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Annual Address of Worthy Master Kegfley The address of Worthy Master Keg ley, delivered to the State Orange meeting at Suohomish was a most masterly one. He treated the sub jects of National importance in a fearless mauner. Below we are giving that part of his address which shows how the great Grange organization stands en the most important ques tions before the American people. Among other things he said: EDUCATION. We have made rapid strides in this direction. Washington spends $7,000, - 000 annually for eduoation, and yet not over one in twenty pass beyond the eighth grade. We must soon awaken to the tact that the higher the average in education, the higher the standard of citizenship. The Grange claims the honor of leading the fight for the mill tax bill for the support of our State educational in stitutions, and taking out of the hands of politicians the club that in the past has been the most effective means of forcing corrupt legislation. But we are not yet through. Not until a high school course is placed within reach of every scholar in the State without having to be sent away from home or the parents being com pelled to move oft the farm to the cities shoud one additional dollar be appropriated out of the general fund for higher branches. Central high schools in rural dis tricts with public halls in .connection, is the solution of the "back to the farm" pioblem. In place of our farmers moving to town to give their children the advantages of a high school education, why not make it possible, before we spend any more money on our higher schools of learn ing, for every child to have a high school education without the parents being obliged to move ott" the farm and leave it to a tenant, or perhaps, what is worse yet, sell the farm and invest in a questionable investment and perhaps lose the savings of a life time. In place of the cry "back to the farm," while legislating the far mer off the farm, 1 would suggest that there be legislation looking to the proper and sane education of the farmer's boys and girls without his having to leave the farm. It is an outrage on the taxpayers of the State that our University, State College and Normal schools should keep up a preparatory course, when the same or better facilities can, or should, be found at home. Such a policy is antagonistic to the proper development and extension of the high school system and doubles the cost to the State. But let me repeat in this connection whati have said again and again dur ing the years 1 have been State Mas ter, lam not opposed to our institu tions of higher learning. On the con trary, 1 strongly desire to see those of our State made equal or superior to the best in the country. What 1 want to emphasize is, that in my judgment, it is a crime to spend the State funds on those higher institu tions to the neglect of the great ma jority Of the youtli of our State who can not continue their education be yond the high school age in an institu tion beyond the reach of their homo. 1 insist that it is the right of every child in this commonwealth to have a nigh school education, and that it is «The R^anclv.^ Before the jftaie (Grange Meeting. the duty of the State to concentrate its efforts in perfecting the lower schools, including high schools, until such schools are within the reach of every child and youth and have at tained the highest possible standard of education. This is a matter of most vital con cern to us farmers. We must make the school side of country life as per fect as it can be made. We want the grade school and the country high school, and we want the teachers who can enter into the spirit of the broader education that would make these schools, not merely places to oram the brains of our girls and boys with a lot of useless facts about dead kings and the names of rivers, lakes and mountains that they will never see, bat plaoes where knowledge of real value will be acquired which will equip them for their work in after life and insure their development into noble men and women. We want high schools for ail, and as farmers, above all else we want agricultural high schools within the reach of every farmer's boys and girls, and which shall be a neighborhood center of educational influence for grown-ups as well. And we should make it plain at this session that the Grange means to have them. TEMPERANCE. Tbe Grange is on record for local option, but the County looal option bill failed to pass. The Legislature kicked it about like a foot ball and finally deposited it in the pigeon hole, there to die. The Legislature took much time discussing health meas ures, and if the milk from the dairies killed one-fourth as many as are killed by rotten whiskey and beer in this State, we would drive every farmer out of the milk business inside of one month; and yet this "Reform(?)" Legislature refused to give the count ies the legal right to decide how these destroyers of life and health should be handled. One year ago we warned the legislators that unless they gave us County local option the Grange would demand State wide Prohibition. We do not propose to be controlled or debauched by the drink traffic. We must either control it or abolish it. The saloon cry of "personal liberty" has lost is appeal to the man and woman of today who demand honest temperance reform. Days and days were spent over the Employers Lia bility act—a very necessary measure— yet the accursed saloon, brewery, and whiskey traffic kill more people an nually than all the factories and mills combined. Why not have a Saloon and Brewers Compensation act? We are going to have one, and it is Local County Option or State Wide Prohibition. Patrons, get the record of every man who voted against the County Local Option or refused to work for it, and matte it a point that he stay at home. STATE BOARD OF AUHICULTURE. To properly safeguard and best serve the interests of agriculture, we are in urgent need of a State Board of Agri oultuie, and i recommend that a special committee be appointed at 8 this session to investigate the work of the Board of Agriculture or other States and make recommendations as to the duties of a Secretary and scope of work which the Grange should stand for. Not until we have a State board under the charge of an efficient secretary, will the farmer get what is due him or have adequate protection against agricultural appropriations being used to play politics. CO-OPERATION. What 1 said under this head one year ago holds good today, and 1 de sire that you consider it a part of this address. During the year we have made some progress and our Com mittee is earnestly studying the prob lem. The Seattle Exchange is doing business, but we need to give it more earnest consideration and support, and from the year's experience learn how we can make it more effective. Co-operation is a matter that must be solved largley by local workers and counties working through a central head, and as I believe I said last year, that our greatest need is a national bureau to gather all information and assist our local, County and State efforts. In this way 1 believe we can make most rapid progress and attain to that degree of success which has made the co-operative movement in Great Britain and Ireland so famous. I recommend that we take some action urging the progressive State Granges to co-operate to this end. GOVERNMENT BY COMMISSION. Reform in city administration by the adoption of the commission form of government, with the initiative, referendum and recall, is sweeping over the county so rapidly that it is safe to predict that this reform will have been adopted by nearly all cities of any importance within the next few years. Its success in purifying politics, destroying boss rule and in suring efficiency in service and economy in expenditures has been all that its most ardent advocates claim ed, and it is a great satisfaction to me that in this State it was the Grange that first gave voice to a public de mand for this reform. Both in the city and in the country the Grange is proving a power for driving the politi cal corruptionists out of public life, and as a consequence the Grange is loved and honored by the good citizen everywhere and hated by the politi cian and spoilsman. This is the best evidence that we are doing things and getting results. Patrons, keep up the work. The farmers in Washington, at last, are the leaders in the progres sive movement. We hate monopoly and special privilege and if our friends of the cities will join with us we shall soon get rid of both in this State. THE PRESS. Tbe press of the State, with few exceptions, has been very friendly, and we are under lasting obligations to many of the editors and publishers for the fair and impartial way the Grange has been treated, and tor the consideration given to farmers' meas ures. We feel especially iudebted to the agricultural press of the State. FOUL SEEDS Never in tbe history of the United States did we more certainly need a seed inspection law that would ex clude from sale any seeds adulterated either with sterilized or live seeds.