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The ranch. (Seattle, Wash.) 1902-1914, November 15, 1904, Image 5

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn98047754/1904-11-15/ed-1/seq-5/

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THE RANCH
Office: 38 Downs Building.
"~ MILLER FREEMAN
Editor and Proprietor,
Associate Editors:
F . yALDEN. H. L. BLANCHARD.
T"7^d the First and Fifteenth Each Month.
in i iptlon. in advance, one year, 50 cents;
„ nth" 30 cents. If on time, subscription
ill he 11. Seattle subscribers are required
* pay $1 P er ear> on account of local
nostane- '
4 cents wanted in every town to solicit
bscrlptlons. Good commission and salaries
" |d to hustlers.
The paper Is sent to each subscriber until
order to discontinue Is received from th«
*hsci-lb«r. We must be notified in writing,
i« letter or postal card, when a subscriber
uhe* his paper stopped. Returning the
«r>»r will not answer, as we cannot find it
pa our list from the name alone on the
°" „ we must have both name and ad
5r««V and all arrearages or dues must be
«Ilfl as required by law. Date of expiration
If subscription is shown on your paper by
address label containing your name.
Falling to receive the paper regularly, you
shouhi notify the Seattle office at once, when
mistakes. If any, will be corrected.
The Ranch Is entered at the Seattle post
office at second-class rates of postage.
Address all communications to THE
RANCH, Downs Building, Seattle, Wash.
A contribution from Dr. D. E. Sal
mon, Chief of the Bureau of Animal
Industry of the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture, is published in
this issue, to which we call the par
ticular attention of dairymen of the
state. Dr. Salmon supports Dr. Nel
son, the state veterinarian, in that
he believes dairy cows affected with
tubercu'osis are a menace to the peo
ple consuming their milk, and that
measures should be put into effect
by the state with a view to eradicat
ing the disease. We understand that
Dr. Nelson will appeal to the legisla
ture at its forthcoming session for
an appropriation to be used in this
direction.
As stated by Dr. Nelson in his com
munication published in our issue of
Nov. Ist, four out of seven herds
tested by him contained cows affect
id with tuberculosis, the total num
ber of cows in the seven herds be
ing 283, and of these 97, or one-third,
had the disease. This seems to dem
onstrate that tuberculosis prevails
very generally among the dairy herds
in this state and while The Ranch
does not wish to a'arm the dairymen
unduly, certain it is that when such
a high authority as Dr. Salmon sup
ports Dr. Nelson in his contention
that the question can only be
handled by resort to radical meas
ures it will be seen that they are
face to face with a very grave prob
lem. We are securing additional data
on this subject which will give full
information regarding the disease and
also the methods employed in the
eastern states, and which we will
Publish in fol'owing issues.
The supply of Year Books of the
United States Department of Agricul
ture, furnished to The Ranch for free
distribution has been exhausted. Those
whose applications came in with
-111 the last ten days will find that it
takes time before a copy can be sent
to them, as we will first have to get a
new let from Washington City.
The Montana Stockman and Farm
er in its last issue advances the sug
gestion that the stockmen of that
state send a- committee to Seattle,
Portland and other Pacific Coast points
with a V i ow to investigating market
conditions for live stock, and to see
"hat may be done to help build up a
wronger western market. There can
| '(' no question, says that journal, that
„"' moat raiser pays a large propor
tion of the freight on all meat supplies
nat go first to the eastern market for
■'aughter and then to the coast and to
"c °rlent for consumtpion. So far
ihp the oa stern markets are concerned
ie l)(,ople there readily recognize the
liklihood of a strong Pacific Coast mar
ket within the coming few years, and
tney do not believe that any person
connected with the eastern live stock
centers would place the slightest ob
stacle in the way of building up a
good substantial market on the coast.
Montana is so well situated that it
will always pay the maximum rate
of freight on its live stock either east
or west, but the development of a Pa
cific Coast market would lead to com
petition and save the double haul for
which the producer must pay. If a
portion of our stock went west for
slaughter and from there to oriental
markets there would be a saving in
expenses which the producer might be
able to share with the consumer.
