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PUBLISHED WEEKIY BY GATEWAY PUBLISHING CO. l'.nti'HHl as SiTuml I'lass mutter August tilth. I<nn. at the I'o-io v-ee at nsvanl. Alaska, an- | dot the Vet of I'oiur*" »*l Muivh t*. IJ».'V* SUBSCRIPTION RATES One Year tin - - - S3 0^ Six Month* • ' Sl 5C Kastern oltlff till \Hvorth Itir.kliilir. l*ulutl' , Minnesota Ch; > It Vske. aut homed a>retit. SATITULVY. PKCKMMKU LhC, SOME ARCTIC WINTER The “ Frozen North” in this part of tin* world recedes like wild animals before the advance of civilization. Probably every man now living in Seward imagined when he was a buy back in "the states" that icebergs per petually crashed against the shores of Southern Alaska with polar beats climbing and sliding over them. Recent arrivals in Seward, even j c mting with the assurance that this r gion is exeunt from the terrors of, the Arctic winter, have been greatly surprised that they have no need of a North Pole out tit to go out ot doors in safety. Immigrants from Puget S..ut • w.-ar * he same clothing they did then and men almost constantly go about , the streets without overcoats a> they, do on the Sound. The Seattle Post-Intelligencer was so impressed with the record ot te np erature in Seward recently published that it gave the figures an editorial, calling attention to the fact that throughout last winter the mercury never reached zero, and coiuparit the climatic showing with that ot th states below the fortieth parallel east of the lharkies. Se'V art! is i* efts i; to ;i" U’e th** 1 1 Intelligencer that nothing has heeu handed out by the weather butva since ?he ,*-t i * ' nts went down trom the north wh ch requires a minititea tion of its est itnaie of the Southett. Alaska climate. The town has bail one week of winter, the titst week of 1 eo*tuU*r. in which tin* lowest temp erature recor-b d was 2 degrees abov* zero an th** average alnnit l". sine then it ha> h id a f« ot and a half ot „tlow. widen by temperature almost steadily al>ove the freezing point am intermittent rains ha** been reduced to to a few ,i c s and on toe eve ot ( prist: :o > amniv going. In one pattiemar Seward has a c‘ - n at• ■ equu.ee by few localities in the; civilizi d World. It is absolutely free from extreme fluctuations of tempera ture. Pug*‘t S" :i blasts of a climate ' fr> e from vb> ••ii’ changes but Seward has almost r*s w e a margin over the Sound it. ‘ha' r»‘sui ct as the Sound has ever the M indie West. The ordin rv daily range of winter temperature in Seattle is from 1" to 2o d gret s. ami som times reaches 3»> de grees. In S *ward during November and IVcembei the daily range 1 as rarely ... tm high as lo degrees. Several tines the range ha> been b ss than that in an entire w. *k an Vhe daily range has freguently been only 1 or 2 degrees. During the thir treu days from December 11 to Dectn ber 23 the mercury has been steadily between 33 and 42—only !» degrees variation ami every hour abo\e the freezing point. NOW IS THE TIME TO BUILD Two vessels have been chartered to bring 7o»U*hi feet of lumber with other bui.ditu' material to Seward, and liothcarg*» > will be on th< ground within a few* w* k'. For the first time in its history tl town will have lum ber enough r furnish builders every thing they want. It is admitted to be a fact that build ing operations have been hampered all through the year imKi by the dearth of mat-rial. Last spring it looked like a risky undertaking to car ry a large stock because it was uncer tain whet in 1 *!it growth of the town would create a heavy demand. VV hen it in-cam- certain in midsummer that a permanent and increasing demand was assured it was impossible to find freight room on the steamers for large quantities of building material and equally ditticuit to charter extra boats. A> a result <>f this lack of foresight ami of transportation facilities Seward has not enough roofs to shelter com fortably all tto people who come in. Scores of lot' are vacant whose owners would have built house# or business blocks upon them months ago if they could have obtained material. Nearly every hotel and lodginghouae room is occupied by a regular tenant, and tnen who arrive on steamers are often com pelled to sit up in chairs the first night because they cannot find beds. For the pres.