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Seward Weekly Gateway _
YOl.. II, NO. IS. SI<A\rAI!l>. A 1, ASK A, S A'lT III> A Y. I> IT K M I*. KH Hi. _ TUNNEL BORING TO BEGIN SOON Big Machinery M ill l>ri\e Six Long Holes Through Solid Rock from Both Lnds Tunnel work will In* the important] feature of the winters construction operations on the Alaska tentin.. Boring will begin soou on the TOO foot tunnel which the railroad construction, company will run on mile IP. and a 1st* on the five tunnels which Rich ,V Harris hold the contract ‘or on milt* ;*£. These total alwut h»on feet in length. Boring will proceet simultaneous!} at both ends of each of th< six tunnels every hour from the moment the ma chinery starts until all are cotnph-fe. The preliminary work is largely done and the necessary machinery will be placed at the |*ortals l*elor© another month. «)• B. latnerom engineer ol construction, said this mormng that all the tunnels should he finished b\ July 1 at the latest. Rich A- Harris already have th r big steam compressor at 11.» porta of the first tunne ; uni a* i tn « dl drive the drilling machinery h} air compression. In order to pits » da work, however, a new ;u • com pressor has been ordered, t the latest device for mining operations. Hus will be sent up on an early steamer. When l*oth oompressers are put in ten crews in as many places will he at work twenty-four hours each da} di-; reeling the drills which air compres sion will pound through mountain walls of almost solid rock. Rich ,v Harris will employ more than .Women when the tunnel work is in full blast. Hill Hork at Both tnds The railroad company w ill also work at both ends of the tunnel on mile lb At the southern end the work will he done by hand, but at the farther end, which is almost solid rock, steam pow - er will do the hammering. This tun nel will he finished before the others. More than 2000 men are now em ployed in railroad work and every in coming steamer adds to the number. The construction department at the end of November had 1412 men on the payroll. The Oregon. Portland and Santa Clara brought lot) more, and no! many are quitting now. . the tota at present must exceed 1-Vsi. The com missary and survey departments, ofiiee employes and station men nutnl" r a 1.>out 500. Kich & Harris have more than 10t) employed, and Welch A to. have al*out 100 on Turnagain Arm. It is expected that the whole number will be increased to 3txx> by soring, and with the advent of pleasant weather it is the intention is to employ al the men w ho can be secured by runsueKing the states, if the number should be 10,000. Welch & Co., will try to get half that number, at least, in order to rush their long contract of thirty miles on Turnagain Arm, which is nearly all rock work. Mill Lay Track to Tunnel Only a few pieces of rock work re main to complete the grade between the present track terminus on mile 4> and the portal of the tirst tunnel on mile 4'J. Near the latter point the end of the track will stand until the tunnel are bored. On the corkscrew grade between the railroad tunnel on mile IP and the Rich & Harris tunnels on mile 52 several large gangs of men are now engaged upon rock work which will be finished before the tunnels are ready for the rail-. Beyond the tunnel- men arw engaged upon rock work in several places all the wav to the head of T.mri ,ain Arm on mile to. The dirt work in the low land between 55 and (55 was at. least 75 per cent finished when the ground froze and graders were pulled off of it for the winter. In -pots the work was within !M> per cent of com pletion when it was stopped by frost. On the other side of the head of Turnagain Arm several camps are es tablished, where men are doing rock work. The largest of these is on to, near where a long trestle is building across Twenty-Mile river. Another is on 6(5, and others on 7t> and 72. A railroad sawmill is in steady operation near the mouth of Glacier creek, and another is going in farther up the same creek. An immense body of good timber extends for several miles up the creek, sufficient for railroad demands for many miles. The principal Welch camp is at Rain bow creek, on mile *6, wheiv ne.t? It 100 men are employed. On account of its inaccessibility not much can bo done on the stretch covered by the Welch contract until spring, when thousands of men will be put to work. GOVERNOR BRADY VISITS SEWARD Says District Has Everythin# But People and Wants Survey of Public Lands Gov. Grady came to Seward mi tie* Santa Clara, principally to confer with tin >chool boar! of the town con cernin': the t isposition of its school funti. and incidentally to see the town. He returned southward on the same lioat. as the time at his