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N.A.A.C.P. STATE ASSO.
FIRST IN NEWS AND PICTURES. THE MOUTHPIECE OF THE PEOPLE VOLUME 8 MIGRANT TOMATO PICKERS BURNED N. C. S. N. B. A. Inc., To Meet Here Sept. 13= 14=15th Bookert Hotel The North Carolina State Negro Beautician Association, Inc., wnll meet here September 13th, 14th, lith. National president, Mrs. Cordelia Johnson of Jersey City, N. J. t will be the guest speaker at the Mt. Zion Baptist Church, September 14th, 8:40 p. m. This is her sth consecutive year as national president. She is president of Jersey Beautician League, Inc. Beautician volunteer corp. to be »e up. The organization will be Joined up with the national B. V. C., which is assisting in put ting over the national civilian de fense program some of the ac tivities of the B. V. C. are nurses aides, red cross, bonds and stamps. The Asheville corp. will have the | honor of being set up by the Na tional Prqesident, Cordelia Greene Johnson who is national com mander of the B. V. C. She has received citation from Washington, D. C.. for splendid work with the Negro women ofour nation. Bar stamps will be sold by the Asheville local during the conven tion. Alummance tea will be given at the Stewart School of Beauty Culture in honor of its graduates and th eentire convention on Sep tember 14th from 5. P. M. The city's best talent is being offered j to our visitosr in the following program: 1. The National Anthem 2. Welcome Address, Mrs. Irma Mills J. Solo, Mr. Harold Bass 4. Instrumental Solo, Mrs. Ollie Reynolds 5. Remarks. Dr. R. M. Hendrick 6. Trio, Mesdaines Faulkner. Simon and Greenlee T. Reading, Mrs. Georgia Hollo way 8. Solo, Mrs. Leo Sheftall 10. Solo, Mrs. Willie Ford Hen nessee 11. Reading, Mrs. Carrie Mc- Donald 12. Solo, Mrs. 1010 Byers IS. Solo, Mrs. Annie Laurie Mur phy 14. Instrumental solo, Miss Eu genia Whiteside A dance and style review will be held at the Booker T. Hotel September 15th, 9 p. m. until? Don’t fail to see what Milady is advanced In coiffure. Admission II .00 tax included. For further in formation call Mrs. Willie Ford Hennessee, Phone 1377. The pub lic la invited. Miss Ernestine Calhoun Os St. Augustine Elected Queen of the Service Club CAMP BLANDING, Fla. At a , birthday party for the colored \ soldiers whose birthdays were cele- , brated in August at Service Club . No. 4, Miss Ernestine Calhoun of t St. Augustine, Florida, was elected ( "Queen of the Service Club.” . Miss Calhoun Is at present a t student at the St. Francla do Sales < High School, Rockcastle, Virginia. , A guest at the birthday party by , ananimous choice of the aervice , men. Miss Calhoun was featured , a* a soloist during the evening's , entertainment, and rendered sev- , eral popular numbers. She is a ] piano student and has been ap- t peering as a vocalist since 1957. , The birthday party is a monthly j feature at the Service Club and . waa sponsored by the Recreational And Social Hostess, Miss Alice M. ( Scott of Jacksonville; Mrs. K. D. , Childs, Service Club Director of , Gainesville. Pvt. Clement W. , Barksdale, of Boston. Mass., was . master of ceremonies, ably assisted < by Sgt. Arthur Holloway, of Phila- ■ delphla, Pa., and Pvt. Denson E. Shaw. Talent from the enlisted ranks the party Included Pfc. Arthur A. to participate in the program at Robinson who sang '‘Drink to Me Only With Tine Eyes”, Brahm’s ; “Lullaby” and “Londonderry Air." Special Correspondents Over North and South Carolina ®)ej> outfjernJoeto£ NEGRO CHAPLAIN IS ALSO EDUCATR This man must be nameless here, yet at a New York area camp where he is stationed his name is almost a by-word. He is a Negro chaplain who has ac complished the unusual job of setting up a program for the scholastic education of his men at the same time as he ministers to their spiritual needs. But even though his name cannot be told —for he is stationed at an em barkation camp under Army re strictions—the story of his ad vanced conception of the work | of a minister can. This educational program is car ried out in two places. Part of it is at the camp where he has es tablished classes for the men of his task force in such subjects as mathematics, literature andj writ ing. Those nevN before ■ privi leged to perfect themselves in the.se subjects have been availing themselves of this chance for many months past. He carries out the second part of his program at the nearby USO clubhouse to which he has been given a “dur ation-of-his-stay-invitation" by the club director who feels that if his club can provide the Negro an opportuntiy to