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and feed much the same ration as the
pullets. A good growth is what is
most desired and they must be kept
growing all the time, watched careful
ly and never allowed to get off their
feed. They are not such good rustlers
as the pullets and need even greater
care to prevent them from losing
appetite. Lots of green food must
be furnished them unless they are
out on pasture and their ration varied
as much as is possible while properly
constituted. A light feed of kidney
suet once or twice a week is a great
appetizer and conditioner, and when
this can be had and some soy bean
meal (Proteina) mixed into their dry
mash not much meat is needed in ad
dition ; an occasional very light feed
of green bone or beef heads ground
up, bone meat and all, being sufficient.
Nix on the dried meat scraps for the
growing stock; feed it to the rose
bushes and the cabbages.
I have several letters from readers
who have had poor hatches biought
oft' by hens recently and as they are
all concerned with the larger breeds
1 think that in some of these cases
too much oyster shells or other forms
of lime have been supplied the breed
ing birds. Rocks, Reds, Orps and
other heavy varieties have heavier
shells than the light weight breeds
and the breeding birds should not be
fed too much lime. Another frequent
Busy asphalt-diggers in Trinidad Lake
Natural asphalt is the
the Trinidad-Lake-Asphalt Roofing
And natural oils are the
life of Trinidad Lake
asphalt. They do not
evaporate when exposed
to sun and air like the oils
of coal-tar and other resid
ual pitch roofings. This
is why Genasco does not
crack and leak and go to
pieces. It stays lastingly
Mineral or smooth sur
face. Fully guaranteed.
The Kant-leak Kleet waterproofs the
seams of roofing without dauby cement,
and prevents nail-leaks.
Ask your dealer for Genasco with
Kant-leak Kleets packed in the roll.
/^pg^[o\ The Barber Asphalt
(R-^^itFll Paving Company
Vjfv^JVV^L^^y^ mmufactuten ef ««dj nuflßg In tlio world.
'^t^M i hiladelphia
New York San Francisco Chicago
Bi-ction Genusco Stone-turface Roofing
™r™*J7 lJa™al*?'?f Trinidad ] lkl . Asphalt
g- — •=■--^a-tES..-=--=s.^? Asphalt-saturated Wool Felt
■•■■■^■■■■■■■■iTrini.l.ri Lake Asphalt
K^a>" ■ ■ _.■ '-il^*^ Asphalt saturate.! Wool Felt
cause of poor hHtches, with hens as
well as incubators, is lack of sufficient
moisture. Unless a few inches of
fresh loam is placed in the bottom of
nest at the beginning of hatch there
will not be sufficient moisture and
the eggs need a sprinkling midway
in the hatch and again on the eighteen
th day of incubation.
It is always a pleasure to hear from
Ranch readers regarding their actual
experiences in chicken raising and I
wish more of them would favor us in
that way. While the following letter
from Mrs. Eva Pearsall, of Enum
claw, Wash., was not intended for
publication it falls in so pat with a
subject we have been discussing in
these columns recently that 1 have
decided to print it now, trusting that
I will not incur the writer's dis
pleasure by so doing. The experiences
of oapable and successful poultry
raisers, thus given at first hand, are
of great benefit to the average reader.
Mrs. Pearsall writes as follows:
"Yours of the 4th inst. received and
I thank you for the enclosed article
on the distillate room brooder and
the accompanying view. 1 had read
the article in The Ranch and quite
approved, for I too have visited the
large poultry ranches of Petaluma,
and others in the vicinity of San
Francisco, and am this season using
a Hunter distillate burner with the
room brooder system and rind the
system a huge success. The saving of
labor is tremendous ani a sturdier
bunch of chicks 1 could not wish for.
It seems peculiarly suited to our
climate. I have added a strip of glass
across the south side of my house and
feel perfectly independent of the un
Another trouble that a few of The
Ranch family are having is the loss
of young chicks by indigestion and
from a study of the details furnished
i think the cause in every instance
has been the feeding of the clucks
too soon after hatching and too copious
a supply of drinking water at the
start. Thirty six hours after com
pletion of hatch is soon enough for
the first feed, which should be a very
sparing one and include some fine
grit or sharp sand and no water
should be given them until an hour
after that first feed and that too
should be given sparingly the lirst
time. lam glad to be able to state
that no cases of white diorrhoea have
been reported as yet.
