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School of Experience This department is by and for the sub scribers of The Ranch. Contributions of not over 300 wards are asked of all who have anything valuable and of practical utility to relate. No definite subject is named, but it is desired that what is written for this de partment be pertinent to farming conditions in the Northwest. All are at liberty to write and no restriction is placed on the number of articles you send in. For each accepted article credit will be given on our books for 30 cents, to be taken out in either subscription or advertising. Write on one side of the paper only, and .always give your full name and address, though not neces sarily for publication if not desired by the correspondent. Raising Calves by Hand.— ln raising calves by hand 1 try to have them drinking skimmed milk at two weeks old, with the addition of a teaspoonful of oil cake meal, gradually increasing to a heaping tablespoon at three months. In preparing the food I put about one-half pint of water into an iron kettle with round bottom; sprinkle in the oil meal, let it come to a boil, then pour in the milk and feed the calf in the kettle. This prevents the milk from scorching and does away with any danger to the calf from drinking from an unclean vessel. The calves are kept in stanchions for half an hour after drinking and given a little bran, besides all the hay they will eat. By that time they will have forgotten their milk and do not suck each other's ears. —Mrs. J. W. Scribner, Spokane Co. A Practical Bag Holder.— Eecently my hired man, a sort of genius, made a bag holder so cheaply and easily and it works so nicely that I am led to suggest the plan to those who may have use for such. Make a slanting hopper 10 inches wide at lower end, smooth inside sur face, with sideboard on three sides 4 inches high, leaving lower end open. Place this hopper on legs or posts high enough so a full sack can stand under lower end. These legs may be secured to the hopper and to a base board to steady the apparatus and to prevent its tipping over. Drive a brad or B penny nail on the lower edge, or rather near the bottom edge of each sideboard about two inches from lower edge of hopper and a short sharp brad on top of each sideboard the same distance from the end of hopper. Place the mouth of the sack around the lower end of this hopper and hook it on to the brads. And if the hopper has slant enough you can shovel the grain into the hopper as fast as you please and it will run into the sack as fast as you shovel. One man can hang the sacks on, remove, tie and set them back. Fifty cents' worth of lumber and nails wi if make it.—S. O. Mason. Clearing off Rushes —As was briefly stated in The Eanch of February 15, we recently finished clearing two or three acres of rushes that had been an eyesore for several years. Since purchasing the land about a year ago we have given the matter of getting rid of them a good deal of thought. They were too large to plow under, and to dig them out with shovel or mat tock seemed like a long tedious task. We finally sharpened our plow and had our man drive along one side of the field so we could catch each bunch as we came to it. It did the work well, not only quiegly but easily. (We always try and make the horses do as much of the hard work as possible.) We con tinued to go back and forth, or around a piece, until we plowed out all, except ing some of the smallest bunches, or parts of the largest ones. We then went over the piece with mattocks and finished the work, which took but a short time, leaving all dirt or sods with the bunch of rushes. We hauled the rushes and dirt or sods and piled then into the pond hole, spreading them evenly over the bottom, after having drainrd the wider out. We intend to haul dirt and cover them over so as to fill the depressions and make two blades of grass grow where none grew before, and convert a foul smell ing frog pond into a profitable field that can be underdrained — a field that will be pleasant to the sight. —W. J. Langdon, Pierce Co. Treatment of Young Foals.— Why do so many farmers persist in the old-time practice of allowing the young foal to follow the dam when at work? This seems to me to be nothing less than cruelty to animals. Just think of it; a young foal a few days or weeks old traveling mile after mile all day long and often in plowed ground at that. This is all wrong. Keep the foal at home in the barn or yard and you will be surprised to see how much better he will look. This may be a little trouble at first, but colt and mother will soon get used to it and then it is easy. Do not tie him up; make a little box stall or pen, when not convenient to let him run in the barn or yard. And never put very young foals together in a small box or pen as they are apt to hurt each other. 1 had one killed that way. After they are three or four weeks old they will get along together nicely. Turn them out every morning and evening; they will run and play and take plenty of exercise.