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The ranch. (Seattle, Wash.) 1902-1914, January 15, 1913, Image 1

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn98047754/1913-01-15/ed-1/seq-1/

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The Dairyman's Part in the Production of Our
Ikj 4,* $ wtn^ €& 1 Paper Bay F. W. .Botlaellp Salt Lake 9 Asst.
r^^tlOl^l. S JI^IIII^ Dairy Isaspectori Read at Mount Veraon.
Most any great question has more
than one side, and unless we study it
from all its different angles and view
points, we are very apt to arrive at a
wrong conclusion, and our acts which
are governed by this conclusion, are
very apt to work an injustice to
In order to discuss this problem,
President Washington State Holstein-Friesian Association.
we must have in mind what consti
tutes a desirable milk supply. It is
often difficult to tell just what some
pure milk advocates consider are the
requisites of a desirable supply.
Some of our city ordinances are so
verbose and vague that they are un
intelligible, and others contain such
an alignment of specific requirements
that the dairyman in order to comply
with all of them would have to sell
his milk at a price so high that the
average consumer could not afford to
purchase it.
The prime requisite of a desirable
milk supply might be said to be clean,
progressive dairymen, who will keep
only healthful, profitable cows—who
will feed only clean, healthy, economi
cal feeds; who will milk only in a
cleanly manner into clean utensils;
who will properly cool the milk and
keep it cool until delivered, and who
will so manage their dairies that they
can produce this milk at a cost which
will enable them to sell it at a price
within the reach of all, and at the
same time net them an income which
will enable them to give their families
some of the comforts of life. Any
thing short of this cannot be said to
be an ideal milk supply.
The question today is not so much
how to produce good milk as bow to
produce it economically, and uuy
plan which is for the improvement of
our milk supply, must take into con
sideration the economical as well as
the sanitary side of the dairy busi
ness, if we expeot to be a success.
Our certified dairies have set us high
standards of quality, but those dairies
only produce about half of one per
cent of our milk supply, and it is not
at all likely that this percentage will
ever be much greater, as the price
these dairies must receive for their
milk greatly limits*its market. With
certified milk retailing at fifteen to
twenty oen taper quart, many of these
dairies report the business not very
remunerative. While these dairies
supply a certain trade, they never
will be much of a factor in our
national milk supply, except as ex
amples of what can be done. What
we are most interested in is to raise
the other 99}/ 2 per cent of our milk
up to such a degree of cleanliness and
have it produced at a cost that will
enable all to have a reasonably safe
milk supply within their reach.
In order to accomplish this the
bacteriologist who discovers the mil
lions of bacteria in the milk; the
physician who, with the nation's vital
statistics before him, sees a correla
tion between these high bacteria
Vice-President Washington State Holstein-Friesian Association.
counts of the milk and the rate of in
fant mortality; the health officer who
finds some of the worst epidemics
have had thoir origin in a contaminat
ed milk supply; the sanitarian who
is striving to improve conditions by
inspection, education etc.; the con
sumers who are desirous of a safe
50c Per Year; 5c the Copy
milk supply but at the same u time
must consider its cost; the dairyman
who is producing' the milk, not be
cause of any philanthropic motive,
but because it offers him a means of
obtaining a livelihood—all must work
together and each strive to see the
other's side of the question. Each
has its part to do in the great task of
furnishing our evor-growing, non
farming population with a safe supply
of milk.
The first to be considered is Ihe
economical side of the dairy busi
ness, for the average dairyman will
usually make any reasonable sanitary
improvement if lie is making a reason
able income from bis dairy. The
greater part of the ill-foeliugjbetweeii
the dairymen and the health officials
is due to the fact that the average
dairymen are not making enough out
Of their dairies to p-iy tho running
expenses, let alone making the im
provements asked by tho officials.
This lack of prosperity of the dairy-
(Continued on page 10.)

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