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The southern news. [volume] (Asheville, N.C.) 1936-19??, July 04, 1942, Image 1

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A sample of what Negro farm
ers are doing to help produce
food for the war is revealed in
reports from Agricultural Exten
sion agents. They show that in
Washington Countp, Georgia,
alone, 66 Negro farmers have
gardens and chickens this year
who had neither in 1941; and 17
have milk cows who had none
a year ago.
On the surface that seem?
small, and the average reader is
likely to say, "So what?” But
multiply the progress made by
these 66 farmers by 1.000, the
approximate number of agricull
tural counties in which there arl
Negro farm opera‘ors, and you
get some idea of what this seem
ingly isolated case could mean t(
Negro farmers if they were all
going ahead at equal pace. 1
Aside from sheer abstract figl
ures, let’s look in on one of thesl
farm families which is having I
garden, chickens and a cow fol
the first time. Let’s see what i]
means to them. I
Take the Joncscc. Well, Mil
Jones comes home about dusk al
usual during peak planting, cultil
vating or harvesting , time. He’l
had a hard day as tie, persplrl
aticn on his oveialls. as wsll al
his mule shows. He’s tired and
he’s hungry. Why he’d plow,
two acres for a good supper. i
"But. no.” he says to himself, '
“it’ll bo salt meat again—fat at |
that —maybe some blackeyed peas .
and hoecake.”
The mule fed and watered, Mr. '
Jones trudges towaid the kitchen
door. Suddenly his nose "catches
a whiff of egg-cornbread and
fried chicken. And the mooing of
the cow reminds him that he has
his years mixed. His thin per
spiring face runds into a smile. I
Why that was in ’4l. when he
used to „ come home to fat meat !
and cornbread. He had lived on ;
that diet so long that he kept |
forgetting he had joined the i
Food-for-Freedom program.
Hurriedly he washes his hands
and face and heads for the kitch
en. In a moment Mrs. Jones has
his supper on the table and he
and the children gather around
for a wholesome well-balanced |
meal. The chicken is simmered |
low in nice, brown gravy: a slice :
of home-made butter melts in the .
rich, brown cornbread just out
of the oven. There are string
beans, beets, carrots and lettuce i
and tomato salad . . . everything
except the mayonnaise right out I
of his garden. And there is milk
to drink.
"Reckon I’m gonna keep on
growing Food-for-Freedom," Mr.
Jones says half to himself.
There are hundreds of families
like the Jouses and they are not
limited to Georgia. In Alabama,
Mississippi and Texas, they are
growing peanuts to help meet the
Nation's vegetable oil shortages;
in Florida the slogan is "A Vic
tory Carden at every farm home.” |
In North and South Carolina 4-H ,
Club girls and boys are raising
pigs to help Uncle Sam with his
pork and lard needs.
These farmers know that by
raising their own fond they are
helping to make America strong
. . .’ strong because they them
selves are stronger and healthier
by having a better diet, and
strong because their surpluses will <
f Continued on page! ]
Brevard Branch Os N.A. A.C.P
Unveiled It’s Charter June 21
Some months ago a few interest- ;
ed citizens of Brevard felt the |
need of a N. A. A. C. P. Branch i
in their town. These interested (
fed, headed by Mr. Benjamin,
came to Asheville to seek the
necessary information to set up
a branch, from Mrs. J. H. Mi
chael, president of the Asheville
Branch. As a result, a mass meet
ing was called to find out how
the'community felt towards hav
ing such an organization in the
community. The response was an
unbelievable success. Thirty-four
memberships were secured at that
time after such an inspirational
talk on “What the N. A. A. C. P.
