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> LIVESTOCK INTERESTS <
THE BREEDER'S COW VS. THE
The solo object in breeding cattle or
live stock of any kind is to produce an
animal of superior usefulness for the
common farmers of the country: a
cow, for instance, whose calf will pro
duce a superior quality of meat in
greater abundance at the same or low
er cost. The chief end of the beef cow
is to produce a calf that will furnish
beef at the greatest profit. The chief
end of the dairy cow is to produce
milk which will furnish butter and
choose at the lowest cost.
Whenever the breeders forget that
the farmer is the man for whom they
must ultimately breed, they lay the
foundation for future trouble. When
ever they get out of hearing of up-to
date, improved farming, they are apt to
go astray. We sometimes fear when
we visit state fairs and stock shows
that the breeder is getting not only
out of hearing of the ordinary farm
or, but is in danger also of getting out
of his sight. If the breeder is to pro
duce a cow that will suit the wants of
the farmer she must give milk enough,
at the very least, to start the calf on
the right track to begin a vigorous, en
ergetic life. If she fails to do this, she
is not at all the cow that the farmer
wants. If it is necessary to employ
some less stylish, less beefy nurse cow
to help her raise a lusty bull calf what
does the farmer want with a bull calf
of that type? To produce cows that
must have muses to help them per
form the function of maternity?
We greatly fear we are pushing the
beef type to a point that will prove
ruinous in the end. Ruinous alike to
the breeder and ultimately to the
farmer who depends upon him for
improved types of stock. While it is
true that we cannot have me highest
quality of beef and the highest quality
of milk production in the same animal,
there is certainly a golden mean. A
first-class milk row should produce
milk enough lor two calves. If she
don't she will not furnish a profit to
the man who feeds her. Is it too
much to ask of the very best beef cow
to produce an abundant supply of milk
for one calf, however thrifty and vig
orous it may be? Are we not pushing
the beef element too far when a cow
fails to produce at least that amount of
Breeding extreme beef may con
tinue for a while with great profit to
the breeders of the first rank until
breeders who depend on them for
heads for their herds are fully sup
ulied, or at least until the demand for
such slakens. But if those breeders
of the second rank cannot furnish
their farmer customers with bulls that
have the proper amount of milking
potency, farmers will cease to buy
and conclude they will take less beef
improvement combined with milk po
tency. In other words, they will turn
tluir attention to the granger's or
dual purpose cow. For no matter what
the advocates of the special purpose
dairy breeds may say, the farmers in
the great west who must have milk
as well as beef will demand it and will
turn their attention to dual purpose
bieeds until they too are ruined by
pandering to exclusive beef require
It is possible by brooding and selec
tion to develop such a tendency to pro
duce beef that not only is the milk sup
ply of the calf insufficient but the calf
Itself is robbed even before its birth
and comes so small and delicate that
it would seem to require two nurses
in addition to its mother instead of
one. It has happened in our own ex
perience the cows that showed the fin
est beef type have proved quite un
profitable as producers of calves, sub
ject to abortion on the slightest ex
cuse, and even when the calf came to
its full time disappointing in the ex
While there has been much improve
ment in some directions in the last
twenty years we feel that tnere has
been a falling off of milking qualities
that tend rather to the detriment on
the whole than the improvement of the
breed. If breeders will keep in sight
and touch with the up-to-date farmer
who milks cows and feeds steers they
will not go very far wrong. If they get
out of sight of that fellow they are lia
ble to go astray.—Wallace's Farmer.
Those Ingersoll watches are going
mighty fast. If you want one, comply
with the requirements as advertised on
page 15, sending us $1 by the earliest
AUK YOU GOING EAST?
The Northern Pacific service is unexcell
ed, and its famous North ("oast Limited
runs all winter. This line affords every
convenience and comfort to the traveler.
AIM: rOTJB FRIENDS COMING WEST?
You cannot do better than recommend
them to use tlie Northern Pacific, as its
■ervice 1o the coast is unexcelled. Pull
pian and Tourist Sleeping Cars on every
train, and every convenience known to
Wanted. Consignments solicited.
A. DILLON & CO.
aI A Western Aye. Seattle.
BALFOUR, GUTHRIE & CO.,
201-2-3 Bailey Bulldlng^Seattle
Importers of oreba, hJp cloths, grain bags
twine, etc. Balfour Uutbrle & Co., San Franc)
co, Portland, Tacoma,
J. M. HIXSON & CO., Inc.
Commission : Merchants
Goods handled strictly on admission. We do
not buy anything. Consign ipnts solicited. Re
turns made promptly. fir
821-823 Western Avenue • . SEATTLE
Commercial Stamp Works
42 SCHUERMAN BLK.
Ship us your *
Hides and Wool, Pelts, fan and Tallow
BISSINGER & CO.'SEATTLE.
Send your HIDES FURS. WOODan^ELTS to
H. F. NORTON * CoA/SEATTLE 1
Wool Pullers and Tanners, H%jnese Cast Prices
Prompt Returns. Atrents for Zennleiim Hh Up
C/IWJ. ¥ mPMH'm&tJ bu«g y wheels.
