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The ranch. (Seattle, Wash.) 1902-1914, March 15, 1908, Image 13

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn98047754/1908-03-15/ed-1/seq-13/

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No branch of agriculture has made
greater progress in the last decade
than has dairying. The first dairy
school In America was in
Wisconsin in 1890, with two students.
This may be set down as the starting
point in directing attention to the es
sential requirements for the proper
production, distribution and utilization
of milk. In this subject city and
country are alike interested. Kansas
City, Mo., receives milk from 4,000
farms, within a radius of 65 miles from
that city. New York City consumes
3.500,000 pounds of milk daily, from
35,000 farms at 700 shipping stations.
Everyx American city would use more
milk if it were accessible.
There is no product so sensitive to
taint and contamination as milk;
therefore cleanliness is a prime essen
tial. No milk can be kept pure: if pro
duced from a filthy food, filthy water,
filthy yards, filthy stables, in impure
air, drawn by slovenly milkers, or
cared for in filthy pails,, cans or other
utensils. Cleanliness is one of the
points to which city" and state dairy
and milk inspectors rightly and neces
sarily must turn their attention. It
is essential alike to the health of the
cow and of the consumer. Lack of
cleanliness in some of points enu
merated is the most potent cause of
infantile diseases and of the preva
lence of tuberculosis so frequent in
dairy stock and in mankind.
The board of health of New Yor}s
City declared that there is but a very
small per cent of milk received there
that is fit for human food without pas
teurization, and some so dirty and
laden with manure and other foreign
matter that even this process will not
make it fit. Other cities make similar
A recent bulletin written by Pr.
E. C. Schroeder on "The Unsuspected
but Dangerous Tuberculosi»«Cow" and
issued by the Bureau of Animal In
dustry, U. S. Dept. of Agriculture,
contains m,uch valuable information
on dairies and dairy products. As an
indication of the prevalence of unclean
milk in Washington, D. C, in experi
ments made by the bureau, it was
found that 121 out of 172 samples of
milk showed visible deposits of dirt.
The closing sentence of Mr. Sen
Utsunomiya's article, entitled, "The
Dairy Industry in Japan," which ap
peared in Hoard's Dairyman, is very
pertinent. It reveals clearly the ob
servations which he made during his
recent visit to this country. He vis
ited a great many breeders of cattle
in search for dairy animals to take
back with him to Japan, and this, of
course, gave him a splendid opportu
nity to see just how farmers are breed
ng and caring for their stock.
He says: "I believe" American dai
ries need first more sunshine in the
stables, more care regarding clean
linefs in milking^ more attention to
stamping out and lastly,
better pure bred sires."
To this subject the dairy officials
of this state have been devoting con-<
siderable attention with more or less
tangible results. This is evidenced by
the howls that have followed their vis
its to the dairy sections, where they
have required dairymen and milk deal
ers to clean up and occupy better quar
ters in better locations. In this mat
ter the larger concerns are frequently
the worst offenders.
Several who have made from $4,000
to $6,000 a year have milk that is
rich in butter fat and up to every re
quirement except those of purity and
cleanliness, and condensaries are $>o
oporating with the state and county
authorities in bringing about a re
form. This will be for the good of
a valuable industry.
Tiie R;anctu
City authorities are again after the |
poor dairyman to force him to serve
pure milk to the consumer at the very
modest price which the consumer
wants to give. Of course some dairy- j
men do belong to the great unwashed '
class, but there are also many con-1
sumers whose domestic arrangements
are such that pure, clean milk would
form a startling contrast to other sur
roundings. The dairyman is not the;
only one who needs disinfecting—!
there are others. —Vahson Island j
Advance copies of a report to be
issued by the federal statistical de
oartment show that there are 184,000
milk cows in the state of Washington,
the average value being $38 a head,
il«o» 389 other cattle, averaged at $18
i head, the aggregate value being
■daced at $7,002,000. The report also
shows that there are 21,194,000 milch
'ows in the United States, having an
iverage value of $30.67, or a total