disposal was limited anti he wished to visit other towns on school business. “What Alaska needs i> people." said Gov. Grady in Seward. “You can’t nuke a nation or a state without peo i p e. Ilesources are so much waste un til a region is inhabited. To fp*t them the territory must be widely adver tised. and Congress can Itelp a jrood di al by liberal appropriations for im provements and survey s of the public lands. “Alaska has several military posts with a large body of troops at each t>ne. 1 have always doubted tho utility of >o many military posts, hut they are here, and vast sums have been spent f<*r buildings atid equipment. I’hese t n ops are to protect the residents hut the residents don’t need protection. Nobody is trying to harm them. I think it would 1» a good thing if the oovernuienl would employ most of the troops in making surveys of the public lands. Many of the eiticers are edu cated etig illerts. “In the stales every time a little tract of land is thrown open to settle ment people stand in line for hours struggling to *rrt a little homestead. They could get better land in Alaska without a struggle. hut they are reluc tant to settle on unsurvey cd lands, and the tact that the Government has never tawen the trouble to survey Alaska lands militates at.ait.st their reputed value. “Alaska wants more railroads. She j can’t have too many, hut railroads can not get freight and passengers for transportation until the people come n. Immigration is tile thing which all interests in the territory should j unite to secure. The resources, mineral and agricultural, will he developed when the people come. "1 am particulalrly interested just now in the buildiny up of territorial schools, f believe that lony before tlie end of the present century Alaska will have the hiyhest type of citizens with in her borUer> that can he found in tin nation. and too much attention cannot be bestowed upon the education of the risiny yenerat ions." (low lirud\ said he did not know whether he would yo to Washington this winter or not. lie said he had j received no order to yo there and had | r» ceived only one letter from Secretary Hitchcock concerniny the charyes ayain.st him. which came months ayo. _ INCORPORATE LINN COLONY Aurora Company Files Charter for General Business The Alaska Colonization & Develop ment Company has transferred its charter to Alaska, tiling a copy with the clerk of the l\ S. court at Valdez. This i> the company which has had representatives at Aurora this fall in vestigating the possibilities for a col ony. The promotors have decided to go ahead and have incorpor ated to engage in all lines of business which can he bandied in thi> country. The board of directors consists of Axel l>. Romberg. Walter Church. S. K. Klli>on, G. L. Robinson and K. S. Churchill, of Now York. lighthouse for Bay Entrance At the request of railroad officials and others interested in ocean ship ping, Gov. Brady, while in Seward, wrote a letter to Secretary Metcalf of the department of commerce and labor, urging the importance of a lighthouse near the entrance to Resurrection hay. The governor believes the lighthouse can easily be obtained. Bring Down Falls Creek Ore L. F. Shaw and T. M. I*»ne escorted j three and one-half tons of ore down from the Falls creek mine Saturday night. It will he shipped on the Ore gon to the Tacoma smelter. The ore is of good grade and an excellent as >ay is expected. furniture for McNeiley Addition The furniture for the addition to the MeNeiley hotel, finally arrived on the Portland. Seventeen additional rooms were be furnished at once. Six new ] rooms were previously furnished. RYAN AGREED EO BUY INFLUENCE Purchaser of Hyde Stock Admits He Was In a Job to Head off Investigation By Cable to The Daily Gateway. Nc\j N ork. Dec. I I Thomas K. Uyan, who hoiiLilit James II. Hyde's stock in j ! the Ktpiitabie Life Assurance Company. testified today before the legislative J investiijatiiijf committee that the stock was sold to him at one-half its reputed value upon consideration that he was ;o use his business and political in fluence in the lijrhi on the insurance companies. It was ajrreed, he said, that if adverse legislative action came he should thereafter hi relieved of am ohlijration to expend further time and money in the general insurance llirlit. j lIvan paid *2,ob0,0(M> for Hyde’s old shares of stock, which were regarded ' as worth fo.eno.tMK). This ldoek of j stock is .’ll percent of the whole. I Uyan said he was induced to take the stock and to jro into the lijrhl 1»\ other insurance men who said the\ needed , his influence. He did not know I whether or not these men paid Hyde ! am tiling to let »ro. FORT GT ENTRY By Cable to The Daily