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THE DAIRY The Oleo Decision. Dairymen and farmers generally will be pleased to know that the manufac ture of oleomargarine is practically at an end. This is at least true of the colored article. The present oleo law requires the manufacturers of oleo to pay a tax of one-fourth of one cent per pound on all oleomargarine manu iactured to which no coloring matter has been added, and a tax of ten cents per pound on all oleomargarine colored 10 imitate butter. The latter tax is so nigh that it prevents the oleo manu facturers from competing with genuine butter. They can, of course, continue to manufacture the product without adding coloring matter, but it is not likely that they will find any very great sale for their product in that condition. Many have consumed oleo in the past, never dreaming but that they were eating good country or creamery butter, as it is a fact that modern appliances of the oleo manu facturers have been improved to such an extent and their skill in making this product has been so perfected that it was difficult, even for good judges of butter, to tell the imita tion product from the real article. The dairymen for many years have justly considered the sale of oleo as an imposition upon the public, and have looked upon it as an unjust com petition. Various laws have been passed to the effect that these manu facturers should label their products "oleomargarine" or "imitation butter." These laws gave some relief, but when the article reached the restaurants the labels did not find their way to the tables, and hence the consumer at these places had no means of knowing whether he was being fed on butter or on oleo, and the result was that imitation butter had a tremendous sale in spite of legislation. This no doubt had a depressing effect upon the price of the genuine article. Some time ago Leo W. Mcßay was fined $50 for selling colored oleo upon which a tax of only one-fourth of a cent had been paid, as Mr. Mcßay claimed his product was not "artifici ally colored," because he had colored it by using butter which was itself artificially colored and which practice is sanctioned by law. He evidently desired to make a test case of it, as the matter was taken before the United States supreme court, which court has recently affirmed the decision of the lower court sustaining the constitu tionality of the law. Justice White rendered the decision and declared that the main question brought up by the attorneys for Mcßay, that a tax of ten cents per pound was prohibi tive and confiscatory, and an evident attempt on the part of the government to exercise police powers within the states, was irrelevant and had nothing to do with this case. He held that that was a matter for congress to de cide upon, which it has done, and he did not consider it the business of the supreme court to go into details as to the law. The main point, in his opin ion, was whether congress had gone beyond its power in imposing this pro hibition tax on oleo and on this point Justice White said: "It is the duty of the judiciary to re strain the acts of congress beyond the powers given that body by the consti tution, but if we sustain appellant's contention, it would mean that this court not only has the power, but also whether in our judgment it is wrong. We hold that responsibility to deter mine the question of power does not embrace the right to go beyond that and assert ourselves as regulators of the policies of congress and of the government." The decision of the supreme court was not unanimous. Those who dis sented from the majority opinion were Chief Justice Fuller and Justices Brown and Peckham. If the manufac turers of oleo desire any further re dress it is evident that they must THE RANCH look to congress for it, but they put up a stubborn fight before the law was passed by congress and lost against heavy odds from the ranks of the dairymen, and it is not likely that they will obtain any relief on this question for a good many years to come. This is one of the instances where the farmers and dairymen as serted themselves and came out ahead. Storage Receipts and Prices. Editor Willson, of the Elgin Dairy Report, says he has been looking into the butter situation somewhat, from the standpoint of production and price, during the past four or five years, and gives a few statistics that he thinks may interest his readers. It will be seen by this that prices during the years 1900 and 1901 were very much higher than at the present time, and yet the supply of butter in the two principal markets, New York and Chi cago, was a good deal larger than the present year, while at the same time the competition from oleo was much stronger, which has at the present time been eliminated. The question that comes to the front at the present time is whether we are entering on an era of low prices, which prevailed for many years, for other products. Statistics are sometimes peculiar things. They leave us, when we study them, as much in the dark as before, or rather befog us; and we do not know what basis to work upon. This is especially true of the butter situa tion this year. Dealers and specula tors are a good deal at sea, as to whether present prices are safe at which to put away fancy goods or whether they are beyond what might be called the normal limit, considering the supply and demand. Comparing the figures shows the re ceipts for 1900 in the two markets were over 80,000 packages less in 1904 than in 1900 and prices about 