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VOL. XXVI. NO. 16. First National Conservation Congress Mayor Joel Shomaker, Chairman of the Washington State Conservation Commission, has issued the following proclamation: "Whereas, The First National Con servation Congress of the United States of America, will be held in, the Auditorium of the Alaska-Yukon-Pa ciflc Exposition, Seattle, Washington, August 26, 27, 28, 1909, under the aus pices of the Washington Conservation Association, and with the approval of the Conservation Commissions, Com mittees of States and the Joint Com mittee between States and Nations; and "Whereas, It is necessary that the most active and brilliant men and women of our country be enlisted in a vigorous campaign of public educa tion, for properly disseminating the principles of conservation among the people, in order that we may conserve, protect and perpetuate the natural re sources of land and water, prevent individual waste and national extrav agance and assist in instructing all the people in the art of conserving and utilizing our natural resources for the benefit of present and future genera tions; and "Whereas, The Congress promises to be a general convocation place for many prominent leaders in the states manship, representing the best thoughts of the Nation, and the exec utive, educational and religious per sonality of various communities on the roadway to modern progress, and will present an exceptional opportunity for obtaining practical knowledge of the fundamental principles of conserva- tion; "Now, therefore, I, Joel Shomaker, Chairman of the Washington State Conservation Commission, do extend a most cordial invitation to all people interested in the subject of conserva tion, to attend the First National Con servation Congress of the United States of America, in Seattle, Washington, August, 26, 27, 28, 1909, and, on be half of the Conservation Commission of the State of Washington, do wel come every visitor and delegate car rying the banner of conservation and seeking to uplift humanity to a higher appreciation of the values bestowed upon our people, through the gifts in natural resources, from the hands of Mother Earth." JOEL SHOMAKER, Chairman Washington Conservation Commission. The First National Conservation Congress of the United States will be held in the Auditorium of the Alaska- Yukon-Pacific Exposition, Seattle, Washington, August 26, 27, 28, 1909. Arrangements for the convention are being perfected by the Executive Board of the Washington Conserva tion Association, comprising some of the most representative citizens of ;he state. It is planned to make of that meeting the most interesting gathering of conservationists since the Convention of Governors, at the National Capital, when former Presi dent Theodore Roosevelt launched the campaign for concerted action of States and Nations in conserving nat ural resources. The state legislature, in extraordi nary session, has passed a joint reso lution, inviting the President of the United States to attend the Congress and deliver an address. This has been supplemented by the Governor and the chairman of the State Con- SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, AUGUST 15, 1909. Will Sound Keynote to Progress servation Commission and approved by the various commissions and com .mittees and the joint committee be tween states and nations. The offi cials of the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Ex- position are making preparations for entertaining many of the leading ex ecutives and dignitaries of state and nation. An elaborate program is being pre pared and will be distributed to those intending to participate in the several sessions. In addition to President Taft, speeches are expected from the following well-known gentlemen: Hon. R. A. Ballinger, Secretary of the Inte rior; Hon. James Wilson, Secretary of Applying Mulch to Conserve Moisture. Agriculture; Gifford Pinchot, chali man Joint Conservation Committee; F. H. Newell, chief Reclamation Ser vice ; Dr. W. J. McGee, secretary of the White House Conservation Confer- ence of Governors; John A. Ransdell, president National Rivers and Har bors Congress; Dr. Charles W. Elliott, of Harvard; Prof. Irving Fisher, of Yale; John Mitchell, vice-president American Federation of Labor; Seth Low, president National Civic Feder ation, and governors of states and members of state commissions. James J. Hill, the great railroad builder and pioneer in western trans portation on land and sea, will be In vited to give the Congress the bene fit of his long years of practical ex perience in conserving of numerous resources. J. E. Chilberg, president of the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposi tion, will welcome the visitors and discuss the many features of conserva- tion displayed in the numerous exhib its of that western wonderland. Frank H. Lamb, of the Washington State Commission, .will introduce the dele gates to the great possibilities of for estry on the Pacific Coast. The sub jects of irrigation, dry farming, soils, minerals and grasses are to receive proper attention and special sessions Keep Your Name Before The Public "We all remember the fable of the wind and the sun, who attempted to take