A Federation for Country Life
One of the most remarkable federa
tions, and one that would have been
laughed at before President Roosevelt
appointed his Country Life Com
mission, recently met at Bloomintou,
111. Twenty-eight counties were rep
resented by more than thirty organiza
tions. There were ninety delegates,
fifty-four of them from outside Mo-
Lean county, of which Bloomington
is the county seat. The Grange had
twelve, farmers' institute live, country
teachers' association fifteen, the
church seven, the legislature three.
In addition to this, there were several
county superintendents, a most hope
ful sign. The motto adopted is;
Country community building. The
platform is as follows:
(1) Local country community
(2) The federation of all the rural
Do Your \s&'
Need Paint? /S|j||
Examine your buildings and see if they
need painting now. If they do, don't put
the work off because you believe linseed
oil will drop in price. There is no hope
of it. Besides, the price of paint made
"Dutch Boy Painter"
White Lead and pure linseed oil is lower than
you may think, if you have not actually figured it.
Get prices from your dealer on the met clients
of this old-fashioned, loiiff-wearinn, pure .white
lead paint. You will find it cheaper than any
other paint you'd think of using.
Write for our free "Painting Helps No. 833
NATIONAL LEAD COMPANY
An offct in each of the following citin:
J 1"™"!!!,,,!!!,!!, ;;,*..,.• i Hlllll'l New York Cleveland Chicago
j| S|!l!pi''fl;l" |l I St. Louis Boston Huffalo
|.'><*~>vXi aI! 11 Cincinnati San Francisco
ill (jftV'S'l (I (John T. Lewis i Bros. Co..
IHS^^|'ii|li (National Lead a;»l Oil Co..
forces of Illinois in one big, united
effort for the betterment of country
(3) The development of institu
tional programs of action for all rural
social agencies. This means a pro
gram of work for the school, another
for the church, another for the
farmers' institute, etc.
(4) The stimulation of farmer
leadership in the country community.
(5) The increase and improvement
of professional leadership among
country teachers, ministers and all
others wno serve the rural community
in offices of educational direction.
(6) The perpetuation among all
the people of country communities
of a definite community ideal, and
the concentrated effort of the whole
community in concrete tasks looking
toward the realization of this ideal.
(7) The recognition of the country
school as the immediate initiator of
progress in tbe average rural com
munity of Illinois.
(8) The study and investigation of
country life facts and conditions.
(9) The holding of small annual
country life conferences.
(10) The protection of this fed
eration and of all country life from
any form of exploitation.
Illinois has taken the Jead in this
matter; and it is to be hoped that
similar organizations, and larger ones,
will grow up in every state east and
I Increase Your Poultry Profits |
The Illustrated Poultry Magazine
of the West Coast
will help you. Successful Western
poultrymen will tell you through
The Pacific Poultryman how to se
lect the best stock; how to feed and
care for your fowls; how to handle
incubators and brooders. They will
tell you how they have made poul
try pay and show you how you can
do the same.
Send today for a froo sample copy,
or send 50c for a year's subscription.
THE PACIFIC POULTRYMAN,
Seattle, U. S. A.
BEES ON THE FARM S eancu?t B ur ?
will help you get more pleasure and more profit
from Beekeeping- 6 months trial subscription
2bc. Book on Been and Catalog of Supplies sent
tree. THE A. I. ROOT COMPANY, Box 37, Medina, Ohio.
NOTICE—For any changes in this column, a
charge of 26c will be made to pay for same.
Money must accompany any change.
SHEARER'S Light Brahmas, champions of the
West. Cockerels for sale. Edward Shearer,
R. F. D. No. 7, Milwaukee, Ore.
T?ARMERB, friends of ours, we have baby
-F chicks for sale, hatched in a Cyphers Mam
moth Incubator. Free circular. 8. C. White
Leghorns and Black Minorcas- Star Poultry
Farm. Waitsburg, Wash.
T?INE utility strains of Barred P. Rocks, 8. C.
" White Leghorns and Auconas. Eggs $1.25 per
15, $3.50 per 50, $6.00 per 100. All of my
stock has been bred for heavy egg production.
Send for 1911 catalogue. Earl B. Heath, Cen
YOUR Moneys Worth, Anconaa and Herts.
Eggs and stock in season. G. Edenharter,
X No. 1, Port Blakely, Wash.
