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LIVE STOCK Feeding Wheat to Horses. The director of the state agricul tural experiment station at Pullman has under consideration an experiment in the feeding of wheat to work horses. Feeding experiments for the past ten years have shown in the case of cattle and hogs that wheat as a feed yields the best results of any of the cereals. A chemical analy sis of wheat shows the percentage of nutritive matter very high. The world has been drifting to wheat as the great bread food for man, even the most immovable of the older nations gradually discarding rye and barley as bread foods for the cheaper and better wheat. Oats and barley have in the Pa cific northwest been the traditional and favorite feed for horses. Wheat has been used somewhat, both alone and in mixture, but there is a popular fear of founder for it and a tradition that it is too "heating" a feed. The quantity of any feed fed is so perfectly under the control of the feeder that it may well be doubted if this objec tion i swortiiy of serious consideration. Difficulties of mastication and diges tion, if such exist, are so easily con trolled by food mixtures, that it may well be doubted it' these are serious objections. In the case of hog and cattle feed ing such uniform and such good re sults are gained that it would seem unlikely that horses would be pecu liar in this particular. Custom and prejudice go so much farther than rational action based on scientific data, in such matters, that it is well worth while to determine the facts in the case. Just now oats are worth 30 per cent more on the market than Red Russian wheat. The difference is likely to be 50 per cent or more. Several times lately it has happened that there is a greater or less differ ential in favor of wheat as feed. To be able to take advantage of this in the vast quantity of feed consumed by work horses would be doubly prof itable. First, there would be a great saving in the cost of feed. Second, there would be a better market for wheat, particularly for light or off grade wheat. A pound of wheat a little lighter than the test has prac tically the same feeding value as if of full test. Besides, it was shown in the steer feeding experiment last winter that wheat which had been wet to the point of sprouting, when dried gave practically the same feed ing value as when uninjured. The more the uses of wheat at home can be extended the greater the economy in sacks, freight, etc. It is now an accepted rule that five pounds of ground wheat will, under favorable conditions, make one pound of pork. It is now also established that wheat can be used profitably in finishing beef cattle. It is fairly probable that the vast number of work horses on the farm, in the towns and cities, and on the many construction lines for railways and irrigation enterprises, can use wheat as the foundation and largest part of the ration. To get extra data on this point and thus promote the interest of both consumer and pro ducer, is the object of the projected experiment at Pullman. The Ranch hopes to announce the results in fu ture issues. Successful Feeders. Will the time ever come when the average farmer and breeder will take the same care and pains to keep the colls growing that he does to keep and mature the calves and pigs? Perhaps the reason is that it requires three to four years to mature a colt ready for market, and much less time to mature a hog or dispose of a calf. As a rule farm colts are turned out to pasture with their dams to run till weaning time, or, if the mothers are used on the farm, the colts are kept in the barn day times and in the pasture at night until old enough to be weaned. Either of the above methods, under favorable circumstances, will be all right, and the colts will make good growth. The main setback, and one from which the colt seldom recovers, occurs soon after the colt is weaned and deprived of the mother's milk. Colts that have followed their dams, while the latter have worked on the farm, usually get along better and are less checked in growth than colts that THE RANCH. SEATTLE. WASHINGTON have run in pasture all summer with their dams, for the reason that the former have learned to eat hay and grain and drink water, and in most cases have been kept alone in the farm barn in the day time, so that when weaned they do not fret and worry, but soon forget the mother, and do not lose flesh or