off the traveler's coat. The wind blew his hardest, strongest and best, but the traveler only wrapped his cloak the more tightly about him. Then the sun beamed upon him, silently, and its warmth made the traveler remove his cloak. So silently works the press, and so efficiently is its work done. Advertise, advertise, advertise! Tell the truth, but keep your name and your stock before the public until it learns to associate your name with the variety, and the variety with your name." —Selected. of the Congress are to be devoted to consideration of protective measures for birds, fishes and wild animals of nature. The topics of pure food and public morals and the relations of capital to labor in conservation prob lems will be given ample time' for meritorious discussion. The famous Mormon Tabernacle choir, of six hundred voices, prom ises to be one of the interesting fea tures of the Conservation Congress. The celebration of Utah Week at the Exposition occurs simultaneously with the Congress, and entertainments may be merged in order to give visitors an opportunity to hear the choir ren- der the famous Irrigation Ode, pre pared expressly for singing in nation al conventions. Hon. John Henry Smith will be requested to deliver an address on "Pioneer Life in Utah," which will cover the many problems of conservation practiced by those pioneers who have transformed the Great American Desert into a para dise of homes surrounded by gardens and orchards of plenty. Other church dignitaries, representing prominent religious organizations of the world have been invited to participate in the deliberations of the Congress. Conservation is the watchword of day the throughout the State of Wash ington. The natural resources com prise almost everything required to build an independent commercial com munity of prosperous citizens. There are possibilities in soil and climate, in water and forests and in minerals and the depths of the sea. But the spirit of modern commercialism threatens to destroy the sources of wealth if not properly restrained by public sentiment and the enforcement of conservation laws. It is the pur pose of the people to take immediate steps to conserve that which supplies the necessities and comforts of life before it is too late to close the water- 50c Per Year, 10c the Copy ways of destruction. The first Na tional convention of conservationists will be an educational festival. Cereals and vegetables will continue to be the staple food supply of the world. The problem before American farmers is how to conserve soil fer tility without depending entirely on manure. I have written to a large number of experiment stations on this subject, and without exception the replies corroborate the teachings of the Illinois College of Agriculture. Dr. Hopkins, who is regarded as the fore most authority on this subject, advo cates a four year rotation with clover or other legume as one of the crops to be plowed under in order to furnish humus. He recommends ground lime stone on acid soils to enable the clover to thrive, and the application of finely ground rock phosphate of known high quality. With this plan must go the saving of all waste and the return to the soil of all manures made on the farm. There must be no burning of straw or stubble, but all roughage must be plowed under in some form. This is of course but a bald outline of a system of perma nent agriculture recommended by scientific men who have studied the problem.—Farmers' Voice. CONSERVING MOISTURE "All advocates of dry land farming will advise conservation of moisture in the soil," says O. W. Bryant, irriga tion manager in charge of Colorado and "WYoming, with headquarters at Cheyenne, Wyoming. "This is, no doubt, the most important, factor en tering into scientific dry land farming. Some teachers show us one way to prepare the soil for the retention of moisture, while others discuss meth ods slightly different, but they all come to the same conclusion, viz.: that a blanket of fine soil mulch must cover the ground to prevent excessive evaporation. "The truth of the efficiency of this soil mulch is nicely shown in Bulletin 177, by Dr. Fortier, of the office of Experiment Stations, United States Department of Agriculture. In one experiment water was applied to a depth of 3.14 inches to several tanks of earth and varying dry soil mulches were placed over the wet earth. The tanks were allowed to stand 14 days. At the end of this time the soil with no mulch lost .72 of an inch; that with a four-inch mulch lost .21 Inch; that with an eight-inch mulch lost .10 inch, and that with an ten-inch mulch lost but .03 inch. In another experi ment where the soil was cultivated six inches deep after a regular irrigation, 50 per cent less moisture was lost than where the soil was not cultivated at all. These experiments were car ried on for several years and the re sults show conclusively that a soil mulch is a potent factor in the mate rial success of dry land farming." The Herald man picked up a penny on the streets as he was leaving Kan sas last April. Today he picked up a dime on the street here. There is just about that difference in the op portunities in Kansas and Washing ton. And Kansas is a pretty good state, too.—Mount Vernon News-Her ald.