Stood For,” by Mrs. Michael. The
community went to work to se
cure the required members of 550
in order to get the charter. The
committee secured even more than
the requirements, so the N. A. A.
c. P. has won the hearts of an-
Special Correspondents Over North and South Carolina
. j
| though the Philadelphia Housing
' Authority has voted that occu
pancy of defense housing proj
ects should be in proportion to
the Negro population in the neigh
borhood, the Philadelphia NAACP
and other organizations which
formed a Citizens’ Committee,
I stated this week that the plan is
not satisfactorp. 4 i
1 At least two Negro employees
; of the War Department in the sig
| nal corps here say they were told !
| that colored families could not
I occupy the recently constructed
Abbottsford Defense Homes in the
; Germantown section. They state '
they moved to this place from
other cities on the promise that
the houses would be available to
I them, and that they are now liv- 1
| ing in cramped quarters because j
|of inadequate housing facilities, i
i Theodore Spaulding, president
of the Philadelphia NAACP, said I
this week that the racial pro-
I portion plan ■ of the Housing |
Authority is unsatisfactory be-
I cause the present location of the
’ projects already erected would
I not, under this plan, include a
fair proportion of Negro defense
workers on the basis of need.
Further action is planned by the
NAACP and the Citizens’ Com
| ing the first anniversary of the
signing of the Executive Order,
8802, the NAACP congratulated
President Roosevelt on the pro
gress of the Fair Employment
Practice Committee an<i urged him
to continue to stand behind the
Committee, increas its budget and
authority and permit it to concen
trate on the "enormous task you
have assigned it of exposing and
correcting job discrimination in
private industry and government.”
other justice loving community in
j North Carolina.
i Hence, the Brevard Branch of
the N. A. A. C. P. unveiled its
charter on June 21, 1942, with
an impressive program. The Rev.
C. A. Edington was. at his best
in his unveiling address. Others
appearing on the program were
Mrs. L. B. Michael, Mr. McNail .
of the S. C. C. of Marion, N. C.,
and Mr. Mills. The officers of the
branch are: Mr. Benjamin, presi
dent: Mr. Mills, vice president;
Miss Kilgore, secretary, and Mrs.
Johnstone, treasurer.
The dcelgation from the Ashe
ville Branch included the fol
lowing: Mr. and Mrs. George
Weaver and daughter, Mary Eliza
beth, Mrs, Mattie Fambro, Mrs.
J. B. Hailstalk, Mrs. Lenora B.
Reid and Mr. John Shorter. The
Asheville Branch extends to the
i Branch continued success.
NEW YORK Although the
Columbia Broadcasting System,
the National Broadcasting Com
pany and the Blue network are
now hiring Negro musicians for
regular jobs in their New York
stations, the American Federation
of Musicians lily-white locals in
key cities outside New York bar
Negro musicians from certain
jobs. The NAACP learned this
week that the AFM’s jim-crow
locals may be in violation of the
President’s Executive Order, 8802,
banning discrimination in labor
Chicago local 10. for example,
is all-white, and has an exclusive
contract with radio stations there
to supply musicians for regular
jobs. Negroes in the jim-crow
local are not called except for
fill-in work, the NAACP said.
The fight tn abolish separate
locals entered the first round
when this month’s issue of the
magazine Music and Rhytbnt,
edited by John Hammond. NAACP
board member, featured state
ments from topflight bandsmen of
both races who favor single lo
cals. -
Among those who spoke out
are Glenn Miller, Jimmy Dorsey,
Claude Thornhill, Emery Deutsch,
Shop Fields, Woody Herman,
Count Basie, Abe Lyman, Hal
Mclntyre and Zutty Singleton.
They declared that jim-crow
locals are not satisfactory and
are unprofitable to Negro musici
ans. Chief evils of the separate
system are unequal wage scales,
virtual shut-outs of Negro bands
from radio stations, theatres, and
high-paying spots Over which
white locals have jurisdiction, and
a generality lower economic stand
ard among musicians.
The AFM has 135,000 members
throughout the country, many of
whom are colored. Segregated lo
cals are the rule in most large
cities, except New York.
James C. teetrillo, czar of the
AFM and president of the Chi
cago local, minimizes undesirable
effects of segregated units. In a
statement last week he said: "In
some jurisdictions colored mu
sicians have their own locals and
in other jurisdictions they are part
and parcel of the local. It seems
that someone is barking up the
wrong tree, as the setup with ref
erence to colored and white mu
sicians in the Federations always
has been open and amicable.”