stop growing. But the main and most important part of maturing the colt is lost sight of from the time it is weaned until over two years old, or about time to break it to harness or work; that is, to keep it growing without any setback until ful iy up in the fall, halter* broken, stabled every night and fed sufficient grain and hay to keep it growing through the winter. They should be turned out day times for exercise, but the stabling and feeding part of the busi ness should never be overlooked. With a good start as a weanling the first summer, with first-class care and plenty of feed the first winter, prac tically seventy-five per cent of the colts foaled wov.id mature into horses weighing from two to three hundred pounds more than they do, and the profit at selling time would be much larger. Nail Wounds in Horses' Feet. It has long been known that nail pricks and other similar injuries in the horse's hoof may lead to an in fection, followed by the formation of pus under the horn of the hoof, and a serious general disease of the horse, or at least the loss of the hoof. In a bulletin of the South Dakota sta tion, Prof. Moore has recently report ed results obtained in a number of cases from applying a strict antisep tic treatment to injuries of this kind. The method consists in paring away the horn of the hoof from the affected part until the blood oozes out. The hoof is then thoroughly washed in a solution of bichloride of mercury at the rate of 1 part to 500 of water, then absorbent cotton saturated in a solution of the same strength ap solution of the same strength is ap plied to the wound and the whole hoof is packed in cotton surrounded by a bandage and well coated with tar. This prevents any further filth from coming in contact with the wound. The operation must usually be done by a qualified veterinarian. Subse quent treatment, however, can be ap plied by the average farmer, since all that is necessary is to pour a little of this solution of bichloride of mer cury upon the cotton which projects from the upper part of the bandage. The cotton will absorb enough of this solution to keep the wound moistened and hasten the healing process. If a remedy of this nature is not adapt ed in the case of foot wounds in the horse, the owner runs considerable risk of serious infection either of blood poisoning or lockjaw. Doctoring Horses. The horse is an animal which in usefulness and close companionship, is our best friend and should be doctored very much like a human. If your horse has colic, make a good whisky toddy, not too strong and with a long neck bottle, holding his head moderately high, drench him with two ounces of whisky, the same amount of water and as much sugar as will all dissolve in the liquid. Rub some turpentine and oil under the girth field and he will soon be well. How ever, if this does not cure, the next conclusion must be that the bot is disturbed from too much acid in the stomach, caused by overwork after a hearty meal. Drench the horse with pulverized soda, half t.eacupful to a pint of warm water, which will sweet en the stomach, or neutralize the acid and if troubled after this drench with sugar and water. Sheep on the Farm. Many farmers have yet to realize the full advisability of keeping sheep. They seem to think the expense of fencing precludes all profits. As a hat tor of fact every improved farm should gradually become fenced so as to per mit hogs and wheep to lie pastured in any field. If a weed pest gets into the field it is then easy to destroy it. You cannot fence every field in a 160 --acre farm at the start with hog and sheep fence, unless you are on easy street, but it is not difficult to fence a five or ten-acre lot from time to time. Sheep improve the land by de stroying obnoxious weeds. They also furnish the richest kind of fertilizer. They are not hard animals to keep dur PERCHERON STALLIONS and m dV fllvW ■■ Every horse sojd by me is M rf fl Wmi la '""y S"aranteed "and is sold A JjM mif |^ ©M on the most liberal terms. * £v* TSfflL^^ **& it you are in the market for IS9^ anything in my line or intend to be, write for particulars, terms, etc. A good stallion is a money maker and I sell on a self-paying easy terms plan. J. E. MASON, impb7 e e der nd LATAH, WASH. jA MAMMOTH KENTUCKY JACKS n&SB^EJy I will tell you what I have. Full particulars and terms 'Mf* m~-"^R on request. It pays to raise mules and you can make Iff * big money in