BACK TO THE LAND.
A Mighty Movement Inaugurated and
What It Means.
Land hunger is the foundation for
the present great movement of set
tlers into the northwest and south
west. This movement toward the
—this eagerness to acquire land
at present prices— instinctive. The
minds of men and women are turning
toward the land. They do not know
just why this is so —but the explana
tion is simple to the deep student of
human nature, and to the few who
realize psychological conditions and
influences.
Just as the Aryans . from Central
Asia swarmed over Europe centuries
ago, just as European immigration
has swarmed into the United States
during the past fifty years, just so are
the people in the more crowded sec
tions cities and towns of America
now swarming out on to the land,
either in person or for investment and
speculation.
This movement has attained by far
the greater degree of activity in the
northwest, but is rapidly increasing
in the west and southwest, the re
newed prosperity of the old south is
attracting peop'e thitherward, while
in the middle states and Ontario, as
well as in New England and the
maritime provinces, people are wak
ing up to the fact that land values
in the country districts will probably
never be less.
Why Buy Land?
Therefore, the desire to obtain land
for farming purposes, and a home,
or for speculation, is keener than
ever. All sensible people now real
ize the advantages of country life
and that it is the pace for a home.
Ten years of uninterrupted agricul
tural prosperity, which bids fair to
long continue, have demonstrated
that farming pays even under shift
less management, while with expert
management, agriculture pays re
turns so large as to compare favor
ably with banking or manufacturing.
Yet if one does not wish to work
land himself, it can usually be rented
advantageously.
Besides all this, the tremendous ad
vance in land values in some sections
of the country bids fair to be vastly
greater in the future than in the past
The area of land is fixed and limited
—population is increasing by leaps
and bounds. The one hundred mil
lion people now in North America
will eventually be two hundred and
fifty millions. Education, religion and
philanthropy are co-operating to turn
people back to the soil. Country life
is again fashionable.
These are some of the underlying
causes for the ride of population back
to the land, a movement that is as yet
relatively in its infancy. The tre
mendous prosperity and profits en
joyed by those who homesteaded or
bought, the lands of Indiana, Illinois,
lowa and the older western states,
while those lands were cheap and
comparatively undeveloped, are now
to be duplicated by the settlers upon
and investors in the lands of the
newer sections of the west, north
west and southwest. —Orange Judd
Farmer.
THE RANCH
In the Oregonian of a recent date
appears the following: After 31 years
of herding sheep, Mr. Morse comes to
town with $1,200, accumulated by exer
cise of the greatest economy, and pro
ceeds to have a good time, or, in other
words to throw away his money as
fast as possible, and to pour as much
bad whisky as possible down his
throat in a limited time. The police
took Mr. Morse in charge when about
$250 had gone in the cause of good
fellowship, and they tried to persuade
their reluctant guest to place the re
mainder in a bank. This is very
wrong on the part of the police, and
such action is an evidence of paternal
ism in its most pernicious form. There
are scores of men whose life altern
ates between laborious toil, combined
with penurious economy, and the most
unrestrained extravigance. Far bet
ter for the shepherd, coming to town
with the saving of years, were he
sandbagged at the city limits and re
lieved of his wad. Then he could go
straight back to heathy work, and
would not damage his insides with
fire-water.
The editor received a few days ago
from E. H. Libby, Lewiston. Idaho, a
pamphlet entitled "The Gateway—
I.ewiston-Clarkston." We are con
stantly receiving handsomely printed
literature issued by land and irriga
tion companies, etc., designed to ad
vertise the resources of their respect
ive communities, but nothing that has
ever come to our attention equals this
pamphlet. It is printed on heavy
plate paper, and the photo-engravings
of scenes in that vicinity show as
clear as crystal. Much painstaking
and careful thought have evidently
been exercised in compiling this book
let. The subject matter is prepared
in an unusually concise and clear-cut
manner, and the reader does not have
to wade through a lot of "highfalut
in' " language to get at the meat of
the subject.
Philippine Bureau of Agriculture.
