OCR Interpretation

The southern news. [volume] (Asheville, N.C.) 1936-19??, February 27, 1943, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Library, Chapel Hill, NC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn98058951/1943-02-27/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Alabama Court Denies New Hearing
Special Correspondents Over North and South Chralta*
I MOBILE, Ala. The state su
preme court overruled this week
la motion for re-hearlng of the
lease of Henry Daniels and Curtis
■ Robinson, sentenced to death here
Ifor allegedly raping a white wom
lan. The re-hearing was sought by
IJ. L. LeFlore, chairman, of the
■regional conference of southern
[branches of the NAACP,
I Robinson and Daniels are sen-
Itenced to die on March 26th. The
[re-hearing was sought on the
[grounds that the prosecuting at
torney in making the opening
[statement to the jury did not con
iine himself to statements which
|werc- based on facts admissable in
[evidence and that prosecuting
[counsel asked witnesses many 11-
[legal questions at the trial.
| The department of agriculture
has announced that a labor re
cruitment program will be start
ed immediately tn all major coun
ties producing perishable fruits
and vegetables for canning to help
assure farmers at planting time
that workers will be available at
harvesting and processing time'.
Extension service agents in co
operation with the U. S. Employ
ment service, the office of civilian
defense, and local operators of
canning plants will immediately
launch a campaign to canvass the
available labor in canning plant
areas. Churches, civic clubs, bus
jiness and school groups, and farm
workers who have some spare
time are called on to pledge them
selves to help get in the crops
[and get them processed.
I State extension directors are
discussing the recruitment and
placement of non-farm youth for
summer work.
legg price support
The department of agriculture
has announced minimum support
[prices which will be paid pro
iducers for eggs bought by the
food distribution administration
under the 10-case Southern Egg
Marketing program in 12 southern
states. The prices effective now at
buying stations ins the 12 states
range from 33 to 35 cents per
dozen for grade A, large eggs, in
10-case lots.
The public is invited to be pres
ent Sunday evening, 3:30 p. m.,
February 28th, at Wilson Chapel
[Methodist Church, Burton Street,
at which time the West Asheville
Branch of the NAACP will spon
sor a program.
I The Rev. Johnson, pastor of
[Hopkins Chapel Church, Ashe
[ville, N. C., will be the principal
| On Monday night, the Rev. T.
|o. Lunsford of Asheville, (White),
[will speak at 8 p. m.. The Rev.
[Lunsford is an outstanding, spir-
Btual minister. Come and enjoy
|a spiritual treat.
jE ... ’’xwSa
- - J
• fe • 1 ; • W
CIVILIAN AIDE—The War Department has announced the
appointment of Truman K. Gibson, Jr., of Chicago 111., as acting
civilian aide to the Secretary of War. Mr. Gibson succeeds Judge
William H. Hastie, whose resignation became effective February L
1943. Mr. Gibson has been serving as assistant to Judge Hastie, Be
was born at Atlanta Georgia, in 1912 and was graduated from the
University of Chicago School of Law in 1935, being awarded a degree
•f Doctor of Jurisprudence. He engaged in the practice of law ia
Chicago until his appointment to the War Department in 1940. He
••rved as executive director of the American Negro Exposition is
Chicago until its conclusion in September, 1940.
NEW YORK The recent vote
of 66 northern and border state
congressmen backing the attempt
ed ouster of William Pickens,
treasury department employe and
Dies target, prompted the NAACP
this week to warm Negro voters
throughout the country to keep a
close check on the records of
their representatives and remem
ber those records when the repre
sentatives come up for re-elec
tion. The NAACP pointed out that
in the total of 136 votes against
Pickens, 6JO h’pMJ 1 pq 'lwflf
Pickens, 50 of the 66 cast by the
northern and border state con
gressmen were Republican votes.
Illinois' 17 Republican congress
men voted solidly for the dismiss
al of Pickens from the war sav
ings staff of the treasury depart
ment on charges of subversive ac
tivity, made by the Dies commit
In a protest sent to the House
of Representatives before the fi
nal vote of 267 against 136 which
brought about the reinstatement,
the NAACP outlined the career of
Mr. Pickens who since his grad
uation from Yale in 1904 had been
zealous in the fight to rthe rights
|of Negroes and other minorities.
[For 21 years he was an executive
[officer in the NAACP.
I “Mr. Pickens and other offi
cials are being persecuted on false
and malicious charges of un
■tmerlcan activity, without fair or
Competent investigation, and with
out opportunity to be heard,” the
B.AACP said. "The conduct of the
Bien responsible for this attack
Bould be more becoming to agents
■f th# G##tapo than It la to those
acting in the name of the Ameri
can congress.”
