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Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXIX. No. 12.
THE USE OF
( Popular Bulletin No. 19.)
By R. W. THATCHER, Chemist.
The use of commercial fertilizers on
the soils of Washington is fortunately
in its infancy. Most of the soils of this
state have been so recently brought
under cultivation that the virign store
of fertility has not yet been depleted
even by the wasteful practices which
are often followed. But there are
many soils in Western Washington
and a few in that part of tne state
lying east of the Cascade Mountains
which would be benefited by an ap
plication of fertilizer lime. The ex
cessive rainfall in many parts of West
ern Washington has leached out of
the soil the greater proportion of the
lime originally present it it. Theie
are also many low lands, or poorly
drained areas, in which there has
been an accumulation of organic acids
produced by the decay of vegetation
resulting in what is commonly called
"sour" land. The same conditions
exist in certain localities in Eastern
Washington but to much less extent.
The forms of lime which may profit
ably be used as a fertilizer vary with
—Courtesy of the Twice a Week Spokesman Review.
The accompanyingl cut shows the world's record four-year-old Holstein, owned by the Munroe Company of
Spokane. The otiicial record was made under the supervision of the Washington State College and is 34.96 pounds of
butter in seven days.
The record shows that the Northwest is not taking the back Heat in the breeding of dairy cows, and the breeders
of the Eastern states are waking up to the fact.
KENT and SEATTLE, WASH, JUNE 15, 191 1. 50c Per Year, 5c the Copy
Two thousand barrels of Hour a day is the capacity of the Fisher Flouring Mills Company, whose new plant in
Seattle has just been formally opened. This means that it will consume 10,000 bushels of wheat for every working
day, or 3,000,000 bushels a year. As wheat is one of the most important initial products of the Pacific Northwest, the
importance of this industry can be easily comprehended.
"America's Finest Flouring Mills" is the way experts describe the plant. No expense has been spared in put
ting it together, believing such a course to be most economical in the long run. Fire-proof construction has been em
ployed throughout, with the result that it is rated 100'/ perfect, from a fire-insurance standpoint. This gives the
Fisher Flouring Mills Company a unique standing among the milling plants in America.
Nearly a half million dollars was expended on the plant. The machinery is of the various latest types. The con
crete storage tanks could not be improved upon. For transportation facilities, the mills are ideally located. Occupy
ing four acres of lilled-in tideland on Harbor Island, which will become Seattle's industrial center, this plant has an
exceptional site. The waterfront can take care of two deep sea freighters at once, while the trackage is sufficient to
handle 40 cars. Mechanical conveyors expedite loading and unloading.
The Fisher Flouring Mills Company will go after business everywhere on the Pacific ocean. Energetic efforts
will be made to get a goodly portion of the Orient's Hour trade through an office maintained in Hong Kong. At the
same time, the domestic markets will not be overlooked. The people back of this enterprise have had extensive mill
ing experience in Montana, so that they are well equipped to make a success of their new Puget Sound venture.
Washington to the Front
America's Finest Flouring Mills
the conditions of the soil. The econo
mical use of lime as a fertilizer re
quires that the effect on the soil of
the different forms of lime which
may be used for fertilizer purposes
shall be t k'iiily understood.
BENEFICIAL UKFKCTb OF LIME
Asa plant ftiod itself, lime is essen
tial Loall forms of pjttut growth. The
amount of lime required as a plant
food by most of the common farm
crops is small and most soils contain
sufficient amounts of lime for this
purposo. However, the legumes, or
cover crops of all kinds, require fully
as large amounts per acre of lime as
they do of the other elements of plant
food which are commonly used as fer
tilizers and the yield of these crops
on soils containing small amounts of
lime may often be improved by the
addition of available lime.
The chief use of lime as a fertilizer
is for the sake of its indirect effect
in improving the chemical or physical
composition of the soil. Chemically,
it neutralizes acidity (or "sourness,")
aids in the growth of beneficial bac
teria, and Helps to liberate other
elements of plant food from unavail
able forms. Physically it improves
the capillarity and increases the water
holding capacity of nearly all kinds
of soils, tends to improve the friability
(Continued on paf • 16)