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HOUSEHOLD ■ MRS. S. C. BUTCHER Communication* for thla department may be sent to Mrs. S. C. Butcher, EUlensburf. Waih , or direct to The Ranch. All «um tlon» will be carefully answered; contribu tions for publication are weloome. the Most Expensive Foods Not Best. Scientific research, interpreting the observations of practical life, indi cates that a fourfold mistake in food economy is very commonly made. First the costlier kinds of food are used when the less expensive are just as nutritious and can be made near ly or quite as palatable. Secondly the diet is apt to be one sided, in that foods are used which furnish relative ly too much of the fuel ingredients and too little of the flesh forming ma terials. Thirdly excessive quantities of food are used; part of the excess is eaten and often to the detriment of the health part is thrown away in table and kitchen wastes. Finally serious errors in cooking are com mitted. For the well-to-do the worst injury is that to health; but people of small incomes suffer the additional disad vantage of the injury to purse, in deed, to one who looks into the matter it is surprising to see how much peo ple of limited incomes lose in these ways. It is the poor man's money that is most injudiciously spent in the market and the poor man's food that is most badly cooked at home. A common mistake in purchasing food is in buying the more expensive kinds when cheaper ones would serve the purpose just as well. This is of ten done under the impression that there is some peculiar virtue in the costlier materials, and that economy in the diet is detrimental to dignity and welfare Unfortunately it is too often the case that those who are most extravagant in this respect are the ones who can least afford it. On the other hand there is frequently a desire to economize, but a lack of knowledge of the best method of do ing so. Many a housekeeper who sin cerely tries to do the best for those to be provided for but whose every cent must tell buys eggs at 25c a doz en or sirloin at 20c a pound, when, for the same amount of money, it would be possible to get twice as much nourishment from a cheaper cut ot meat, which with a little skill in preparation and cooking, could be made into a tasty dish such as per sons in far easier circumstances would not hesitate to set upon their tables. The difficulty is the ignorance of the simple principles of nutrition That ignorance results in a great waste of money. The maxim that the best is cheapest" as popularly un derstood to apply to the higher priced materials is not true of food. The larger part of the price of the costlier foods is paid for appearance, flavor or rarity. While the dearer articles are more pleasing to the pal ate and are sometimes more easily cooked or possess a finer flavor they are no more digestible nor nutritious than the cheaper ones. People who can afford them may be justified in buying them but for per sons in good health and with United means they are not economical, and often increase the cost of food out of all proportion to nutrients furnished. In the course of some dietary studies made in one of the poorer .districts of Chicago it was found that a woman whose husband was out of work and whose family was living on a few cents a day, bought lettuce, an arti cle so innutritions that, at least when out of season and high in price, it s a luxury even for the rich, while she had to do without nutritious food. No one can object to the use of lettuce nr any other who'esome food, when c mallows, but it is pitifully Md economy in such cases to buy foods which simply please the palate | while the body goes without proper nourishment. The plain substantial, standard food materials like the cheaper cuts of meat, fish, milk, flour, cornmeal, oatmeal, beans and pota toes are as digestible and nutritious and as well fitted for the nourishment of people in good health as are any of the costlier materials. We en deavor to make our diet suit our pal ate by paying high prices in the mar ket rather than by skillful cooking at home. The remedy for this evil will be found in an understanding of the elementery facts regarding food and nutrition, in a better knoweledge of cooking and serving food and in the acceptance of the doctrine that econ omy is not only respectable but hon orable. The soup kitchens which have been established in many cities, where meals planned according to accepted dietary standards are sold at very low yet profitable rates, should furnish their patrons with object lessons on the food-purchasing power of money. It is commonly remarked by those who study the conditions of living of people of limited means in different parts of the country, that for sub stantial improvement of their house hold economics two things are need ed. They must be informed as to the high nutritive value of the cheaper foods as compared with the costlier kinds, and the methods of cooking must be improved. A great deal of fuel is wasted in the preparation of food, and even then a great deal of the food is badly cooked. To replace dear food badly cooked by cheaper food well cooked is important for both health and purse. To make the table more attractive will be an ef ficient, means for making the home life more enjoyable. Our Girls. I once listened to a conversation between two friends each the mother of daughters who had just arrived at the age of young womanhood When one asked the other the ques tion: "How do you manage your girls, I cannot keep mine off the street and when I remonstrate with them they only laugh and go on in their own way." The other replied very