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The ranch. [volume] (Seattle, Wash.) 1902-1914, July 01, 1911, Image 6

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fiorticultare
know that it is not what is called flre
blight for then the sap would show it.
WINTER KILL PROBABLE.
In our last issue I referred to some
apple twigs sent to me by Mr. Preston
of Harvey, Wash. These twigs were
sent to Prof. Melander of the State
College and by him turned over to
Prof. R. K. Beattie, also of the State
College, who is the Professor of Botany
in that institution. On May 29th
Professor Beattie wrote me as follows:
"Your letter to Professor Melander
has been referred to me upon my
return from an institute trip. Pro
fessor Melauder is unable to find an
insects on the specimens which you
inclosed and has been totally unable
to find any signs of fungus trouble. I
am convinoed that the trouble is some
form of what we call winter injury.
This does not necessarily mean freez
ing but is more probably due to the
wood going into the winter in too un
ripe a condition and thus being injur
ed by the dry winds of the autumn
months. There are many such cases
of injury in this state. The obvious
remedy is to cease cultivation, or in
the case of irrigated orchards, cease
irrigation at an earlier period in the
summer and get all the wood hardened
up before autumn comes, thus making
it better able to stand the drying
winds."
This reply suggests to orchardists a
very important matter in their orchard
managements. By our methods of
cultivation and irrigation we may as
sist our trees in getting ready for the
winter. 1 wish to thank Professor
Beattie for his valuable suggestion
whether it applies to the case in hand
or not.
ANOTHER POOL BILL.
A bill has been introduced in the
United States Senate by Senator
Hevburn of Idaho that has one clause
in it that 3hould not become a law.
Briefly stated this clause states that
any article of food that has been in
cold storage and taken out shall be
considered adulterated if placed in
cold storage again. This would be a
serious drawback to the apple trade.
Apples are shipped frequently in re
frigerator cars and are in cold storage
while in transit. If fruit thus handl
ed should be put in cold storage again
it would have to be condemned as
adulterated. But if the courts should
rule that shipping by refrigerator
cars is not cold storage, the law would
work unnecessary hardship. We cold
storage apples here in the Northwest
at picking time. That fruit may be
shipped to New York and any Eastern
city, when it is advisable to hold it
in cold storage again. This secoud
storage does not injure the fruit nor
in any sense adulterate it. The Com
missioners of Yakiina county put
apples in cold storage in North Yakima
in the fall of 1904 and then the next
spring shipped these same apples to
Portland, Oregon lor use at the Lewis
and Clark Fair and put thorn in cold
storage and held part of them till the
last week of the Fair which was in
October, li)or>. Some of these apples
were in perfect condition at that time.
[ know this for I had charge of these
apples during the entire Fair and sold
some of them after the close of the
Fair as good, sound fruit. The fact
is that apples do not become adulter-
The F&anclhu,
ated in cold storage. If apples are
rotten they will not sell, and if they
are sound they are not in any sense
adulterated. To forbid a second stor
age to apples is to restrict their sale
and injures the grower as well as the
buyer and does the fruit no good at
all. Some laws are fool laws and do
no good and this part of this law be
longs to that class.
FRUIT PROSPECTS.
One of the things of much concern
to the fruit growers is the prospect of
the coming crop. Peaches, pears and
apricots are undoubtedly short in the
United States and the prices must
rule high. What of the apple crop?
It will undoubtedly be below the aver
age on the Pacific Coast. But far
Western box apples can not all be dis
posed of west of the Rooky mountains.
If the apple crop is very heavy in the
Middle West and the Atlantic States,
this will to some extent affect the
price of Western apples. It is true
that our very best apples are in a class
to themselves and do not come into
competition with average east of the
mountain apples. Our strictly fancy
apples will probably be high, but our
apples are not all in that class. It is
yet too early to speak definitely about
the size of the apple crop in the whole
of the United States and Canada. 1
have been carefully studying the re
ports in our exchanges. In many
places the set is said to be light; the
drought has been severe in quite a
good many localities; the June drop
is not over yet at the time I am writ
ing. The apple scab, the bitter rot,
the damage from the codling moth,
and in many cases, the dry weather
at the most critical time, are all to
come yet. My guess is that the apple
crop as a whole will not be above the
average and may be considerably be
low that mark. Spray your apples
thoroughly, then where it is necessary,
irrigate properly where irrigation is
practiced, and if irrigation can not
be practiced, then thoroughly pulver
ize the surface of the ground to con
serve the moisture, put up your apples
in first class condition and my con
viction is the price will be good and
money will be made on apples. I ex
pect to give a resume of the apple
crop in each issue of The Ranch till
picking time.
The New Weed Law.
