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DAIRY DEPARTMENT CLEANER MILK WANTED. No branch of agriculture has made greater progress in the last decade than has dairying. The first dairy school In America was in Wisconsin in 1890, with two students. This may be set down as the starting point in directing attention to the es sential requirements for the proper production, distribution and utilization of milk. In this subject city and country are alike interested. Kansas City, Mo., receives milk from 4,000 farms, within a radius of 65 miles from that city. New York City consumes 3.500,000 pounds of milk daily, from 35,000 farms at 700 shipping stations. Everyx American city would use more milk if it were accessible. There is no product so sensitive to taint and contamination as milk; therefore cleanliness is a prime essen tial. No milk can be kept pure: if pro duced from a filthy food, filthy water, filthy yards, filthy stables, in impure air, drawn by slovenly milkers, or cared for in filthy pails,, cans or other utensils. Cleanliness is one of the points to which city" and state dairy and milk inspectors rightly and neces sarily must turn their attention. It is essential alike to the health of the cow and of the consumer. Lack of cleanliness in some of points enu merated is the most potent cause of infantile diseases and of the preva lence of tuberculosis so frequent in dairy stock and in mankind. The board of health of New Yor}s City declared that there is but a very small per cent of milk received there that is fit for human food without pas teurization, and some so dirty and laden with manure and other foreign matter that even this process will not make it fit. Other cities make similar reports. A recent bulletin written by Pr. E. C. Schroeder on "The Unsuspected but Dangerous Tuberculosi»«Cow" and issued by the Bureau of Animal In dustry, U. S. Dept. of Agriculture, contains m,uch valuable information on dairies and dairy products. As an indication of the prevalence of unclean milk in Washington, D. C, in experi ments made by the bureau, it was found that 121 out of 172 samples of milk showed visible deposits of dirt. The closing sentence of Mr. Sen Utsunomiya's article, entitled, "The Dairy Industry in Japan," which ap peared in Hoard's Dairyman, is very pertinent. It reveals clearly the ob servations which he made during his recent visit to this country. He vis ited a great many breeders of cattle in search for dairy animals to take back with him to Japan, and this, of course, gave him a splendid opportu nity to see just how farmers are breed ng and caring for their stock. He says: "I believe" American dai ries need first more sunshine in the stables, more care regarding clean linefs in milking^ more attention to stamping out and lastly, better pure bred sires." To this subject the dairy officials of this state have been devoting con-< siderable attention with more or less tangible results. This is evidenced by the howls that have followed their vis its to the dairy sections, where they have required dairymen and milk deal ers to clean up and occupy better quar ters in better locations. In this mat ter the larger concerns are frequently the worst offenders. Several who have made from $4,000 to $6,000 a year have milk that is rich in butter fat and up to every re quirement except those of purity and cleanliness, and condensaries are $>o oporating with the state and county authorities in bringing about a re form. This will be for the good of a valuable industry. Tiie R;anctu City authorities are again after the | poor dairyman to force him to serve pure milk to the consumer at the very modest price which the consumer wants to give. Of course some dairy- j men do belong to the great unwashed ' class, but there are also many con-1 sumers whose domestic arrangements are such that pure, clean milk would form a startling contrast to other sur roundings. The dairyman is not the; only one who needs disinfecting—! there are others. —Vahson Island j News. DAIRYING IN WASHINGTON. Advance copies of a report to be issued by the federal statistical de oartment show that there are 184,000 milk cows in the state of Washington, the average value being $38 a head, il«o» 389 other cattle, averaged at $18 i head, the aggregate value being ■daced at $7,002,000. The report also shows that there are 21,194,000 milch 'ows in the United States, having an iverage value of $30.67, or a total value of $"650,057,000; and 50,073,000 Dther cattle averaging $16.80, the ag rregat'e value being $845,938,000. One