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THE FIRST CROSS. All our readers who have used thor oughbred animals, even if only of fair quality, on the common stock of the country have been both surprised and delighted at the results of the first < ross. Part of this is no doubt due to the superior care which the farmer will give to the get of a sire for which he has paid a good round sum of mon ey. In fact, one of the great benefits of the introduction of thoroughbred blood, whether of animals or plants, is that it encourages the farmer to give better care or cultivation as the case may be. This, however, does not altogether account for it. One of the reasons, and the main reason, why this first cross is so ef fective is that there is no particular prepotency in the blood of the common stock of the country. It has been cross-bred, indiscriminately bred, and so altogether mixed up, that no par ticular animal has any particular po tency or prepotency. When prepotent blood is crossed with this, the off spring, therefore, take mainly after the sire. In other words, the influ ence of the sire is preponderating; in fact, dominating and controlling. We remember reading somewhere of an attempt to introduce a breed of Eng lish mutton sheep on the sheep of a particular district in France. Cross breeding failed because the sheep to be improved had been bred so long in that particular climate that they were almost as prepotent, or, as the farmer would say, as strong blooded, as the animal introduced. On the bor der land, however, between this strain and another strain where there had been some cross breeding, the cross ing with the English sheep became very effective. That is, the lines of prepotency in the native stock had been broken up and hence the English blood became the controlling force. Horse breeders have noticed that a mare with no particular blood line often produces the colts most like the sire and for the same reason. It is always a safe proposition to introduce any kind of improved blood for cross ing or using on the mixed stock. Breeders have often noticed that no subsequent cross has ever the same visible effect as the first when that cross has been on the common stock of mixed breeding. It requires a great deal more judgment to introduce the second cross than the first, and here is where the breeder has an op portunity of exercising superior judg ment. No sire is perfect. There are always defects in him and in his get, and sometimes defects appear in hia get which had not appeared in the sire, the result of the inheritance in blood which fore some reason had not come out in the individual. We once used a herd bull which was a remark ably smooth, level and exceedingly fine animal. We were greatly sur prised to find that the majority of his get dropped a little just behind the shoulders. The bull showed nothing of this, but evidently it had come down from some ancestor. Therefore, the sire should be selected with a view of correcting the defects in his get. Wherever that defect may be, the succeeding sire should be particu larly strong in this point. If any man makes hall the advance with the second crossing that he did in the first, he should be satisfied, and the greater number of crosses the smaller proportionate improve ment will be made, partly because there is less room for improvement and partly because there is more and more similarity in the blood lines. — Wallace's Farmer. Manure in Winter. A correspondent asks the editor of the Practical Farmer this question: Do you think it improves the manure to keep it in the barnyard all winter? and receives this reply: Will it not lose as much or more there than in the field? In fact, we know that it will lose more, and that what gets away from you there is gone, while what washes out on the field is there to feed the crops next summer. Did you ever fully realize the great power that a clay loam has for holding onto plant food till some plant comes for il? Even on a steep hillside there is far less loss than some imagine. We once began to spread manure on a steep hill, beginning at the top. When we had gotten two-thirds of the way down we stopped spreading, with the idea that enough would wash down the hill during the winter to make the lower part equal to the upper. In the next season's cropping we could not soe that the manure had any effect (.wo feet below where we stopped. The soil had simply gotten it and held it. Whenever the ground is frozen enough to bear a team it is best to get the manure out and spread it where the corn is to grow next summer. It is losing every day at the barn, no mat ter if you have it under cover. In fact, it needs closer attention under cover than outdoors to prevent loss of nitrogen. Then in the South there is hardly a day, except when the soil is too- wet, that the manure cannot be hauled out and spread. If you will watch the chance you will find plenty of opportunity to get- the manure on the corn land during the winter. This getting out of the manure in winter on the sod to go in corn is one of the chief reasons for not breaking the sod in the fall, unless put in order and sown early in rye, on which the ma nure may be spread