Typical of the opinions of band
leaders is that of Glenn Miller:
“Now when we are fighting Hit
(Continued on back pag«)
boom /
\ £ \ *23,000 yX
U.S.Treasury Official War Bond
Quotas for July
J u| y <?“<>♦« for State. $12,153,000
Hiflinn (30,000b>-.'’ —’— Tl “ M ‘* Quo '' *" Nor «’ w «
; 17,300 /**'* i i! T 8» May Sala* for North Carolina Wara $8,190,000
l| !l
The above map of North Carolina shows the War
Bond quotas, by counties, for the month of July,
1942. Total War Bond quota for the state is
$12,153,000. With the National quota total placed
at a billion dollars, the nation goes into high gear
in its support of the War financing and to give our
fighting forces adequate implements of war which
wfll bring ultimate V’ictory. American Soldiers,
The City Library has added a
and ehaips and many otheishr
Children’s Department with tables,
chairs aimy much other equipment
for- children. There has been a
postal telegraph clock placed on
the wall for the public to stop
and see the time. Mrs. Hendrix
lias raised ?167.00 for a beautiful
inlaid linoleum on the floor.
The Libratjan invites the public
of North Carolina to the
library. 'BhSbe has been many
new books •placed on the shelves.
The names of the donors have
been put in a frame and are
hanging on the wall. The Ashe
ville library is one of the finest
in North Carolina. A vegetable
garden poster has been placed
on the wail. Mrs. Hendrix wishes
to thank her many friends for
their contributions, which have
made these improvements possible.
NEW YORK Newest paid
in-full Life Member of the N. A.
A. C. P. is the Brotherhood of
Sleeping Car Porters which re
cently sent a check for SSOO to
the Association. The International
Executive Board of the Brother
hood of Sleeping Car Porters vot
ed at its session in Chicago, first
of the month, to take out the
Life Membership "because of the
splendid work the Association is
doing for the advancement of the
Negro people.”
MEMPHIS, (Tenn. June 28. —
Shangri-La, that Tibetan mountain
paradise in the middle of no
where recently turned secret air
base for bombing attacks on To
kyo—according to President Roo
sevelt —means a little something
and mostly nothing.
“The ‘Shangri’ doesn’t mean a
thing, but ‘La’ is the Tibetan
term for mountain fastness.”
Thus said James Hilton, author
of “Lost Horizon”.
Hilton, while on a visit here,
said it was no great trick to find
the name for his mythical place.
He said:
“I wanted something that would
sound authentic, and yet not exist
anywhere in reality. I just made
up the ‘Shangri’ part because it
sounds like a Tibetan name.”
Sailors, Marines and Airmen are on every front,
They are giving 100 percent for their country,
i What are we doing here on the home front? Are
we lending at least ten percent of income to help
them? It’s very little. But to fight this war suc
cessfully our country needs a billion dollars in
War Bonds every month from us—the People.
Let’s Go, America. V. S. Treasury Department
The West Wing of Mt. Zion |
Baptist Church sponsored a suc
cessful Calendar Wedding on
Thursday night at the church.
Over one hundred dollars was re
alized from the effort. The pro
gram was rendered to a capacity
audience who spent an enjoyable
evening of fun.
Each month was represented by
a bride, groom, best man and
flower girls. The bride raising
the largest afount of money wore
the bridal veil. This honor went
to Mrs. Annie Johnson, whose
groom was Mr. William Waters.
They were united to live happily
ever afterwards in an impressive
comical ceremony by Mr. Walter
Mayo, officiating minister. Mrs. i
Johnson represented the month
of March. The processional was
played by Miss Charlesetta Grit
fin, and the recessional by Miss
Etaulia Cunningham. “The Ros
ary” was sung by Mrs. Houston
Shelton before the processional,
and after the’marriage ceremony
Mr. Harold Ball sang “I Love
You Truly.”
CH-gettingrahpoyaaswa cmfw cm
The bride’s and grooms wore
as follows:
April Mrs. Ardeth Neal, Mr.
