Draft Mares in Demand.
Modern f«rm methods have resulted
in the use of much more and heavier
machines than were in use, say even
as late as ten years ago. The diso
harrow, the spring tooth harrow, the
riding and gang plow, potato diggers
and planters, three row cultivators.
The headers and combination harvest
ing machines of various kinds all re
quire greater horse power than those
in use a decade ago. Manufacturers
alive to the demands have provided
these machines and up-to-date farmers
have been glad to purchase them.
Heretofore it has been a by-word with
horse dealers that "Farmers don't
buy good draft horses. " Gradually
this dictum is passing. The teaming
linns of the city and the merchants
requiring delivery teams have hereto
fore been their best customers. It is
the farmers, however, who raise these
good horses, and with the advent of
the heavier machinery. The neigh
bors of the good breeder are learning
the lesson, and more and more are
after the good heavy ones when they
Heavier machinery and higher pric
ed farm help have both tended to the
adoption of heavier horses. Our dry
farming experiments and teachings
have more than the old fashioned
style of farming, tended greatly to
show the inestimable benefits of more
and better cultivation. Scratching
the soil with a pair of burros hitched
to a bushy tree, or a spike toothed
harrow may grow a crop when the
soil is new and the ground rich, but
intensive and economic methods all
indicate that a good team of draft
mares is the most profitable live stock
to keep on the farm. The small
team will eat nearly as much, and a
colt from the small mare is in very
poor demand, even at a small price.
A big draft colt is always salable
after it reaches a year old.
If ycu have a small team better get
rid of it at the first favorable oppor
tunity and buy a team of high grade
mares. When buying look for type.
Big Profits from Raising Hogs
if You Feed Them
Union Meat Company's Digester Tankage—6o °to Protein
Made Exclusively for Use as a Hog Feed
To show the handsome profits possible from feeding Digester Tankage
we give the following tests carried on at Oregon Experiment Station:
Teat No. I— Hogs were fed equal parts Test No. t— A lot of shoats weighing
shorts and ground barley in connection 455 lbs. were fed on Digester Tankage
with our Digester Tankage, showed 48% for 60 days and showed, at the end of
profit in 60 days. \ that time, a gain of 500 lbs.
Digester Tankage is a sure Profit Maker. We have more informa
tion regarding it which we will be pleased to send you upon the
receipt of your name and address.
Union Meat Co :: North Portland, Ore.
ML j)^l Use Indestructible Hameless Horse and Mule Collars
/f To prevent and cure sore shoulders. No names, pads or straps; stronger,
*■<* ff/IV^fS vim\\\ lighter, better. Made of metal and zinc coated. Guaranteed not to rust in
7—^ SI I By V/n Hi uny climate. Adjustable In size to fit animal if spring fat or fall poor.
F"V\e/ 11— li/ WL. Holds it'a shape. Cheaper because everlasting. Easy to put on and take oft.
/, + i!Lxr£i^/r\^J£9 Writ* today YP A CDrC TRIAI with freight prepaid.
\ 7//// fiT^^lL. for our ItiAKiJ IxdCi 1 KIA.JL 100,000 now in use.
tT sfifk. JT II x Endorsed by veterinaries and team owners as the only collar fit to use on
O^&y^^^i. A/nP" horse or mule. Used by City Fire Departments and U. S. Government. Sold
«^*3a^ Jo}s~^£r direct where dealer does not handle them. Good agents wanted. Address
Jo£Br*L JOHNSTON-SLOCUM CO.. 791 State Street. CAROJVIICHIGAN_
If you are an admirer of the Shire or
Clyde, see that the characteristics of
that noble race are well pronounced.
If you want a Percheron get a mated
pair of that type. Do not buy one of
each type, simply because you may
happen to find a good heavy mare of
each, and perhaps at a cheaper price.
A pair cf good matched colts will
makeup the ditt'ei'ence when they are
ready for sale.
If you can afford it, pure bred maies
will pay proportionately greater re
turns and bring greater pride and
satisfaction in their daily use. Pure
bred draft mares are 3elling at from
four hundred to six hundred dollars
in Illinois and the central states,
while it takes nearly $300 to buy a
good grade draft mare of pronounced
type. Of course if a man buys in the
East the freight will be a considerable
item but not sufficient to overcome
the difference in value. There have
been a number of pure bred sales of
draft mares in Illinois and lowa this
winter. The prices ranged from $745
to $650. Buyers were on hand from
many states. It pays, and draft mares
are in demand.
We predict that within three years
similar sales of mares will average
one hundred to two hundred dollars
better than the above figures.
Beef Cattle in Pacific Northwest
Mr. Robert Burt, Jr.,
Dear Sir: —There are sections of the
state where the breeding of beef cattle
can be carried on profitably and to
good advantage, but on our higher
priced lands there are phases of the
live stock business that will prove
more profitable at present. Ido not
wish to be understood as stating that
beef breeding is a thing of the past in
Washington, but I do feel that the
lack of interest in beef breeding on
our smaller farms is directly the
result of market conditions which in
the past few years have made the
There is no question but that we
are drawing very close to a scaroity
of beef cattle in the Northwest, but
my opinion is that it will be a good
thing for the industry if we allow the
consumer to realize the scarcity as
this will have a tendency to shove up
the price paid for good beef cattle.
If we urge people to go into the busi
ness before the time is ripe they are
likely to quit in disgust.
