since I wrote
a note relative
to a man at
who has a
dope for all
pests that af
flict the fruit
bores a hole
into the trunk
of the trees and puts his "cure" in
there and it does the work like
a jiffy by killing all the insects, fungi
and bacteria. Professor Thatcher,
as I stated, tried to catch the
fellow by getting him to commit
himself under oath, as I now remem
ber, but he was too wary for that and
gave the professor a batch of abuse
for his incredulity. A gentleman who
signs his name A Nichaus, if I make
it out correctly, writes me from Hood
River, Ore., as follows: "The man
who wrote that letter to Prof. Thatch
er is probably the same man who vic
timized a good many fruit growers in
Michigan; among the victims is the
experiment station at South Haven,
Mich. The fellow was denounced in
the papers—that is the reason why
he is looking for victims out here."
And this leads me to say, what I have
often said before, that all these fel
lows who travel around with some
nostrum that is said to be a cure for
the ills that beset the fruit grower in
the shape of insects and diseases
should be give a wide berth.
* * *
I see that the "seedless apple fraud"
is still marching on. Even so reputa
ble a paper as the American Agri
culturist is helping the matter on.
"How is the mighty fallen." In my
young days I read the American Agri
culturist and learned to like it and
trust- it. This great paper claims to
have sent a man to investigate the
claims of this apple and then pub
lishes his report. From this report
I quote as follows: "From the sam
ple apples sent, you will see that this
variety has great commercial value."
Between the word "has" and "great"
is a blank space where I suspect the
man used the word "no." With that
word inserted the statement would be
true. If any paper is anxious to know
the truth about this seedless apple
let the manager write H. E. Van De
man, the noted pomologist, and he can
tell something about the origin of this
much lauded apple. Van Deman
showed the matter up in these col
umns last summer and I have the
original copy of his article in my
hands and am keeping it as a souve
nir. After reading this article of Van
Deman's, if any man still wants to
bite at this seedless apple scheme,
he deserves to be fleeced.
* * *
In my codling moth investigations
relative to the prevalence of this in
sect in the Puget Sound country I
wrote Chas. H. Ross, of Puyallup. I
give his reply, for it throws much
additional light on the subject. Mr.
Ross says: "While we are seldom
troubled with codling moth we are
not by any means immune from them.
It is my experience that when we
have a long dry summer we are liable
to be troubled with them, especially
in our fall fruit, more particularly
the Gravenstein apple. I believe that
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THE RANCH, SEATTLE, WASHINGTON
it is generally conceded that the cod
ling moth does its work at night. If
this is true, it is easily seen that the
warm dry nights would be conducive
to its propagation. However, on ac
count of our superabundance of mois
ture and cool nights on this side of
the mountains, I question whether it
will ever be a serious menace to our
orchards. Some seasons none are
detected. While you are investigat
ing the codling moth, I would like
to know what are the latest conclu
sions about the codling moth being
attracted by light. While at the Pan
American exposition in charge of the
fruit exhibit from the state of Wash
ington, I met Mr. Hazeltine, the in
ventor of the "codling moth lantern."
He claimed that while some of the
entomologists held that the codling
moth was not attracted to light,
others held that it was. As he was
a prejudiced witness, I would like to
hear from you, as I always read your
articles with interest.
* * -»
"It strikes me that more repeated
effort should be made to teach the
horticulturist the importance of pro
tecting his friends, the song birds and
the quail. Any one who knows the
life round of the codling moth must
see the value of these little birds. I
never saw but one quail dressed. I
judge that its meal would not be
worth more than 5 cents. While left
to roam the gardens and orchards it
would be worth at least $1.00 per an
num as an insect exterminator. We
have a band that comes to roost every
night in a grove near the house.
Early in the morning they are seen
flying back to our garden to pursue
the daily task of destroying insects."
* * *
Touching this very interesting and
instructive letter from friend Ross I
wish to say that I know of no entomo
logist of the present day who claims
that the codling moth will fly to a
light and I never did know one. It
is a notorious fact that many people
have thought they were catching the
codling moth when they were catching
other small moths about the size of
the one they were after. I did that
myself and never knew any better
till I took the larvae of the codling
moth from under the bands and
hatched them out in glass jars and
studied them, and then I learned to
my surprise that I had never known
the codling moth. The codling moth
by nature is a very shy insect, both
in the larval and fly stage. The
verbial "needle in a hay stack." If
day time and the fly seeks a hiding
place during the day time where there
are thousands of those moths and
they are as hard to find as the pro
verbial 'nedle in a hay stack." If
any man thinks he can catch the cod
ling moths by having them fly to a
light let him try it and when he suc
ceeds let him send his "moths" to the
entomologist at Pullman and he will
find out nis mistake. What Mr. Ross
says about the birds can not be too
strongly emphasized. Birds and chick
ens may eat a little fruit but they pay
for their board a hundred times over.
* * *
The testimony now before us shows
that the codling moth will never be
a serious pest in the Sound country.
Those uninformed persons who have
a fit of the jim jams every time they
hear that some one has shipped a car
load of wormy apples to a vinegar
factory in Seattle or Tacoma ought
to put a cabbage leaf on their heads
and take a good sleep.
