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The ranch. (Seattle, Wash.) 1902-1914, June 01, 1914, Image 2

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn98047754/1914-06-01/ed-1/seq-2/

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the second floor and to the platform
on the north side. Here they will be
picked up by an overhead carrier and
rapidly taken out and over the ship's
hold and carefully lowered into place
without injuring the fruit.
The storage rooms will be cooled by
a system of forced air circulation. In
the center of the building on each
floor and opening to all rooms and
elevators will be an ante-room about
GO feet in length, 24 feet wide at the
elevators and 19 feet wide at the ends.
The story heights being 13.5 feet
there is ample room overhead in these
ante-rooms to place the refrigerating
pipes and leave seven feet head room
for the ante-room proper. Besides
the refrigerating pipes there will also
be placed in these overhead compart
ments a system of pipes for spraying
the surface of the refrigerating pipes
with a solution of calcium chloride
which will prevent frosting and by
which means any desired degree of
humidity can be maintained. The
air will be supplied to eacn room by
its own individual blower with direct
connected electric motor, it being
blown through the air-ducts on both
sides of the room through openings
of uniform size spaced about nine
feet apart, at the rate of about 20
feet per second. The air, after being
blown into the room, will return
through a system of ducts placed on
the center line. By this arrangement
the air can be completely changed in
the room when empty every 15 min
utes, and when tilled every seven
minutes. This rapid circulation of
air, without some means of maintain
ing a saturated condition of the
atmosphere, would tend to dry out
the apples and cause quite an ap
preciable loss in weight but with the
arrangement of brine sprays in the
bunker compartments, any desired
condition can easily be maintained
and the fruit kept without showing
any deterioration.
The mechanical plant will consist
of three 75-ton ammqpia compressor
which it has been decided, alter an
extended period of careful investiga
tion of the Diesel engine and the best
known methods of steam power de
velopment, to operate with electric
motors. By operating continuously,
except for a short time during the
peak load hours of the central station,
a rate of at least one-half per KW
hour can be had. The total motor
horse-power will be about 400.
Each storage room will be equipped
at each end with an electric thermom
eter and a hygrometer connected to
self-registering indicators in the
compressor rocm, and by means of
these indicators the engineer in
charge of the plant can keep all the
rooms in the building un'er close
observation and maintain the neces
sary temperature and humidity with
out leaving his post in the compressor
room. This will do away with the
usual rounds of inspection and the
consequent lose of cold by switching
on lights in the rooms and the open
ing of doors. The motors operating
the bioWMTI will also be under control
from the compressor room so that it
will bo unnecessary to enter the stor
age moms except when storing or
removing goods.
The (iov<!lopment of tbe plaus for
this warohuuso lias taken a good deal
of time, study arid investigation, as
it has heen the desire of the commis
sion t<> make it a model, unexcelled
by any of its kind, in arrangement,
construction and equipment. First
the apple business was carefully in
vestigated, the need for a warehouse
of this kind and the ships which are
equipped with the refrigerated com
partments necessary to transport
fruit. In these investigations, Paul
Whitham, chief engineer, and Hamil
ton Higday, assistant secretary, per
sonally visited the fruit growing
centers and learned tirst hand from
the growers the extent of the apple
orchards at present in bearing and
the still greater.number coming into
bearing each year. There are set out
in orchards, at present, in the four
states of Washington, Oregon, Idaho
aud Montana about half a million
acies which represent a capitalization
of approximately §200,000,000. Of
these 500,000 acres, 125,000 acres will
be in bearing in 1915. In the Colum
bia riper basin, which is practically
tributary to Seattle, there are 200,000
acres of which 50,000 will be in bear
ing next year (1915). These apples
represent to the grower an average
value of SI.OO per box, which means
about 8000 per acre, and approximate
ly a value of $30,000,000 for the 1915
crop from the Columbia river basin.
Next the construction and equip
ment of cold storage warehouses was
investigated, together with the best
known methods of handling and
conveying goods in storage. Most of
the warehouses in the Pacific North
west were visited by Mr. Whitham