Regarding the closing out of pare
bred herds, I nm firmly of the opinion
that the owners are making a mistake
and that those who have held on so
long should, by all means, continue
in the business for a while longer.
There is every evidence that in the
very near future there will be a
materially increased demand for pure
bred beef animals. It may be that 1
am mistaken in the interpretation of
the signs of the times, but 1 feel that
you will understand my reason for
not placing myself on record as boost
ing the beef industry on our smaller
Very truly yours,
W. T. MoDONALD.
Feeding the Champion Steer.
Editor The Ranch: —The ohampion
steer at the Northwest Live Stock
Show, held at Portland recently, was
only a grade shorthorn. I bought
him when he was about ten months
old. He ran with my range cattle
until September 10, 1910. I then put
him on rolled oats for about thirty
days; next I fed half rolled oats and
half barley chop for thirty days.
Then I quit the oats and put half
rolled wheat with barley chop for the
next thirty days. The next thirty he
was fed rolled wheat straight. The
last forty days I fed him rolled corn.
On September 10th, when he was
put on feed his weight was 1270
pounds; when sold in Portland dur
ing the show, he weighed 1550, or a
gain of about one and one-half pounds
per day. It required about thirty
days to get him on full feed. After
this he ate on au average of about 18
pounds per day. He never was off
feed, but ate that amount very
regularly but would take no more.
For roughage he had about 15 pounds
of wild hay daily.
E. W. COLES.
Dried Malt Grains as a Stock
Of recent years brewers malt grains
have come into use as a stockfood,
and have been found to excel other
stockfoods. especially for dairy cows.
At Brat it was the custom to feed
the grains in the wet form as it came
from the mash, but where the grains
can be procured in the dry form, it
is preferred by all dairymen. Malt
grains are especially adapted as a
dairy feed ou account of the protein
which is contained in the grains, and
which produces more and richer milk
than any other feed. As the grains
are cheaper than other food stuffs it
can readily be seen that it is a profit
able investment for dairymen.
The New Jersey Agriculture Ex
periment Station at New Brunswick,
recommends for the average cow, a
ration of four pounds dried brewers
grains, four pounds wheat bran, one
and oue-half pounds cotton meal,
with a proportionate amount of
roughage, such as hay, silage, corn
stalks, etc. Judgment of course,
should be used in feeding, as some
cows are larger consumers than others,
the amount to be fed ranging from
five to fourteen pounds per ration.
In thisTsection [dairymen make a
Warrantmd to Glvm Satisfaction.
Has Imitators But No Competitors.
A Safe, Speedy and Positive Cure for
Curb, Splint. Sweeny, Capped Hock,
Strained Tendons, Founder, Wins
Puffs, and all lameness from Spavin,
Ringbone and other bony tumors.
Cures all skin diseases or Parasites,
Thrush, Diphtheria. Removes all
Bunches from Horses or Cattle.
As a Human Remedy for Rheumatism,
Bprains, Sore Throat, etc., It in invaluable.
Every bottle of Caustic Balsam fold is
Warranted to (five satisfaction. Price $1,60
per bottle. Sold by druggists, or eeut by ex
press, charges paid, with full directions for
Its use. BTSend for descriptive circulars,
testimonials, etc. Address
The Lawrence-Williams Co..Cleveland, 0.
mash consisting of equal parts of dried
malt grains and bran or shorts. It is
a wise dairyman who feeds malt grains
if he can obtain them. —J. 11.
j^^^Zljl^^C/ The one remedy you can always de-
pend '"> to cure Spavin, Curb. Splint,
HR^tH(k jfil Ringbone or any lameness. Thou-
BMI likt^^. sands have proved it invaluable.
MllaßßiTiA Get a bottle from your druggist.
— tm^^rmiSKa Price per bottle $1. 6 for $5. ' "Treat.
WSSl^r^9* ise on the Horse l;ree at drug
KHBB gist or from Mr. 11. .1. KENDALL (I).,
Bfl^K^ Knusliur falls, Vt., I . S. A.
l;ir>k^ for sale
*JC1(>1Il9 OR TRADE
. Black with white points,
14J4 hands high, weight
jHfc^ . about 825 lbs. Perfectly
*^HwMßa broken in every way. A
WpBBBt^S sure breeder of fine, large
V |H stylish mules with good
—^Jj^^^Jl dispositions, ago 8 years
price *650. Will take part
cash and balance trade for good horses, or make
satisfactory terms to purchaser !f security can be
given. Come and see the mules sired by this
Charles I. Mundy, EUt"Sf.WASH- eI
HH Duroc Swine
I am now booking orders for Gilts bred to
Champion of Northwest, winner at both State
and Interstate fairs. Also for pigs of October
farrow out of prize A. Y. P. stock. Fine males
ready for service.
C. McClelland, Sunnyside, Wash.
I Cured My Rupture
I Will Show You How To
Cure Yours FREE!
I was helpless and bed-ridden for years from a
double rupture. No truss could hold. Doctors
said 1 would die if not operated on. I fooled them
all and cured myself by a simple discovery. I will
send the cure free by mall If you write for It. It
cured me and has since cured thousands. It will
Fill out the coupon below and mall it to me today
Free Rupture-Cure Coupon
CAPT. W. A. COLUNGS,
Box 628, Water/own, M. Y.
Dear Sir:—Please send me free of all cost your
New Discovery for the Cure of Rupture.
Write to advertisers in "The
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