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The ranch. (Seattle, Wash.) 1902-1914, January 15, 1905, Image 6

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn98047754/1905-01-15/ed-1/seq-6/

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Condition of Our Dairy Industry.
State Dairy and Pure Food Com
missioner McDonald hag prepared his
fifth biennial report, covering the
period from November 1, L 902, to No
vember 1. 1904. It does not show
so large a proportionate growth in
the dairy industry of the state of
Washington as was shown during the
two years previous to the period cov
ered by this report. But there was
an increase in the amount of butter
manufactured in the state during the
last two years over the previous two
years of nearly 1,500.000 pounds. For
the year from November 1. 1902. to
November 1, 1903. the number of
creameries in the state was 412,
whose total output was 6,970,173
pounds of butter. For the year from
November 1, 1903, to November 1,
1904, the creameries numbered 421
and the output was 7;5G1i,7(59 pounds.
This is an increase of 59G.596 pounds
in favor of the last year, but it doe-
not imply that the dairy industry has
made such a large growth during the
past year as it did two to four years
back. Commissioner McDonald at
tributes this slower growth to the
high prices of beef that prevailed dur
ing the years 1902 and 1903, and to
the high price of hay prevalent dur
ing the past three years. A great
many of the dairy farmers sold out
their herds and bought beef cattle,
hoping to realize greater profits there
from; while others, who had heavy
crops of hay, found it more profitable
to dispose of their cows and place the
hay on the market. This was largely
the case east of the Cascade moun
tains, where the quality of hay was
far better than on the western side,
commanding a large figure that was
too tempting to those who had the
hay on hand.
This being the case, Commissioner
McDonald calls attention to the fact
that west of the Cascades the dairy
industry has made a much larger
proportionate growth than east. The
hay crop on the western slope is never
so good in quality, and the market
will not give as much for it as can
be obtained by the hay coming from
the eastern side. But the dairy farmer
on the western side has discovered
that if he feeds his hay to the cow
the returns from the dairy will be
better than could possibly be ob
tained by placing the hay on the
market in competition with the bet
ter grade from east of the mountains.
The result has been that, while the
creameries east of the mountains in
1904 produced 2,052,710 pounds of
butter, the creameries on the western
side manufactured 5,514,059 pounds—
almost three times as much. Another
factor that has contributed largely
to the growth of the dairy industry
west of the mountains lies in the
large number of Scandinavian farm
ers who have settled here and taken
up small farms. These are noted for
their industry and perseverance, and
are very successful in dairy lines, be
ginning in a small way and expanding
as they make the means from their
herds to purchase additional cows.
The amount of butter manufactured
in this state is far from sufficient to
Bupply the home demand, let alone
the demand from Alaska and foreign
market!. Lasi year the butter sent
to the latter from this state Wnsli
Ington-made t;oods —amounted to 7:v
404 pounds, while 21,000 pounds of
cheese went to the s-amo destinations.
Alaska markets took 756,351 poundt
lintter and 124,300 pounds cheese dur
ing the tame period. The imports of
butter from Oregon and California to
Seattle, Tacoma and Spokane, alone
aggregated 710.050 pounds, and from
eastern markets the enormous tot* 1
of 4,491.370 pounds came into thoso
three cities for local consumption
Thoso figures rofor to ono year's time
During the same period Oregon and
California sent into those three cities
1.4,602 pounds of cheese, while east
ern dealers shipped in 1,408,520
pounds. These imports of cheese
were nearly three times the amount
manufactured in our state during the
period from November 1, 1903, to No
vember 1, 1904, the latter being only
526,201 pounds, a decrease of 327,250
pounds from the amount made the
year previous.
A very little study of these figures
will show that there is no prospect of
an overproduction of butter or cheese
during the next ten years, especially
when it is taken into consideration
that the increase of the population of
the slate keeps pace with the pro
duction. The opportunity for making
money out of the dairy business is
great, but to successfully raee^, the
competition from eastern factories,
Washington must produce a better
grade of butter. Eastern butter finds
a greater demand from the Alaska
trade than does our own, owing to the
fact that it does not deteriorate so
rapidly. Commissioner McDonald says
the deterioration in the quality of the
Washington product in the last few
years is due to the general intro
duction of the hr.nd separator among
the farmers. He characterizes this as
going back to the old system where
cream was bought by the inch, the
gatherer measuring it off in the deep