-at situation nobody is particularly to blame, but if Seward does not now proceed to double its house room jit't as fast as builders can put the materials together it will soon have a sorry reputation for enterprise on the outside, where just now it is regarded as the most promising town in Alaska._ The penalty for being a citizen of S-w ml in good standing is that a mao is liable to he compelled to serve on a jury at Valdez. MR. SIMENSTED COMPLAINS Charles Simensted of Valdez is cred it,.,! |>\ ilu- Portland Telegram with complaining that Seattle papers are ad veil i>ing Sew: 11*< l as the best town in this part of Alaska, and he ottered the trad of Valdez to Portland is the Wei do >t eity would only take it. Mr.) Si ensted says the Seattle papers) credit everything to Seward which j comes this wav. “although as a matter I of fact the bulk of the cargo is booked j foi Valdez.” Pear Mr, Simensted. you are to he commended for sticking up for your towi■. A man who won’t shinny on his own side ought to he nut out of the church, hut did you “holler when the Kdith sailed last August with ’JltM tons j of steel, a locomotive and six ears for. the Alaska Central at Sew aril and ll<»| Civosoted piles for John Rosem ’s new townsite wharf at Valdez, and both big Seat tie papers under top heads ati jiouneed that the steamer was taking, : he ei11:re cargo to Valdez for Mr. Kosene’s new railroad V Repeatedly lh< Seattle papers ha\e mentioned large cargoi s destined tor Sev.anl as going to \aidez. soveral i i;es stating that the freight was for ihe Alaska Central at Valdez. This was done s > often that eastern papers frequently stated that the rai'roa’ was building from Valdez. The Seat tie pat*prs have lately been informed. Seward has no quarrel with \ aide/. Its growth will never interfere with, that of Seward and its prosperity "ill redound to the advantage of all Alaska as will that of every other community. 'Phis town wants no credit for anything which belongs to its neighbors, but it does want credit for all that is due to is, If. Pntil recently it never received such credit. Incidentally taking up theclaim that ••the hulk” of -learner cargoes are de stined f'»r Valdez, the records of the <te tnish’p companies show, as recently published in \ aide/ papers, that a ; • ■ e men than -Vhm» tons of freight were carried hy steamer into Valdez in • . s' nine months of !!*<>.>. Jn the saute time a Inna Uipi'o tons were ear i to Seward on the same steamers. If the "bulk” of freight curried tlbs way hy steamship lines is for Valdez w 1 \ .as the Northwestern Steamship i liitpani. will's*' president is -aid to he he Sding a railroad out of Valdez, and ho is laying olT a new townsito in that i.ieality. decided to run three steamers hy ;i e out-iiie passage direct to Sew ard next year, allowing them to return hy way oi Valdez? It was rush. also, for Mr. Simensted to tell the Tidegram. if he did that Cue Mask ' Central lias “about thirty miles constructed" when it had forty live at the hour of his interview. HARD LINES FOR RUSSIA Rii'sia seems to be in :t fair way to repeat the history of France in the last -avade of the eighteenth century, with Witte in the role of Mirabeau. Tiie trouble with these nations who.se ruling classes trample upon human l rights for centuries seems to be that jneiti < r si<U* knows when to quit. The aristocracy never give up an iota of 1 privilege except upon peril of their i lives, ami wlcn the proletariat gets a tastv of power it is like the taste of 1 blood to a hungry wolf. In Russia. a> in revolutionary France, a few far-seeing statesmen ami ; philosophers could pull the chariot of state out of tin mire with the assist ance of either side, but neither aris i toeracy nor commonalty has sense ! enough to give and take. In Russia, s in France, the immediate result is likely to be chaos, anarchy, riotous bloodshed and brutality. It France had followed Voltaire be | fore the Revolution, or Mirabeau after it was under way the Terror would have been averted. If Russia had listened to Tolstoi these twenty years or would follow Witte today it could avoid a similar fate that seems im pending. Probably it is not in human nature that barbarism should be uprooted ex cept by barbaric processes. Men are guided somew hat by reason in lands which haw known something of jus tice. Reason seems to have no place in lands which have never known it. The Seattle Times heads one of its Alaska convention accounts “Three Delegates will go to Congress.’’ This ! d is not bind the Times to secure seats i fer tie gentlemen but only signifies that the news editor let the head go : through because it fitted the required space. Furniture in James H. Hyde's forme'.- Long Island home brought at auction little more than 10 percent, of its cost. Apparently the belongings of the discredited young insurance magnate have no value as souvenirs. Bourke Cook ran has opened hisyawn ing. fathomless mouth to assail the life insurance companies, which affords a conclusive presumption that none of the companies has paid the brass-lunged sj)outer a retainer. Police Captain Stover of Portland w;i> badly cut up in his chase after a burglar through thick underbrush, clad only in his nightshirt, hut the dis patches fail to state what happened to to hi> shirt. Mi>s Kitz ol Nome must have had ’em w hen she learned that a strange gentleman had walked oil with her $5000 furs. <*»r maybe Miss Kitz needs a little advertising to enable her to 'i ll rainiug stock. President Koosevelt. Senator Platt j and Coventor Higgins are so strongly ' opposed to l>ossi-,m that they want to takt^ the New York maeltilie away J from Odell and run it as it should he, run. There is room for several railroads in Alaska and it is to be hoped that the j Cordova bay line will build a« r*pidl\ with government aid a> the Alaska Central is doing without it. , — — The original K.lijah went to heaven in a chariot of lire hut “K.lijah Howie goo' to the tropics to become partially hardened to the climate which is aw ail ing hint in the hereafter. Japan has uppmuteu itself receiver ol Korea hut it "till permits the Ko rean emperor to draw a salary paid by his nominal subjects. This Russian revolution is a good Td like a prize fight in the quantity of hot air it requires to get started. Jim Hill is going to reduce freight i rates right away so that he can say the government didn’t make him do it. The inevitable jawfest from the pro fessional challangers which always follows a big light, began on time. Congress has adjourned for the holi days. which is a Christmas present for tii«- whole nat ion. Tacoma wouldn’t call a grand jury if she had any hope of rivaling Seattle in populat ion. A man always has to ho jolted in the stomach or head before lu- knows that he is old. _ The civil service rc'orm league has j tired another paper wail at the political i boss! s. The insurance magnates all seem to he ashamed or afraid to tell what they know. The czar is boxed up pretty tight but his salary is going on all the time. Retty even is 70 years old and she is still drawing interest. FISHING BANKS OF ALASKA Principal Cod Schools of North Pacific are in this region A table of the limiting banks in tin1 North Pacific ocean reprinted from the Pilot C hart for the month of Decem ber of the pre>ent year, has been is sued. giving complete data relating particularly to tin- halibut and cod fisheries. By this chart it is shown that cod , fish and small halibut are abundant where the bottom is either black sand and gravel or gray sand, gravel and broken shells, the latter predominat ing on the principal cod hanks. The depth of water on these hanks ranges from as low as eleven fathoms to a> high a> ninety fathoms, no apparent difference being recorded on account i of the depth of water. The principal banks for cod fishing recorded in tin* chart are in Alaska waters. Slime hank, in Biting sea. named from an intermediate zone of jellyfish which cover fishing lines and 1 bait with slime: Baird bauK, at Bris tol hay, and Port lock hank, northeast of Kodiak island, are the largest hanks where codfish and small halibut are numerous and red rock fish fairly | abundant. Slime bunk covers an area of 1.445 square miles, and the depth of water 1 is from twenty to fifty fathoms. The bottom is black sand and gravel. Baird bank is the largest given in the chart. It covurs 0,200 square miles, and the depth of the water is recorded as from eleven to fifty-three fathoms. The bottom is gray sand, black sand and j gravel. Portlock bank has0,800square miles, with a depth of water