some of their good points. A few. w. 11
cartel for, will pay well; to try to keep
more than we can conveniently care for
means loss. Present prices, both for
fancy and niurket stock, rule high. No
bettor time coming to Invest in pure
bred poultry. A flock of common
mixed scrubs will supply the family
with groceries; half the number of pure
breds will supply the groceries and
many of the luxuries. Then, too, if
you are Interested in some one variety
you subscribe for journals, thereby
getting better acquainted with how
others succeed. Poultry work is an
interesting and pleasant field of work.
To hatch the downy little chickens that
are so cute and watch them grow into
those nice, big birds we see at the
poultry shows, and then to see the blue
ribbon on their coop is reward for days
of care and watchfulness on our part.
What others have done you can do.
Early fall prices are lowest, then room
is needed and old stock can be bought
cheap, and 2-year-old stock is best to
breed from. There Is no bettej? mating
than when one side of the yard is two
years old. Eggs from matured hens
hatch as well and stronger chickens;
from some of these our strongest col
ored birds are hatched. Take good care
of the poultry and they will take care
of you is a very true maxim. Poultry
is a pleasant and profitable work.
FLOATING PITCH TN NATURAL, ASPHALT LAKE.
Fresh eggs, nice chickens for the table.
Fried chicken is good enough for any
one. Roasted chickens are great.
The practice of stabling cows con
tinually during the winter season may
bring more milk, as many dairymen
claim, but it is not conducive to good
health. It is true, the cows seem to
enjoy sitting by the fire, but we feel
better when we hustle around out of
doors a part of each day. Cows are
not so different from ourselves in this
respect. The farmer who succeeds with
all kinds of stock knows that the wel
fare of the animals, as well as their
progeny, depends a good deal upon their
getting a reasonable amount of exer
|BBH^B^Kl&lr<tfSfc Soro sliouldors, ''.ills, etc.,
■»—<^. positively .in.il while
V l'4:'-iiJ**lS~tt3 horse workn No lay off need-
RUVt^T ■& edrCurt'ifuarantffd. 'dc nier*
Wj&CyfiM jjrf} BICKMORE GALL CURE CO.
W^CfJmMji BICKMORE GALL CURE CO.
r^^_fejM|^c/J Boxi)2e, Old Town, Maim-.
D\iroc Jersey Hogs |
■JPh* " Young or old
ti& ' H^. "toc^i either sex,
■ rak^** «Br^- for sale- nred tr°m
rNB Hflßftm best strains and
TBPBBB^?** prize winning
-^^^^^■fcaw- utock. Wrlta for
prices and particulars.
OUT MUNQEB, HILLTABD, WASH
rtfe IMPREGNATING OUTFIT
Getsin foal all marcs bred with it and greatly increases
the income from your stallion. Durable, easily used and
('UAKANTEKIi to produce results. A necessity for
every horse breeder. Can YOU afford to be without
oue? Price, $7.50. Write for descriptive circular.
3OFOX BLB'fl. KLYBIA,OIIIO.
The Asphalt Wonder of the World.
Kvory one has soon asphalt in
MM <>i' another of its uses, but gen
t-rally in pavements of the large cities.
How few of us know where it comes
from or how it is handled from its
crude state until it is laid down for
people to drive over. There are two
classes of asphalt; one a natural pro
duct and the other a substitute in
vented and manufactured by man. It
is about the former that we are going
The standard asphalt of the world
comes from a pitch lake in Trinidad,
Kritish West Indies, and is described
by Charles Kingsley as one of the
wonders of the world. From this lake
is secured some of the finest asphalt
ever in existence. Th deposit occupies
a bowl-shaped depression, thought to
have been the center of a volcano now
extinct. The area covered is about 114
acres and the lake is nearly circular
in outline and a little less than a half
a mile in diameter. The center of the
lake Is about three-quarters of a mile
from the shores of Gulf of Paria and
about 135 feet above the level of the
sea. Except in spots in the center,
the surface is hard enough to bear the
weight of carts and mules. It is neces
sary for one to keep moving when on
the surface, otherwise lie soon sinks
in the material, which, under the rays
of the sun, becomes quite soft.
