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BREEDING FOR SPRING PIGS.
John M. Jamison. The greater part of the hogs pro duced are spring farrowed. Still, much more is being thought of the fall pig, and many are farrowed during the summer months, and a lew breeders are willing to have pigs farrowed dur ing the winter. The all year demand on the market is gradually changing the old customs. Later on so much attention will not be given to the time when pigs are farrowed, but more care will be given to looking after them and making hogs of them. The spring month most desirable in which to have pigs farrowed depends on how the farmer is fixed to care for them. March is the favorite month, yet many are lost in March —probably more than in any other month in the year—be cause the farmers are not in shape to give them proper care. Some farmers breed for March, when they know they are not fixed to care for the pigs; but they hope to be and fail, the pigs also proving to be a failure. Many breed for March, hoping the weather will be pleasant at farrowing time and the pig will be saved, yet more often than otherwise they are disappointed. In an important matter, on which depends so much the success of the farm, no haphazard work should be done. Instead of depending on un certainties, it is best to make things as certain as possible. The best we can do has very much of uncertainty in results. With the farmer who 5b poorly prepared to take care of young spring pigs April will often prove a better month than March. When both are farrowed on the same farm, when finished for market, the April pigs will be as good as the March pigs, for the reason that the April farrowing start ed off better and were not checked by severe weather. Just recently a farm er said: "My April pigs are as good as the March farrowing; the weather conditions accounted for this, as all had about the same care." It is an excellent plan to manage a herd of brood sows so that they can be bred about the same time, within two or three days or a week at furth est. This is desirable, because some times the litters are unequal in num ber; some not as large as the sow can care for, and some too large. When all are farrowed within a day or two of each other, this unevenness in num ber can be evened up by dividing. Another reason for having them even in size is that they sell better. An uneven lot gives the purchaser an op portunity to cavil about the undesir able size, which he is quick to take ad vantage of and magnify to an undesir able extent. It is always the safe way to keep the date of breeding, particularly when the sows are bred to farrow in cold, unpleasant weather, or when such weather is to be expected. A sheet of paper or a piece of cardboard tacked up about the barn or other building that is frequented every day is good to make the record on. It is easier to do it here than to remember 'o do it at the house, and there it Should be allowed to remain till no longer needed. The farmer can at any time refresh his memory regard ing the matter. When the date of breeding is put down, opposite it, as soon as the sows are known to be in farrow, should be placed the date of farrowing, 112 days after breedings, or sixteen weeks. While some of the gestation tables place the time at 115 days, I have always found that 112 days is the safe time for the farmer to work on. It he waits for the last limit on the 115 days before making preparations to care for the pigs, he will more often than otherwise lose the pigs if the weather is bad. The breeding stock should be in fine condition, and should be the best ani mals on the farm. On most farms the farmers can best grow their sows, but not the boars. Where they select boars from their own herd, to save expense, or from a conceited notion that their hogs are superior to any others, they probably commit a serious blunder, and start on a course of in and in breeding—the great wrecking error in farm hog breeding. A breeder of experience may tamper with in and in breeding and make a success of it, but the general farmer had better hove nothing to do with it. Old sows are much better to use for early litters than young ones. Still, if the young ones are very tame they shoul dsucceed well. A sow that is not gentle an dtame to handle is not of much value to bring pigs in bad weather. Such a sow wants to be let alone at farrowing time. Too often the sows on the farm are of this kind, which is very much against success and profit. At the breeding time it is better to have the male in a lot adjoining the field or run of the sows; then, when the sows are in season, they will be found about the lot where the male is confined, and should be turned in to him one at a time; and the herdsman should know that each sow is served. Sometimes the boar is a failure, and if allowed to run with the sows and no attention is given to him the farmer realizes his worthlessness when ser ious loss is evident, from the fact that the sows