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LOGGED-OFF LAND It is our intention in this depart ment to consider the matter of clear ing the logged-off lands from every standpoint. We believe, however, that our readers who are interested in this subject, will get as much information from reading actual eperiences of other settlers on these stump lands as in any other way. We are there fore in this issue publishing certain interesting letters from various sub scribers, who have shown their in terest in the matter by contributing to this department. We hope that other subscribers will be interested enough to do the same. Send in your experiences. They will be helpful to other readers, and perhaps you can get something of benefit from the con tributions of the others. But do your part. The first of the following letters tells something of the modern method of clearing the lands with the donkey engine. The other two letters tell the experience of settlers who have taken up stump lands in the forest. CLEARING WITH A DONKEY ENGINE. Editor The Ranch: The cheapest and most approved method of clearing land is by what is called the donkey engine method. A 10x12 cylinder double-drum, quick haulback donkey engine furnishes the power, 800 feet of 1 i.-inch plow steel cable pulling up the stumps and drag ging the large timbers onto the pile, the cable passing over the top of a large gin pole, 60 to 80 feet high, set at a distance of from 100 to 300 feet from the engine. The entire outfit costs $2,000. Powder to the extent of from $4 to $10 worth per acre is used to crack the big stumps and loosen the earth from the roots. The men required are an engineer and fireman, two hook-tenders, a man to release the timbers at the pile and a powder man; two follow-up men can be used to advantage. This outfit clears nearly an acre a day. This method has been in vogue now for four years. The cost of clear ing some of the worst timbered and hardest-clearing land in the neighbor hood of Sisco by this method ranges from $45 to $85 per acre. Clearing it by hand and by any of the old methods would cost from $75 to $150 per acre. Price of logged-off land, per acre.s3s.oo Price of clearing, per acre 35.00 Market value of land after clear ing, per acre $125.00 to $200.00 G. H. KIMBERLY. Mt. Vernon. ONE MAN'S EXPERIENCE. Editor The Ranch: I came from Dover, Maine, in 1877 to Washington Territory, and followed the business of logging and mining until January, 1884. I then filed a homestead containing IGO acres of up land. Snohomish was then our near est postoffice and trading place, fif teen miles distant and a road only about one-half the way, the rest being trackless forest, but together with four or five sturdy settlers we cut a road through to our place and then I began to clear land and put in a small crop that spring. While I was clearing my first land some of the settlers from Snohomish came up and said it was too bad young Anderson was throwing his time away clearing high land. I made up my mind I would show them, and I went to work with a will and determination to succeed. We feel today that we have in a measure suc ceeded, for we are just finishing our second crop of clover hay for this year, making a yield of five or six tons to the acre, and it sells at from $10 to $20 per ton. Our potatoes yield from two to four hundred bushels to the acre and sell from three-fourths to two cents per pound, and other roots such as beets, turnips and carrots, yield 300 to 600 bushels to the acre. Small fruits yield enormous crops. We have an orchard of about, two hundred and fifty trees —apples, pears, plums, cherries and prunes. It compares very favorably with the river bottom or chards. For dairying we think we have the ideal place. Our cows bring us in an average of $66 each year, besides raising the heifer calves. Butter sells from 25 to 35 cents par pound. Beef brings from t% to 4 cents on foot. Dressed oork sells at the present time for 8 cents per pound. Chickens sell from 14 to 20 cents per pound, and The R>anctv* 6ggl bring from 30 to 40 cents per dozen. Taking everything into con sideration we feel that we have done well to stay by the old homestead, for at the present, time we have a good home with all the necessities of life. Though our land here on the Sound is hard to clear, we feel we are well paid for our labor in the abundant and never-failing crops received, to gether with its mild winters and pleas ant summers it make the ideal home for the farmer. Yours truly, G. W. ANDERSON. Granite Falls. A MAN'S EXPERIENCE. Editor The Ranch: I came to Washington fourteen years ago and bought eighty acres of up land two miles northeast of Marys ville. Have cleared twelve acres free of stumps with very little help. I have cleared some land that cost $80 an acre, counting time, and the next year made more than that in potatoes and cabbage. The balance of my land is mostly in pasture. Have four acres set out in fruit trees, mostly bearing. From a piece of ground about six square rods we one year sold $30 worth of straw berries besides all we could can and eat. I have this year sold $7 worth of apples from a single tree set out eight years ago. We raise a good garden and find a ready sale for all our veg etables in Marysville. This year I raised 300 sacks (100 pounds per sack) of potatoes on one and one-half acres of ground. We keep about eight milch cows, ship the cream to the Everett Cream ery, and find it profitable. Also we have about that many