OCR Interpretation

The ranch. (Seattle, Wash.) 1902-1914, October 01, 1902, Image 12

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn98047754/1902-10-01/ed-1/seq-12/

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The average farmer is apt to look
upon the business of "fine stock"
breeding as beyond his capital and
ability. By fine stock he of course
means pedigreed, registered stock,
and his idea of such animals is that
they are difficult to find, difficult to
raise and maintain in their original
excellence, and costly. He makes the
mistake of thinking that no stock is
fine unless possessed of pedigrees en
titling it to entry in the respective
stud or herd book of its kind. Let us
say for his benefit that "all is not
gold that glitters"; all stock is not
really fine by reason of the mere fact
that it is pedigreed. Live stock prop
erly produced from common sense
mating of excellent animals may in
deed be excellent in most respects or
only fall short of perfection on ac
count of some admixture of blood or
slight deviation from a right line in
breeding which renders it ineligible
to registry. Of such character were
the magnificent Shorthorn feeding cat
tle bred by Gilette, of Illinois, in years
gone by and many others are breeding
similar cattle today. At the same time
thousands of poor specimens of pedi
greed cattle, horses, sheep and swine
are annually produced and retained for
breeding purposes which by rights
should be castrated or rejected for
breeding service. The pedigree is not
always proof positive of excellence. It
may and is reasonably certain to prove
that pure blood is pre-potent above
that of the scrub animal, and often ex
plains the power of an apparent scrub,
possessed of a pedigree, to beget prog
eny grfeatly excelling the parent in
every good point and particular. But
nowadays the pedigreed animal is no
longer in demand unless he or she pos
sesses not only pure blood, but the
apparent evidences of superior excel
lence in every respect as the result of
long continued breeding in the same
direction and purity. In other words,
the pedigreed animal must carry its
pedigree upon its back, as has been
well said by a practical man who look
ed more to present gain than future
possibilities. Really fine stock can be
easily produced by any careful, perse
vering farmer and at a small outlay of
cash, if he follows natural methods of
breeding. To him the main object
should be to produce practical beasts
for immediate returns in flesh, wool,
work, etc. It is rarely his province or
power to compete successfully with the
"big breeder" in the production of pedi
greed animals for sal- as breeding
stock. He should rest co .tent with the
attempt, which will usual'y succeed, of
improving his home animals up to a
point oS similar excellence when com
pared with pedigreed stock. This b.9
can do in comparatively short time
by selecting all of his best breeding
females of a similar type and charac
ter and then mating them with a pure
bred male that in every respect meets
his approval as a representative of
the breed which is his choice for
breed excellence. Starting with this
foundation, he should then breed bl
a natural, common-sense manner. By
"natural" we mean without regard to
family or pedigree so long as no de
parture is made from the breed orig
inally selected to improve the hanie
herd, stud or flock. If this be pa
tiently followed, year after year, after
seeking when the times comes to
purchase a new male, to select an ani
mal of the same breed and type and
character and individual excellence,
steady progress will be made in build
ing up a collection of farm animals
which will return good profits from
food utilized. They will prove far
more profitable than scrub stock and
will return better and surer profits
for the average farmer than pedigreed
stock kept for the sake of pedigree
alone, and will form a legacy worth
handing down to the next generation
of farmers. Natural breeding for
sakes the old idea that the same fam
ily line must be closely followed and
stuck to and seeks everywhere for
ideal animals of ideal type to con
tinue the work of pro-creation in a
given herd. By natural breeding the
good qualities of the animal are main
tained and the weakening effects of
"in-and-in breeding" and even "line
breeding" avoided. Natural breeding
is usually employed as a term to de
scribe such breeding of pure bred ani
mals only, but it as truly applies, in
our opinion, to the sensible methods
of building up hedls of farm animals
of grand excellence for all purposes.
Another gne point possessed by these
naturally bred, high grade animals
is that they furnish at all times the
very best foundation stock on the fe
male side for crossing to bulls of
other breeds for the production of
cross-bred feeders, this work to be
done, of course, by others than the
breeders of high grade females. Many
of the champion animals of our fat
stock shows have been animals of this
breeding, for the cross-bred steer is
often better than either parent in
point of excellence for feeding pur
poses, but would be useless if left en
tire and kept for breeding purposes.
By common-sense methods of natural
breeding, farmers may take advantage
of all that is good in any one of the
pedigreed breeds and at the same time
avoid the expense of pedigreed animal
breeding, fitting, showing and advertis
ing. It is to supply the farmer with
breeding stock for common sense im
proving work that men are in the pedi
greed stock business, and the latter
should be given due credit for the
grand work they are doing in improv
ing all kinds of live stock throughout
the country. —lowa Homesstead.
Victor P. Martin, George J. Ireland,