COLUMBUS, Ohio Governor
John Bricker, Speaker William
McCullough and Representative
Jackson Betts, chairman of the
houes judiciary committee, were
asked this week by the NAACP
to lend their support to H. B. No.
11, a bill which would make it
unlawful to refuse employment to
any person "on account of race,
color, creed, religion, or national
origin” in the “production, manu
facture or distribution of mili
tary or naval material, equipment
or supplies for the State of Ohio,
or for the federal government.”
The bill, sponsored by Repre
sentative Chester K. Gillespie of
Cleveland, and Messrs. Turpeau
and Ray, is now before the house
judiciary committee, but it is re
ported on good authority that the
committee does not intend even to
hold hearings on the bill.
The NAACP expressed belief
that the bill is in line with the
spirit of the times and with the
war aims of our nation in its fight
against the Axis powers.” and
should be enacted.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 22.—More
than 850 persons were lost in the
North Atlantic early this month,
the navy announced today, when
enemy submarines torpedoed two
American paasenger-cargo ship#
taking military personnel and #4-
viltan work#ra ov#r##oo
WASHINGTON A solid front
against any weakening of the
Committee on Fair Employment
Practice (FEPC) was presented
to Manpower Chief Paul V. Mc-
Nutt here February 19 by a con
ference of 20 or more leaders of
organizations and movements
which had protested against the
sudden cancellation on January 9
of the scheduled hearings of the
committee into racial discrimi
nation In employment on rail
Speaker after speaker at the
conference urged (1) restoring
FEPC to its Independent status
under the White House and re
moving It from the War Manpow
er commission; (2) an Immediate
re-scheduling of the cancelled
railroad hearings and also the
cancelled hearings on discrimin
ation against Latln-Americans in
the Southwest; (3) giving the
committee sanctions in the form
not onl yot public hearings, but
-of :i:6ney penalties and liquidat
ed damages; (4) giving the com
mittee an adequate staff and bud
get; (5) keeping in service the
members of the present commit
tee who have not resigned. The
entire group was against a paid
committee such as has been sug
gested from time to time by gov
ernment spokesmen.
In urging Independent status for
the committee, the conferees said
such status should be "sufficient
to protect it from the veto power
of government officials, other
jhan the chief executive."
"The committee should be set
up in the office of emergency
management of the executive of
fice of the president,” they said.
"This would give the committee
stature as a ‘president’s commit
tee' and independence from veto
power of other government offi
cials. The difficulty with the pres
ent organizational arrangement of
the committee in War Manpower
commission is that the committee
is subject to the direction and su
pervision of the chairman of the
War Manpower commission. In
actual practice this has meant
that the committee's activities are
subject to direction, supervision
and review by the whole heir
archy of War Manpower com
mission officials."
Going on record for a re-sched
uling of the railroad hearings, and
the Latin-American hearings, the
conferees said: "ON reason has
yet been given for the preemptory
postponement of the railroad
hearings. Similarly, no valid rea
son has been given for postpon
ing the hearings in the southwest.
(EDITOR'S NOTE: In the fol
lowing statement, William H.
Hastie, who recently resigned as
civilian aide to the secretary of
war, in protest aganlnst the short
comings of the military aviation
program as it affects Negroes,
discusses some additional aspects
of racial discrimination and seg
regation in the army air forces.)
There is not now and never has
been any good reason for the seg
regated training of Negro flyers
at Tuskegee.
There are two stages in the
training of a soldier to be an
army flyer. The first stage teach
es the new cadet to fly, using
small light aircraft adapted to the
trainin gos a beginner. This part
of the program is carried out by
private operators who contract
with the army to give preliminary
flying instruction to aviation ca
dets. The private contractor fur
nishes the field and the instruc
tors, while the army selects and
assigns the cadets, prescribes the
•gnres tygtriMtl#!* aM super.
Only by their rescheduling can
the administration demonstrate ite
good faith. The members of the
committee who have had charge
of the preparation for these hear
ings should complete the work
to which they have devoted much
o fthefr time, energy and effort
(Continued on iwure six)
ATLANTA, Ga. Morehouse
students were urged by Dr. Clyde
A. Lawlah today to remain in
school just as long as possible and
to return after the war if they
fail to finish before they are
called. Dr. Lawlah was speaking
at special Founders Day exercises
In Sale Hall chapel commemorat
ing the 76th anniversary of the
Continuing he stated. .that grad
uates who are* prepared will be
In great demand when the war is
over because large numbers will
die in the conwlict and those for
tunate enough to survive will be
needed to offer their leadership
to the' masses. It will be the col
lege-trained man, said the speak
er, who will be a great factor In
determining whether this will be
a forward or backward step for
our race, and he challenged the
young men to emulate some of
the great Morehouse men of the
past Inasmuch as they would be
filling a great responsibility not
only to Morehouse but to the Ne
gro race the world over.