ranging j from thirty-seven to sixty-seven fath oms. and a bottom of gray sand, gravel and broken shells. Another one of the larger banks and where the greatest depth of water is given is Albatross bank southeast of Kadiak island. While this bank has not been as fully investigated as the^others, cod, small halibut and red rock fish are said to I be fairly plentiful. The bank extends over 3.700 square miles, and the depth of water ranges from twenty-seven to ninety fathoms. i_ SEWARD STEAMERS Santa Ana: sailed from Seattle, lfith: due in Seward, 2tfth. Harold Dollar; sails from Seattle about 23rd. . Bertha; in Seattle. Portland; sailed from Seward, 11th. Santa Clara; sailed for Seattle from Seward, 13th. Oregon; sailed from Seward 15th. In Sweden a plumber is called a vat ten 1 ed ingsent re penor, SEES GREAT CHANCE EOR GIARTZ MINING L. F. Shaw Says the Investments on Falls Creek Are Drawing Nome Men Here Prospecting for quartz minus on1 Kenai peninsula will no doubt receive a tremendous impetus in the immedi*j ate future by reason of the wonderful i prospects revealed on Falls creek by the work so far done on the properties j di-covered by Skeen and Lechner last j July. These claims are now underi bond to diaries 1). Lane, 11. A. Ingalls] and L. F. Shaw. Development work has already ] made rapid progress on these claims j and will proceed on a constantly ex-j i panding scale as rapidly as arrange ments can he made to put men at work ! to advantage. L. F. Shaw has charge of the town ,-nd of the business of the Falls creek mint s, lie is a young man who has had extended experience in Alaska, and spent three years prospecting in the wilds of Siberia in regions never before visited by white men. He j came to Seward on the t'orwin in Oo-1 tober. having been drawn here by his ! association with IT- A. Ingalls, who took the lirst bond on the Falls creek I daims for Mr. Shaw and himself. Since then a large number of Nome men have come to Seward, attracted hv the reports written hack to Nome bv the lirst arrivals from that district, of the situation here Mr. Shaw said yesterday: Means Much to Seward “The advent into this section of such ! j a man as Charles I). Lane means much | j to this community, as his judgment in , I matters pcrtaininy to mines and min iny lias a yreat influence, beiny ! founded on wide experience. He ha* made a la rye fortune in mininy and lias ample means to carry to a success* | ful conclusion anythiny he undertakes. "The tied on Falls ereok i* yet only a yood prospect, hut a force of haid rock miners i> now at work on the ! property and it is confidently expected that a mine of yreat value will he developed. “Within the past two months many mininy men from various parts of the i • north land have come to Seward. I attracted chiefly hv the Falls creek j discovery. Amony them may he men | tinned Theo. Allen, a mininy expert . well known in the west, and son-in-law of Charles I). Lane. He recently ' n siyned the position of manayer of the • Wild (loose Mininy Company, the laryest concern in the Nome district. , He left Seward on the Ore yon. but ex pects to return in the early spriny. as he expresses himself as well pleased' i with the prospects of this section, i i T. M. Lane, a brother of C. I). Lane. i> snperintendiny the prospect work on Falls creek. He is a practical miner i of wide experience and recoyni'/ed ! ability. Comes Here to Stay “ii. A. Inyalls, another Nome man. I is here with his family, and intends to] ’ make Seward his future homo. He is ! a yreat hustler. Before people yener i ally knew of his presence here he had 1 bonded the Falls creek properties and >ev ral choice business lot* and left for the outside, retnrniuy quite recently. •‘.loc LeClair. an -t l * r recent arrival, : was one of the pioneers of the Nome ! yoldlields and made a handsome stake ! there. lie says this country looks yood to him. “A. I>. Wentworth and Free Pel-ton, 1 formerly of the Kouyarok district near Nome, are here, and will yo to the hills when the weather permits. A. D. McLennan came down from the Candle Creek country and will cast his i fortunes with Kenai peninsula. Bill ! Eyyles is a frontiersman who has i prospected from Siberia to Peru. He is now here and will remain. A. Ericson came down from Nome on the I Corwin and