—Guy W. Corbin. Pulling Stumps and Boots. —We have quite a quantity of small brush, hard hack, gooseberries, etc. For these we had a double hook made out of % x 3 inch iron. The strips of iron are put side by side, one longer than the other so that the hook on this extends further out than the other. At the pulling end is a strong ring to which to hitch. If we have roots or brush too hard for one team to pull, we use pulley and rope, or even double blocks sometimes. For willow and cottonwood, vinemaple, etc., up to 12 inches through, we use the double blocks, cutting the roots about two feet from the tree by striking the ax into the ground around the tree. We sometimes hitch to the tree as high as ten or twelve feet from the ground. If the tree is larger than we can pull out we put a quarter pound stick of dynamite under the center of the tree. This takes but a few min utes, as we punch a hole under the tree with a bar. The dynamite will cut off the center roots, and do it much easier than we can and more cheaply. No one who has clearing to do can afford to be without a double and single block and 80 or 100 feet of good rope, and one of the hooks described. With double blocks it is an easy matter to pull stumps or logs ten feet high if wanted. The hooks are often handy in pulling roots and grubs, rolling logs, anchor ing the pulleys, etc. —W. J. Langdon, Pierce Co. "Tommy Rot" Is His Specialty. The readers of the Seattle Post-In telligencer have had the pleasure of perusing some remarkable articles signed "Joel Shomaker." In every case these articles treat of agricultur al matters —seldom anything but grasses and vegetables. Joel Shomaker came from Colorado some years ago and settled in the Yakima. valley When he was in Colorado he used to write for the newspapers, and if his writings there were like those inflicted on the farmers of Washington through the Post-Intelligencer and other news papers whose publishers thought his stuff was "the best ever," Colorado people may well feel thankful that Joel shook the dirt of the Centennial state from his heels. In all our expe rience we have never seen any more wild-eyed and impossible theories ad vanced than those calmly discussed in the garb of truth by this same Joel Shomaker. Before he hit Colorado he used to live way back In Pennsylvania, where, it Is presumed, he gave the in telligent Keystone farmer all the writ ten rot he could stand. No doubt Joel THE RANCH. "The truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth" in time telling meaner the' time told by the Every Elgin Watch is fully guaranteed. All jewelers have Elgin Watches. "Timemakers and Timekeepers," an illustrated history of the watch, sent free upon request to Elgin National Watch Co., elgin, Illinois. worked the gullibility of the publish ers to the limit and then lit out for Colorado to seek pastures new. When the grazing there became poor he came to Washington, as stated, where con ditions were new and the struggling ranch owner was glad of receiving in struction in the proper methods of farming. But it appears the Wash ington farmer was reckoning without his host when he received Joel with open arms and took all his writings as the gospel truth. There never was a man in this state who could treat such a variety of vege table and grass subjects with the fam iliarity one would think Joel Shomak er possessed, when reading his arti cles. He makes the most learned pro fessors of the agricultural colleges look '' like thirty cents,'' from the view point of the reader wno does not know how to separate the wheat from the chaff. In the parlance of the newspa per office, Joel Shomaker is a "space writer;" he is under contract to fur nish certain newspapers regularly one or two articles of about half a column's length each, whether he has anything to write about or not. Of course he has to draw on his imagination when he happens to be minus some good subject. It seems he is more often without anything worth writing about than with something. Then it is that the dear readers whose papers print his gush are made the victims of mis taken theories and impossible state ments. How long Joel Shomaker has been inflicting his rot upon the readers of the Post-intelligencer is immaterial, but we will go over a few of the articles ap pearing therein over his signature dur ing the past four months. In the issue of the Twice-a-Week Post-Intelligen cer for November 3, Shomaker has an article headed "Crops of Celery Being Harvested." From this it would seem there was nothing in the Yakima valley that could possible pay better. He claims a fair crop of celery is from 1,500 to 2,000 dozen plants per acre, and SPECIAL WANT COLUMN Two Cents a Word Each Insertion. WANTED—By competent, experienced, strict ly temperate man, position as working foreman of stock or dairy ™nch. w"gin reach of good schools. W. L. Wneatley, North Yakima, Wash. FOR SALE—Red polled bull registered, 2 years old. A bargain if taken at once. P.. O. box 25, Lopez, Wash. WANTED—Man to take charge of Western Washington farm, consisting of 4,000 acres Must have had practical experience in farming in Western Washington, with [borough knowledge of dairying livestock raising, care of Angora goats, etc Name lowest wages wanted. Recommendations are required, as position must be filled immedi ately Good opportunity for steady ad vancement Address J. D. Alexander, 610 Mutual Life Bldg., Seattle. LLGIN W/IT C H i_ tMASOKSOXCATt . - V fATtHTEW»F*M-«t:l '•^Sj^ggSbS'i^ '■ -fa inrnovto-JAn-n-noj "^ f^. * £! *^~ Tm« CREAM Or PERFECTION in THtStLP OPEHINQ' CATt Lino*- 'VjsLl . i THE LLOYD CO. V ysffg-Vg^ aOLt fIQtMTS ANO MANUFACTUREf^ /^ "~^ '^^KHfa' PkTALUMA CAL', V^ \.'.,4CT^| v»MTt row, pub Catalogoc. L : >■ » Steel Clad Grabber Simplest, Strongest, Easiest handled Gnibber ever made. Will pull MORE and LARGER STUMPS with LESS EXPENSE than any other. Write for descriptive circulars and prices. ; JOHN S. BEALL, Manufacturer 313 Commercial Block, PORTLAND, ORB. _ . . ■ TICKETS To and From All POI NTS EAST Via SHORT LINE To Spokane, St. Paul, Duluth, Minneapolis, Chicago. AND POINTS EAST 2 Trains Daily 9 Fast Time « New Equipment Throughout, Day Coaches, Palace and Tourist Sleepers, Dining and Buffet Smoking Li brary Cars. ■ For Tickets, Rates, Folders and Full In formation, Call on or Address— C. W. Me I drum, S. G. Yerkes, C. P. & T. A. G. W. P. A. gS. I o First Avenue Die Seattle. Wash. If you have anything to sell to the farm ers let them know it through these columns. It is cheap.