Annually there is taken out about
100,000 tons of asphalt without mak
ing any noticeable difference in the
quantity that remains. When some is
dug from any portion of the deposit the
hole becomes filled up in a few days
by new material coming from subter
ranean asphalt springs, as inexhaust
ible as the water springs that feed the
Great Lakes of the United States. Bor
ings have been made to the depth of
several hundred feet in an effort to
find the bottom of the lake, but with
out result. It has been Impossible to
go deeper on account of the constant
motion of the deposit.
The composition of the asphalt in
this lake is of remarkable uniformity,
no matter from what section of the
lake it is taken. The asphalt is in con
stant motion. On the surface of the
lake there are seven or eight islands,
from r>o to 150 feet in diameter, and
these bear vegetation, with trees thirty
pr forty feet high and having a dense
undergrowth. These islands are con
stantly changing their position,
although their motion Is almost im
Tn digging the asphalt picks of mat
tocks are used. It is not sticky like
refined asphalt, owing to the quantity
Of water it contains. This water is en
tirely removed in the process of re
fining. The crude asphalt is loaded
into cars and transferred to ships over
:i pier 876 fwt long. This particular
asphalt is recognized by ;ill experts as
being a very uniform and one of the
very best asphaltie products ever dis
covered. It is very stable, being par
ticularly unaffected by the elements,
and when specially treated and com
bined with other natural asphalts, is
the toughest, most viscous and long
lived asphalt known. The drying out
rroeess of the air does not affect it.
Tn the accompanying engraving Is
shown a portion of the asphalt lake
described above, with some of the
\< ntcr shown in light. The vegetation
that is visible grown on tin- floating
islands in the asphalt lake.
The Market Number of The Ranch i«
free to you, if your subscription Is
paid one year in advance. See the an-
in this issue.
Mil, tiP^pi!i^^lf I ' s!^^y^/fcllWfll
rai*9 f^OOD wagons are absolutely necessary soned materials with superior construe- |v
t%?sl vJ on the farm. tion in every part make it suit every con- Wj£>
BBS Remember that paint may hide a multi- dition of wagon service. aatj
251 tudeof deficiencies-a lot of poor materi- The Columbus is a strong, well con- £j,<|
'Msm als, particularly poor wood stock—and structed and durable wagon, such as will K^>j
Hflfl that the well painted but cheap and well meet the needs of the great army of I Sg
IBS poorly constrweted wagon may not be a farm wagon buyers and users. K'H
t_3___ bargain at any price. Break-downs are The Bettendorf is a new and valuable fct.jjjjf.
I expensive, repairs cause delay, and in the improvement in wagon construction, the jag
pRH ' end the cheap wagon will prove a most front and rear gears being made entirely Hg&S
MM expensive one. Iron of the best Quality; of pressed steel; therefore, the axles, bol- ra
ral wood stock of desired tough ne ss, thor- sters and other gear parts are free from BHSj
&EgA oughly seasoned, are required _____——. swelling, shrinking, rot. etc. B|
Pa for thebigloads, rough roads, __, _ Ideal for hot or dry climates. tsgm
&Sm ruts, slips and slides that try WCDCr They are the only steel con- Egg
fl^B the farm wagon. Columbus structed farm wagon gears on fgt
■ The iron and wood must be Rpftpndnrf the market. These wagons are I
■ put together properly to give n«tt«=*»**«*» | built to last. Almost any wag- Wsm
BB the greatest durability. "~~""^ on can be guaranteed fora I
■ That's not all; this excellence of ma- year, but the point that should always be I
ffl tcrial and building must be combined considered is how many years is the w
■ with light running qualities to make the wagon likely to do good service ?