improve his mind at the same time as it gives him recreational facilities, it is serving its highest purpose. Asked how he performs this educational job at a center to which the men ostensibly come for recreation, the chaplain ex plained: “There are three topics in which most of the men are primarily Interested their present, their past, their future. On each of these there is much for them to learn, much they do not know. Take their past. Many of them do not realize that, having their or igin in such varied parts of the world, they have a very interest ing and vital history and back ground of tradition. In giving them what might be termed a his tory lesson, they gain both factual knowledge and also a desirable pride in their heritage. To illus trate part of my so-called lesson, the club director recently provided a fine program by a professional group of dancers. The numbers depicted scenes of African folk lore. To the Negro of African descent, these scenes have the same historic significance a Thanksgiving stage pageant would have to the New Englander whose ancestors were actually part of that scene. "Their interest in the present is manifested quite obviously in their fine attendance at the classes at camp, proving their desire to be abreast with universal educational and cultural expansion. Here at the USO where they are relaxed and in a mood to talk, they evince that interest in asking me numer ous questions about things and people in the world today. Many of them have had so little contact with the world they find it diffi cult to understand people who are different than they. I try to in crease their understanding by en larging their knowledge and so in answer to their questions I tell them about different types of peo ple, where they live, how they live and why they live as they do.” When It comes to the future, the chief interest of the men in uniform is the kind of homes they will be able to build for their families, and next in importance Cpl. Frederic Thomas, New York, well known baritone, sang ‘‘Trees.” Pvt. Richard Dangerfield enter tained with popular tap dance routines. Mrs. N. F. Freeland of St. Aug ustine presented horoscope read ings for the entire month and Dr. Freeland presented the toast of the •rtnlnt. /yL ASHEVILLE, NORTH CAROLINA, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER H~i943 N.A.A.C.P. To Organize State Asso. Sept. 18 At Charlotte, N. C. There will be a meeting of all branches of the NAACP of North Carolina in Charlotte, North Caro lina, for the purpose of organiz ing a state organization. All ex ecutive offices of the branches are invited to attend this meeting on September 18. ICC Asked To HS Discrimination In Allocation of Equipment On Jim Crow Railroads WASHINGTON, D. C. The Interstate Commerce Commission was asked this week by the N. A. A. C. P. to bring to task the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad and other carriers found to discrimi nate against Negro passengers in the allotment of equipment. The Assocaition’s demand fol lowed the receipt of a telephone call from a New York resident who charged that she had been in the station at Rocky Mount, North Carolina for almost 24 hours and that 9 or 10 north bound trains had passed through each of which received white pas sengers but refused to receive any colored passengers. She said that there were about 200 colored pas sengers waiting in the station and that among them was a woman with a sick baby. \ The New York office of the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad which operates through Rocky Mount surmised that the difficulty was due to the general strain on car riers and the shortage of equip ment for civilian travel caused by military demands. The NAACP held that even a difficult situation like the present there should be no discrimination as between races in the allotment of whatever facilities are avail able. “From reports that have come to us,” the NAACP letter to ICC stated, “we believe that carriers in southern states have not al lotted a fair proportion of avail is the extent and type of edu cation they will be able to get for their children. “In answer to these questions,” declared the chaplain, “I rely upon the men and women who have made a study of trends and quote from the books they have written or urge the men to read these books for themselves. I also give them some of the pamphlets pro vided here at the USO which, deal with economic, educational and communal problems. They show in a general way what types of progress the men can expect and what they