head of young stock, and two horses. We raise about eight pigs during the summer. Have an average of sixty chickens, which yield a good profit. The climate is very healthy. Neither my wife nor I have been sick a day in the time we have been here. Our six children are strong and healthy. I would not trade for the best 160 --acre farm in the East. Unimproved land is selling from $10 to $30. We have good roads and free rural de livery, very truly, C. H. QUAST. Maiysville. HORTICULTURE. (Continued from Page 9.) and makes things go. He is not fill ing this place to get notoriety or to get into office. He has been urged to become a candidate for representative in our state legislature and could be easily elected, but he has steadfastly refused his consent to run. He will do good work in his present position, as he does in every position he fills. * * The Northwest Fruit Growers' Asso ciation held a very pleasant and prof itable meeting in Vancouver, B. C, in December past. I had to turn down a very pressing invitation to attend this meeting and read a paper. Judging from the newspaper reports the at tendance from Washington was not very good. This was no doubt in part due to the fact that the fruit growers of Washington had their hearts set on attending the state convention in Wal la Walla and could not very well at tend both meetings. Some have ex pressed the opinion that the North west Fruit Growers' Association has served its purpose and would better cease to meet. I have felt inclined to that opinion myself, but some of the good men who make the meetings of this association so pleasant and suc cessful resent this idea. One thing is certain that where such men as E. L. Smith, J. R. Anderson, I. A. Mason and many others whom I might name, get together they will have a good time and scatter much light on horticulture. E. L. Smith, of Hood River, Oregon, was again elected president; H. M. Williamson, Portland, Oregon, secre tary, and G. R. Castner, Hood River, Oregon, treasurer. The next meeting is to be in Portland in December next. I have a number of inquiries that must go over till our next issue. Be patient, friends, and I will help you all I can. During the winter months is the time to do your planning for the summer's work. Some work can be done in the winter time as well or better than at any other time. I was over on my fruit ranch a few days re- Uncle Sam's Arguments have always been sound because he always argues that the man who is successful is the man who knows his business, and knows that he knows it. But one person cannot know all about all lines— we know about tho home decorating art. Because we know that we know our business we have Issued a booklet to assist our patrons of the country In being sure of the best effect and lasting results, when decorating their homes. It Tells I m It Will t t '•^r w i^Hit Assist To prepare the best paste. @Srarjßffj/ia*V)? Paste. In selectlng the best To prepare sizing to AtfUfjß^W combinations of colors size the walls. J=s^#S§§^ for your various rooms. To cut the paper so it r^j4 'ITS^ Tn determining wheth will match perfectly. WsTAVgL ]j er you wish to tint or iv T"hans paper COrrCCt- [^^SmJjjl )i;"' er "■ given room ' And a whole lot of ///^WtW^ In m'eventin S a dozen other things you should Jfil vJ^ little mistakes, any one know before you clean M£l^ of which might spoil the house and redecorate **^Sfigft good results of a lot of your home. _— ' hard work and expense. Our Art Department Is at your command through the medium of this booklet, I and we have spent a lot of time as well as money on this I department." It means everything to the appearance of a I home to have an artist avoid the little conflicts of color which spoil the effect of expensive papers. — This booklet is free for the asking. After you have received it, if you want to buy from us, well and good, but you do not need to unless you choose to. Federal Paint and Wall Paper Co, 1314 First Avenue SEATTLE - - - WASH. The Best Fence Made in the West this fence is Best because it deals with local conditions. We don't want to puff ourselves too much, but we do know that we know what is best in western fencing ma terials. We feel and we know that there are conditions governing fenc ing in Washington and all over the West that are never met with in the East. There is a difference between building a fence for a flat prairie country and making one for side hill farms, crossing ravines, gulleys, and other irregularities in the soil. We have made a little book about our fence. Like the fence it is the best we know how to make. It was written, printed and published for the sole purpose of informing you about the qualities that go to make the best fence ever made for the Western farmer. We want you to write for this book today. Do not delay. Write today. Send at once. A postal card will get this book free. Send now, while you think of it. The Seattle Wire Fabric Company 620 NEW YORK BLOCK, SEATTLE, WASHINGTON cently. The "boys" with their hired men were busy pruning, sawing wood with our gasoline engine and sawing scions for top-working something like 1,000 apple trees the coming spring. By the way, we have bought another gasoline engine and with it a complete 10 spraying outfit. We now have two such engines and outfits. For five years we have used a gasoline engine and a spraying outfit attached, and also a hand spraying outfit. Now we can discard the hand sprayer. I will describe the new outfit in a later issue.