* * *
My friend, L. Ferdinand Floss, of
Latourell Falls, Oregon, writes me a
long letter to show that scientists, as
well as the writer, are all wrong on
the matter of the coloring of our
apples. I would publish his com
munication in full but it consists of
eight closely written pages and would
fill about four columns of The Ranch.
So he will excuse me if I state his
position briefly and file my objections
to the same. He says: "You and all
others and the whole scientific world
are in error about this matter. The
sunshine or light has nothing what
ever to do with that coloring. This
coloring is all done solely, only and
exclusively by the life of the plants
and of the apples. Proof: Each spe
cial kind of life is doing the coloring
of its creatures and not the sunshine
or light; this eternal and undeniable
truth each farmer and apple raiser
can notice the very best when he is
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If interested in Garden, Field or Flower Seeds of any description, it
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coloring his house, barn or fence."
Suppose that I grant all that friend
Floss says, does that prove that sun
light is not necessary? Not a bit of
it. The plant life cannot do its work
of coloring without sunlight. At least
this is often true. Sunlight will not
change a yellow apple to a red one
but some red apples will be green
ones if they ripen in the shade, so we
must let in the sunlight and air in
order that the plant life may prop
erly do its work. The natural color
of a potato vine is green, but if one
grows in the cellar away from light
it will be white. The plant life can
not do its work in giving the green
color to the vine without the light. It
is not claimed that all color is due
to light. A calf may be black or
white and neither the presence or ab
sence of light will change the color.
But this is not true when applied to
fruits and vegetables. Nature, which
friend Floss calls plant life, cannot or
will not in all case work without the
presence of light. My good friend
might paint his house or barn some
night when it is dark as Erebus, but
I suspect that he would not do a very
good job. So nature in some cases
does not do well in the matter of col
oring in darkness. This is about all
that scientists claim in the coloring
of fruit-light is necessary for plant
life in some cases to do its coloring.
The difference Is not great between
Mr. Floss and myself. We are so
near together that we may shake
hands and say vale, vale!
B. L. Northup, of Quiniault, Wash.,
asks: "Can you advise me as to
when and how to graft or bud sweet
cherries? Or direct me to some work
on propagating sweet cherries?" Cher
ries are rarely grafted. This is true
of all stone fruits, such as cherries,
peaches and plums, including, of
course, prunes, which are really
plums. Budding is the common and
the most successful way of propagat
ing these fruits. There is no special
way of treating sweet cherries as far
as propagation is concerned. The
cherry of whatever kind is usually
budded in the summer time after the
new growth becomes sufficiently hard
to admit of cutting the buds from the
twigs without their mashing up. I
know of no work especially devoted
to cherry propagation. Under the
head "Orchard Problems" the propa
gation of all kinds of fruit trees will
be treated in due time.
* * *
The writer acknowledges the re
ceipt of a very valuable book entitled
"The Apples of New York." He sus
pected that it was owing to the kind
consideration of Prof. N. O. Booth, of
the experiment station, Geneva, N. V.,
that this book was sent to him. On
writing to the professor, he acknowl
edges the mild impeachment. The
work is a report by the New York
agricultural experiment station for the
year 1903. While its title would lead
us to expect a limited work so far as
varieties are concerned; yet this is not
the case. The experiment station at
Geneva is such a thorough institution
and the state of New York is so thor
oughly up to date in fruit growing, and
especially in apples, that the book
treats very thoroughly of all the lead
ing apples grown in the United States.
It was prepared by Prof. S. A. Beach,
J. 6. HftRRISDN ft SONS RESTS
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per 10, $1.00; 100, $7.50; 1000, $45.00.
New Mammoth Blackberry—Cross be
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and is produced in greatest abundance.
Highest flavored and most delicious of
all blackberries; ripen three weeks be
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per 10; $8.00 per 100; $50.00 per 1000.
Logan Berry — famous berry, now
being widely planted all over the coun
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dark red color, exceedingly productive,
and possessed of a rich, sub-acid flavor.
One of the best canning berries known.
50c per 10; $3.50 per 100; $25 per 1000.
Himalayan Giant Blackberry—
yield 100 quarts of fruit to a plant dur
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black, round, of exquisite flavor. $1.00
per 10; $9.00 per 100; $50.00 per 1000.
New Golden Blackberry Fruit a
glowing golden yellow, Intensely highly
flavored, very productive, and in size as
large as the Early Harvest blackberry.
25c each; $2 per 10; $18 per 100.
Matchless Blackberry One of the fin
est flavored, and most productive of all
upright growing blackberries. $1.00 per
10; $7.50 per 100.
Rogers' Early —Earliest of
all dewberries; large, very firm, great
shipper. 50c per 10; $3.50 per 100; $20
Maye's Hybrid Dewberry— Largest
and best dewberry in the world. Ripens
10 days after Rogers' Early; a great
shipper, berries jet black, and of the
highest flavor, enormously productive.
50c per 10; $2.50 per 100; $15 per 1000.
Mexican —Best all-purpose strawberry
on earth, largest known, and one of the
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