uncon cernedly: "I never have any trouble in controlling my daughters." With this remark the subject was dropped. Wishing to hear the mother of "the tractable daughters," express her ideas upon the training of children and especially, the training of girls. I afterward made an opportunity of seeing her alone and brought up the subject by asking her why she had evaded answering Mrs. B's question She replied, "It was asked fifteen years too late." At my request she gave me her theories on the subject. In the first place this training must begin in infancy. Here the first and most important lesson is strict obe dience to the will of the parent. This principal of obedience to proper authority is the foundation of all good citizenship and good govern ment The very cornerstone of liber ty itself. We may well tremble when we think of our responsibilities as mothers. We are accountable to God for the manner in which we perform these solemn duties. We must not govern as tyrants but by love, gentle ness, firmness, and by the example of patience, guiding the tender feet in pleasant ways, leaving out harsh words and fault finding and in their stead give words of sympathy, help fulness and encouragement, always leading onward to noble effort. Pun ishments for misdeeds is rarely nec essary if the mother has been faith ful to her charge. Children regard their punishments as an injustice and resent it in their hearty long after the parent has entirely forgotten about it As our daughters grow old er we must m*ike them our compan ions, let them fepl th^t we a^e indeed their truest friend and that they nny always confide in us. Teach them THE RANCH I Matt^^ \^)Pldll§ Shoes 1 Meet the special requirements of the Farmer, 9 Miner, Lumberman and other working men II Made from the best upper leather obtainable for the purpose and |J heavy tough soles. Will not grow hard or crack with ordinary care. % Ask for Mayer shoes and look for the trade-mark on the sole. El For a Sunday or dress shoe wear the "Honorbilt" for men. || F. MAYER BOOT £y SHOE CO. those things which every girl ought to know and which is the duty of every mother to make known to them. Confide in them and make their young lives happy. Rejoice with them in their joys. Sympathize with them in all their disappointments. Give them the benefit of your own exper ience when needful. Let them be children just as long as they will, for this care free time is only too short and the burdens of life come but too soon. After our liitle girls have donned the garb of young womanhood they can never go back and be our little girls again. Then it is our duty to place our children in the society of people of intelligence and refinement. They will have to remain where we place them and we all become very much like those with whom we asso ciate. Furnish them with an abundance of good literature, wholesome yet in teresting reading matter. Allow none of the frivolous, trashy type to be a part of their literary table. Our children will have their personalities. They are not nor do we wish them to be machines to be set in motion and operated by us, Therefore they should have the privilege of planning and arranging their own rooms, and should be consulted on every subject that will lead the mto think and reas on for themselves Grant every re quest that comes within the bounds of reason. Be liberal and make home the sweetest, brightest place on earth to them and they will love it and be glad to return to it. M. R. C. Lemon Custard. Two cups of sugar. One cup of butter One cup of milk. Three and one-half cups of flour. Whites of sev en eggs. Two heaping teaspoonsful of baking powder, flavor with vanilla. For the filling two cups of dark brown sugar. Cover well with water and let it boil to a candy that will break against the cup when you try it in cold water then add two table spoonsful of rich sweet cream and butter the size of an egg. Beat it very thoroughly in a cool place until cool enough to spread. Flavor with vanilla. Spread between the layers and cover top and sides. EXCURSION TO DENVER Via the Northern Pacific on January 7th. account of National Live Stock And Wo"l Growers' Association meeting. Fare $55 for the round trip. ALMANAC FREE The Rtudehaker Almanac for 1905 Is, as usual, full of valuable Information of es r>eelnl Interest to farmers. In addition to statistical and other Information, It con- tains a large number of practical recipes, and has revived some of the best sayings of old Josh Billingsthe most genial and philosophical of all American humorists. A free copy can be obtained from any Studebaker agent. If he cannot supply you send a 2-cent stamp to the Studebakers, South Bend, Inl., and mention this paper. WEDON'T ASK YOU TO BUYAN m on faith, but we do sug- W|L m gest that it is the part of % m wisdom to investigate our 'H m claims before buying any other. ■ m It Costs You Nothing I L^^^m to investigate, and ■ it helps you to buy H I more intelligently. I Hjt==~^B We only ask for a 1 MrjSHflH chance to show you. I Sfl'fjß I Send for name of I ■ Ljll nearest agent. Cat- 0 B^W^H alogue and dairy M W^^ 5^3 booklet free. M ■NHPIirfB Empire Cream M W k^k Separator M B/'/MiQ V I Company. M ■ U'>*lß I Bloomlleld. \. .1. W ■ ■ ■ I I'ortlai.d, Ore. Steel Clad Grubber, Simplest, Strongest, Easiest handled Grubber ever made. Will pull MORE and LARGER STUMPS with LESS EXPENSE than any otlier. Write for descriptive circulars and prices, f V JOHN S. BEALL, Manufacturer 813 Commercial Block, PORTLAND, 0R& ALFALFA Ship to any point in car lots. Buy trotn me a producer and save commisslo' man's profits. mi; I (»i>i i i Wapato, Yaklma County, Washington.