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The Old Girl Who Raised Hens.
Mrs. E. M. Boyer.
My experience in breeding pure
bred poultry in the arid region has
been a startling success, yet when
I first came to the far west I was as
sured that pure-bred chickens would
>t do at all well here. I determined
that they would do and had no in
tention of raising such blots upon the
landscape as my neighbors had propa
gated in the way of chickens. The
right kind of breed no doubt had
something to do with my success. I
selected Black Minorcas and Black
I.angshans. I had eggs when no on<
else had them and the diseases of
which the neighbors complained
never came within my chicken hor
I won premiums far from home,
made money by selling breeding stock
and hatching eggs, and proved to the
breeders of Plymouth Rocks that for
fineness and tenderness of grain the
flesh of black birds for the table has
no equal. Of course the Minorcas
must be bred for size as well as foi
points and a cross with the Langshan
makes a faultless table bird. My
Langshans and Minorcas, according
to their acknowledged reputation, be
ginning earlier than the Langshans.
Both breeds are remarkably hardy
in this climate, requiring no coddling
and none of the fussing such as east
ern poultry journals lay down as nec
essary to the salvation of the hen
race. There are practically no spring
showers to worry young stock, for
in five years I lost only two chicks.
No diseases exist peculiar to the east
ern climate or which arise from
dampness . The rainy season usually
arrives in warm, summer weather.
As we all know there is little or no
rain in winter, the days that are not
dry and sunny are extremely rare and
although the nights are cold, a care
i'ul housing in a thick-walled abode
building is sufficient protection, even
for the huge comb on an exhibition
Minorca. There is an unfailing sup
ply of dust, the natural enemy of lice,
almost the entire year. The alfalfa
meadows of a ranch not only lessen
the cost of production in the poultry
business but the great legume is an
food of exceptional value. Through
out the spring, summer and fall the
flocks graze in the meadows like
other stock, yet my neighbors wo
over the ravages of disease and other
things. There is money in chickens
i» this country and the demand fo
fresh eggs in winter is great.
POINTS IN SWINE JUDGING.
Prof. W. J. Kennedy gives the fol
lowing suggestions regarding some of
the points to be noted in judging
Head —A short, broad head especial
ly wide between the eyes and the ears
is usually associated with width and
fompactness of body throughout and
is an indication of an aptitude to fat
ton rapidly. A snout of medium length
Eyes—The eyes should be clear,
large, wide apart, and free from
wrinkles or folds of fat, which often
Ears —A small, fine ear indicates re
finement throughout. This is desir
able. The carriage of the ear will de
pend upon the parentage of the hog,
bein gerect in the Berkshires, half
drooping in the Poland-China, and al
most wholly dropping in the Duroc
Jersey and most of the large white
Jowl —A broad, neat, smooth, firm
jowl is desirable. Flabbiness of jowl
due to excess of fat in this region is
Neck —The neck should be short,
thick and deep. It should blend
smoothly into the shoulder vein and
shoulder without any depression.
Shoulder and Shoulder Vein —The
shoulder vein is that portion just In
front of the shoulder where the neck
joins the shoulder. Fullness in this
part is very desirable, as it usually
results in a smoothly covered wide
shoulder. The shoulder should be
broad, deep and compact on top. Prom
inent shoulder blades and a slackness
between the same are very objection
WINTERING BEES ON SUMMER
By far the most bees are left sitting
on their summer stands during the
winter, just as they stood in summer.
Many do not have honey enough to
carry them over until spring, but are
left to consume what little they have
and starve in mid-winter, or even
starve outright after winter is well
past and a new crop of honey almost
in sight. It would be better to kill
the bees in the autumn and save the
honey they have consumed. A good
colony of bees will always pay back
with good interest the food given them
in the fall sufficient to take them
through until the next honey season,
and not a single colony should be left
to perish in winter when they can be
easily and cheaply fed.
Sugar-fed bees usually winter well —
fully as well as thoSe that have their
natural honey. Sugar feeding in au
tumn stimulates the bees to breeding,
and in every way puts a colony in first
class condition for good wintering, pro
viding they are fed early and before
cold weather. Late feeding is not naer
so good as early feeding, that is feed
ing done during warm weather in au
Besides furnishing every colony with
sufficient store in the line of food, we
should also give them protection to
shield them from the fierce cold and
storms they will be subject to in win
ter. Bees wintered out of doors should
be furnished with double-walled hives.
This is a saving of stores as well as
preventing heavy losses of bees and
the weakening down of colonies which
largely winter kill when exposed to se
vere weather in thin, unprotected
hives. The saving of stores alone will
nearly pay for the extra expense of
these winter hives.
These winter cases may be arranged
to so enclose the hive that no change
of the summer hive is necessary; simp
ly encase it in an overcoat for the win
ter. Bees should not be neglected and
should be attended to early and before
winter proper sets in.
A. H. DUFF.
MULCHING BUSH FRUITS.
Did you ever think how nature does
to produce the luscious berries that
grow on many of the wild bushes? All
who have gathered wild blackberries,
raspberries and other kinds, know how
soft, juicy and delicately flavored they
often are. They also know that such
berries grow beside some old rotten
log or in a thicket or corner where
the winds have swept the forest leaves
into piles about the bushes, thus mulch
ing them thoroughly. Now, this is a
hint to the berry grower as to what he
Mulching makes the ground moist
-^*^ <^ beauty and their energy and good feeling. If
you will begin now to do the wise thing and feed
PRUSSIAN STOCK FOOD,
you will quickly notice a big difference in the entire lot. Don't feed enough to sustain them.