1 cent lower. With the increased consump tion will some one tell why with a decrease of almost 15 per cent in the receipts and oleo eliminated prices are lower? The following figures give the comparative receipts and prices at the New York market: May 1 to June 20, 1904, 336,841, 18*4; May 1 to June 22, 1903, 346,553, 21%; May 1 to June 23, 1902, 346,536, 22*4; May 1 to June 24, 1901, 383,601, 19%; May 1 to June 25, 1900, 395,870, 19%. The Chicago receipts and prices were as follows for the periods named: May 1 to June 20, 1904, 270,015, 17%; May 1 to June 20, 1903, 272,376, 21; May 1 to June 21, 1903, 293,741, 22; May 1 to June 22, 1901, 290,052, 19; May 1 to June 23 1900, 294,189, 18%. Marks of a Good Cow. Those who keep but one or two cows naturally want them for general purposes, do not want a mere butter cow nor yet a mere milk animal, but one which combines both in as great a degree as can be found. Such cows are not plentiful, we admit, or at least are not often for sale at a moderate price, so that when they are offered, it behooves would-be purchasers to be able to tell them. We do not believe in very small cows, nor yet in large, heavy animals, as neither, as a rule, are capable of filling the bill, the former too often falling short in the quantity, while the large ones are apt to run too much to flesh to make them profitable dairy animals. The medium-sized ones in variably produce the best results, and a heavy milker and a large butter maker is seldom fat, as the majority of the food she consumes is converted into milk and butter. The head should be fine, but bony, with small horns, large, mealy nose and shapely ears. The base of the horns and the inside of the ears should be of a bright gol den color. We have never yet seen an animal with horns and ears well colored (golden yellow) which failed to make a fine quality of butter and highly colored. It is said to be an un mistakable sign. The body should be of good size, and the width and depth rapidly increase as It runs to the rear or hind quarters. The milk veins should be large and prominent, and the udder need not necesarily be large, so It is not meaty, but is small when milked out. The teats should be of good size, and only have a single hole in each; we have seen quite a number with teats having two holes. The hair should be fine, and soft, while the skin should be pliable, and almost as soft to touch as velvet or kid. In color it should be tinged deeply with yellow, especially on the shoulders and flank and along the back. Color of the hair is rather a secondary matter, though the best cows are generally yellow, tawn, gray or white, with dark marks edged with yellow. Black cows but seldom prove to be good general-pur pose ones, though of course there are exceptions frequently met with. Pasturing cows on green, fresh, rank rye will impart a peculiar flavor to the milk and butter, very much the same as fresh grass pasture does in the spring, only with the rye the flav or is likely to be much more intense than with the grass. In fact, it has been known to get so strong as to be LIGHT AND DARH, Day and night, sunshine and shadow are not more different from each other than a healthful from a sickly woman. The healthful woman carries light and sunshine with her wherever she goes. The woman s*i«^s!lir Idr casts a siia<*°w %lr - iS^y^ Those who suf *> '.y' '"•■-■ N smile and sing. 111-health in woman is generally trace able to disease of the delicate womanly organism. Many women have been re stored to happiness by the use of Dr. Pierce* Favorite Prescription. If there is an invalid woman, suffering from female weakness, prolapsus, or falling of womb, or from leucorrhea who has used Dr. Pierce' Favorite Prescription with out complete success Dr. Pierce would like to hear from such person—and it will be to her advantage to write as he offers, in perfect good faith, a reward of $500 for any case of the above maladies which he cannot cure. «I feel it my duty to inform you that I had been a sufferer for many years from nervous ness with all its symptoms and complications," writes Mrs. O. N. Fisher, of 1861 Lexington Aye,, New York, N. Y. "I was constantly going to see a physician. I was induced to ask Dr. Pierces advice. I then took five bottles of ' Fa vorite Prescription.' I am not now cross and irritable, and I have a good color in my face : have also gained about ten pounds in weight and one thousand of comfort, for I am a new woman once more." The dealer who offers a substitute for Favorite Prescription ■ does so to gain the little more profit paid on the sale ci less meritorious medicines. Dr. Pierces Common Sense Medical Adviser is sent free on receipt of stamps to pay expense of mailing only. Send 21 one-cent stamps for the paper-covered book, or 31 stamps for the cloth bound. Address Dr. R. V. Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y. THE DAIRY RECORD The only co-operative dairy Journal In the country. Live, original reading mat ter. 50c. for 62 issues. Send for a month's trial subscription, free. Address DAIRY RECORD, St. Paul, Minn. Oklahoma Leads the World And if you want to know all about it Subscribe for The Live Stock Inspector. Official paper of Oklahoma Live Stock Association. W. E. BOLTON, Publisher. Woodward, Oklahoma. Ht If yon only knew how much more JH f \ money you could make with an Km v^ Empire jj Yj Cream Separator L/ U on the farm, we don't believe you'd kh V hesitate a day before buying one. 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