M. V. Goldsmith.
May Mrs. Minnie Gray, Mr.
Charlie Teamer.
June - Mrs. Berdie L. Smith,
Mr. C. T. Tatum.
July Mrs. J. W. Hairston,
Mr. Robert McAdams.
August—Mrs. Leonard B. Reid,
Mr. James Greer.
September Mrs. Mamie Bran
non, Mr. Harold Bass.
L ‘October Mrs. Georgia Ban wk
kight, Mr. W. T Kilgore. <
I November —’ Mrs. Ida Selflt
Mr. Roy Cunning-ham.
/December Mts. Gladys Bigs
by, Mr. William Dill.
Directresses: Mesdames V. M.
Mayfield, Roy Cunningham, Rob
ert Griffin. Mr. W. C. Allen Is
president of the West Wing.
steps have been taken in Walla
Walla, Washington, where Negro
soldiers of the 25th infantry reg
iment were barred from entering
20 places of public entertainment
and accommodation by order of
the officers of the regiment,
William H. Hastie, civilian aide
to the Secretary of War, told the
NAACP recently.
t jE'<
Sharecropper Executed
' IKK!
Without, comment and apparently
resigned to his fate, Odell Waller,
25-year-old negro sharecropper
whose case ran the gamut of ap
peals to the courts in an exhaus
tive , two-year legal fight, went
to his death in the electric chair
at the Va. peniteitary today for
the murder of Oscar Davis, his
white employer.
Representatives of the Workers’
Defense leageu, one of the cham
pions of the Negro’s cause, said
they sought in vain for a hearin.j
before President Roosevelt on the
eve of the execution after Gov
ernor Colgate W. Darden, Jr., al
read had dedniqd pleas for com
mutation of thri aqd for
a sixth reprienL.
Waller was cktlei frdm his
death row cell, j-wi*<re hi Lad
spent 630 days while his attire
neys fought for his life before the
I state and United States supreme
' at 8:35 a. m. (EWT).
Ten minutes later Dr. C. C.
Chewning, Jr., prison physician,
pronounced him dead.
Waller shot and fatally wound
ed Davis July 15, 1940, at Davis*
Southeside Virginia home place.
The shooting followed his em
ployer’s refusal to surrender his
' share of a jointlj’ tended wheat
frop, but state witnesses testi
, fied at the trial Davis has prom
! ised to send Waller his wheat and
hand turned toward ris house in
response to a call for breakfast
I when the Negro fired four shots,
two of which struck Davis in the
The Workers’ Defense league
and other groups intervening in
his behalf circulated pamphlets I
throughout the nation on the
case and appealed for defense
funds. Many prominent indi
viduals, including Mrs. Roosevelt,
wrote or telegraphed the governor
prior to his final action. The
Workers' Defense league said they
learned the president also com
municated privately with Darden
in Waller’s behalf.
Defense counsel contended that
Waller’s trial before a jury of
poll taxpayers, when he was in
the class that did not pay such
taxes, denied him equal protection
of the laws, but Governor Dar
(Contimied on back page)
N.A.A.C.P. Holds Successful
Influence Defense Meeting
The Asheville Branch of the
N. A. A. C. P. had a successful
Influence Defense Program on last
Sunday. The membership of the
Branch as well as prospective
members are becoming more N.
A. A. C. P. conscious by the
capacity crowd at the meeting.
Interesting addresses and talks
were made in regard to the suc
cessful work of this national or
ganization as well as the local
Branch, he purpose of this Na
tional Association is to see that
the Negro gets justice whenever
it has been trampled upon by un
just treatments. It seldom fails
to do this even in the Supreme
Court of the United States.
Every Negro in Asheville and
Buncombe County should join up
and work with this Association as
well as make use of his ballot,
which spells success in his be
half, The Association has mem-
The names of 35 Negro selec
tees it will send to the army
within the next fortnight were an
nounced yesterday by Local Draft
Board No. 4.
This brings to 126 the number
of Negroes seelcted for July in
duction, local Boards Nos. 1, 2
c.nd 3 already having announced
lists totaling 91.
