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Seward Weekly Gateway
VOI M, NO. SEWARD. ALASKA. SATURDAY. AI * I! 11. II. !!><!<;._ VESUVIUS DESTROYS SURROUNDING REGION Volcano Breaks Out in Terriffic truption and Overwhelms Several Populous Towns Involving the Loss of at least 2000 lives-Vast Area Buried Under lava and Ashes to Depth of Many Leet But Horst Now Seems to Be Over By Cable to Tbe Dally Gateway. Naples. April ill Tin* erupt! ■ of Vesuvius has ceased but the shower of allies Is heavier thru ever and vou titines nil :i'0 e’. ur-. ’aMituf ox r i wide area. Twenty years ran ot v - »air tin. dan:done to the ('.. v io lated »; »: -et. •' my u ■ . ts of u •••! are hurt'rl f mi m n> twenty • et Jeep in lax me. . - s. The puttie i> nearly over and |h.h>;*Iv »re retui nintj'to their homes in some places, lutti'e Ixodies of soldiers are wniratretl in shoveling ashes from houses and in dr«nrin<r narrow paths through the desert of cinilers to make passages for relitfjees. They also have a heavy task in recovering the bodies ot the dead from the ruins of the: buried cities. Scient ists nisayrce as to the proha oility of another eruption hut tin pre ponderance of belief is that none i will occur immediately. The out ire city of Ottajano is buried ! tn ashes >t vet. feet deep. In some por tions the depth is twenty feet. Halt the houses collapsed under the weight of cinders and the city will never to;iiu he occupied. Hands of thieves looted tie* wealthy homes after they were abandoned, at real risk to their lives, finders are 'till falling there! pud in Napes as well a> over alt t lie area b t ween Flames Shoot 1000 Feet High NapI . Apr-1, 0 Vesuvius is .row ing constantly mote active. Great i •heels o rue, ofteu 1 00 1 • et high, are shooting into the sky. Kart hquake •hocks ar* frequent ami increasing in violence, atul th* streams of lava Low ing down the sides of the volcano grow steadily in volume and consequently in their rate of sf»eed. It is feared that the whole lower j •lope of the mountain, on which are i located many populous towns, will l>e devastated. The area now threatened has a population of 1,000.000 people, who will l«’ rendered homeless and will lost- their all if the volcano continues to erupt w ith unabated force. City of Naples In Danger The city of Naples itself, is threat ened and the lava stream will soon reach it unless the crater ceases to erupt. All steamers in the bay of Naples have •team up, prepared to sail at a moment’s ■otice with the fleeing population whenever the danger of inundation be comes imminent. The city is in a panic and the general terror caused by the volcanic eruption was greatly intensi led yesterday by two severe earth quake shocks. All y esterday afternoon and last night crowds of people swarmed the streets, one procession carrying the statue of the Madonna at the head and praying loudly for deliverance. Already 40,000 people are homeless. Not a building is visible in the town of Boecotrecaze, whose destruction was described iu yesterday’s dispatches, and San Guisseppe was wiped out last night. Eruption Works Vast Havoc Naples, April 10—All the cities of tfte region surrounding Vesuvius are in a state of abject terror. It is esti mated that at least 500 persons have already perished in various ways as a | result of the volcanic eruption. While 200 persons were gathered in the public market at Mount Olive to I escape the fall of ashes a large section of the roof collated and fell upon them, killing every one. At San Guisseppe 200 persons have been killed by houses falling upon their; heads, and twenty have perished in, Sorrento in the same way. These col-: lapses were caused by the heavy weight of ashes. All railroad tracks leading to Naples 1 have been burned to ashes, the tires j starting from falling showers of sparks. The air for many miles is so surcharged with gases that it is diffi cult to breathe, and in the immediate vicinity of the volcano many persons have been temporarily overcome by suffocation. The sea is greatly agita ted today and fears of destructive earthquakes or a tidal wave are gener ally prevalent. At midnight the stream of lava , seemed to exhibit a slight cessation in ‘ i-s How hut today it is still spreading over 11:.* plains, and re|»orts come in from nil directions of wide devastation. The to .ns of San (lirogio. Cremona. I’oriiv i, llesiua and Torre Del (ireeoi are surrounded by lava streams! u Ijieh are coni inually pressing in upon i thf'ii ami threatening to engulf tin hou>*>. The entire |M»pulat ion of these) towns Hod in terror yesterday. I he j inhabitants of Torre Annun/.iata are) prepar»*d to leave at an instant s no* ■ tice whenever the lava stream which j i> creeping around the town seems: likely to invest it entirely and over run it with the How. ill the fall of cities already over whelmed many houses have been) crushed by the weight of ashes which i fell upon them, and all buildings in j tinm seem likely to be buried. Shocks of earthquake and tierce Hashes of lightning are frequent and add to the general apprehension. All the pris oners in the prison at Torre Annunzi ata mutinied yesterday and were taken to Naples under a heavy guard. Inhabitants Flee in Terror Naples, April 11 The danger to this } city from the eruption of Mount Vesu- J i> mi threatening that the inhabi-! tatits are tleeing by thousands. The oit v i-. now enveloped in complete darkness. An enormous and impene trable volume of blaek smoke is rising two miles above the crater of the vol- 1 canoandthe wind