and nearly all the members of the en
gineering department contributed in
securing all available information.
The assistant engineer in charge of
the design attended the Third Inter
national Refrigeration Congress held
in Chicago last September and learned
of the best practice of the leading
European refrigeration engineers.
There will be space to store about
900 cars of 600 boxes each and by till
ing the warehouse for four months of
the year with apples, a reduction can
be made on the prevailing rate, which
is about five cents per box per month.
The cost of handling and carrying
packages in and out of the warehouse
will not exceed 20 cents per ton
which is about a 40 per cent reduc
tion on the present cost of handling
goods over the wharves.
That the Keo automobile, which
has been placed prominently before
the readers of this publication, is re
garded with high favor as a farmer's
car is shown by the sales records of
the Harmon Motor Car Co., of Seat
tle, Keo distributors for Northwest
Wa.shinutou. This Orrn has had con
siderable difficulty in securing cars
enough to Oil its orders, and a very
large proportion of these orders came
from farmers.
Southwest Washington — Oentralia-Ohehalis,
G. X Walker,. Secretary, Aug. '24-29.
Vancouver, B. C—H. 8. Rolstou, Secretary.
Sept. n-12.
Vancouver, Wash.—Geo. P. Larseu, Secretary,
Sept. 7-12.
Interstate Fair, Spokane, Wash.—Kobert H.
CoHsrove, M^r., bepi. 12-20.
Walla Walla, Wash.-Robert 11. Johnson,
Secretary, Sept. 14-I'J.
Washington State Fair, North Yakima, Wash
--Sepl 21-27.
Helena, Mont.—A. J. Breitenstein, Secretary,
Sept. 21-27.
Victoria, B. C—Geo. Paugwter. M<?r., Sept.
Nelson, B. C. -Oeo. Horstead, Mgr., Sept.
Oregon State Fair-Salern, Ore., Frank Mere
dilli, oecretary, Sept. 28-Oct. 3.
New Westminster, B. C.-U. K. Mac-Keuzle,
Sept. 28-Oct. a.
Salt Lake City, Utah—Horace S. Ku^igu, Bee
retary, Oct. 5-12
Olympic Peninsula Fair-Port Townneud, Wu.
An h U. Tweedie, Secretary, Sept. 10-12.
How to Produce Clean Milk
Profitably .:
With our high-priced farm labor, high-priced land
and high-priced feed, it becomes necessary to bring
the EFFICIENCY of farm labor up to the highest
point possible.
Also it is difficult to make any money in the dairy business
unless you get the largest amount of CLEAN milk at the least
cost to you. CLEAN MILK brings the high price.
You can neither secure the highest efficiency out of your farm
help nor the CLEAN, wholesome milk that brings the good prices
unless you install a good milker like
—' 1 Mil KTR
/^r~7%t A V lAIV i JLX
a n\ llfogil r*7wKll Haven't you had a sufficient amount of
'fefif n^^ffp'-r "fleW trouble with men milkers quitting at the
/Ai^^^^^SS^^T^ wrong time or complaining about this
/fl !t ffl^mwlt} Mm tnin£ and the other, to be willing to be
l£Mv it ■ : -<f 1»)m IL^k shown what this mechanical milker will
%iii '- <"47!^S8^V 1 c recommend the B-L-K MILKER as
[] Jr Jfa^B^. 1 the one you want and the one that will
■ M ■ " -iKaL ■ make money for you and with less trouble
i'p'^v^KfHav^^ I if you ni twenty-five or more cows.
VJ^* {m'WasC^ Write for information today.
I 907 Western Aye. SEATTLE
I*^" LIVE General 907 Western SEATTLE
LIVE General Agents for the SIMPLEX SEPARATOR.
AGENTS Dealers in Dairy Machinery and Supplies; also
WANTED Sanitary Barn Equipment. Catalog free. '
Ideal Green Feed Silos
(1) The lumber used in our Silos is from the best grade _rfJ^i_
selected tank stock with no knots to dry up and fall out. _^yfllß^^_
Ordinary silos are manufactured from merchantable «T Si Iff
timber full of knots. illy I I iffii
(2) The patented doors of an Ideal Silo are inter- l|j i .E1 Oil
changeable and fit the same as a refrigerator door, WMll 11111 11111
being air-tight at all times. Iftj J'E'E Nl
No metal hinges to throw the door out of line, as are jim JlMllTillli
used in the manufacture of some silos. ||j| fm »|||J|
(3) The staves of our silo are 2x6 and are bevelled ifrJJ wMslsl§
and moulded to exactly fit the curvature of each Silo ii SllUOSil
and are fitted with % inch tongue and groove. Patented i|: •|| M ?
steel splines furnished wherever joints are necessary. HI i ■ 1 1 ||§
Staves of an ordinary silo are all the same, either HI: . 1 1, ||i
for alO foot or 20 foot diameter silo and are not cut to a CJ^lllillllllllll^
special curvature. ™** . i'i'ii'«™
(4) Ideal Silos are hooped between doors with I inch hoops at bottom and
i inch at top with 6 inch upset thread at one end, giving ample take-up when
Silo is empty.
Compare our hoops with the hoops and lugs used on other silos.
(5) An Ideal Green Feed Silo will produce good ensilage at all times and
will be the means of making your dairy profitable.
Write for catalog B for full information.
Drumm and Sacramento Sts. 1016 Western Avenue
San Francisco, Cal. Seattle, Wash.

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