Dr. G. E. Nesom, state veterinarian
of South Carolina, and who for the
past six years has been a professor
of veterinary medicine at the Clem
son agricultural college, recently re
signed his position, and accepted the
office of chief of the bureau of agri
culture in the Philippine Islands, and
sailed on the steamer Coptic from
San Francisco on September 18th.
Clemson college is on the old John
C. Calhoun homestead near Clemson,
S. C. While holding the position he
did, he had many opportunities to in
form himse'f in regard to the health
and diseases of horses, cattle and
other domestic animals in the semi
tropical climate of that state. The
special line of work to which he will
devote his attention will be dealing
with the introduction of farm ani
mals into the Philippines, and deal
with and overcome native diseases.
There is an infectious disease called
surra that kills off imported horses,
and the cattle are affected by foot
and mouth diseases which originally
came from Europe and were introduc
ed into New England but a few years
ago. Congress appropriated a liberal
sum for its suppression and. it was
stamped out when but half the money
was used. The government officers
bought up every animal affected, or
that had been exposed, and by prompt
killing and complete isolation, put a
stop to it in a short time.
Concerning stock in the Philippines,
Dr. Nesom said; "The native horses
are small but they are usually im
mune to the diseases that end the
lives of the horses brought to the isl
ands from other localities and a dif
ferent climate. Our first object will
be to introduce horses suitable for
draft purposes and to get them ac
climated. In order to accomplish this,
the horses will be purchased where
the climatic conditions are like or
similar to those of the islands. We
are now shipping a cargo of horses
and cattle to Manila. The horses are
from Kentucky, Vermont, Missouri
and Arizona, and the cattle come from
Mississippi. These cattle are immune
to the Texas tick fever by reason of
having had it. I believe they will
stand the Philippine climate. Just
how the horses will stand it, is, of
course, a problem.
'"The Philippine bureau of agricul
ture covers a wide range of industries.
We will have to look after rice, hemp
and banana culture, and many other
things, as well as the health of do
mestic animals. Grading up the ani
mals so as to produce a sturdy native
stock that will take the place of the
present horses and cattle, among the
latter of which is the caribou and the
Indian trotting bull, will be a work
of time. The peculiarities of soil and
vegetation and climate in the islands
will have to be carefully studied."
What One Farmer Has Done
Wheat farming is not without its
attractions when a man can in a
single season raise 200 acres of wheat,
the value of which is equal to the val
ue of the land.
This has been done near Almota,
Whitman county, this year by Alexan
der Hickman. He has 200 acres of
red Russian wheat that will average
55 bushels to the acre. It will run
60 pounds to the bushel, and, with the
quotation at 62 cents rer bushel 1, as it
was yesterday, the average return
from this single crop will be $34 30
an acre —about the cash value of the
land as it is now rated in that local
ity.
It will be difficult to find any better
investment than that in this part of
the country or in. any other. Of
course, all farms will not bring such
returns, but the average yield is good,
and for some varieties of wheat a
higher price will be obtained than
that for which the red Russian could
be sold.
Taking the wheat farms as a whole,
the returns this year will be hand
some. Prices are likely to continue
strong, and may go above the highest
of last year. The man who has a
few hundred acres in wheat need not
worry about the immediate future.
If he has a large acreage, a substan
tial fortune is assured him.
Don't keep a cull over winter. They
won't pay their board and keep.
Your chickens need lots of air with
out drafts rather than warmth.
Pure water is as essential in the
coop as in the dairy barn.
Give the chickens all the green stuff
possible this season and note the re
sults.
Poultry that "have to scratch for
their living" live better and longer
than the lazy kind.
Plenty of grit in the chickens' diet
ing gives 'em a better grip on life
Colds
It should be borne in mind that
every cold weakens the lungs, low
ers the vitality and prepares the,
system for the more serious dis
eases, among which are the two
greatest destroyers of human life,
pneumonia and consumption.
Chamberlain's
Cough Remedy
has won its great popularity by its
prompt cures of this most common
ailment. It aids expectoration, re
lieves the lungs and opens the
secretions, effecting a speedy and
permanent cure. It counteracts
any tendency toward pneumonia.
Price 25c, Large Size 50c.
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