carries it steadily j over the city. The eruption is increasing in vio lence and huge incandescent masses of stones are hurled UOOO feet in the air. j describing streaks of light through! tie* black pal! of smoke. Communica tion with the sea has been cut off from * this city by the dense clouds of smoke and gas in which no creature can live. Thousands of people have fainted from inhaling the sulphurous gases and ' many thousands more have been ren dered deathly sick from the same cause. Several new fissures opened in the sides of the volcano yesterday and to day. far below the cone, and each ! opening is emitting great streams of molten lava which are burying the lower slopes of the mountain and the adjacent plain to a great depth. Not a ▼ e>tige is left of the town of Boscotre cas and several other towns are nearly covered by the increasing tlow. The stream has reached the outskirts of Torre Del Greco, to which the inhabi tants of the stricken towns had fled for refuge and it seems certain that it must be abandoned within a few hours. The dead now number more than 2000 and the number is constantly growing. Meat Becomes Unbearable In all the region near the foot of the volcano the air is unbearable because of the intense heat and the suffocating gast&. Many buildings in the cities in the path of destruction are buried fif teen feet deep under lava and ashes. The town of Ischia, thirty miles west of Vesuvius, is being evacuated today because the stream of lava from an eruption on that side is rushing toward it with great velocity and the flow is increasing in volume. It is thought probable that the lava streams may again bury Pompeii as they are approaching very near the ruined city. The devastation already extends over an enormous area. Thousands of acres of vineyards and fertile farms, with buildings, have j been destroyed forever, and large I numbers of live animals have been buried under the molten streams. The national observatory near the top of the cone, and the upper end of the cable railway leading to it were precipitated into the crater yesterday by the collapse of the crust sut^ound ing the crater. The railroad was six miles long from the plain and its lower portion had been consumed by fire from falling sparks. Temperature in March The mean temperature of March in Seward was 34.89 degrees. In Febru ary it was 31.64. The lowest tempera ture in March was 13 degrees, on the 14th; the highest was 50 degrees, on the 24th and 21th. STARTS ALASKA CAPITAL FIGHT Senator Piles Introduces Bill to Appropriate $20,000 for Building at Juneau. By Cable to The Dally Gateway. Washington. D. T., April 11 Sena tor Piles introduced a bill in the sen ate yesterday making an appropriation of >'Jo.on»j for the erection of a territor i ial capital building at Juneau. Maska. From the Sitka chamber of com i meree conies a copy ot a letter "hieh that organization has sent to \\ ash i ington protesting against tin- removal ! of the territorial capital to Juneau and against till* erection of federal build ings ut the latter plaee upon the i ground that the capital must within a | few years he moved westward. ! lie letter follows: The report has become current that i with the inauguration of the new governor of Alaska, an appropriation would he asked to cover the expense of, removing tin* offices of the governor j and surveyor-general from Sitka to J Juneau. The Sitka ('hamber of t orn-! meree, believing that such action ( would work seven* hardship on the re mainder of the territory, and incur a large and unnecessary expense to the government, sent telegrams to many senators and congressmen urging that action be deferred until receipt of an explanation by mail. I'lie chamber of commerce herewith presents concisely i reasons why the capital should not be j removed to a point farther east, and; respectfully urges you to consider i t hem carefully: I’ublie convenience does not demand | the removal. Sitka is more centrally | located than Juneau. The harbor of Sitka is the best one I in Alaska, has the best anchorage, and is absolutely free from ice at all times, j (Naval or revenve officer* will side j Juntiatc rh>s >t i.Lenieu.t.1 It i-equally , accessible from the ocean or "inside passage.” The government has buildings and | ground at Sitka but lias none at Juneau. 'Hie main office of the Alaska cable is situated here. We fully recognize that the capital will have to be removed from Sitka within a few years, but contend that the new location will be west and not east of this town. The western coun try is growing and being populated so rapidly that it will hi* the only logical location for the capital. It is the only section in which agriculture can be pursued with any degree of success. It* mining, fishing and kindred indus tries overshadow those of Southeastern Alaska. Two railroads are actually under construction, one being operated for forty miles. Several short lines from Nome, Fairbanks, Yakutat and other places, have been in operation for several years. They are all to the west of Sitka. The steamboat travel to Western Alaska, both as regards passengers and freight, is double that of South eastern Alaska. Six years ago one small steamboat handled all of the business of Western Alaska; now nine j regular boats of large size run be tween Seattle and Seward, stopping at Sitka. This summer no less than fif teen large steamers are advertised to make two round trips a month from Seattle to Nome from June to Novem ber. For the reason that Western Alaska is growing with such tremendous