setting cans at the farmer's milk shed.
The hand separator has created a new
condition —one which the law-makers
of the state must meet by creating the
office of state dairy and creamery in
spector and giving him power to con
demn every can of cream that is not
up to standard when reaching the
factory. Attention is called in Mr. Mc-
Donald's report to the fact that the
eastern creameries maintain the high
est standard through having inspectors
in every district, and he is positive
that the same methods can be success
fully carried out in Washington, with
the result that the quality or our but
ter will improve. He wants the present
iaw so amended as to give the state
dairy commissioner larger powers in
these premises, also to allow him depu
ties in various sections, whose duty it
shall be to inspect the dairy stables,
creameries, etc., and to enforce the
highest order of sanitation in every
case. He also proposes to make it in
cumbent upon these deputies to in
struct the dairy farmers in the proper
care of the milk from the time it
leaves the cow until it arrives at the
The vigor with which the dairy com
missioner has enforced the laws relat
ing to the standard of milk has re
sulted in keeping the milk up to the
3 per cent, mark, there being very few
cases where the quality has fallen be
low the standard. There has been a
growing conviction among certain of
our people that the standard should
be raised to 3y 2 per cent., but Com
missioner McDonald does not believe
this advisable. He explains that 3
per cent, milk taken from the bottom
of the can will generally test 3y 2 and
even 4 per cent, when the entire quan
tity in the pan is thoroughly mixed.
He argues that if the legal standard
is raised the price to the consumer
will be raised also. There should be
no difficulty for the consumer to ob
tain milk of a higher standard by
agreeing with the dealer to pay a lit
tle more for it. Instead of raising the
standard the laws on sanitary condi
tions at the dairy barns and against
the use of preservatives of any kind
in the milk should be enlarged upon
and the inspection laws made more
stringent, with greater powers placed
in ilie hands of tlio Inspectors. The
use of preservatives in the milk
throughout the state has decreased
since the dairy commissioner Inaugu
rated his crujftde against the practice,
but it will not stop unless additional
legislation against it is passed.
The commissioner refers to the
' lm pT r ho evec United States Cream Separator
does not get all of the orders but it gets an
overwhelming majority where it is known
and used. It makes friends everywhere in
spite of competitors- all parties vote for the
United States Separator.
k 385 Send for Handsome Booklet in Colors Illustrating "The U. S. Way."
25// Wet more Avenue, Everett Wash.
status of oleomargarine, and warns the
patrons of the dairy industry to be on
their guard all the time. The manu
facturers of oleo are waiting for an
opportunity to get congress to reduce
the tax on the stuff, claiming it is
exhorbitant. and that the people are
deprived of a wholesome substitute for
butter. The truth is that few care
to eat oleomargarine unless it be col
ored in imitation of butter, (when they
do not know it is oleo they are eating).
With oleomorgarine eliminated the
poorer people have turned to renovated
butter, which Mr. McDonald says is
here to stay, though its consumption
is not on the increase. On the con
trary, the presence of renovated but
ter in the market tends to increase
the consumption of the pure, whole
some article from the Washington
11 The Omega pi
IH'llr' '■■ I. 'Witt I H ■ ■ " H H ■ *iipM*l^HHM^^B
l/\ a^^^m In the selection of a Cream pAtllf
■I Separator you should be filj Ljlcq:7ta
• Ir**-S>*^sli\l—Pi guided by four essentials: ifp^Hxs.
i !• Simplicity and dura- ]\
; i\ bility of construction. 2. *^r^
jj®-^ 1 I? Ease and economy of opera-
|M| tion. 3. Ability to skim /||||-jpf »
fljM close and produce a heavy, Kf |H "^ IS
|fl high per cent cream. 4. I] I WI?
ift^^^^S 3§|i§^ tn© highest degree in the fffZ^ 1 v^
Omeaa Cream Separators
And every man who uses them will substantiate these claims. The •
and its many other advantages are fully described in our book "MlI;
Returns," which we mail on request.
! wrc tat:l oo bo°to ega Poison Implement & Hardware Co.
Sales Agents for Washington, Oregon and British Columbia.
Dairying in Boise Valley.
In the opinion of many who are fa
miliar with the soil and climate con
ditions of the Boise and Payette val
leys in Idaho the time is coming when
fruit-growing and dairying will be the
chief occupations of the farmers re
siding in these two valleys, according
to the Boise Capital News. The
growth of the dairy industry however,
has not been specially rapid in this
section, but it has grown some and
each season gives it a firmer foot
The first creamery in the state was
established at Meridian in 1897. It
was a co-operative institution and
soon fell into the hands of a re
ceiver. £a P. Biddick, the most suc
cessful creamery man in the state.
arrived in 1899 and pruchased the
Meridian establishment, which he

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