OCR Interpretation

Washington farmer. (Spokane, Wash.) 1914-1971, June 15, 1914, Image 7

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn98047755/1914-06-15/ed-1/seq-7/

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BY C. J. ZINTHEO, Ag. Eng., Seattle, Wash.
A great many farmers who have
been in the dairy business for some
time and who are prompted by the
progressive spirit of the times to in
crease their herd and provide more
room for cows, or who have become
disgusted with the unsanitary con
dition of their present barn and de
sire to have a modern barn comply
ing with the requirements of sanitary
regulations are puzzled with the
problem of how to obtain the room
and modern conveniences and still be
within reach of their financial means.
The design of a modern barn here
with presented is made with the idea
of meeting these requirements. This
barn designed for 50 cows can be
made either larger or smaller as the
farmers acreage and number of cows
require, and it can also be extended
as the 'herd of cows increases. The
old dairy barn can usually be ren
ovated and rearranged for a horse
barn, hay-mow, granary and place for
young stock and with a good coat of
paint can be made attractive enough
to fit into the general environment of
an up-to-date dairy farm. The new
dairy barn should be located so as to
be convenient to the old barn with
the driveway between it and the silos
so that they can be tilled conveniently
with the ensilage cutter.
It is advisable to get a machine just
large enough for ones own use and
then make it pay for itself by using
it every week to cut all the hay and
straw before feeding it to the cows.
Provision is made in the old barn for
this and to run this cut fodder into a
feed trough, wet it and mix the mill
feed with it. This is then delivered
to the cows by means of a modern
silage truck. The cows will eat and
relish it all. They will waste nothing
and the farmer will get 20 per cent
more feeding value by this means in
the increase or his milk and decrease
in the amount of feed required.
The silos should be placed at the
end of the barn nearest the old barn.
They should be built of flr staves
tongued and groved with convenient
doors for taking it out into the silage
cart below.
The arrangement of the barn is in
dicated in the design. The swinging
stanchions should be provided. The
balance of the stall can be made of
the modern and expensive pipe
stanchions throughout or out of wood
as the farmer's pocketbook can afford.
The concrete floor should be covered
in the stalls with a one inch board
which acts as an ginsulator against
the cold, moist concete floor that
will injure the cow,
Concrete feed troughs should be
provided either with or without parti
tions as the farmer desires; but the
provisions should be made for run
ning water passing through them
when needed. The gutter behind the
cows provides for the collection of
both the liquid and the solid manure.
This is a novel arrangement con
structed by means of a metal form
like a drain tile, six inches in diame
ter with metal sides to the surface
permitting of an opening or slit
about three-eights of an inch through
which the liquid can pass. This is
entirely surrounded by concrete
which when set permits the removal
of the metal form that can be used
over again for the next section of
floor; at the end of the barn is a set
tling basin from which any solid ex
crement may be removed.
The liquid passes out into a con
crete receiving tank. The tankjfis
built partly below the ground land
partly above as illustrated with a
ooncrete slab at the ground line. The
lower portion receives the liquid
manure from which it may be pumped
into a tank on a wagon and distrib
uted in the field. Provision is made
for litter carriers into which the solid
manure is placed and either dumped
directly into the manure spreader
and distributed in the field, or, when
this is not convenient, it can be
dumped by the litter carrier into the
manure pit, provided above the
liquid tank and from £there|delivered
at convenient times. Provisions
should be made to wash the concrete
floors as well as the drain at intervals
to keep the barn sanitary.
The milk house should be located at
least 10 feet from the barn and in it
is located the compressed air water
system which gives the necessary
water pressure for washing the barn
without an elevated tank. The pump
is driven from the line shaft and pro
vision is made for a wood saw driven
from the same shaft outside of the
A four to six horse power gasoline
engine furnishes the motive power
for the line shaft. From this is also
driven the cream separator and the
milking machine vacuum and pres
sure pump as indicated. No one
should think for a minute to keep the
herd of 50 cow provided for in this
barn without the use of a milking
machine as this relieves the farmer
of the drudgery of dairy farming with
such a number of cows. The milking
machine pays for all the machinery
indicated in the milk house with
what it saves in labor. The electric
light plant, another necessary appli
ance of the modern dairy farm, is
also located in the milk house. The
dynamo is driven directly from the
fly wheel of the engine furnishing
light and charging the storage bat-
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teries at the same time. The eco
nomic advantage of this is that while
the engine, is run for an hour or so
morning and evening to run the milk
ing machine it stores up enough elec
tricity in the batteries to furnish
light tor the rest of the 24 hours, and
the cost of the electric light is prac
tically nothing after the first installa
tion. This arrangement is very much
cheaper than buying current from the
power company where a minimum
charge per month is always made
whether the electricity is used or not.
The cost of such a dairy barn com
plete, except the machinery, need
not be over $1500 to $2000. The two
silos, 14x30 feet, will cost erected
about $500. The milking machine,
water system, electric light plant,
ensilage cutter, and the two gasoline
engines will cost about $1500,
Dairy farmers who have practiced
ancient methods will figure how they
are going to pay for it all. With
such an equipment and modern
methods of farming one can keep a
cow to the acre and raise practically
all the feed on the farm. By plant
ing a few acres of vetch and winter
rye, or oats and barley in September
or October, this crop will be ready
for the silo about May Ist. Cut it
and put it in green. Then distribute
some manure on the land with the
spreader, plow it, and cultivate it
and drill in a crop of corn, which
will be ready for the silo in the fall.
Thus with two silo crops a year it
does not require many acres to fur
nish green succulent feed for the
cows. From the Ist to the 10th of
June when the clover is in bloom
cut it green and put it in the silo.
By the middle of August a second
crop will be ready which can be cut
for hay whereas if the first crop were
left till the middle of July when
weather is fit for haying it is too
coarse to make good hay and there
will be no second crop.
The dairy farmer should eliminate
all "boarders" and keep no cows that
do not average him $15 per month for
cream and skimmilk fed to hogs in
conjunction with silage. The Ist of
August when pasture is short and
weather hot, keep the cows in the
barn lot and feed them silage, instead
of having them use their energy in
rustling feed. In this way the milk
supply will be kept up.
By the use of the milking machine,
! one man can accomplish in one hour
j what it takes two men to do in three
hours and when it is done he is ready
for a day's work as the engine has
done the hard work.
Witb the barn and equipment as
outlined above two men can do all
the work necessary on a farm sup
porting 50 cows and the necessary
hogs to use the skimmilk and with
an average return from each as in
dicated it should not take long to pay
for the improvements and provide
comfort and independence for the

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