themselves can do to hasten that progress. “Everything I have attempted to do here,” he added, “has prov ed to me the aliveness and in quisitiveness of the Negro mind. The desire for knowledge is real and these men, even though they are doing a hard physical Job, are never too tired to learn something which they feel will lead to a better future and a better world.” TWO TYPES OF SCHOOL LUNCH These two school youngsters are enjoying their wartime lunch. Sponsored by the Dept. Agriculture. EDITORIAL A MILESTONE Seven long years have passed since the Southern News first came into being in Western North Carolina. It came, and it stil lremains, as the mouthpiece of the people of the two Carolinas and the surrounding territories, inform ing, enligtening, stimulating, and cooperating. Those seven years of its early life have been eventful ones, indeed, srowded with incidents an dexperiences unprecedented in our history, both of national an dlocal interest. The South ern News has faithfully brought to its readers the high lights of all the news, unbiasly. Space here will not permit us to enumerate through reminiscences the outstanding scoops of national or international interest, but they have been brought from the fields of politics, sports, arts, so ciety and features of human interest. Here in our own locality the Southern News has instigated, nurtured, or encouraged several movements and institutions for pro grosse; among some of these have been—a park, a hospital, a better welfare council, a recreation center, a USO lounge, ,a Y. W. C. A., and many others too numerous to mention. Eventful years—when the Southern News made its advent, the United States was emerging from one of the greatest depressions in history. At the same time the ag pressive peoples of Europe and Asia were beginning to spew their veno roupon peaceful people all over the world. One by one fell under their claws and steal thily the s cached out for more victims and greater prey inaii * they Wtangled sflmost every nation in the world. 1 Thus we have carefully given news with variety of color and tones—cheerful, medium and otherwise. If there were any truth in the proverbial luck in num bers, we would put all our stakes on the number SEVEN, because it containes the big “V”. Today when all our minds are in one accord with one goal, VICTORY, we are pouring all our strength and efforts into the fight. This cneness of mind and unity is the plea of The Southern News. “Down wit hthe Aggressors,” “Away with Nazism, Fascism, Imperialism,” “More Sacrifices for Victories” has been the plea of your newspaper. These things will come eventually, and the Southern News expects to be standing there on the cheering line ready to bring to its readers complete coverage of the greatest incident yet in history the eternal and supreme victory of Democracy. able equipment to Negro pas sengers. The jim crow law was not invented by Negroes and the record shows that they have been protesting against it for years. The humiliation involved is bad enough; there ought not be any inequality.” In addition to writing to the I. C. C. the NAACP also communi cated with the Office of Defense Transportation. J. B. Eastman, director of ODT said that an investigation of the Rocky Mount situation revealed that “traffic of all description was left at various stations along line on this date. Additional trains had been added and all equipment had been pressed into service. Trouble is that more people are endeavoring to travel than there are facilities available. This ap plies to all races. The matter of providing adequate facilities a: nearly as possible under prevail ing eondtiions has been handle: with Atlantic Coast Line and al other lines in the South.” Fisherman Finds Better Luck In Air CAMDEN, S. C. M. J. Mosely unable to land anything in th waters of nearby Hermitage Lak with his fly rod, took'to the with better success. » Disgusted because the fish er biting, Mosely cast his line at i large bird flying about 15 fee above the water. He reeled in a fat duck. Asheville Boy Is Honored At Great Lake Naval Base MIGRANT TOMATO FiCKERS LIVE IN PA. CHICKEN COOPS QUAKERTOWN, Pa. The state will seek the conviction of Edward O. Mastin for the deaths of Willie Cooper and Mrs. Odell May, Negro migratory workers who were burned to death here August 17 in a barn on the Mastin farm on Route No. 2. It is ex pected that the case will be tried early in October. A personal investigation by John Grantham, president of the Lehigh Valley NAACP Branch, re vealed that the victims were two of fifty