MOTTLED Ancouas, the winter layers and
profit payers. Eggs for hatching $1 50 per
15, $6 per 100, after Jan. 15, 1911. Young stock
for sale. J. W. Parsons, Auburn, Wash.
T*HIS jspace too small to tell all the merits of
-*■ our Indian Runner Ducks, audS.C White
Leghorns. If interested, write for circular. E.
G. Vashus, Kent, Wash.
EVERGREEN Poultry Yards—B C, White and
Bufl Leghorns, White Wyandoites, Barred
Rocks, Bull Orpingtons. Only male stock for
sale now. Some choice cockerels and a few
yearlings standard breed, trapnested aud se
lected stock, Mrs. A. E. Stanford, Olympia, Wn.
QINGLE Comb White Leghorns; stock and eggs
vJ for sale. Day old chicks a specialty. Phone
N. 671. Fish Bros R.F.D 2, SeattJe, Wai»h.
SC. Buff and White Leghorns, Blue Andolu,
• sions, R. I. Reds, Mottled Auconas, 8. L
Wyandottes and Imported Pekiu Ducks. All
high-class stock, including dozens of prize win
ners. Moor's Poultry Ranch, Route 1, Spokane.
RHODE Island Reds—Single and Rose Comb.
Prize winners. Blue Andalusians, prize
winners. Eggs from my best yards $2 for 15, from
utility yards, ?1.50 for 15. Plymoth Kock eggs
fI for 15. Mrs. J. W. Denny, Audubon Poultry
Yards. Ureen Lake, Sunnyside, sta. Seattle, Wn.
T?AMOUS Tuttle Strain Rose Comb Rhode Is
" land Keds. Great Inland Strain S. <". Black
Minorcas. Stock for sale; eggs in season. Dep
ner & Son, Spokane, Wash.
T^ANCREU strain 8. C. W. Leghorns. Eggs
-1- from Pen 1, $2.25 per 15, 110 per 100; W. P.
Rocks, Scars strain, eggs $3.50 per 15. Every
thing trap nested. P. B. Hogan, Tracyton, Wn.
NEWTON Poultry Yards. Box 7fi, Port Madison,
Wash. White Ply. Rocks; Ist, 2d, and V. H.
C on pullets at Kent, 1909 6C.W, Leghorns,
prize stock. Fine cockerels for sale. Eggs in
season. Paul E. Newton, Mgr.
FOR Sale—l have some 8. C. White Leghorn
cockerels, very fine birds; prices $2 and $3,
•11 early hatching, some as early as February 14.
For particulars address N. J. Bouton Fravel,
PARK Place Poultry and Pigeon Lofts. Beau
tiful Big Red Carueaux pigeons, (breed every
mouth, large white meated squabs), $4 per pair,
mated; Imported Homers, $2.50 pair, mated;
also s. C. Rhode Island Reds, exposition strain,
eggs 10c each. Mrs. M. J. vVasiiburu, Rainier
Beach Station, Seattle, Wash.
OAK Grove Poultry Ranch. Crystal White
Orpingtons and B. O. K. 8. O. Brown Leg
horns. The Big Browns Send for price list.
B. M. Rogers, R F. I). No. 3, Tacoma, Wash.
■pGGß—Mottleil Anconasaud Kellerstrass Crys
-*-' tal White Orpingtons. I have the best pens
that money can buy. They are all bine ribbon
birds. Get the best, they are cheapest. Write
for catalog. Ira N. DeLine, Olympia. Wash.
BARRED Plymouth Rocks from prize winning
stock. Berkshire swine. Write your wautH.
Silver Birch Farm, Chan. M. 'lalmndge. Prop,
MOTTLKD A i icon us; young Btock for sale.
Also eggs in ncahoii; 15 for |2, 30 for |3.50, 50
for 14.50. Chai MJlli, Kedro Wooley, Wash.
GOODWIN'S utility S. 0. R. I. Reds. 13 eggs
|1; 100 eggs 16. A. J. B. Goodwin, R. ¥. D.
No. 1, Ceutralia, Wash.
HIGH View Poultry Farm; 8. 0. W. Leghorns,
trapnested, that lay and pay Write for
price*. A. £. Learned, Deb Moines, Wash.
ROY J. Foster, breeder of 8. 0. White Leg
■^ home, 8. C. Rhode Island Reds, Barred Ply.
Both Rocki. Kggi and stock. Hoy J. Foster.