pmlih Block LIPPINCOTT' MONTHLY MAGAZINE A Family Library The Bast In Current Literature 12 Complete Novels Yearly MANY SHORT STORIES AND PAPERS ON TIMELY T0PIC3 $2.60 per yean; 25ct. a copy NO CONTINUED STORIES EVERV NUMBER COMPLETE IN ITSELF No, Z For further particulars regarding the SMITH GRUBBING MACHINES, call on or write Williams' Fine line of Drug's, Toilet Articles, etc. Also Spray Material G. E. WILLIAMS, Prop. Bring in your Proscriptions. J. E. NICHOLS UNDERTAKER and FUNERAL DIRECTOR I hold licenfe from the State Board of Oregon and Washington, and am qualified to eli ip bodies to any point. Prompt service eillier day or nigni. Parlor Phone Main 1143 Residence Phone Main b75 Golden Crown Hard Wheat Flour Is the best flour ever put on the Hood River market. It is made from selected hard wheat, and put up expressly for Hood River trade. The Hood River Bakery has just pur chased 200 barrels of Golden Crown Flour, and says it is the best flour they have ever used. For Sale By STRANAHAN Si SHEETS Hood River, Oregon FRUIT TREES Nice lot of Yellow Newtowns, Spitzenberg, Baldwin, Mam moth Black Twig, Jonathan, Rome Beauty, Lavvver, etc. lso large line of general nursery stock. Send for catalog and price list. Breeders of Shorthorn Cattle and Berk shire Hogs; all stock registered. PACIFIC NURSERY CO. TANGENT it t i OREGON IJ1 (5f iH?ib n nlwiiAN in the lend when it comes to erood pianos. and close-priced terms ran be had; all that is asked is a small amount down nnd a few dollars a month. No one needs to be without a piano who has talent in that direction, when new pianos can be bought for 190 to f2.55. ucn pianos are: une useu uaney, formerly worth $300, now f 223; Kimball piano in n Ana wnlnnh ense. used onlv a short time and worth $400, now 2:W; and a different kinds, all on easy terms. EILERS MUSIC CO. X 1731 T1T-A feU Pharmacy Bcliiffler Building, Hood Biver, Oregon A GOOD PIANO Will bring happiness to the home EILERS' MUSIC CO. of The Dalles, Ore. store full of ten or twelve THE DALLES, OREGON. 1? First National Bank OF HOOD RIVER Remember That this bank is a Home Institu o n invite your business on a basis of mutual helpfulness. Our Motto: " A SQUARE DEAL FOR ALL." Buy Your Fruit Boxes AT THE Hood River Box Factory and Patronize Home Industry. Best Quality Lowest Price Home Made Phone Main 71 To the People of Hood River. Valley ... Our Flour, Graham, Whole Wheat, Farina, Bran, Shorts and Middlings are as good as can be made by any mill on earth. All made from good, strong Hard Wheat. We ask you to give them the preference, and by : patronizing home industry help build up your own community. If your merchant will not furnish you with the home product, call on us and we will put you in line with some one who will. Hood River SPOT CASH GROCERY WOOD & SMITH BROS., Proprietors. Groceries, Flour and Feed FRESH VEGETABLES RECEIVED DAILY. Only Exclusive Grocery Store in the City. Free Delivery. Phone Can get a First-Class 250 MEAL at the HOTEL WAUCOMA P. F. FOUTS, Prop. HOOD RIVER. OREGON. JACKSON & JACKSON, Dealer in General Merchandise and Lumbermen's Supplies, Railroad Ties, Cordwood, Lumber and Cedar Posts Free Delivery. Phone 931 A. D. MAINE & CO. White Salmon, Wash. General Contractors and Builders. Eatimte on 11 kinds ol work cheerfully furnished nd the beet of work tnanghip guaranteed. We ire doing the building of this eection at present. Our work will speak for itself. R. REED Best line of Cigars in the City Also handle line of Pipes, Tobaccos and Fishing Tackle ALL SYLES AND PRICES FULL LINE OF RECORDS FOR SALE BY W. D. ROGERS, Hood River, Or. 8 FH Milling Co. HOOD RIVER, OR. White Salmon-Hood River Two big sail boats, two big perfectly safe gasoline launches aud two big ferry scows. Expert sailors in charge. Boats leave at all hours. DE1N & PEARSON Licetued Ferrymen. WOOD FOR SALE. I am irviared to furnish mill and slab wood, aUi it her kinds ol wood. I have a new steam wood saw and a in lrvarvil to do eawinic. Also do general team work. FEED HOVVE. Phone 121.