lias already located a yood prospect. He has prospected in the Klondike and in Siberia.” REAL ESTATE. MINING AND COURT RECORDS Deed Dec. 2l Frank L- Ballaine to J. M. Cummings and H. Tecklenburg, lot >> 37-38 block 4, Seward, *900. Location Notice Dec. 21 Axel Heroela, two 20-acre quart/, claims, north side Lake Kenai. Probate Doc. 20—Letters of administration granted to J. L. Reed estate of Lewis Johnson who died in Seward Aug. JO. Seattle Headquarters All Alaskans going to Seattle on bus iness or for other purposes are cordially invited to have their mail addressed to themselves in care of the Industrial Bureau of the Alaska Central Railway Company, Lumber Exchange Building, j Seattle, Wash., and make the Bureau their headuarters while in that city. * Alaska Central Railway Co. OLYJVSPIA BEER “Is The Water.” OLYMPIA BREWING CO. Seattle Office 106 Jackson St. Northwestern Steamship Company CARRYING U. S. MAIL AND EXPRESS STEAMSHIPS OPERATED: Victoria, Tacoma, Santa Clara, Santa Ana, Excelsior, Dora, Oregon, Edith, Pennsylvania, STEAMERS FOR -Seattle, Kayak, Valdez, Seward, Cook Inlet. Cnalaska, Nome intermediate |H)int-> and San Francisco. Exclusive line to N. E. Siberian ports. I xpress Steamer “ORfGON” Sails from Seward for and Seattle Valdez, outside route. January nth and every 20 days thereafter. Str. SANTA CLARA Leaves Seattle 1st of each month. Same trip as Santa Ana, connecting at Seldovia with S. S. Neptune, etc. returning leaves Seward 12th of each month. Steamship "SANTA ANA” Leaves Seattle 10th of each month for Juneau, Kayak, Yakutat, Ellemar, Valdez, Seward, Seldovia connecting at Sol* dovia with S. S. Neptune for all Cook Inlet points— returning, leaves Seward 20th of each month. S.tr "DORA" Leaves Seward 27th of each month for I'nalaska, Dutch Harbor, and all way points, returning, leaves Seward about 14th, of each montit. For transportrtion, berth reservations, freight rates etc. call on S. P. BROWN. Agt., Coleman House, Seward, Alaska. J F. TROWBRIDGE, Gen-l Mgr. E. G. McMICKEN. Gen-l Pass, and Ticket Agt. SEATTLE. WASH. GENERAL OFFICES! 808 FIRST AVC.. SEATTLE. ■ I a ™ Portland and Bertha Sails from Seattle via. Juneau, 10th and 25th of each month Sails from Seward via. Juneau, 8th and 22nd of each month. Connecting with Steamers at Seldovia for all points on Cook Inlet Passenger Service unexcelled For Rapid Delivery of Freight and for Passenger Rates aud Berths Apply to JOHN J. McMANUS, Agt. At Brown and Hawkin’s Store. SEWARD.ALASKA San Francisco Office. Seattle Agency, lot First Ave. S ;;ii) St._ (), J. Hl'MI’HKKV. Sc.v ' THE ALASKA TRANSFER CHRISTIENSEN A. LAUBNER. Proprietor* Pianos and Safes Moved 1. cit,^ Give us your orders for ooal &. Wood General Forwarders PHONE MAIN Seward. Alaska I ASHLAND HOUSE AND BANK SALOON Wines, Liquors and Cigars First-class Furnished Rooms Fourth Ave.,Opposite Alaska Central Commercial Co. WALLACE 4 THOMPSON, Proprietors G. W. PALMER GENERAL MERCHANDISE Prospector’s Outfits - High est Prices Paid for Furs— Knik P. O.Alaska J. L. REED ATTORNE Y-AT-LAW Richards’ Bldg Seward, Alaska F. E. YOUNGS NOTARY PUBLIC SEWARD • ALASKA O. LASCY l). S. DEP. MINERAL and LAND SURVEYOR FOR THE DISTRICT OF ALASKA Civil Engineer, and Lund and Min ing Attorney. Address Seldovia, Alaska, or in cure of Mail Agent, Steamer Dora. FRANK H. LASCY U. S. MINERAL and LAI\|D Surveyor for the District of Alaska, and NOTARY PUBLIC Addres: Seldovia, Cook Inlet, Alaska, or care Mail A*rent, Steamer Dora I. O. O. F. RELIEF ASSOCIATION J. S. SLATER, President, E. W. YOUNG. Secretary-Tress Meets every third Sunday aftsrnoon in each month. DR. C. T. DAGGETT DENTIST S. E. Cor. Fourth Ave. and Washington SL SEWARD - - ALASKA - DR. C. L. HALE DENTIST Over Brown & Hawkins’ store SEWARD * - - ALASKA CECIL H. CLEGG ATTORNEY-AT-LAW Fourth Avenue, * Seward, Aka. H. H. HILDRETH NOTARY PUBLIC and CONVEYANCER Abstract* of Title to mining and town property furnished -Examination and reports made on any property. SEWARD - - ALASKA E. R. GRAY XOTAEY PUBLIC SEWAKB - - ALASKA C. H. GIBBONS, M. D. Physician and Surgeon Office and Residence—Carmens’ Build ing, Fourth avenue. Office Hours—2 to 4 p. mM and when ever not otherwise engaged. A. C. BAKER PUBLIC ACCOUNTANT COLEMAN HOUSE SEWARD - ALASKA Take a bath at Gould and Conners.