migratory workers who (were brought from Florida by a ii-hite contractor to gather in tho femato crop on the Mastin farm, tomatoes picked those workers, are sold to the government thru ’the Campbell Soup Company. I Most of the workers are housed ] in chicken coops; the largest be-j ing about 7 feet square and only) 5 feet in height. Grantham said j in his report “workers along with their children are living in these small chicken coops—and these little coops, even if they were fit to live in, are too small for a couple to live in comfortably— but the most horrible thing of all is that nearly ever;- worker has a large family and he and his family live in these small houses. . . . This condition is worse than slavery could have ever been.” Unable to take pictures of the housing provided for workers. Grantham submitted to the N. A. A. C. P. nationaf office a free hand sketch of the chicken coops which he described as filthy and unfit for human habitation. Though dissatisfied with the conditions under which they have been forced to live, the workers said that they have not been able to earn enough money for rail road fares. The deceased persons were liv ing in a barn and were burned to death at midday when they were trapped by a fire on the third j floor. There was only one exit and one of the workers suffered 1 a broken back when he attempted to leap from a window; another, was severely burned. At the coroner’s hearing at Quakertown on August 27, the! coroner’s jury held Mastin respon- ! sible for the death of the two! workers. Prentice Thomas, mem-! ber of the NAACP national legal j staff attended the hearings. i Evidence presented at the hear- j ing showed that several families lived in the barn. Some of the; persons had oil stoves on wjilch they cooked. The barn was filled with hay and other inflammable, material. There were no fire es- 1 capes: the only exit being through ! one door and the windows. | District Attorney Edward Bits- ; ter. Doylestown, Pa., said that In' order for the state to make its j case it would be necessary for Claude Jackson, one of the work ers who last saw tho deceased persons alive, to appear as' a wiLl ness. Jackson has agreed ty re* main in the state. V & 4' Doe Guarding Auto Included In Loot <><^l KNOXVILLE, Tenn. John* Pierce reported, with exasperation, this story to a police desk ser geant: “I parked my automobile down town early tonight. I want to re port the theft of a tire, wheel and inner tube and a bulldog. I especially would like to find the bulldog.” Pierce left the dog with th* ear as a guard. THE LEADING NEGRO NEWSPAPER OF THE TWO CAROLINAS NUMBER GREAT LAKES, 111. Thomas Cortez Johnson, 35, of 2605-J, Ridge Drive, Philadelphia, Pa., has graduated from recruit train ing with top honors in his com pany at the U. S. Naval Training Station here. Johnson, who led the 130 blue jackets of his company in drill and scholarship, formerly owned a radio ' service store in Asheville, N. C. Having completed his basic training as an apprentice seaman, he will now be assigned duties on this Station as a member of Ship’s Company. The honor man has returned to Philadelphia on a nine-day leave with his wife, address above. His father is T. E. John son, 134 Livingston, Asheville. Johnson attended Livingston Col lege, Salisbury, and the National Radio Institute. CHRISTMAS Packages to BE MAILED BEFORE OCT. 15 The War Department, through the Army Postal Service in con junction with the Post Office De partment, has designated the per iod September 15 th to October llth as Christmas Mail month for soldiers overseas. Persons wish ing to insure their packages to soldiers overseas being delivered for Christmas will be sure to take advantage of the War Depart ment's offer to assure them of Christmas delivery if mailed dur ing the month between September 15th and October 15th. Any one wishing any Informa tion concerning the size and weight may call the Post Office, and any assistance possible will be given, says Mrs. Grace G. Shell. Post Master. ROME ARMY AIR fIELD, N. Y.—Left to right, Brigadier - General C. P. Kane, Commanding l General, Rome Air Service Com ' .jnand pinning the Soldier’s Medal i on Corporal Jchn D. Hilton of k Bolivar, West V ; rginia. Corporal ' Hilton received the Medal for s bravery last April 13 when single handed he removed the bodies of six men from an Army bomber which crashed near Daniel Field, ' Georgia. A member of Air Serv [ ice Command’s 1954th Ordnance i Depot Company Hilton will serv* . with one of Air Service Com mand’s “Keep ’em Flying" ground r ww . .J