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formed a practical combination for a useful fowl. The shape of the Colum bians is thr H«mo as Hint of the other Wyandottes and, like tho others, is <\<\ void of feathers on their shanks. The Columbians have not been bred for a sufficient length of time to get anywhere near as perfect feathers as the Light Brahma, yet good colored birds are increasing in number each year. It will be some time before the color -will be perfect, the solid black stripe in the center of the feathers of the hackle being very hard to produce. Those who breed them must al ways keep in mind in their matings the true Wyandotte shape, avoiding long backs, long necks, long legs and narrow bodies, ever remembering that the Wyandotte fowl is a round, plump, blocky bird and is essentially a "bird of curves." TO HAVE FIRST BREED STAND- ARD. In the contest conducted by the American Poultry Association the of ficials of 124 poultry shows sent in certified lists of the number of entries of each breed shown at their respec tive shows, for which the regular en try fee had been paid, and the Plym outh Rocks won over the Wyandottes by 2,194 entries, and will be entitled to the first separate breed standard to be issued by the American Poultry As sociation in accordance with resolu tions adopted at the meeting at Niag ara Falls last August. The total en tries of each breed at the shows re porting were as follows: Plymouth Rocks 14,514 Wyandottes 12,320 Leghorns 8,740 Rhode Island Reds 5,81.2 Orpingtons 2,857 Langshams 2,153 Minorcas 1.709 Cochin Bantams 1,590 Games 1,277 Brahmas 1,181 Cochins i.OIO Hamburgs 758 Game Bantams 637 Polish 618 Houdans 538 Indians 538 Anconas 464 Sebright Bantams 423 Andalusians 311 Rose Comb Bantams 144 Javas 117 Japanese Bantams H5 Dorkings ' 105 Brahma Bantams 104 Buckeyes 95, Silkies 85 Spanish 83 Redcaps 71 Sumatras 41 Polish Bantams 37 Sultans Malays 12 Frizzles 7 Le Fleche 7 Dominiques 5 Booted Bantams 4 Malay Bantams Crevecoeurs MOVABLE ROOSTS. By movable roosts is not meant a pole or crosspiece laid on side strips, the pole to be removable and the cross pieces remain. A movable roost is one that can be taken out into the yard and cleaned, says Mirror and Farmer. Make a roost with the pole or scantling as long as desired, attach it firmly to two side standards, which should be strong but easily and simply construct ed. It should be a few inches shorter than the house for two reasons, —one so that it may be taken out more easi ly and the other so that no portion of the roost will come in contact with the side of the poultry house. Every day the roosts should be cleaned and once a week they should be taken out into the yard and thoroughly washed with a good lice killer. The nest boxes and roosts are harboring places for lice, and if they are constructed so that they can be taken out and thoroughly cleaned the lice problem will bo solved. The nests may also be constructed so that they may be removed and cleaned. Let the three sides of the nest be at tached to the bottom of the box by small hinges, and held in shape, when in use, by small hooks and eyelets. When taken out, the whole nest will open and lie flat on the ground as one board, all the cracks and crevices be ing exposed so that lice could not re main without being discovered. When replaced in the house, after being hooked together, the nests should be set upon little slats or bricks so that they do not rest on the ground. It 'Tiie R^ancfrQ will bettor prevent lice as well as pre serve thp box from decay. The roosts anil posts hip generally tho last and cheapest part of the poultry house, but it is host to put a little extra expense in them at first (although the ones mentioned are almost as cheap as the usual kind) and not be bothered by trying to get into little cracks and cor ners of the poultry house to find the lice. The loss of a very few chicks or one or two older fowls will be more than the money invested in good nests and roosts. A.-V.-P. POULTRY EXHIBIT. Preparations for the poultry show at the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition are progressing rapidly. J. L. Ander son, who has charge of this depart ment in the Livestock division, of which J. W. Clise is committee chair man, has received applications from exhibitors all over the country. Some of the most prominent breeders in the United States will be represented in the poultry show. Many letters have been received from poultry raisers in the Eastern and Middle Western States asking for application blanks with which to enter the competitions. Almost $3,500 will be distributed in prizes in the poultry department of the livestock show. These prizes and the arrangement of the classifications are considered good. There are twelve main heads under which fowls can be entered. Each principal head is di vided into several breed departments, whicn makes a total of thirty-seven subdivisions. These are divided into 105 varieties. Following is the prize summary: American, $467.50; Asiatic, $220; Mediterranean, $385; English, $192.50; Polish, $220; Dutch, $155; French, $82.50; Games, $430; Oriental