the business. Write for prices and in- I* 1 formation. GEORGE M. WILSON, ""J&Vr" 0 WILBUR, WASH. Springdale Herd of Herefords HEADED BY BEAU DONALD 31, NO. —THE BEST SON OF THAT GREAT SIRE, BEAU DONALD, NO. 58996; WEIGHS 2500 LBS. AND IS A SHOW BULL IN SERVICE. YOUNG STOCK OF BOTH SEXES FOB SALE AT REASONABLE PRICES. A. J. SPLAWN, North Yakima, Wash. ing the winter. All that is necessary is a clean, dry shed. They can stand moisture. They are not difficult to keep free from disease if clean and sanitary quarters are provided. They can be profitably pastured on land that would not provide feed for any other stock. Just now sheep represent good money in mutton and wool. Both are bringing top prices. The lambs are ready for market at an early date, and with very little care. Sheep in crease rapidly, and, all around, are an exceptionally valuable farm asset. Alfalfa as Pig Feed. The Nebraska experiment station has tested the feeding value of alfalfa pretty thoroughly. A test was recent ly completed with eight lots, of seven pigs each, averaging about eighty-five pounds. Both the alfalfa meal and the chopped hay were prepared at the station, the meal by running the hay through a grinder and the chopped material by cutting the hay into one half-inch lengths with a silage cut- Washington Farmers and Stockmen InQOrSC the Celebrated Prussian Stock Food! I have used Prussian Stock Food for Horses, Cattle. Hogg and Sheep. AS A FAT PRO DUCER IT HAS NO EQUAL, "tones up the system in general and puts new life and vigor into the animal. In my dairy I nnd when fed according to directions, it INCREASES the flow of milk to a marked degree. Young animals.especlally calves subject to SCOURS It will check the malady as if by magic. Have tried many kinds but I consider Prussian Stock Food the BEST— KmiI Graf, Davenport, Wash. DOUBLED FLOW OF MILS. Since using the Prussian Stock Food with my _______ milch cow 1 find her sup *""" laoo feeds'^ lily of milk has increased J_T.,H_ i||i|»l1' 11"" one to two Qts I ■110 I a:'—"*. ■EH leach milking. D.O.Farnfl PRUSSIAN" wortb ' Kockford.Wa»h. ■iHHE|HJW Packages. 50c and $1.00. Hnpgggpajll 25-lb. Pails, $3.50. W|_psiP^l|iL Ask your dealer lor '*' Mountain View Stock and Seed farm Largest vetch raiser and dealer In America — I.'. carloads for sale; 4800 ll>. strictly clean Rod Clover; Alfalfa, Al sike, Crimson Clover, Artichokes, etc. Black Russian Winter Oats, largest in world. Free catalog and directions for growing clovers and alfalfa. 200 An gora goats, half nannies, GO kids, rea sonable; 2 Shrop rams, winners at state fair; 6 line Poland China boars; tread power, silage cutter, elevator, Kitselman woven wire fence machine. X.. L BROOKS, Corvalli* Oregon RED POLLED CATTLE Of excellent Milk strain. • Herd headed by Lacy 8340. Young stock, both sexes, for sale. Also BARBED PLYMOUTH BOCKS Some excellent cockerals for sale. Set tings, 13 eggs, $2.00. MOUNTAIN VIEW STOCK FARM Geo. M. Lazelle, Prop. Oregon City ■ : Oregon Imported Catalena, Majoric, and Kentucky Bred Jacks Have the grandest lot of jacks in our barns ever offered by any firm. Saddle, trotting and pacing stallions, Poland China and Tamworth Hogs. Write for catalogue or come to see us. J. F. COOK ft CO., Lexington, Ky. Duroc Jersey Hog's Young or old |Kk stock, either sex, 'yjiijjH -j ML. for sale. Bred frorr.' ■'w HH\ '"'st strains and prize w inning -"■^^^^Kssfc*" stock. Write I'or prices and particulars. GUV MUNGEE, HILLYARD, WASH. SdjS^L Moantainvfew Ranch iJtfl My Registered Jersey Cattle i!»Mm|mBUS9S the greatest milk and but 99 HE. ker producers In the world MMUgMMaaOBMCK- Head of herd In ltoyal r. KH Hpokaue, son of Koyal o IKJF Bellvedere. ffgjr Fechter & Janeck — W North Yaklnia, : Wash. Co/lie Dogs J&ff^r^l^K Best working strains MlWit l'*£m^\ *or sheepmen. Cham ®QoUie kennels on Best working strains for sheepmen. Cham pion Collie kennels on Wgs&btwßt' Coast. Bargains in 'l&tWEjfrmF? puppies: Males, $15; Females, $10 and up. GLEN TANA COLLIE KENNELS Thus. S. Griffith, Box 1907, Spokans. I SECTIONAL WATER TANKS "7TT*"--"TWik For farmers, in ail MJIPIJLIj sizes. If you intend «i| l:.'v3|S buying a water tank fill ■MM set the best. The best ■»>. ji.iimrr* vv^ter tank is the sec- Mfjil'- il'ifi j th.nal tank made of Bill' >;!!;> »teel. Write for prices. jkllll -^'- Tj EAGLE MANUFACTURING CO. \*m, W in?i Him st., • • sfiiiiE, mi Always Mention Th« Banch when Ton Writs to Our Advertiser..