Gateway. Washington. I >. Ihr. l.'T Seward was madt a siihport today b\ order t>f tin* secretary of the treasury. It was announced .sometime ajjfothat :•!. Kineh Pitman, depot \ collector of customs at White I’ass, had been ordered to take charge at Seward Jan ts:*i v 1 o' the sitbpoit to be established here. After that date ocean jroin” vessels can clear to and from this port direct. MANTLE Of SNOW Kight inches of snow fell Sum ay afternoon in two hours, but almost as: soon as it ceased to fall a warm wind followed, which carried with it part of the time a drizzling rain. The tem perature rose almost to 40 In evening, and wind, rain and warm air annihila ted the beautiful which gave such promise of permanent sleighing. Tin* snowstorm Sunday was ac companied by several bright flushes of lightning and crashes of thunder of corresponding vigor. The wind during the night was about the limit, and served as an injunction to keep the steamer Portland in the hay. After a day and night of drizzling rain which carried away the eight inches of snow which fell Sunday after noon and made rough skating rinks of' the streets by exposing the ice formed in the late freeze, snow began to fall again the next day and kept coming at internals ever since. It is now a foot deep. TO OPtN NtW DRIIO STORT “Doc” Allen Will Build on Fourth Avenue and Go It Alone The Allen Drug Company will open a drug store about March 1 in a build ing to he erected on Fourth avenue ad joining Wagner's saloon on t hi* south. Wes Allen, or “Doc." as he is better known, will manage the store. He will give up his position as manager of the Owl Drug Company soon after the be ginning of the new year and go out side to purchase a stork. The building to be occupied by the Allen Drug Company will be 2SxH0 ft., two stories high. The store will have an expensive plate glass front, and the entire structure will be llnished in first class style and of the best material. The second floor will be equipped for; offices for professional men. Mr. Allen is an experienced drug gist. He learned the business in bis! native city, St. Louis, later traveled for a big drug house in the Missouri valley, then managed a store in Kan-* sas < ity. Then he came west and was! in Skagway several years until lie came to Seward last winter. It is claimed that Chinese coolies in , the South African mines are practical ly held jin slavery under time contracts. ALASKA 10 HAVE ANOTHER JUDGE Understood at National Capital That Bill for Fourth Dis trict Will Pass By Cable to The Daily Gateway. Washington, P. Dec. 15 It is generally admitted at the capital that i the bill to create a fourth judicial dis-! trict in Alaska hy dividing the Third; district will pass Congress without, serious opposit ion. This will give the President the ap- i [ pointment of another judge besides successors to Judge Wickersham. ; whose term has already expired, and | Judge Moore of the Nome district, : whose term will expire next summer. Judge Wickershem will he reappointed by the 1’resident and it is thought he i will he continued, although Senator i Nelson of Minnesota is opposed to him, and the North Dakota senators are ex pected to stand with Nelson. The Alaska delegation will meet the President tomorrow. Besides the j three delegates elected by the recent convention all the Alaskans in Wash ington will he included in the party, making about twenty altogether. Richard S. Ryan is spokesman for the! party. By Cafcla to TUo Dally Rateway. Seattle. Pee. 1.1 An oiler to lease the entire government system of cable and telegraph to Alaska was made by wire to Washington yesterday by A. K. iloyd. general manager of the Nome telephone company, in behalf of east ern eapu, lists. No answer has yet been made by the war department. An act of ( 'ongress will be necessary to permit a least.' or sale of the govern ment lines, and it is thought improb able that the proposal to transfer con trol of tin cable and telegraph of the North will prove popular either in Alaska or in Seattle, which is the heaviest patron of the system. PORTLAND KNOCKS OCT WHARF PILING Only a swaying plank walk, rocking uneasily upon a few tottering piles, re mains of I he viaduct between the two doe us. When tin Portland was pull ing away Sunday evening a tremen dous gust oi wind drove her against this platform with a force which near ly wrecked it and tore away the rail ing and stanchions of the boat along the area of contact. During the night the waves dashing against >he loosened piles washed them free. Knough timbers remained under the viaduct to keep it from falling and pedestrians can still use it. but no heavy freight is carried over it. The railroad company will have the platform replaced