Board No. 4’s list includes the
names of four men who register
ed for the draft last February—
men 20 and those 36 t& 44. One
of the sou Henry Satter
white, 22, of 11 Gray Street —vol-
unteered for immediate induction.
The other three are:
Clayton Yarborough, 42, of 39
Gudger street; Richard Louis Rob
inson, 41, of 4 Pine Tree road,
and Samuel Gilchrist, 21, of 224
Flint street. The average age of
the entire group is 29 years.
Other selectees for July induc
tion follow:
William Harrison Smith, 19, of
116 Hill street, an under-age vol
unteer; Perry Jack Castle, 23, of
247 Flint street; Willie Thornley,
32, of 91 Gay street; Willie Huff,
28, of 34 College street; Abram
Ruff, 26, of 42 Hildebrand street;
Paris Carlisle Prince, 31. of Buf
falo, N. Y.; George Clinton Plum
er, 30, of 33 Gray street; Herbert
Andrew Chambers, 23, of Stocks
ville; Eddie Douglas, 25, of 29
Hill street.
John Archibald Dusenbury, 34,
of 64 Hill street; Horace Rice,
28, of Colonial Heights; Demos
thenes Clay Wells, 29, of Washing
ton, D. C.; Willie Hammond, 30,
of 10 Short street; Roman Jeffer
son Elkins, 27, of 41 Ocala street;
Robert Lee Leverette, 22, of 72
Ridge street; George Marshall,
Jr., 23, of 47 Short street; Syl
vester Earl, 28. of 60 Gudger
street; Erwin Williams, 33, of 83
Stratford road.
Joel Rosemond, 24, of 27i But
trick street; Dolphus Castle, 29,
of 247 Flint street; William How
ard Feimster, 29, of 1G Ocala
-street; Clarence Austin Moore, 31,
of 117 Cherry street; William Hay
wood Fletcher/ 22, of Arden, R.
F. D. No. 1; 'Leotis Gist, 22, of
8 Morrow street; Maxie Lee Will
iams. 36, of 163 Valley street;
Si” - David Kennedy, 27, of
310 shland avenue; Horace Ed-
iwr rd Maulden. 29, of 23 Jersey
street; Cleveland Johnson, 25. of
Orangeburg, s. c.; Ray Hunter,
31, of Wilmington; L. Evem Da
vis. 22, of Knoxville, and Na
poleon Thompson. 27, of West
Brownsville, Pa.
Hunter and Davis are being
transported to draft boards at
Wilmington and Knoxville, respec
tively, for induction, while Thomp
son was transferred here from
The names of 73 Negro selec
tees were announced this week by
Local Draft Boards Nos. 1 an<j S’.
Boards 3 and 4 also will send
groups of Negroes to an induc
tion center this month, but their
lists had not been completed yes
Neither the destination nor the
exact date of departure of selec
tee groups are made public by
the selective service, bu the July
quota of Buncombe Negroes will
leave within the next fortnight.
The men listed yesterday range
in age from 21 to 40. The selec
tee of the latter age is in the
35-44 age group that registered
for the draft in February, and
volunteered to go now without
waiting to be called. The average
(Continued on back page)
berehips from the white race.
There is no discrimination in the
National Association for the Ad
vancement of Colored People.
The program rendered was as
follows: Address, Rev. C. A.
ington; Solo. Mr. George Weaver;
Mrs. George Weaver gave one of
her original compositions in read
ing entitled, “Freed or Free”;
Address, W. R. Saxonl Inst. Solo,
Miss Opal Saxon: Press Excerpts,
local and national, read by Mrs.
Lenora B. Reid: Remarks by Mrs.
L. B. Michael; Rev. Ellis brought
greetings to the Asheville Branch
from the Texas Branch; Mrs. John
Shorter won the prize for having
the largest number of guests as
well as finance. Mr. George
Weaver, program chairman, pre
sided. The next meeting will be
Sunday, July 12, 1942, at the
Allen Funeral Home on South
side Avenue, at 4:30 p. m. Come
and bring a friend or member,

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