I completely successful farm wagon. Think it over. It makes little difference I
:jBSM All these requirements you will find in which of these wagons you buy. You will btob
H the International Harvester Company make sure of wagon value and wagon M
Smß line of farm wagons. satisfaction in any event. You simply mgM
H The Weber fcr more than fifty years can't buy any thing better at any price. Bsi
H has been among the best and most favor- Call on the local agent or write near- Baft
Hi ably known of America's farm wagons, est general agency for illustrated pam- ■■
I The most carefully selected and sea- phlet, describing the wagon you prefer. wßm
I Wmtern Oenenl AeenelM: DenTer, Colo., I'ortUml. 0r.., Salt Lake City, I'Uh, Hrlma, Jlont., Spokane, 1
■j With,, hail KraneUeo, (al. HR
WM International Harvester Company ol America. Chicago, U. S. A. MKt
VBJ^k [Incorporated] . _^^^B
CABBO-PHENO — CARBO-PHBNO — CABBO-PHBHO — CAJ&BO-FOTUfO
| Adopted by Ha.zelwood \
S After exhaustive tests, The Hazelwood Dairy has adopted CARBO- O
' PHENO as their official disinfectant for general and veterinary use. On* £•
° Dint of CARBO-PHENO dissolved in one hundred pints of water will Jj
9 M kill lice and mites about the chicken "house, kills fleas, cockroaches and □
bedbugs; sprayed over your stock will keep off the files. Used as a »
„ germicide, it will kill foul odors, no matter how bad they are. Has a 5
I thousand uses around the farm. Send us ten cents in stamps to cover 1
I postage only, and we will send you a L
§ FREE SAMPLE j;
U When people like the Hazelwood Dairy adopt a thing;, it's a pretty g
5 good lead for the average farmer to follow—don't you think? Comes In O
<i 60c bottles, or in gallon cans for $2.00. Ask your dealer first, and If he t$
m won't get it for you, we will send It prepaid upon receipt of price. Made m
3 by the old reliable . M
««! RED CROSS STOCK FOOD CO.. Spokane. Wash. g
OHBKct-OaSTO — ouaHdc-oaavo — ouaHa-oaavo — OK3H*-oa«T0
INSURE YOUR LIVESTOCK
NORTHWESTERN LIVESTOCK INSURANCE CO.
1710 Broadway, Seattle, U. S. A.
We want agents, to whom we will pay liberal commissions. Write us
for agency in your locality.
SIZE CONSTITUTION HOLE BUTTB*
The Hazel Tern Herd
ARE AS aOOS A 8 THE BHST
A. G. C. C. Guernseys
We are offering a few very choice young Guernsey Cows and Heifers
from rich and heavy milking dams.
Both American and English bred, both sexes, for sale from the best
families of the bre«d
Home of Loretta D, 141708
WORLD'S CHAMPION BUTTEB COW AT ST. LOUIS.
We have a few young Jersey bulls for sale from six to eight and ten
months old, from rich and persistent milking dams.
If you want a calf, male or female, bred to produce heavy milkers
and butter makers, as well as the higliest dairy type and breeding, write
EXCELLENCE, NOT CHEAPNESS, OUR SPECIALTY.
BUT PRICES ABB LOW FOB QUALITY.
We are prepared to furnish foundation herds of cattle or hogs. No
catalogue. Write, stating what you want.
F. E. IWcELDOWNEY, Manager
1260 MILWAUKEE ST. PORTLAND OREGON
Mammoth Kentucky Jacks
A I will tell you what I have, if you will send me your
nsime and address. Full particulars and terms on request.
/£EaKf|laSr^ it [jays to raise mules and you can make big money In
/jlfgSiiSiy tne business. Write for prices and information. I have
VJOu^ntf the best blood from the lending Kentucky establishment!.
U I GEO. M. WILSON, B^:r pt: r nd Wilbur, Wash.
Always mention The Ranch to our Advertisers.
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