Willis W. Gray and Victor E. Miller
are the names appearing in the articles
of incorporation of the Northwest Pa
cific Livestock Company, of Wenatchee,
recently filed with the secretary of
state. The capital stock is placed at
$15,000, and is paid up in full.
The object of the incorporators is
to carry on a general live stock busi
ness. Especial attention will be given
to the importing and breeding of fine
The company have a large ranch and
several hundred acres of range in this
vicinity, and have already secured a
hundred head of cattle.
P. A. Frakes, who has the largest
and best herd of Holstein cattle in
the Northwest, says that it makes him
decidedly tired when some former
who has taken the notion to invest in
a sire or a few pure-bred tries to
Jew down his prices. They want first
class stock at bargain-counter prices.
They don't give the fact that Mr.
Frakes has spent a great deal of
money on his stock, importing from
the best herds of the East, any con
sideration, and that he cannot and will
not sell unless he gets his price, which
is always fair and reasonable. So
there! Now that the popularity of
Holsteins in the Northwest is increas
ing, a great many farmers are looking
for good breeding stock, and Mr.
A few choice yearling Shropshire Rams
and Ram Lambs for sale ; also a few Ewes,
and Yorkshire Pigs of both sexes. Bred
from prize winning stock.
Pioneer Farm, Chlllwack, B. C
Grandview Farm.
Oi the large Canadian type, size,
puality, finish.
Pigs will be recorded in the Ameri
can Herd Book. Thirty choice young
pigs now for sale.
Cloverdale, B. C.
FOR SALE —Pure bred, registered
Three years old, out of Brown Bessie's fam
ily, the world-renowned cow that took flrst
premium at the Columbian exposition.
Hereford Sale.
On Wednesday, November 12, 1902,
at 2 P. M., at LaGrande, Ore., we will
sell at Public Auction 21 Registered
Hereford Cattle, 13 Yearling Bulls, 8
Yearling Heifers. These cattle are in
fair condition only, not being fitted
for the sale ring. Breeding good as
the best. Catalogues ready October
E. J. Conrad & Sons, LaGrande, Ore.,
Frakes is a good man to get in touch
with. But don't ask him to sell at sac
rifice prices.
At the Salem fair two of the most in
terested visitors in the livestock dis
play were S. Ban and his nephew, R.
Ban. S. Ban runs a 400 acre farm at
Quincy, Ore., and has thereon quite
a dairy herd. He figures on doing con
siderable exporting to Japan, having
several years ago taken over a num
ber of Holsteins, which proved a
profitable venture. He recently pur
chased several head of Shorthorns
from Ladd's Oak Hill Farm. He is
quite wealthy, having made his money
as a contractor of Japanese labor.
His nephew, who manages the farm,
is a bright young man, who graduated
recently from the Oregon agricultu
ral college.
A. S. White, a well known rancher
of the Cowyche, has imported a car
load of fine pedigreed Red-Polled cat
tle, among them a registered bull. It
is good news to learn that the ranch
ers who have money to invest in stock
put it in thoroughbreds.—Yakima Her
There were seven different makes of
separators on display at the Oregon
etate fair, representing all the separa
tor companies on the Pacific Coast.
A Tacoma young man called on his
best girl and asked the maid to an
nounce him. Pretty soon the girl
poked her head out of the bathroom
door and cried, "Hello! Jack, dear!"
Jack called out, "Come on down." "I
can't, Jack; I'm cr —well, im in my
bath." "But I won't keep you a mo
ment. I haven't er—got—er —any-
thing on, Jack." "Well," said Jack,
"slip on something and come down."
So she slipped on the top step and
came down.
Hampshire Sheep
Dorset Horn Sheep
Duroc Jersey Hogs
All Registered.
Correspondence Solicited.
REED A SOU, Moscow. Idaho.
A. J. STREET, Ghilliwack, Br. Col.
Registered Jersey Cattle won at New Westminis
ter 1900—1st on 2 year-old-bull, Ist on yea-ling bull,
Ist on herd. Some choice stock for sale,
Several choice young Holstein bulls
now for sale. Registration papers fur
nished. Address Meadowbrook Farm,
Snoqualmie, Wn., or Chamberlain,
Hamilton & Co., Seattle.
Satisfaction from cattle raising.—
Send to L. K. Cogswell, Chehalis,
Wash., for a start in Red Polls. They
are gentle, hardy and profitable in ev
ery way. A dozen bulls now for sale;
prize winning stock. Orders taken for
heifers. Send at once for Red Foiled
Lake Side Stock Farm
Of the Best Butter Making Strains for
Sale. Service bull, Lunde Oregon de Kol, son of
Clothllde Lunde Artls. Official butter test, 20 lbs
4ozin 7 days. He is assisted by Clothilde Grace's
Sir Hengerveld, whose granddam was Netherland
Hengerveld, with an official butter test of 25% lbs
In 7 days, b«r milk averaging 3.92 per cent fat.
P. A. FRAKES, Scappose, Ore.
C. D NAIRN, Ballston, Ore., Prop.
Verona Pale Face, 60729.
The Largest Collection of Pure Bred Col
lies In America. 32 Years a Breeder of
Best Working Strains. Known to Stock
men Everywhere. Puppies For Sale. Send
for Catalogue. Free.
%^g^/ Mountainview Ranch
i^B^^R Registered Jersey Cattle
■HHl^hßbS' the greatest milk and but
mSL ter producers in tbe world.
i^. 11 •■ml of herd is Royal of
WM Spokane, son of Koyal <>.
I H^^ Fechter & Janeck
§HBB^^ North YakiniH, : Wash.
Poland-China Swine
All stock registered. Hogs can be seen at the
farm near Gresham, Or. Wnt«* us for; prices, ped
igrees, etc.
Worcester Bldg. Portland, Oregon
Jersey Bull Calf, St. Lambert strain,
price $30.00, registered, crated and de
livered at N. P. Station.
H. W. ILLMAN, Hartford, Wash.
The Ranch can secure for
Its readers reduced rates on
most newspapers and maga
zines. Write us for rates on
'• the periodicals you wish to

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