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The ranch. (Seattle, Wash.) 1902-1914, December 01, 1902, Image 7

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn98047754/1902-12-01/ed-1/seq-7/

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first winter, to sway with the wind
and wear a hole around the trees
down to the roots, thus retarding the
growth the first year. This argument
would be unanswerable were there no
way to prevent such a result. Well
informed horticulturists have been, of
late years, planting smaller trees than
they once did —not smaller of the
same age, but those of a younger
growth. A well grown tree, large of
its age, of two or three years from
bud or graft, is preferred to a four
year-old, and offers less surface for
the wind's action, but all newly plant
ed trees, whether set in spring or in
autumn, should have a mound of
earth packed around them before win
ter ten or twelve inches high, not only
to prevent the swaying of the trees,
but also to prevent the access of
mice to the bark of the trees.
Salt For Pear Blight.
Knowing of some test cases in the
use of salt to combat pear blight, and
that the salt application has had a
most beneficial effect, we deem that
we should give evidence to the public,
says Practical Fruit Grower. The
application of salt to fruit trees is
generally disapproved by horticul
ural authorities. There are excep
tions to most rules; perhaps salt may
be used with success in experimental
Pear blight is a disease that has so
far baffled scientific treatment. The
subject is outlawed at state conven
tions, and yet there is a course for it
and doubtless there is, in the un
known, a remedy.
We visited an orchard during the
past week that had been attacke»
with great virulence by the blight.
The blackened leaves portended death
within a few days. Two trees were
entirely beyond the treatment stage.
The water sprouts had also been at
tacked and were black. The owner
scattered salt under these trees and
they made a fresh start. New leaves
have come out and show up green
among the blighted ones. The water
sprouts, too, are putting out new
leaves. The evidence is plain. It is
a practical demonstration. The salt
checked the blight in that orchard
and revived the trees. No ill effects
have yet been evident, so there can
be no objection to others that have
trees that are going with the blight
to try this simple remedy. It costs
but little to apply one or two quarts.
Here is another practical demon
stration that worked strangely. A
Benton county, Arkansas, fruit
grower gave his apple trees an appli
cation of salt. His trees are now re
markable for their vigorous foliage
and the apples on these salt-treated
trees for their large fruit. Just over
the fence trees not treated do not
present nearly so good appearance
and their apples are small.
And here is a story that still fur
ther shows that salt sometimes acts
contrary to establish a theory. A
gentleman had a tree in his yard that
he wanted to be rid of, and instead
of chopping it down he dug under
it and placed in the cavity a lot of
salt, expecting it would soon become
dead wood, and family would not then
object to their having the tree cut
down. But to the man's amazement
the tree grew more vigorously than
ever before. It greatly outstripped
it twin tree, near it, and twenty years
after the salt-treated tree was in ro
bust condition.
Black Ben Davis Apples.
Much has been said and written con
cerning the Black Ben Davis—Gano
applies some contending that the
Davis and Gano were two different
species, while others held that each
was a separate and distinct class. To
fruit growers the controversy has
been highly interesting and the ques
tion has remained in some doubt until
recently, when facts have been pre
sented which seem convincing enough
to end the contention.
Pro. H. E. Van Deman, of Wash
ington, a short time ago took it upon
himself to look the matter up and
with that object in view he made a
trip to Washington county, Aakansas,
where it was claimed the fruit had
originated. He asserts that he did
not take the trip at the suggestion
nor in the interests of the Messrs.
Stark Bros., who have been bringing
the fruit to the attention of the pub
lic, but that he did solely in the in
terests of the truth and his observa
tions have been published in the
Western Fruit Grower. The details
of his investigation it is not necessary
to publish the salient points being
all that the public will find interest
ing. He learned the history of the
original tree from those who lived
in the vicinity and they positively as
sert that the fruit it bore was much
superior to the Ben Davis. The name
of the tree and its fruit — "Black" —
was derived from the Rev. John
Black, who formerly owned the
ground upon which the now famou
tree once stood, but which has long
since gone out of existence. But its
successors live and testify to the ex
cellence of their progenitor. The fruit
is not only more pleasing to the eye,
but in flavor it is superior to the Ben
Davis, according to the conclusions of
Prof. Van Deman. This gentleman
does not hesitate in making his in
vestigations known and speaks with
confidence when he tells of the superi
ority of the Black Ben Davis. He vis
ited those who cultivate the Gano and
those who had examined the differ
ent species—Black Ben Davis, Ben
Davis and Gano —and they all asserted
that the Black Ben Davis and Gano
were by no means the same fruit and
that the former was far superior to
the latter. The Black Ben Davis te a
solid red while the Gano is usually
lighter in color and has a semblance
of stripes, if not those of a distinct na
An experimenter writes to Commer
cial Poultry that with five tests he
found that the temperature for hatch
ing eggs in the incubator may be from
102 to 104 degrees, and that Plymouth
Rock eggs hatched beter at one degree
higher than was required for Leghorn
eggs. That ventilation is more impor
tant than the moisture. That the va
riation in temperature caused by turn
ing and stirring the eggs has a good
effect on their hatching, and that the
hen does more stirring and turning
than we give her credit for, and that
no breed excels the Leghorn in strong,
fertile eggs. If the larger size of the
Plymouth Rock egg or its darker col
ored and thicker shell causes it to
require more heat than the Leghorn,
we think the same thing might be true
of the Brahma, Cochin and Langshan.
Of the 25,000 irrigated farms in Utah,
less than 1,000 are encumbered. Irri
gation spells prosperity.
Select Location. defect /ief/tods.
11 & I ™*°«s 11
I J?ki Modern Business I
II ME I *%, College-" I
defect Tedc/ier<s. Se/ect<Stude/?U.
809 Second Avenue, Spokane, Washington.
Fills more positions than all other similar schools of the Inland Em
pire combined.
Courses of study: Bookkeeping, Shorthand, Civil Service, Teleg
raphy, English, Cartooning.
Send for catalogue to-day.
E. H. THOMPSON, B. S., Principal.
THE KLOEBER |^hm||^^^
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In no other way can you keep posted on the Angora Goat
business so well as by subscribing for the Oregon Agriculturist
and Rural Northwest, of Portland, Oregon. Its Angora Depart
ment gives more information of a reliable character about An
gora Goats than can be found in any other paper. Published
semi-monthly. Subscription 50 cents a year. Send stamps for
sample copy. If you send names of neighbors who have or are
interested in, Aurora Goats, we will send you several back num
bers of different issues, all containing interesting information
about the Angora Goat business. Address
H. M: WILLIAMS, Publisher, Portland, Oregon.

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