Games, $137.50; Oriental Bantams, $495; mis cellaneous, $82.50. Ducks, $19|8; geese, $125; turkeys, $108. Single birds: First prize, 5; sec ond, $2.50; third, $1. Pens: First, $10; second, $6; third, $3. By some Writers it is claimed that hens that are kept only for their eggs and not for breeding purposes will do better without the presence of males, and for several reasons. Not being bothered by the male they will lay more eggs. The eggs being infertile will keep very much longer. Besides, you are not keeping the male as a star boarder. At the annual meeting of the Seattle Poultry Association the following offi cers were elected: M. C. Ware, presi dent; W. B. Kimball, vice president; N. Andersen, secretary; J. L. Craib, treasurer. The next show will be held January 19-25, 1909. W. C. Denny has been re-engaged to judge the show. This tl the way they limn it in Kansas: Cackle, cackle, Plymouth Rocks, Ye can have the wagon box, 'n' the smoke house, in the barn, Take 'cm —we don't care a darn. Cackle here and cackle there, x Lay yer, eggs jes anywhere, Every time ye lay an egg Down goes the mortgages a peg. Cackle, cackle all the day, Who kin find a better way Fer to get ahead again, Than to cultivate the hen? CLEAN EGGS FOR MARKET. Cleanliness is most essential for the appearance of eggs. No poultry man can market his eggs satisfact- orily without attention to this detail. The nests should be provided with ample straw or hay. It should be carefully noted that hens no not roost in or on the side of the boxes. It ia most objectionable to see great patches of excrement sticking to the eggs and offering these to customers. Eggs should be presented in suitable car riers and kept in a cool place. If attention were given to the details enumerated here it would mean an extra penny a dozen to the producer, and thousands of pounds extra to the industry.—lndustrious Hen. (England) The lowa Agricultural College is pre paring to make poultry experiments on a larger scale than ever. Seventeen acres have been set apar^ for poultry purposes exclusively, and the ground will be especially arranged for han dling the fowls. Say: "Saw your ad in The Ranch." BAIN WAGONS With Stake Rack Bed, or Common Box. REGULAR GEARS-HALF TRUCK GEARS-HEADER GEARS -HEAVY LUMBER GEARS. Oak hubs. Oak spokes. Oak fellow* and Hickory axles need no heavy ironing to keep them going. More good, honest quality about a Bain Wagon than any other wagon built. Bain wagons pay 100% on the investment. We have harness suitable for any wagon built. __ SEATTLE, WASH. "'^V'flfll 52Vfcfe^ Branches: JBL^PJLBJ^^J^—y-, PORTLAND, OREGON. ' "WSSSOSSSS^^ SPOKANE, WASH. LA CONNER, WASH. •"_: I : —— ; "EVERYTHING IN THE IMPLEMENT AND VEHICLE LINE." * AVONDALE POULTRY FARM HAYDEN LAKE, IDAHO Largest and most up-to-date poultry farm In the-northwest. Capacity, 25,000 birds annually. We breed: , • . S. C. Rhode Island Beds, S. C. White leg-horns,'; Barred Plymouth Bocks. Avondale birds are bred for eggs. All breeding stock Is raised on the colony plan, free range with shade, pure miming,- water and dry feed. None better. Young 1 and old stock for sale. Eggs in season from : .---.'.'-.,--■ - ■■• ■ ■•■ -■ ■■■ ■• • "' ' ■ ' '■■ ■'■'S?*A BARwAaillnn Dl>n«2. containing prize winners and pheno -3U Ortst>tllll|J ■ tfitll9 menal layers. Egg*: Setting, $3; "98; 1,000, 970. We can please you and will do it. :, DON'T YOU THINK IT TIME TO BEGIN SHIPPING YOUR POULTRY, VEAL, HOGS AND EGGS TO BURCH BROTHERS., 1305 === WESTERN AVENUE, SEATTLE s== tiurch Brothers comprise the largest wholesale Poultry Dealers on Puiet Sound. Their service is the best. Write. Do it now. BURGH BROS., 1305 Western Aye., Seattle, Wash. White Rocks. S. C. Buff Orpingtons. S. C. Buff Leghorns. White Wyandottes. Rhode I. Reds. S. C. Blk. Minorcas Silver Wyandottes. Houdans. S. S. Hamburghs. EGGS $1.50 FOR 15. AUBURN POULTRY FARM B. 7. D. Ho. 1 Auburn, Waib. MADRONA POULTET PABM. Happy, Handiomt, Hardy, Hurt- Ung —Houdans, Buff Orpingtons, Buff Cochins, White Wyandottes, White Minorcas, Barred Rocks, Indian Run ner Ducks. All of these breeds *roat est money makers on the farm. Have bred them for years to lay, weigh, win and pay. Large, vigorous, early maturing, heavy winter layers of fine large-eggs. A rooster from us will doubTl the value and productiveness of your flock. Foundation stock very reasonable. Grand male birds, $2.50 to >5> each. Hens and pullets, $2.50 to $4. Fine fertile eggs, $1.60 to It per setting; $7 to $12 per 100. Want your trade and can please you with a square deal at honest pricos. Corre spondence or advice a pleasure. M» drona Poultry Farm, K. B. Orr, Jr., Sec Box 4, Richmond B_each. Wash. 12 Blanch a rd's Poultry Eg* a for hatching from selected standard bred layers of Barred Plymouth Books, White Plymouth Books, 0. O. Brown I.eghorn*, S. C. White leghorns and S. C. Blaok Minorca*. Settings of 12 eggs, 2.00; two set tings. $3.50. >;/:■ 17.00 •er 100 eggs of Rocks and Mlnorcas; $6.00 per 100 eggs of Leg horns. . i Liberal discount on lots of 200 eggs and over. M. 1.. BI.AIH3HABP. Kadloek. Wash. Say: "Saw your ad in The Ranch."