Its first omce is to purge, clean the system, invigorate and induce digestion and assimilation
of the entire rations. It does all this and adds its own powerful nutritive elements. Its
medicinal properties enable animals to escape Infectious diseases. You have to pay something for
every goodthinsr but the cost of this is but a trifle compared with the results you (rain. 500 and 91.00
plus. Pall. 1,800 feed*, 98.50. Apply to your dealer for I'ruiwlan Stock Food. If you don't find if,
write us direct. If you request it we send you our «8 page stock book free. There's value in it for you.
PRUSSIAN REMEDY COMPANY, ST. PAUL, MINNESOTA.
Portland seed Co., Portland, Or., Coast Agent.
W^L *^bce^ **' ---gSf$L Lee's Egg Maker makes I
fllHsslTiSSi= saT^lP hens lay more eggs., it sup- 1
■\\UbmS& f^^S^^,W^Ss liftii6lfi plies all material needed for healthy egg E
ly *&&*> I I t|S^*iJlE^iLl^^t* I** m production, except grain, grit, and water. It n
IH'flStKMiml V^J^aSnl \*'0 M'*wl ls composed, one-half of Granulated Blood, B
11;;,- - I OftBW^NWW!* L^'^"sjfli a concentrated meat-food; the other half— I
lul"''"1"11'-! (siSc-s B"^Jjl that's our secret— -what makes the hens I
lll''■•'■. 1.:,:;;; 1 AConoimehtalMeatFood %!.V!i.'.'."-"'||| lay. It contains no meal, sand, shell, or other M
"»'.!'.'," "I '^QyiJß^^w, ~""*'^lJ fictitious values. Ej
ill''"',',:''•■■'"■■'l Jt^r^~^. ••••:'':""::'3lllf Lee's Egg Maker is good for breeding H
,■,■••'■.'.","'.'" rJ^^*S-jj|—^"^^^i i-"*--""'"-*! stock. It makes healthy fowls, healthy eggs, |l
II\"''"-i"'"m.'™ wkmfowSp '■'■ ''''""li and quick-growing vigorous chicks. It costs Bj
llv'.'.V.;:::™ BftiJll-^H^IF iZw**!! but $2 for a 25-lb. pail; 25c for a big 2'.-ll). ■
lip-' 1 v3BP«|f3Our - .•.'■'•'•••-"-fl package—fully double the value of other I
■ 111.-"'"'":::: 1 (\S&aO "'■"-"'.""'"if If not sold at your town, write for de- I
H^v ;a»j«jjii'4a.i ■<■ -wrSfdi livered prices, agency terms, and catalogue. I
'^gai l[rillllin^III]nIIII P CEO. H. LEE CO., Omaha, Neb. I
1 "Doubled egg production."— M. Perkins, Washington, Ind. "Best preparation we have been able I
to get."—Central Drug Store, San Angelo, Texas. 'Worth its weightin (fold."— Mrs. T. C. Penman, Globe. I
Arizona. "Best lever saw.'—Mrs. Castleraan, Lamlne, Mo. "Orders two cnrloads (fIO.OOO pounds) within I
nine months."— Albers, Los Angeles. California. "Beats all records."-Otto Weiss. Wichita. Kas. M
LILLY, BOGARPUB & CO., Agents. SEATTLE, WASH.
Flood's Roup Cure
gEpi ABSOLUTELY THE BEST.
HiKr Cure Guaranteed.
BlFl Cure Guaranteed.
wAvfcL 11 ii Easily administered. Simply put the cure
Ws^ o'i ! in drinking- water and the fowl takes its own
; f§ls *% Of; medicine. Especially adapted for the climate
W&S f\ ®'^) me(iicine- Especially adapted for the climate
jP jPj SI of the Pacific Coast.
Hwly Price 5O cts and $1.00 postpaid
_j Lilly, Bogardus & Co., Seattle. Agents.
and cool underneath, and this is just
what berry plants need. The fruit re
quires considerable water to help it
to properly develop, and the growing
bushes must have it to prepare for an
other year's fruitage.
WORTH ITS WEIGHT IN GOLD TO EV
ERY STOCKMAN AND FORMER.
How many of you have lost the price of
this Engine in one day on account of in
sufficient wind to operate your wind mills,
leaving your stock without water. Get one
now to do your pumping when there Is no
wind or to do it regularly. Weather does
not affect its work, hot or cold, wet or dry,
wind or calm, it is all the same to this
machine. Will also shell corn, grind feed,
saw wood, churn butter and is handy for
a hundred other jobs, in the house or on the
farm. Costs nothing to keep when not
working, and only 1 to 2 cents per hour
when working. Shipped completely set
up, ready to run, no foundation needed, a
great labor and money saver. Requires prac
tically no attention, and is absolutely safe.
We make all sizes of Gasoline Engines,
from 1 1-2 to 75 horsepower. Write for
circular and special prices.
Catalogue free of the best Brown and
White Leghorns, Mlnorcas, Brahmas, B. P.
Rocks, White Crested Polish. FRED A.
JOHNSON, 018 S. 35th St., Tacoma, Wash.
Barred and white fljj&K,^ JiHa^
Plymouth Rocks, -sif^
S. C. WHITE LEGHORNS.
We have a lew choice Single Comb
White Leghorn cockerels for sale at
$2 each. Our stock is second to none
in the Northwest. Correspondence
and personal inspection solicited.
Birds guaranteed to be a3 represent
ed. .. Ladd's Estate Glendale Farm,