hundred and eighty-two thou sand hogs are reported, the total val uation amounting to $1,410,000. Most of the hogs for Washington are bought in Nebraska and low^. Dairymen say there is need for 100, --000 additional milch cows in eastern Washington alone and that the prod ucts of again as many more could be disposed of to advantage in the Pacific itates. To emphasize this they point to the fact that $5,000,000 worth of butter and dairy products wa^import ed into the Spokane country, called the Inland Empire of the aPciflc North west, in 1907, and they say, there is every reason to believe that the mid dle western states will send a sim ilar amount this year. The farmers in this part of the country are buying a better grade of cattle; in fact, ex perts declare that the best on the continent are to be found here, but there are not enough of them to sup ply the demand, which is growing to enormous proportions. The annual report of the Stan wood Co-operative Cannery Association shows that there were 258,552 pounds of butter .manufactured from 214,102 pounds of butter fat, making an over rua of practically 20 76-100 per cent. Two hundred and fifty-six thousand, nine hundred and sixty-nine pounds of butter were sold for $80,232.02, making an average price of 31 J22-100 cents per pound. There were received from the patrons 214,102 pounds of butter fat amounting to $68,580.53, making an average price of 32 3-100 cents per pound. It cost 2 8-100 cents per pound to manufacture and market 258, --552 pounds of gutter. This includes all expenses, such as hauling, wages at creamery,- salt, boxes, tubs, butter wrappers, etc. The total receipts and expenses for the year amounted to $90,017.18," as against $75,496.12 in 190 C. This is an excellent showing. The editors of The Ranch were fa vored recently with a call from Mr. Ralph Stoddard, Assistant General Manager of the De Laval Dairy Sup ply Co., of New York. Mr. Stoddard has been making a tour of the com pany's branches at San Francisco, Los Angeles, Portland, Seattle, Vancouver and Winnipeg, and is als^on the Coast to install the new Pacific Coast mana ger, J. N. Gilman, at San Francisco. Mr. Stoddard is very much impressed with the future possibilities of the dairy industry in Washington and Ore gon, and says that the Puget Sound country Is one of the ideal dairy coun tries of the world. He says the dairy men should develop the influstrj '^ftf SWEEPING || Jsß|F THF 15 *' ft "■' \ I II l BM9 w^ ILL" H jl THE 1908 IMPROVED ■ I De Laval I | CREAM | [separators I U[ Sales to date more than double any previous year. BB j||B New L9OB Catalogue -as interesting and superior as the ma- HH ij chines themselves to be had for the asking. ■■ I De Laval Dairy Supply Co. II H loß L o°B Lang n E q 8t" Qencral Offices: portlandSor^g. » H 42 E C MH.CAGO TRT 101 DRUMM STREET, '° SEATTLE** ' BH I 74 Cnew ayor Sk tr"T SAN FRANCISCO. vancouve'r. b. c. ; 8 Bjl ■T FOR 16 YEARS THE BEST! l==^jm 1 STILL BETTER ®P-» 1 UNITED STATES QmjgggMk-- - m Cream Separators. 1 SSbj^Bßb^^ HH The United States has always, since its introduction, separated |H Xl more cream from the milk, and has done it more thoroughly 111 Kfl and quickly than any other separator. The figures of the public ■■ ■B national and international tests demonstrate this. ■ THE 1908 MODELS HAVE IMPROVEMENTS ■ fIV which make the handling of milk still easier, quicker and more ■■ fn profitable. They do their work more efficiently, more economic- ■O ally than any other, and are buflt to wear. In spite of the fact lH ■H that the demand is greater than ever before, and that dairymen H H^ everywhere are exchanging other makes for the leliable and efficient ■B United Stalls, the Standard separator,' we are prepared to make Jj I^l prompt deliveries anywhere. &M Rl Write to-day for " Catalogue lfo. and any desired particulars HI Ef VERMONT FARM MACHINE CO., Bellows Falls, Vt. U Distributing warehouses at :" Chicago, 111., La ("rosse, Wis., Minneapolis, Minn., Kansas t^B City, Mo., Omaha, Neb., Toledo. 0., Salt Lake City, Utah. Denver, Colo., San Francisco, Col., Spokane, Wash.,' Portland, Ore., Buffalo, N. V., Auburn, Me., ■■§ ■ Montreal and Sherbrooke, Quebec, Winnipeg, Man., Hamilton, Ont., Calgary, Alta. ■ ■I rt|M , all 111 Mil \\*m\ ■^■i mMW^^^^Hl A. a*. jjrreli., Ar.ont for Washinfirton. North of Montesano, 2511 Wetmore Avenue, Everett, Waih. - ■ ' Have you cream or eggs to ship? Write Miller, Reed, Pease Co., Seattle, Wn. 13 Can you ship us a case of eggs each wpek? We want that many or more. Miller, Reed. Pease Co., Seattle, Wn.