value of $"650,057,000; and 50,073,000
Dther cattle averaging $16.80, the ag
rregat'e value being $845,938,000.
One hundred and eighty-two thou
sand hogs are reported, the total val
uation amounting to $1,410,000. Most
of the hogs for Washington are bought
in Nebraska and low^.
Dairymen say there is need for 100,
--000 additional milch cows in eastern
Washington alone and that the prod
ucts of again as many more could be
disposed of to advantage in the Pacific
itates. To emphasize this they point
to the fact that $5,000,000 worth of
butter and dairy products wa^import
ed into the Spokane country, called
the Inland Empire of the aPciflc North
west, in 1907, and they say, there is
every reason to believe that the mid
dle western states will send a sim
ilar amount this year. The farmers
in this part of the country are buying
a better grade of cattle; in fact, ex
perts declare that the best on the
continent are to be found here, but
there are not enough of them to sup
ply the demand, which is growing to
enormous proportions.
The annual report of the Stan wood
Co-operative Cannery Association
shows that there were 258,552 pounds
of butter .manufactured from 214,102
pounds of butter fat, making an over
rua of practically 20 76-100 per cent.
Two hundred and fifty-six thousand,
nine hundred and sixty-nine pounds of
butter were sold for $80,232.02, making
an average price of 31 J22-100 cents
per pound. There were received from
the patrons 214,102 pounds of butter
fat amounting to $68,580.53, making an
average price of 32 3-100 cents per
pound. It cost 2 8-100 cents per
pound to manufacture and market 258,
--552 pounds of gutter. This includes
all expenses, such as hauling, wages
at creamery,- salt, boxes, tubs, butter
wrappers, etc. The total receipts and
expenses for the year amounted to
$90,017.18," as against $75,496.12 in
190 C. This is an excellent showing.
The editors of The Ranch were fa
vored recently with a call from Mr.
Ralph Stoddard, Assistant General
Manager of the De Laval Dairy Sup
ply Co., of New York. Mr. Stoddard
has been making a tour of the com
pany's branches at San Francisco, Los
Angeles, Portland, Seattle, Vancouver
and Winnipeg, and is als^on the Coast
to install the new Pacific Coast mana
ger, J. N. Gilman, at San Francisco.
Mr. Stoddard is very much impressed
with the future possibilities of the
dairy industry in Washington and Ore
gon, and says that the Puget Sound
country Is one of the ideal dairy coun
tries of the world. He says the dairy
men should develop the influstrj
'^ftf SWEEPING ||
Jsß|F THF 15
*' ft "■' \ I II l BM9
w^ ILL" H
jl THE 1908 IMPROVED ■
I De Laval I
[separators I
U[ Sales to date more than double any previous year. BB
j||B New L9OB Catalogue -as interesting and superior as the ma- HH
ij chines themselves to be had for the asking. ■■
I De Laval Dairy Supply Co. II
H loß L o°B Lang n E q 8t" Qencral Offices: portlandSor^g. »
I 74 Cnew ayor Sk tr"T SAN FRANCISCO. vancouve'r. b. c. ; 8 Bjl
■T FOR 16 YEARS THE BEST! l==^jm
1 UNITED STATES QmjgggMk-- -
m Cream Separators. 1 SSbj^Bßb^^
HH The United States has always, since its introduction, separated |H
Xl more cream from the milk, and has done it more thoroughly 111
Kfl and quickly than any other separator. The figures of the public ■■
■B national and international tests demonstrate this.
fIV which make the handling of milk still easier, quicker and more ■■
fn profitable. They do their work more efficiently, more economic-
■O ally than any other, and are buflt to wear. In spite of the fact lH
■H that the demand is greater than ever before, and that dairymen H
H^ everywhere are exchanging other makes for the leliable and efficient
■B United Stalls, the Standard separator,' we are prepared to make Jj
I^l prompt deliveries anywhere. &M
Rl Write to-day for " Catalogue lfo. and any desired particulars HI
Distributing warehouses at :" Chicago, 111., La ("rosse, Wis., Minneapolis, Minn., Kansas
t^B City, Mo., Omaha, Neb., Toledo. 0., Salt Lake City, Utah. Denver, Colo., San
Francisco, Col., Spokane, Wash.,' Portland, Ore., Buffalo, N. V., Auburn, Me., ■■§
■ Montreal and Sherbrooke, Quebec, Winnipeg, Man., Hamilton, Ont., Calgary, Alta. ■
■I rt|M , all 111 Mil \\*m\ ■^■i mMW^^^^Hl
A. a*. jjrreli., Ar.ont for Washinfirton. North of Montesano, 2511 Wetmore
Avenue, Everett, Waih. - ■ '
Have you cream or eggs to ship?
Write Miller, Reed, Pease Co., Seattle,
Can you ship us a case of eggs each
wpek? We want that many or more.
Miller, Reed. Pease Co., Seattle, Wn.

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