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THE SHARPLES MILKER. P. M. Sharpies has recently invented a milking machine which he has tested for some months and claims that il is a practical working machine, lie- is manufacturing a limited number, and it tiny prove the- sue cess he anticipates will immediately equip a large factory for making same-. From a circular he sends The Ranch we take the following description: \ vacuum air pump is located at any point convenient to power to operate it. such as gas engine, steam engine, horse pow er, water power or steam boiler. From this the piping system is run over the different lines of stalls and a drop pipe descends into each stall, terminating from i,X to 24 inches above the cow's hack. This system of pipes is an inexpensive matter and should be run just the same as any gas pipe system in a house. It is for the passage of air only, no milk goes into tin- pipes whatever. A small fitting is placed on the ends of each of these pipes, and the mere hanging of the milk buckets 011 the fitting by a hook attached to the milk pail is all that is needed to make the connection. From the milk pail, which is nothing more than an ordinary pail with tight lid. and glass peepholes down the side, so that the milk can be seen, a small rubber tube runs to the teat cups, which are attached to the cow's teats. Between the teat cups is located a simple valve and chamber, no larger in dimensions than a hen's egg, but which contains the soul of the machine. Operation. The pump is started so as to produce a partial vacuum in the system of pipes. The milk pail is then hung on the end of the pipe over the cow and the teat cups slipped onto the cow's teats. A quarter turn of a valve sets the appar atus to work, and no further attention is necessary for some minutes, or until the cow is milked, which requires about the same length of time a-s a good hand milker. In the meantime, other buckets and teat eps are attached, perhaps four or five such, depending on the dexterity and experience of the attendant, but requiring no especial skill whatever. The milk can be seen flowing into the bucket, and when it ceases to flow the milk ing is finished and the bucket ca.n be shifted to the next cow, emptying the milk from il, of course, when it becomes too full. The cleaning of the apparatus is little more difficult than the cleaning of an ordi nary milk pail, the passing of a little cold water through the valve and tubing being all tha.t is necessary, this for the reason that the passing °f air'through the tubes while the machine is in operation produces a kind of constant washing effect which prevents the lodgment of any deposit on them. All parts are, however, easily accessible, and can be washed with a. brush if desired. The Features. The sympathetic action of the pulsator is the vital feature in milking never before attained mechanically. All milking ma chines have previously treated one cow inst as another and have failed to respond to their individual peculiarities. The sensitive, easily milked Jersey and the big, beefy Shorthorn have been treated just the same, lml the Lactator treats each cow differently, according to her individual characteristics. Like a> calf the Lactator goes right after what it wants, and if it gets its milk easily it does not work hard, bui if the cow refuses THE RANCH. through nature or otherwise to give up her product, the Lactator and the calf alike go after and go after it hard. The teal CUps also are absolutely new and novel in their action. The cup is so con structed that it collapses at the top first, and after compressing tin' root of the teat, follows down and strips the milk from the rest of the teat. Any desired amount of compression can be thrown onto the teat at any desired point, leaving other portions with limited compres sion, and this without reference to the great er or less degree <>f vacuum employed. The pail is hung above the cow and is supported by a hollow hook through which the air is exhausted, and the mere action of hanging the pail up makes all connections, no coupling or hose of any kind being nec essary to attack the pail to the vacuum system. The pail hangs and swings just as freely as if suspended by its bail, without in any way impairing the efficiency of the connection. Its location above the cow's back puts it out of harm's way in the case of fractious or uneasy cows, and should the teat cups be come aceidently detached from the cow's udder they will swing free of the floor, sus pended by the tube attaching them to the pail, and thus prevent their injury or getting into the dirt. The small glass peepholes show the amount of milk in the pail at any time, and the incoming milk flows in at the top and against the upper peephole, so that both the milk and the time of its ceasing to flow may be easily noted. Each cow's milk is delivered to a separate pail, where it can be weighed and exam ined before it is mixed with that from the other cows, and what is a very important feature, all milk is constantly enclosed away from contamination and free from hair, flies and other dirt. As to the speed of the machine, no at tempt has been made to milk an individual cow faster than a good milker will milk by hand, believing it to be injurious to the cow to break down the colostrum faster than nature lias provided. 'The rapidity of milking comes through the fact that one man can handle from four to eight buckets, and with less labor than hand milking do the work of from four to eight milkers. The quickness and dexterity of the man will determine the speed of milking just as the quickness and dexterity of a rider de termines the speed he will make on a bicy cle, and like the bicycle rider he will become more expert with practice. The effect of the Lactator on the cow we can. we think, say without hesitation, is beneficial. Our experience leads us to be lieve that the flow of milk will be increased over that which would be secured by hand DRINK ONLY THE BEST And yon will be assured a satisfactory meal. ' i r~RESCENT IREAM loFFEE IS THE CRBAII OF ALL. Always in Malcd runs: nCTer In balk. Book for coupon. Ask your grocer. milking. Certain it is that there is no pos sible injury to the cow. and the gentle, per suasive manner of the Lactator seems to be always agreeable to the cow, and for this very reason would have a tendency to in crease the milk flow. An occasional cow, when the machine is applied for the first time, may be unable to understand just what is going on, but after one or two milkings she thinks nothing fur ther of it, and accepts it as the best substi tute for a calf she has ever had. Young, tender heifers will stand nicely to it from the first, while sore teated cows will stand better than with hand milking, unless the latter is very carefully done. The writer has seen nervous cows stand perfectly quiet from the start and content edly eat their food, and when through with that turn their heads and look long and fix edly at the teat cups, as though inquiring what manner of calf that thing was, but without the slightest indication of objec tion. The Cost. Our charge for one bucket complete witli sympathetic pulsator, teat cups and connec tions, is $40 and the same price for each ad ditional bucket. One additional bucket should be provided for each eight or ten additional cows. We can furnish the necessary vacuum pump and reservoir for $80 and this will be of sufficient capacity for even quite large dairies. The power for driving this pump will pre ferably be & 2 h. p. gasoline engine which can be of any standard make, or we will fur nish if desired. Any power already in use, or a steam en gine or steam boiler, may be substatuted for the gas engine. The main feature is that some quickly available power should be used, as this pow er is wanted early in the morning when it is not convenient to rise extra early to get up steam. With a gasoline engine the milking proc ess may begin at once, and the engine and pump can be located as far from the barn as thought best on account of safety. The necessary piping should be done by a local plumber and is inexpensive, the exact expense depending, however, on the loca tion of the stables and other local conditions. Prof. Woll, of the Wisconsin Experiment Station, reports that an analysis of a sample of the Hail Borden Eagle Brand of con densed milk was recently made at the Wis consin Station. Tlie analysis showed that if the milk from which the condensed prod uct was made had contained four percent of butter fat about two-thirds of this was re moved before canning. The label on the can recited that the condensed milk was the same article as that sold 40 years prior to 1889 by the New York Condensed Milk Company. This claim is not borne out by comparing the analysis of this can with an alysis of the same brand made in former years.