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\# \^»*#\«# S*# •*! '&J&^^y^i%^^ %1 Jl«Ks«& >«l -si NtJ^-iJ y&mek w^Wl -*l JicWiJl -J J»W» ' -4 w V»vsKsS$ M* '•<♦ VOL. XXII. NO. 4. A Friend of Good Roads A Horticultural Course No question is of such vital impor tance to the prosperity of the Pacific Northwest as that of good roads, both from a social and financial standpoint. From a social standpoint it allows the neighbor! in the various communities to visit back and forth in comfort during the winter months, and also gives them a prompt delivery of mail by the rural carriers. From a financial standpoint there is no investment that will return as big profit to the people in general as that of good roads. It allows the farmer to haul his products to market with comfort during the winter months at an expense of over 200 per cent less than it costs him to haul products to market over the present county roads. It increases the valuation of prop erty and encourages the many emi granta from the east and middle west to settle in localities where good roads are made. No man in the Pacific Northwest has done more toward encouraging the luiilding of good roads than John S. Beall, general manager of Beall & Co. of Portland, Ore., and who has properly been dubbed the "Moses of Good Roads." Beall & Co. are the pio neers in the manufacture of road •wilding machinery in the Northwest. i'hey handle a full line of machinery of every description for building good muls and streets, as well as railroads and irrigation ditches, that is made by the Western Wheeled Scraper Com pany of Aurora, 111., who are the man ufacturers of the largest, most modern and best-known line of this class of goods in the world, and it is a recog nized fact among all of the old-time 'ailroad contractors that the Western soods are the cheapest and most eco nomical to buy at any price, and Beal] & Co. are to be congratulated °n having such goods. For the last six years Mr. Beall has voted his entire time to encouraging ""' Imilding of good roads, and has ex pended freely a large amount of money °n<ouraging the holding of good roads (("iventions, besides having furnished 'he road experts of the United States crnment several very expensive plants free of charge for ng educational roads in various Parta of the Northwest this last year. If any concern deserves the support 11 the various counties in the North '• ' it is Beall & Co , for the reason :" they are permanently located in J ll(1 Northwest and carry a line of "'"ids whose reputation has no equal, an 'l that they have always been liberal w'th their time and money on any "■!"R that would encourage good loil'ls movements. Mr. Beall has mad* 3 a nmonal study of the conditions of SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, FEBRUARY 15, 1905. road building and the available ma terial in every county in the North west, and we doubt if there is a man on the Pacific Coast who is as thor oughly posted in the methods of eco nomically constructing macadam roads as he is. He has always given all the JOHN 8. BEALL, I 111 FRIEND OF GOOD ROADS information at his command in the past to assist counties, and will be more than willing to do so in the fu ture. Silage is one of the best and cheap est feeds for cattle and sheep, but it is not safe to feed it exclusively. They need one Rood feed a day of hay. The short course in Horticulture at Pullman seems to have been the best this winter of anything of the kind yet held. Prof. D. C. Mooring, Assist ant Horticulturist, sends the following account of the course from which we judge that the instruction was very thorough and practical. A very able corps of lecturers was secured con sisting of a number of the college professors and men of note through out the state. Lack of space prevents the giving of the program in full. The following is from Prof. Mooring: The short course in Horticulture, which ended January 20, was the most 50c per Year; 5c the Copy. successful short course that has been conducted during the history of this department. The first week the County Fruit Inspectors were in at tendance. The state Horticultural Law requires them to be present ai the College for instruction at least four days each year. Some of the In spectors, realizing the importance of the work, remained during the second week. Some who did not have time to remain through the course sent representatives to take their places. At the State Horticultural Society, which met at Wenatchee, a resolution was adopted asking the Legislature to change the part of the law which re quires the Inspectors' Institute to be held at the College. After the Inspec tors had been at the College a few days and saw the many advantages in having the institute conducted in connection with the College they unanimously adopted another resolu tion, asking that that part of the law remain the same. There was a total attendance of seventy representing twenty-one coun ties. This is the largest attendance the short course has ever witnessed. The attendants expressed themselves as being highly pleased with the lec tures, practical work, and treatment in general, and said that if they could not attend next year they hoped to send others in their places. Thus it is seen that the prospects for a success ful short course next year in Horti culture are good. To Encourage Tree Growing. A bill now before the Colorado leg islature provides that any land owner may give the assessor of his county notice that he has set apart a certain amount of land for a timber reserve, says the Denver Field and Farm. This he must plant in forest trees of certain specified kinds. This land may not be used for pasture or other purposes until the trees have reached the size of four inches in circumference, other wise the land owner forfeits any bene fits under the act. This benefit con sists in that the land shall not be taxed for twenty years at a greater valuation than is put upon unround ing agricultural land, and the owner may command the advice of the state forester or that of the teachers at the agricultural college in promoting the growth of the timber. In some re spects the bill is built on the old law in Colorado by which orchards wore freed from taxation for a limited num ber of years. That law, however, proved unconstitutional, but the pres ent bill has swerved around the ob jectionable points in such way that It ought to hold water in any court.