just a> soon as the pile driver can put in the piles. TO OPEN CONCERT ICUL Fred Rasmussen to Build Between Commerce and Bank Saluons Fred Rasmussen, a well-known vari ety theater man from Juneau, will erect a building between the Com merce and Bank saloons on Fourth avenue below Washington street for a variety theater, ard open it as soon as constructed for a concert hall with a bar. The excavation will be made within the next few days and building will commence as soon as lumber ar rives on the (trace Dollar. The con tract has been let. The building will be 30x90 feet, two stories high. The entire ground floor will he used as a concert hall with a bar in the front end. A stage will be arranged in the rear, and regular nightly performances of flu* dance hall description will be given. If bu>iness just ilies the change the building will later be romodeled and made into a variety theater. Baby Born on Steamer Dora A birth at sea on the steamer Dora occurred on the last trip westward, when a daughter was born to Mrs. Harry Greniel, a native. The child was named Dora. COMPLETE TEXT Of ALASKA MEMORIAL Seward delegates took a eonspicuou part in the convention of Alaskan, held in Seattle November l‘» 22. Judge Morford was chairman of tie credentials committee and a member of the steering committee for tie Third District. He is a So on t lie per manent committee appointed to call future convent ions. The most important work of the con vention, that of framing a memorial and preparing a statement covering' tie1 needs of Alaska, fell to another Seward delegate. Major John H. Hal iaine. After sessions lasting three days and evening?, the committee on resolutions chose Major Balluine to draft the document. His draft as sub mitted was adopted by the full com mittee without the change of a word, and afterward in like manner by the unanimous vote of the convention. The Seattle papers announce t hat the document so comtdetoly met the view, of the delegates that they generally expressed the opinion that it would constitute Alaska's "Magna t'harta." It i-. tlm fir>t statement of Alaska'-, needs ever unanimouslv agre»*d upon by a representative convention of A laskans. In view of its importance to Muska, in that <'ongress is expected to enact most of tlu> recommendations into law. the document i- here published by the (Jateway in full: Appeal to American People The <10.(KM) Americans resident in Alaska represented by elected dele gates in territoria 1 convent ion. t ids 'Jot h day oi November. 1!M)5. appeal to the American people in every state and territory, and to congn -sand the pres ident of tiie United States, with a can did statement of Alaska's need- and a re-peetful demand for the recognition oi her rights. Thai those needs may be clearly tin d*Ts!o,)d and those rights dealt wiili in justice, we deem it fitting to present an outline of conditions a- they exist in Alaska today. In t lie precious metals of gold, silver and copper, and in deposits of coal, tin and iron ore. we believe that Alas ka is the world's richest storehouse, its waters produce one-half of the an nua! salmon catch of the Western hem isphere. Its 5*0.107 square miles ex ceed the combined areas of Germany and Austria-M ungary, and the islands of Great Britain and Ireland, The great mountain systems of Alas ka are crowned with ice and snow, and they feed glaciers. Gut in the southern and central port ions are vast and fer tile valleys, some a* large as the state of Ohio, densely timbered and yielding abundantly of grasses, all varieties of vegetables, and the hardy grains. These valleys correspond in area, lati tude and climatic conditions with por tion- of Northwestern Burope, contain ing Ki.noo.otM) enlightened and prosper ous people. Within this wide expanse of territory tiO.'KK) Americans, their numbers rap idly increasing, are engaged in devel oping resources of limitless extent and of incalculable hem-lit to the prosperity of the United States. But their work i> a struggle against adversity. They face not alone the physical disadvantages of a country al ternating with rugged mountains and forest covered valleys, but they are burdened with laws wholly unsuited to their needs, which breed expensive litigation, engender animosities amt frequently bring progress to a halt. A heavy tax is imposed by congress upon every character of Alaskan in dustry. and hut a fraction of it is applied to Alaska's welfare as Un people of Alaska believe it should be , applied. Come From All States The 00,000 Americans in Alaska re present the vigor and intelligence of young manhood from every state and territory in the Union. They have car ried with them to their new home th<; school, the church, the hospital, the