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tongued and grooved pieces laid across.
In silos with horizontal girts or with
wooden hoops the door can be made as
described as above for the wooden
hooped silo. In a stave silo struts will
have to be put in between the two
staves that make the side of the door.
These two staves should be extra
strong. Eighteen inches is wide
enough for a door.
The natural clay makes a good floor.
It is well to excavate this to basin
shape, and if there is any danger of
rats cutting through, cover it with
concrete or tamp into it brok-en rock or
gravel. The roof is necessary only to
keep out the rain and snow. On a rect
angular silo the roof can be put on
the same as for any building of that
shape. To roof a round silo is not so
easy. I know from experience that it
is very tedious to make a conical roof
of shingles. When the circles get
small almost every shingle has to be
cut to make a neat job. For a small
round silo probably the best way is to
cover with planks cut wedge-shaped so
as to fit together in a cone and cover
these with some kind of roofing paper.
For a large silo use eight or ten or
more, wide rafters and nail planks or
laths across them from one to another
and then cover with roofing paper or
shingles, making a hip over each raft
er. If you wa.t till the silo is full
to put on the roof you will need no
staging. The filling may be done as
fast as you please or as slow as you
please, provided the top of the ensilage
is not exposed long enough to spoil;
I have tried both plans and have al
ways made good ensilage. The finer
it is cut the better it will pack, and the
better it will Keep. The blowing ma
chine set to cut xfa inch and making
800 to 1,000 revolutions does excellent
work, knocking the stalk all to pieces
and almost pulping it. (The first day
mine was used it wore a hole through
a seasoned oak plank one inch thick,
placed above the silo to turn the ensi
lage down. It was 34 feet higher than
the machine and more than 50 feet
from it. i They are simpler and give
les trouble to operate than the ma
chines with carriers, but require more
power. If you have to use a horse
power or small engine, you will have
to use a carrier machine, but if you
can command a thresher engine then
it is simply a matter of a little more
fuel and water. A good force for rap
id filling will be about as follows: Two
men in silo, two at machine, engineer,
water boy, four teamsters, three load
ers, one man with machine cutting.
GOVERNMENT MAPPING OF CEN
TRAL AND WESTERN WASH
Editor The Ranch: —Announcement
is made that the topographic branch of
the United States Geological Survey
will continue this season the mapping
of the forest regions of Washington
in the Cascades, under the general
oversight of Mr. Richard U. Goode,
geographer. The section will be cov
ered by parties operating in three dis
The party in the north district will
be in charge of Mr. R. A. Farmer, and
will outfit at Wenatchee. The area
selected to be surveyed will be that
known as the Stehekin quodrangle, in
the Washington Forest Reserve, and
will include the upper portion of Lake
Chelan and a portion of the crest line
of the Cascade range. In this general
locality will also be a party under Mr.
E. M. Fry, whose duties will be to de
termine by spirit leveling elevations
above the sea level of various points
PAYS BETTER THAN A SAVINGS BANK
MSni Owing to its many money saving and money-earning qualities, there is no Letter investment thai a
Dairyman can make than a U. S. Cream Separator. Kighl or nine cows ami a IT. S. Separator are
lIIX equal to ten or eleven cows without one, to say nothing about the cost of feeding and labor saved.
MN Oairvmen who are getting along withoul a separator, thereby hoping to save the expense ol buy.ng
dM"!* „,. ' ar e making a grave mistake, as they are sure to find out sooner or later. Many have wished they
CtttW had'hought sooner, so will many others when they know the superior qualities ol the U. S.
™Wlj If any dairyman was sure he would save enough the first year to pay for his separator, would., t he
i, uv ? Well, that is just what hundreds and tliousa.nl> of purchasers of the I. S. Separator have done,
]Tft and some have made enough in six months.
I 1 if you keep cows, write the VT. FARM MACHINE CO., Bellows Falls, Vt.,
/ % , for their booklet " HOW to Make Money," which tells of a few of the many profitable experiences of users of
■■»" THE U. S. SEPARATOR
For Sale on Any Reasonable Terms by
A. M. FERRELL, - Everett, Wash.
2511 Wet more Ava.
AGENT FOR WASHINGTON, NORTH OF SEATTLE.
in the Cascade mountains along the
Skagit and Methow rivers and in the
mountains between Republic and the
The party in the central district of
the western section will be in charge
of Mr. A. E. Mr.rlin and will survey
the Skykomish quadrangle, which in
cludes an area of about 800 square
miles north and south of the Great
Northern railroad in the vicinity of
Skykomish, within which are many
mines and much valuable timber. A
portion of this quadrangle is within
the Washington Forest Reserve. Mr.
Murlin will have as his principal as
sistants Messrs. W. C. Guerin and C.
Mr. A. H. Sylvester will have charge
of the third party in the western sec
tion, or that operating in the southern
district, and will outfit at North Yak
ima. The work will be a continuation
of that done during the preceding
field season in the Mount Aix quad
rangle. The greater portion of this
quadrangle is in the Mount Rainier
Forest Reserve. It includes a number
of the passes along the summit of the
Cascades, and the headwaters of the
White and Cowlitz rivers flowing to
the west, and of the American, Bump
ing, and Tietan rivers, tributaries of
the Natches and Yakima rivers. Mr.
Sylvester's principal assistant will be
Mr. Ralph Cogwell.
All of the work in the western sec
tion is a continuation of the system
atic survey, began several years ago,
of the gorest areas of the Cascade
CHARLES D. WALCOTT,
United States Geological Survey,
KISS ME, TOO.
"Tact," said Eli Perkins in his lee
ture, "is to say the right thing at the
right time. It gets us out of many
"The other night my dignified niece
was entertaining an old bean, in a
selected alcove in the parlor. For
propriety's sake she held her little
niece on her lap.
"During a lull in the conversation
we were electrified by this exclama
tion by the child:
"'Kiss me, too, Aunt Alice!"
"It was a sudden shock to us all,
and each smiled suspiciously at the
other, but were greatly relieved at
Aunt Alice's calm reply:
" 'Don't say kiss me, too, dear, you
should say kiss me twice!"
SI'OK INTERSTATE FAIR.
'For this occiision the Northern I'acUjc will
make round trip rate of $0.50. TicKet's UL
sale Oct. Bth. Return limit Oct. 15tb.
water "^ mm
CIIDDI ICC Tj|^^
I I Eb^p ..._„ ?|pr i I
I WESTERN MACHINERY CO. I
I No. 308. Occidental Aye., SEATTLE. J
7 o^,. «,.^»,. /g Hired Men I >
J Ooe. More Tn*n 15 HiVCd MCltl \
I Jack-of All-Trades '■
• H Inl 309 Occidental Aye ,
/ ■ - Scsttlc,
/ I yMßapnMi||. __ /
-^^KflU sßr where, nr •
~ .--.^t;^ ■ *>.- Sj|p r no dang , no
/ 'v^'^-^-, U| irr .'" '^ . ,
> ' T
y Coal Bo an hour when runnings no expense When Idle. •
Newest and Best Equipment in the Northwest. Brick Buildings. Low
Insurance Rate. Wharf and Rail Connections.
WASHINGTON COLD STORAGE WAREHOUSE.
Oriental Roadman and Occidental Warehouses. Oriental Dock.
30,000 Tons Capacity. U. S. Bond and Free
UNITED WAREHOUSE CO. SEATTLE.
T I 1 A/I'll and its Products $1 Postpaid: Address
I eSting IVIIIK, The Ranch, Seattle.