fail to be in pig. There is great advantage in having pigs farrowed early. There is less loss feeding against cold weather; keeping up animal heat is reduced to a minimum when they are small; it is raised to the maximum when they are large. If they are early farrowed, say, in March, they can be made ready for the market before biting cold weather comes on. If farrowed late in the spring, most farmers will be found feeding well along into one or two win ter months, facing the discouraging week about enough to make the grain week about enough to make the corn fed a total loss. There is a market all the year for fat pigs, but sometimes it is much better than at others. The early pig to market in the fall usually takes a good price. If the spring pigs are early the fall pigs can also be brought early. So, taken all around, it is advisable to breed for March or early April pigs, and then make sure to be ready to take care of them. On every hog farm in the corn belt enough fodder is wasted to make the most comfortable houses for the sows at far rowing time. State of Ohio. City of Toledo, Lucas County, 88. Frank J. Cheney makes oath tbat be is the senior partner of the firm of F. J. Cheney & Co., doing business in the City of Toledo, County and State aforesaid, and tbat said firm will pay tbe sum of ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS for each and every case of Catarrh tbat cannot be cured by tbe use of Hall's Catabrh Cure. FRANK J. CHENEY, Sworn to before me and subscribed In my presence, tbis Gtb day of December, A. D. 1886. A. W. GLEASON, (Seal.) Notary Public. uu./h Catarrh Cure is taken internally and acts directly on tbe blood and mucous surfaces of tbe system. Send for testi monials, free. F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O. Sold by Druggists, 75c. Hall's Family Pills are tbe best. THE RANCH. GILBERT HUNT FEED MILL. js-afr^ - This roll has no equal in the mar- Jfe)«Sks*i iG^ as a fee(l crusher. The mills Jw«lfl*\ are complete, all ready to belt up miiimma&K _ and go to work. The rolls and shaft- TOi?/M^^£y^^ ing are very heavy, and the bear- RiMi&amH ings heavy and long, insuring cool IRSraISP^E* running journals. The rolls are dSflßSllili'^Stir slightly corrugated to make them MBEBBpHlll(||linwV^ feed properly, but not enough to xIfOC _'; i " im -Z-SC-J rind the grain fine as is the case ■VSXMMmBsJ '^Tlß^^MS~lro\ wilh most corrugated rolls. The '^H ■ HHf UM WuyS** J||\ spring contact on rolls is very eas ySmMwfhU 10 «Sfc 'M ily adjusted. They have an adjust w iSf/ nml \ Hil able n°PPer feed and absolute force ysmM H En 111 feed over the rolls. We make them Ik Im mm r, IF HI *n a number of different styles, suit- W_J^»fcj^g^^ ' JWi ed to all requirements, and having a C~~ ->—^—?—--'"SJSBS *^^^hL capacity of from ten tons to fifty --1 ~ SSJl^^^ °nSWALLA y WALLA, WASH. All Sizes. Not the Cheapest, but Lowest Priced. The Best Mills ever put on the Market. Write for Prices. Car ley Bros. : Col fax, Wash. ■ • 'H—^B Registered f I|M|^HH| Here fords.. I "<sse»asa«^^^S^BiSi^^^M Original Stock Imp. from England; hard tSHmSwmBfU BM headed b Mack Alamo. ...THE SPRINODALE STOCK FARM... A. J. SPLAWN, Proprietor, NORTH YAKIMA, WASH LADD'S HAZEL-FERN FARM A. J. C. C. Jerseys. A. G. C. C. Guernseys. Reg. Berkshire Swine. The only deep milking strain of COMBINATION blood on the Pacific Coast, headed by Chief Engineer (47147), who carries all the blood elements of Brown Bessie and Merry Maiden. Our Guernseys were selected from the be st milking strains in the United States. Our Berkshires were selected for breeding and Individuality and contain the blood of Cherry Blossom, Longfellow and Lee st rains. We can assure buyers of quality, the best of breeding and satisfaction. We invite correspondence and personal inspection. F. B. M'ELDOWNEY, Supt., Portland, Ore. OAK HILL STOCK FARM a Property of QHAS. E. LADD, Breeder ?;^^Pli Shorthorn Cattle, Shropshire Cotswold and Southdown Sheep >&§i^hlJHßHaii stock registered with the best of breeding aud individual merit. Young ;stoeU stock for sale. FRANK BROWN, Mgr. f North anthill. Or a. Old Process Oil Cake Meal. ' Experienced feeders pronounce it to be the best and most profitable for Milch Cows. Beef Cattto Horses, Sheep, Hogs, Fowls, etc. Keeps stock in a healthy condition and makes palatable meats. ' / you have one horse or cow, or a dozen, they should not be without Oil Meal. Oil Meal Cake Is sold b7 all dealers in bay, grain, flour aud seeds. Correspondence solicited. PORTLAND LINSEED OIL WORKS Marcus Simpson, Mgr. Sherlock Aye., near Nicolai St., Portland, Oregon HAZELWOOD COMPANY, Ltd. Spokane, Washington Breeders and Importers of HOLSTEIN, GUERNSEY AND JERSEYfCALTLE POLAND CHINA SWINE We haye 1 some tine young Poland China sows for sale. All stock registered and from the bea'. blood in the United States. Southdowns < °-<<** ~s~: ; ™f ; "--^^ ■;,"■ ":" number of he#d of young sheep of this popular breed. J. T. Wilkinson Chilli wack. B. C 13