Dr. Lawlah cited achievements
of Morehouse alumni, and stated
that in spite of all that has been
accomplished, there are contribu
tions still to be made in medicine,
religion, law, business, industry
and the arts. And even greater
opportunities will be awaiting stu
dents in the years o fthe post
war world.
The speaker was introduced by
his former teacher, President Ben
jamin E. Mays. Dr. Lloyd O.
Lewis read the Scriptures and of
fered prayer. Music was furnish
ed by the Morehouse glee club
and by two violinists, Luritz Cre
jue, '45, and John Anderson, '44.
Other speakers on the program
included Mr. Kendall Weisiger,
chairman of the board of trustees,
who paid tribute to the great
leaders of the college, and who
told the students they should be
come fine citizens because they
have had opportunities which
have been denied to many. An-
Continued On Page Six
vises training. There are a great
many such contract schools scat
tered in various sections of the
The cadet who successfully com
pletes the elementary flying
course at such a school is next
assigned to an army field for fur
ther basic and advanced training.
From this point on, the army
takes complete charge of the
training program.
There was no need to segregate
Negro cadets in either stage of
training. Newly appointed Negro
cadets could have been assigned
to beginning classes at any one of
the many contract schools just as
white cadets are assigned. In fact
one or two Negro cadets were so
assigned by mistake. But when
they arrived for training, ar
rangements were quickly made to
reassign them to Tuskegee. Sim
ilarly in the more advanced train
ing, Negroes who had completed
the primary course could have
been sent to the various army
flying training center*. But the
(•oMtsiMd on poet sts)
With shoes now being rationed,
you are probably interested in
ways to make those you have last.
But before we get into that let’s
take a look at the Nation’s war
time leather needs. About a year
ago the War Production Board
ordered 80 per cent of best grade
leather soles set aside for the
manufacture and repair of foot
wear for our armed forces.
Our fighting men must have
good shoes. Each soldier gets
three pairs of shoes when in
ducted, and two pairs more dur
ing his first year in service. The
number of men in our army is a
military secret, but let’s take an
army of five million men, that
means 25 million pairs of shoes
a year. Why that’s enough to
fill a three-tier household shoo
bag 1500 miles wide, or campar
able to the distance from Boston
to Miami.
Os course, shoe rationing is
designed to save leather. And
shoes aren't the only leather items
in a soldier's wardrobe. There
are belts, straps, gloves, scabbards
for guns and bayonets, and in
the cavalry there are saddles and
bridles and other leather para
phernalia. Besides the Army,
thera’a the Nevy, and >e must
not forget the WaAcs, the
WAVES and the SPARs?
Now that you see where the
leather is going, here are some
tips, compiled by Department of
Agriculture chemists, on how to
care for your shoes and make
them last. (1) Keep your shoes
soft and pliant, and strong by
greasing and polishing them often.
For dress shoes, use a little castor
oil; and be sure to grease the
soles as well a sthe uppers. (2)
Never let mud dry on your shoes;
always wipe it off as soon as pos
sible. (3) When your shoes get
wet never dry them near a hot
fire, a stove, or a radiator; grease
them carefully, working the grease
in thoroughly w’here the sole is
fastened to the upper; then let
dry in a warm, dry place. Do
not put them on again until they
are thoroughly dried.
Use plenty of grease on your
heavy work shoes, especially
when you use them for farming
or gardening. You may use sev
eral different oils—neat’s foot oil,
castor oil, cod oil, tallow, wool
grease, or a mixture o fthese.
Have the oil slightly warm, and
apply it wit ha soft cloth. Then
rub it in thoroughly with the
palm of your hand. This will pro
tect your shoes against mud,
weather, drying, heat, dirt, and
Here's another important sug
gestion: have your shoes repaired
promptly when they need it. This
not only assures longer wear, but
I it also makes for proper support
' of the body, and often prevents
foot oilments.
NEW YORK More than 30
civic leaders met on February 20,
at the 135th street YMCA to dis
cuss the prevalence of crime and
juvenile delinquency in the Har
lem area.
Walter White, executive secre
tary of the NAACP at whose call
the leaders met, said, “We all
know that part of this reputation
is due to certain newspapers
which feature crime in Harlem
and the race of persons charged
with crime. We also know that
the present situation is the prod
uct of the depression years and
of the denial of jobs and of hope.
But even after giving full allow
ance for these handicaps, we who
live in Harlem do not appear to
me to be doing what we can lo
NORTH AFRICA, Feb. 23.—Hurl
ed back in one sector and stalled
in another, the German armored
units of Marshal Erwin Rommel
relaxed their pressure along the
Tunisian front today, giving the
stubborn allied defense forces
their first rest of the bitter, three
day struggle to keep Nazi spear
heads tram crooking their lines.

xml | txt