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IRRIGATION This department is open to contribu tions from any one interested in irriga tion. Make your articles as brief and ;onsise as possible and be careful to Tive facts and figures. Big Ditch Scheme by Hazelwood. Most of the people in the northwest have heard of the Hazelwood farm, which is located near Spokane, and upon which are raised some of the finest Jersey cows in this part of the country. The dairy industry is the leading specialty of this farm, and ex pansion is constantly going on here. The farm raises its own forage and maintains a herd of pure blood cattle, whose progeny is scattered through the whole northwest. David Brown is one of the chief stockholders in the enterprise, and John L. Smith is the manager of the farm. Recently the owners decided to increase their hold ings of land by the purchase of some 2,000 acres additional of land adjoin ing the original farm. They did this in order to have an acreage sufficient to warrant the putting in of an im mense ditch system for irrigation. This system is to consist of a huge electric pumping plant, with a ca pacity of 40,000,000 gallons a day, the construction of an immense reservoir and the digging of an extensive ditch system, all of which will cost between $150,000 and $200,000. To increase the productiveness of their farm the Hazelwood people found they needed irrigation, but their acreage was not large enough to warrant such a sys tem as they wanted, hence the pur chase of additional land. The new holdings extend toward Silver Lake and give the Hazelwood people some 4,000 acres in all. The water will be taken from Silver Lake, and to get it to their land they found it necessary to instal a huge reservoir up in the hills to the north of the lake. To get the water from the lake to thic reser voir pumps will be used, four of these to be installed, each with a capacity of ten million gallons per day. The first pump is now in course of construction, and Mr. Brown expects to have it in operation by the first of October. From the reservoir the water is to be dis tributed over the farm by means of an extensive irrigation system as men tioned above. While the Hazelwood people expect to use all the land for their own needs at present, it is not impossible that they will ultimately sell some of it and thus realize on the water for irrigation. One of the difficulties they have en countered on the farm has been the raising of sufficient alfalfa for feed for their dairy stock. They are now able to harvest but one crop of hay each year, but with irrigation they will be able to cut three crops. They intend to put a portion of the new land in alfalfa and in many other ways in crease the productiveness per acre of their farm. At the present time they make about $10 to $12 per acre per year, but Mr. Brown is satisfied that with all the water they need they can secure from $50 til $100 per acre each season. Irrigation from Snake River, Idaho. Recently the irrigation and drain age division of the office of experiment stations, of the department of agri culture, issued circular No. 65, en titled "Irrigation from Snake River, Idaho." The territory discussed in the circular lies along the Snake river from St. Anthony, near the eastern line of Idaho, to where Salmon river enters approximately that part of the Snake river plains, which was in geo logic times covered with lava. The report deals with the reclamation of about 800,000 acres of land in the Snake river valley, which, with many local differences, are alike more or less heavily covered with sage brush. It contains information as to the cost of land and irrigation in the valley, an estimate of the price of water rights under the reclamation act pro ject at Minidoka, and tells how lands may be secured. The land in this valley is worthless for agricultural purposes without ir rigation. This report shows the cost to the settler of the land, the water right, and clearing and grading the land for the growing crops. The aver age total outlay under the largest of the projects studied is $40 per acre. Should the settler use his own teams THE RANCH. SEATTLE. WASHINGTON for clearing, etc., and meet the pay ments on his land as they fall due, the cash outlay for the first year will be about $6.25 per acre. It is usually the experience of set tlers on arid lands that the first sea son has to be given to the work of preparation, and but little can be done in the way of crop growing. The set tlements around Twin Falls in the spring of 1905 were a remarkable ex ception to this rule. Seventy thous and acres of raw sagebrush land in the spring was cultivated fields in the fall, on which the following yields per acre were obtained: Corn, 40% bush els; wheat, 22 bushels; corn wheat, 18 bushels; oats, 35% bushels; potatoes, 330 bushels; navy and lima beans, 12 bushels; and millet, 1,000 pounds. It should be borne in mind that these yields are for the first year under irri gation, and that nearly all the small grains sown on the tract were planted a month and in some cases two