daily paper, t he telephone and the electric light. They have carried also to their new home the American love of liberty and the American belief that their local affairs can be regulated by themselves better than by a body of of men, however.enlightened, living in different environments and occupied with other duties many thousands of miles away. Wherefore, We demand the appli cation to Alaska of the fundamental American principle of self government and elective representation in Congress. We ask no help or favors,but only to be i permitted to work out our own destiny mi do our share in contributing tothe •rosperity and welfare of our common •mintry. In addition, we present herewith Alaska’s other immediate and most urgent needs: First and Foremost: Astalwl apply iriLf to Alaska a kmc, amendatory ol a.;ci supplementary to tin* federal statute • hi mines and mining', making it im possilde to locate placer mining eiainis hy a<;ent or attorney-in-fact with or without power ol attorney, or in any manner to locate such claims otlnr wi.se than in person: making it impos sible to locate more than twenty acres of placet* ground in one claim, thus abolishing the «.rroup claim curse; mak inir it impossible for any one person to 1 locate more than two placer claims on ; any one creek, or any one ol its trihu j taries: declarin': that the bona tide j lindin*: of yolrl in any quantity what I ever any where wit hie the boundaries of a placer minini; claim constitutes discovery: subuit utiny a cash is^'v im nt of $2’> per annum on each placer mining claim for the annual labor assessment of $I*mi now required by law. with the penalty that failure to I pay sudi cash assessment subjects the ! claim to relocation, the moneys -u , aid i to he expended in the construction and maintenance of wuyon roads and trails lin Alaska: and. anally, declaring the ' law of water riyhts in connection w;*h ; placer mining c airns. Second: A direct appropriation of $l.oon.tion hy congress for the h i'dinj: i of waj^on roads and trails ondei 'he supervision of the Alaska road com mission. Third: The application of the am ines of the government cable am! t< <• jrruph system in Alaska to betterments and extensions. Fourth: Legislation relievin'.: l'nited Stales judges in Alaska of adniinistrat i v»- duties and the appointing oft n It ■ d Slate*' coUiimssioiiecs hy transO ri in/ such duties tot lie governor or other civil otlicials. Fifth: A redistrictiny of the present judicial divisions, an increase in the number of judges, and tie* creating of an appellate court in Alaska. Sixth: The abolishing of the anti qnat« d fee system in all olliees and the substitution <•»' adequate salaries. Seventh: The removal of the re strictive tax of $loo a mile per annum on railroads in Alaska. Ask for Ljnd Suncys Kighth: The establishing of base line» ami meridians in the vast and fer tile valleys of southern ami central Alaska, to the end that homesteaders now located and locating therein large 'numbers may occupy ami improve the public domains of Alaska on terms of eqiialit.N with homesteaders on the public domains elscwhen in the l nited States. Ninth: The providing of more light houses on the coasts of Alaska, where a fleet of American strainers isetigaged in the merchant marine exceeding in j numbers the American fleet engaged [ in one field on any other ocean. Tenth: Better postal facilities, with special deference to assistance for post masters in rapidly growing towns. Klevcnih: The erection of suitable buildings for the transaction of public business in the several divisions of A laska. Twelfth: The placing of the natives of Alaska under tin* direct protection of the governor of the territory. With those needs recognized and legislation enacted to give them effect, Alaska will enter upon a period of un precedented development and prosper ity to the lasting good of all Ameri cans. In conclusion, we appeal to the press of the United States for that just treat ment which it accords, when rightly informed, to all deserving interests. Respectfully submitted with the unanimous endorsement of the com mittee on resolutions, November 2b, 1905. Building Houses at falls Creek Work on the two big bunkhouses at the Falls creek mine is going on stead ily in spite of cold weather, under the direction of T. M. Lane. The mine is a mile above timber line and the logs have to be skidded up the trail from the place where they are cut. This makes the job slow, but the houses will be finished soon and then a large force of men will be engaged to drive four tunnels during the winter. The insurance investigators of New York threaten to make the big ofli* , cials give back the side money they ! made from company funds.