Steel Tires. Wide tired Farm Wiigon Wheels
built to order. Good material a/id work
manship. ' JT
PACIFIC WAGON CO. fine^SeSt™*
iwnvwjvi CCiinCl strongest
UUUMWAVAI I CH If b■MA °W- I!u>1
\VMttWmWMMAWI "" Htronif. Chicken-
MggmgSSSMmta V? llt- Boldtoth©KarmeiatWhol*.«le
fflllllflflf I>rlt'ra- Fullj *Vrr«nt«-d. Catalog Free
WMBMIIII Box , 20 WUlche , Indiana, V. 8. A.
JL I renU (ha proper admix- ' jß^SwlllS Bl
1 1 iSfiSS-KslSsS Sf if „£ u E DE R /f
fl mentMUtinni. Or fr 6",OOil Vuw* 'nurihlT'ilm fi*lcr» if
Lilly, Bogardus & Co.. Seattle, Agents.
She may not come In. She may aSS&M
abort, it's the dairyman's hazard. VX^3£V,£r"HH
I KOWKURE J (S& '^^B
(FOR COWS ONLY) J*' T-T I
will (tart her right. A tpeclnl tr»t- «t*\ fil /'tV^l
tnont for the particular trouble! the /A ' II •( MK|v I
cowhai. Endorsed bj dairy people. /'V t<v,V / 2^MM
Booklet, "Kow-Kure for Cowl Onlj" free. (j/%r^&r 7/ltk
R Dairy Ags'n, Lyndonvtlle, Vt. y^|^^^/ i^B
and all other Raw Furs; also Cattle and Horse Hides
shipped to iih will bring the Farmer and Trapper 10 In &(>%
more than '. r sold at home. Vie want every Farmer, Trader,
Trapper and llujer In the U.S. and t'anada to ship lilh Raw
Kurs and Hides to an. lllelirst market prices and prompt
I'ii-h returns guaranteed. Write for our price Iht, shipping
lass, Oame Law., etc. ANDERSCH BROS.,
i»«-pt 558 Main st., Minneapolis, Minn.
Bil'l'Hl HU" '■Bilil "^*■' '^^llßWr^B
Hereford Cattle Farm
Breeders of Choice Cattle.
E.J. Conrad & Sons
LA GRANDE, OR.
A few choice yearling Shropshire Rams
and Ram Lambs for sale also a few Ewes,
and Yorkshire Pigs of both sexes. Bred
from prize winning stock.
E. A. KIPP,
Pioneer Farm, Chlllwack, B. C
Pure Bred Shorthorn tattle.
Book your orders now for Young Stock
RIVERSIDE STOCK FARM
M. HORAN, Proprietor..
MEADOWBROOK STOCK FARM.
Breeder of Registered Shorthorn Cat
tle and Poland China Hogs.
A few bags for sale.
B. T. BYRNS, Moscow, Idaho.
For sale. Ready for service.
J. M. RICHARDSON,
Toppenish, Wash., R. F. D. No. 1...
Dorset Horn Sheep
Duroc Jersey Hog*
REED « SOU, Moscow. Idaho.
A. J. STREET, Chilliwack, Br. Col.
Registered Jersey Cattle won at New Westminis
ter 1900—1st on 2 year-old-bull, Ist on yearling bull,
Ist on herd. Some choice stock for Bale,
Several choice young Holstein bulls
now for sale. Registration papers fur
nished. Address Meadowbrook Farm,
Lake Side Stock Farm
HOLSTEIN FRIESIAN CATTLE
Of the Best Butter Making: Strains for
Sale. Service bull, Lunde Oregon de Kol, son of
Clothilde Lunde Artis. Official butter test, 20 lbs
4ozln 7 days. He Is assisted by Clothilde Grace's
Sir Hengerveld, whose granddam was Netherland
Hengerveld, with an official butter test of 26% lbs
In 7 days, her milk averaging 3.92 per cent fat.
P. A. FRAKES, Scappose, Ore.
SHADELAND FARM COLLIES
C. D NAIRN, Billston, Or*., Prop.
WL mk Wk. '■§
Verona Pale Pace, 60720.
The Largest Collection of Pure Bred Col
lies In America. 82 Years a Breeder of
Best Working Strains. Known to Stock
men Everywhere. Puppies For Sale. Send
for Catalogue, Free.
Sdgg%/_ Mountainview Ranch
rt£Ki&9BSP Registered Jersey Cattle
|ma9|Mß the greatest milk and but
i^L ter producers in the world.
Bit, Head of herd Is Royal of
HTB Spokane, son of Royal oi
■ Fechter & Janeck
WKmmHr North Yaklma, : Wash.
All stock registered. Hogs can be seen at the
farm near Gresham, Or. Write us for; prices, ped
W. W. COTTON,
Worcester Bldg. Portland, Oregon
Six very choice boars and eight fine
sows. Sired by our grand boars, Cham
pion and Plumper. Prices right. Eli
gible to American Book.
SHANNON BROS., Cloverdale, B.C.
RED POLLED CATTLE
CHOICE BERKSHIRE PIGS
SHROPSHIRE AND DORSET RAMS
L. K. COGSWELL,
M ||MM#fMM Retention of placenta
MUOrWIOn and failure to breed.
Kelloggs' Condition Powder Is a positive cure for
these diseases. Write for circular. Address
11. W. KELLOGG CO., St. Paul, Minn