months out of season. When once the soil has been properly supplied with humus the yield will be very much larger. Corbin an Irrigation Enthusiast. D. C. Corbin, one of the foremost men in eastern Washington and the owner of large tracts of valuable land in both Washington and Idaho, also the backer of the Waverly beet sugar factory and numerous other industries, will shortly set on foot an extensive irrigation enterprise in the Spokane valley. He will expend some $200,000 for a system that will permit of water being placed on all the land of the valley between the city limits of Spo kane and the Idaho state line, twenty miles away. The water will come from the Spokane river and will irri gate from 16,000 to 20,000 acres of land. Mr. Corbin thinks the land will sell readily at $150 per acre at the start when the water .is turned on, and as it is extremely rich land a small tract of ten or twenty acres will be plenty to maintain a family in com fort. The motive that impels Mr. Corbin to inaugurate this irrigation system is the need he feels of securing a larger acreage in sugar beets to supply his factory at Waverly. At present the factory works about fifty days a sea son and yields from fifty to sixty thousand sacks, but with the Spo kane valley producing beets under ir rigation the factory would get enough beets to work 120 days and secure a return of from 125.000 to 150,000 sacks of sugar annually. The Spokane val ley will also produce beets much earlier, at least thirty days, than is possible in the Waverly section. The Sunnyside Ditching Co. was re cently formed by some Sunnyside men for the purpose of purchasing a big ditching machine, which will be used to execute ditching contracts in the district. Drainage ditches will be the specialty, the machine being capable of digging any size ditch up to sixteen feet wide and eight feet deep. One of the prominent figures at the coming irrigation congress at Boise next month will be Milton Whitney, chief of the bureau of soils, depart ment of agriculture. The investiga tions carried on by Mr. Whitney's bu reau are of the greatest interest to agriculture and horticulture in the ir rigated sections, and the delegates to the Boise convention will gain the benefit of his experience. The Oregon Land & Water Co., con trolling the main, canal at Irrigon, has been putting in a system of wood and cement pipe for the distribution of water from the main canal, which is now doing its work in a satisfactory manner. The piping is put in to take the place of long and expensive later als, which would require constant ex pense in repairs and attention, while the pipe lines are done with, once they are put in. The next meeting of the National Irrigation Congress will occur in Boise, Idaho, during the week beginning Sep tember 3, the session to last six days. The meetings will be held in River side Park, a beautiful spot two or three blocks from the depot and on the edge of the river. There is a large theatre in the park, that will be used for the sessions and the pavillion ad joining will be used for committee 4 o/ESEBH 4 o/ /o WH /o j^Make your money ||ji§i yield as large a return as |g"i,| is consistent with safety. Our '*\", I business is conducted under the 11 I I direct"supervision of Seattle's ablest busi- I ; ] ness men. Your money always subject § I i to your control—available when neces- f (jlllj sary. We want to tell you fully about I. | "J . the advantages of bank- f." m W™"*^™''*™! ing with us by mail. I vBBHv /o iiIiHHBHHi /o rooms. After the congress is held the delegates will be taken by excursion train to some of the irrigation districts of the state. This is a fine opportun ity for Idaho to get in and do a little invaluable advertising of her re sources. Photos of irrigation ditches, fields, etc., are wanted by The Ranch. 703 First Aye., Seattle, Wash. . .^■Hb^. Unprecedented Snc jfl jBB^ cess of the Cele a mWWIM^^ brated ■II ■ g~y m^W Gee Wo fl ftfcS^BSral The Chlnesc Root and Herb" ■ KJffi Doctor Who is known throughout the United States on account of his wonderful cures No poisons nor drugs used. 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At the rate of wages which you can earn, can you afford to spend $3.00 to $10.00 each per stump to try digging them out? The Giant Powder Co. Con., San Francisco, was the first company in U. S. to start making high explosives for all purposes, and for 40 years or more the original brands of the Giant Powder Co. Con., and their products have been known throughout the U. S., Mexico, Central America and Can ada. Their goods have been imitated all over the world, but never equalled. They make two brands of low explos ives expressly adapted for your work —Judson Improved Powder (in bulk) and Giant Stumping, 20 per cent N. G., put up in cartridges I%xß inches. Every ounce of material used in mak in either brand is selected for a special purpose—that of forming a large volume of explosive gas. Write me for circulars giving full information and idrections for use. GEO. B. 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