Farmers are especially interested
in the new weed law passed at the last
meeting of the Legislature and now
in force. It is very drastic in its pro
visions and if properly enforced will
save the farmers of the state an im
mense amount of money. It requires
every man to keep his premises clean,
not only for his own good but for the
good of the community. In case it is
not done, he can be compelled to do
so and the cost will be charged against
his property. The road supervisor is
eupowered to enforce the law. Fol
lowing is the new law:
Section :io:w. it shall be tbe duty
of every owner, lessee, occupant, or
agent thereof, or of any person hav
ing the care and charge of any land
or lands, improved or unimproved,
enclosed or unenclosed, in this state,
to cut down, or cause to be cut down,
all noxious weeds growing thereon,
or on any road, street or highway
bordering thereou to the center there
of, so often in each and every year as
shall be certain to prevent them from
going to seed, except that it shall
Summer Excursion
Tickets East-Bound
On Sale on Numerous Dates
May 16 to September 7, 1911
Northern Pacific Ry.
THE ORIGINAL SCENIC HIGHWAY
A few samples— reductions to many
other points in the Eastern United States
and Canada as well as the Middle West:
St. Paul $ 60.00 New York $108.50
Minneapolis 60.00 Philadelphia 108.50
Duluth • 60,00 Omaha ... 60.00
Superior .. 60.00 Detroit 82.50
Chicago 72.50 Boston 110.00
St. Louis . 70.00 Montreal, Que 105.00
Long Limits and liberal stopovers.
Low rates for Great Lakes steamer trips.
We serve those "Great Big Baked Potatoes.
Let us arrange your itinerary—it will be a pleasure.
J^ZJX l"li^V REMEMBER THESE EVENTS:
ffSfcy^-3G^ >J\ Astoria Ceutenial Aug. 10 to Sept. 9
i \^\ /*^^mm^t \ Tacoma Carnival of Nations,.... July 3to 5
i^^f Seattle Golden Fotlatch July 17 to 22
I "I"*/ _^mmm\W I Pendleton Round- Sep. 14 to 16
I l ijflfl ■ I Minneapolis Civic Celebration, July 2to 8
1 \ M HPj- M Duluth Water Pageant July 20 to 22
\*\3\jßSsßr \J/ Yellowstone Park Juno 15 to Sept. 15
V j/y jr?^^^. / Through Sleepers Daily to
jOl Gl J&t, Official lark Entrance.
route OF THE H. N. KENNEDY, G. A. J. O. McMULLEN, C. P. A.
north coast limitkd Ist Aye. and Yesler, Seattle, Wash.
Main 1430 Ind. 3300
require the cutting of "bull thistles"
on all public roads and highways.
Section 3039. If any owner, lessee,
occupant, agent or person having the
care or charge of any such land or
lands shall knowingly suffer any nox
ious weeds to grow thereon, or on any
road, street or highway to the center
thereof bordering on any such land
or lands, and shall permit the seed of
any such noxious weeds to ripen, he
shall be guilty of a misdemeanor;
Provided, That this section shall not
apply to what is commonly known as
"bull thistle" on lands not used for
agricultural purposes outside of cities
and towns.
ROAD SUPERVISOR LIABLE.
Section 3040. It shall be the duty
of each road supervisor in each road
district in this state to see that the
provisions of this act are carried out
within their respective districts, and
he shall give notice to the owner,
lessee, occupant, agent or person hav
ing the care or charge of any land
within his district thereon, or in any
road, street or highway bordering
thereon, where any noxious weeds are
growing, requiring such owner, lessee,
occupant, agent or person having the
care or charge thereof, to cause the
same to be cut down within 10 days
from the service of such notice, and
in case suoh owner, lessee, occupant,
agent or person having the care or
charge thereof shall refuse or ueglect
to out down said noxious weeds with
in said 10 days, then the said road
supervisor shall enter upon the land,
or on any road, street or highway
bordering thereon, and cause all said
weeds to be cut down with as little
damage to growing crops as may be:
Provided, That when such noxious
weeds are growing upon land, or on
6
any road, street or highway bordering
thereon of a non-resident of this
state, and such owner has no known
agent in the county in which such
land is situated, said notice shall be
posted in a conspicuous place on the
land in view of the traveling public:
And provided, That in case of noxious
weeds growing on the right-of-way of
any railroad within said road district,
said notice may be served on the sec
tion foreman in charge of the portion
of the right-of-way within said dis
trict, or it may be served on any
agent of the company in said county:
And provided further, That in case
such noxious weeds are growing on
public lands, or on a road, street or
highway bordering thereon, not oc
cupied by a lessee, it shall be the
duty of said supervisor to cut said
weeds as therein provided, and the
cost thereof shall be paid by said
county out of the general fund: And
also provided further, That if any
such supervisor fails, neglects or re
fuses to perform or cause to be per
formed, any of the duties or services
enumerated in this section, he shall
be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor.
COUNTY MAY PAY EXPENSE.
Section 3041, Each road supervisor
shall keep an accurate account of the
expenses incurred by him in carrying
out the provisions of this act with
respect to each parcel of land entered
upon therefor, and shall otter or send
by mail a statement of such expense,
including a description of the land,
verified by oath, to the owners, lessee,
occupant, agent or person having the
care or charge thereof, if known, re
quiring him to pay the same within
thirty days. In caso payment thereof
is not made within said time, the
supervisor shall present said claim to
the board of county commissioners,
and, if the board finds the same ac
curate, it shall be ordered paid out
of the road an bridge fund of said
county.

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