when the ground is hard frozen, and a big start made towards getting a corn crop of in creased bulk next summer. Of course, we can fully sympathize with those who live where winter is so long and spring is so short that it is necessary to get all done in the fall that is practicable. But the manure, even on the top of land fall plowed for corn, will not be in a bad place even in a cold climate. Years ago the New Hampshire Experiment Station proved that manure spread in the fall and left to lie till spring made more corn than manure spread at same time and plowed under at once, or manure spread in the spring and plowed un der when the fall spread manure was plowed down. Making all allowances needed for climate and crops, it will be found that there is far less loss of manure srpead on the land than there is in the barnyard. DEAFNESS CANNOT BE CURED by local applications, as they cannot reach the diseased portion of the ear. There 1» only one way to cure deafness, and that is by constitutional remedies. Deafness Is caused by an inflamed condition of the mu cous lining of the Eustachian Tube. When this tube gets inflamed you have a rum bling sound or imperfect hearing, and when it is entirely closed deafness is Ihe result, and unless the inflammation can be taken out and this tube restored to its normal condition, hearing will be destroyed for ever ; nine cases out of ten are caused by catarrh, which is nothing but an inflamed condition of the mucous surfaces. We will give One Hundred Dollars for any case of Deafness (caused by catarrh) that cannot be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure. Send for circulars, free. F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O. Sold by . Druggists, 75c. THE RANCH. I Uncle Sam says it's all right Uncle Sam, In the person of ten of his government officials, Is always in charge of every department of our distillery. During the entire process of distillation, after the whiskey is stored in barrels in our warehouses, during the seven years it remains there, from the very grain we buy to the whiskey you get. Uncle Sam is constantly on the watch We dare not take a gallon of our own whiskey from our own warehouse unless he says it's all right. And when he does say so, that whiskey goes direct to you, with all its original strength, rich ness and flavor, carrying a UNITED STATES REGISTERED DISTILLER'S GUARAN TEE of PURITY and AGE, and saving the dealers' enormous profits. That's why HAYNER WHISKEY is the best for medicinal purposes. That's why it is preferred for.' other uses. That's why we have over a quarter of a million satisfied customers. That's why YOU should try it. Your money back if you're not satisfied. Direct from our distillery to YOU Saves Dealers' Profits ! Prevents Adulteration ! HAYNER WHISKEY PURE SEVEN-YEAR-OLD RYE 4 FULL $4:00 EXPRESS QUARTS H PREPAID We will send you FOUR FULL QUART BOTTLES of HAYNER'S SEVEN- IB YEAR-OLD RYE for $4.00, and we will pay the express charges. Try it and E if you don't find it all right and as good as you ever used or can buy from HI anybody else at any price, send it back at our expense, and your $4.00 will be returned to you by next mail. Just think that offer over. How could it be jH^^ fairer? If you are not perfectly satisfied, you are not out a cent. Better let .JW us send you a trial order. If you don't want four quarts yourself, get a jflHl^^^ friend to join you. We ship in a plain sealed case, no marks to show what's /■■■■ inside. • HVdUXV If you can use 2O QuartH or can pet some of your friends to join you, |§Bfiß*: we will send you «O quart** for SIO.OO by Freight Prepaid, thus IfYljrDlll saving you *4.00. We have been in business over 3d years and have'a ||?fS'*'Elv« paid-up capital of $500,000.00 so you run no risk. . HHS^ST'Si Write our nearest office and do it NOW. Ip22^2?j THE HAYNER DISTILLING COMPANY IPSiS I ST. THE HAYNER DISTILLING COMPANY MO. 3H51 ST. PAUL, MINN. DAYTON, OHIO ST. LOUIS, MO. Ojpreg&yl 50 Distillery, Trot, O. Established 1866 i&BKiSiffll YOUR LAND NEEDS LIME Umm B* Ekl /V CT C D contains 83 p. c. Carbonate of Lime IVI C. rLAO I C.X contains 14 p. c. Hydrate of Lime <£>|/-\ -*«. a. 4~ _ delivered on board cars Seattle or Portland. 3>IV-/ per 101 l LILLY, BOGAKDUS & co., SEATTLE. COLD STORAGE. Newest and Best Equipment in the Northwest. Brick Buildings. Low Insurance Rate. Wharf and Rail Con nections. s WASHINGTON COLD STORAGE WAREHOUSE. Oriental Readman and Occidental Warehouses. Oriental Dock. 30,000 Tons Capacity. U. S. Bond and Free UNITED WAREHOUSE CO. SEATTLE. I MONOPOLY CALLS £ i GOOD GAS '$ | BAD GAS 5 v Arc you forced to pay Monopoly rate, or have the advant- : 8 * ages of Competition ? 2 J^ Monopoly Rate .';.■'■:■ $1.60 S j£ Our rate .................. Boc 5 ■[ USE CITIZENS' GAS. It's up-to-date. J Jf.' SEATTLE BALLARD M if 1425 First Avenue 2*3 Ballard Avenue * JC Phone*: Ind. 75. Sunse' M 1186 Phone: Sunjet M 23 % 4^44444444444^M4444444444444444444/444 «A44*«A 44«t44t I FINE FARM FOR SALE. Choicest farm on the Cedar River, consisting of 92 acres, all im proved and under the plow; 8-rooni house. $10,000 —one-half cash down, balance term suitable to purchaser. WM. HOLBROOK, Elliott, Wash.