rapidity, we contend that the removal of the governor and surveyor-general to Juneau now’, would incur an ex pense to the government that would not only be great, hut useless, as another removal to Valdez or Seward would he inevitable in a few years. FROST INTENDS TO PUSH WORK Seattle, April 7—President Frost of the Alaska Central gave out the an nual report of the Alaska Central Railway Company today. He states that work will be pushed this summer on a larger scale than ever with a much greater number of men em ployed than last year. The report shows that forty-six miles of road are completed, eighty seven additional miles permanently located, and preliminary location made of 260 miles more. Reconnaissance has been made for 780 miles, which in cludes numerous branch lines. Machine shops will be erected at Seward this summer. SEVERAL BOATS | BOOKED TO SAIL Oregon Jeanie, Excelsior, Santa Ana, Portland and Caswell in Close Order. | By C".ble to The Dally Gateway. Seattle, April K! Steamer < > re yon will sail tomorrow for Sewaril anil Val ; d« z witli the laryost passenyer list of I tie' season so far. She will also carry a foil frciyht caryo. Antony her pas st'nyets will lie W. B. Poland, yeneral niauayer and chief engineer of the Alaska Central Railway Company. and Col. A. \V. Swan it/., chief onyini it of one of the Valde/; railroad projects. The little steamer Caswell sailed this morniny for Cook inlet, where she will yo on the run up the Susitna and Veiitna rivers to the yold districts of the interior. Sin* yoes under her ! own steam. The Kxeelsior will sail for Seward i and vat ports on the inside pussaye Apri Id. The Santa Ana will sail the satin• day with Chinese and supplies for the canneries of the Northwestern Fisheries Company at different places on t'e southern coast as far west a> Bristol bay. She will not carry yen-j era! frciyht for the ports of the inside pass; yr on this trip. Tie Jennie, under charter to the; Ala- <a Coast Company, sails this after noot for Skayway where she will load a la rye quantity of railroad material for Orca. She also takes some sup plies from Seattle. The* Portland will sail Monday with supplies for the Orea-Copper river railroad. BRINGS 117 PASSENGERS ‘ t •amer Santa Clara, ('apt. Sell age. i fetched port yesterday morning I and .-ailed again for Seattle at 15: o'clock in the afternoon. She brought 1 in 117 passengers. Of these thirty-nine j were lirst-class and seventy-eight steerage. Of the latter sixty-six were Iabor< rs /or the Anis^TiTehtraT. The steamer brought U>2 tons of general merchandise. The Santa Clara sailed from Seattle loaded to the guards with passengers and freight. Much of the cargo was for canneries along the southern coast. Part of her passenger list was for the Xanana and it was slated at Valdez that they could no doubt get through as the trail was still in good condition. PLAN TO BUILD LOCAL HOSPITAL A canvass of the city will be made within the next few days to see what amount of money can be raised to build a hospital in Seward. At a re ception Monday to Bishop Rowe last night in Moore's ball the subject was discussed and a committee appointed to undertake the task of raising the money. Pnanimity of sentiment was ex pressed at the public meeting in favor of making every effort to secure the hospital. By invitation Bishop Rowe spoke first, promising to equip and maintain the hospital if the citi zens of Seward would erect the build ing. He estimated that the cost would be about $4000. Plans sutnuitted by Architect W. J. Stone call for a struc ture which w’ould cost about $5000. Bishop Rowe stated that he would rather build a hospital and have some one else conduct it than take the completed building and be responsible for its maintenance for an indefinite period. The latter, however, he said was part of his business in Alaska and he was willing to assume it. Already the Episcopal diocese of Alaska has seven hospitals under his supervision. He promised to furnish the equipment and nurses for the hospital and be re sponsible for its maintenance from the day of its completion. The committee appointed to raise the fund met Tuesday night and or ganized by electing F. H. Stewart chairman, Wes Allen treasurer, and M. B. Holland secretary. Plans will be made for a systematic canvass of the town to obtain subscriptions. _ To Superintend Tunnel Work M. A. Moran came up on the Santa Clara to become general foreman of work on the railroad tunnels. He has had wide experience in that branch of railroad work and directed the boring of one end of the Great Northern tun nel under the city of Seattle. — An iceberg often lasts 200 years. TO OPEN TRIAL TO INLET TOWNS - I Capt. Pillsbury Will Recommend Construction of Road Prom Hope to Railway. . Hope and Sunrise will have a yov j eminent t rail to the railroad at the, head of Turnayain Arm hy fail if a promised reconitnendation of Capt. <]. II. I ‘illshury of the Alaska road com missiou is adopted by tin* war depart ment, and the project executed. Tin* road, accordiny to <!. A. K' |e. lneat iny engineer of the Alaska Central, will he of easy eonstmction most of the way and will not l»e expensive. It , will he about thirty miles lot.*/ from Hope to the head of tin* Arm. The promised recommendation for this mail is due to the suyyestion of Frank L. Ballaine. (’apt. i’illsbury visited Seward to look up the survey records of the Alaska Central and liyure on a route for a trail to the Tatiana from Cook inlet. While doiny so lie frankly admitted that it was doubtful whether anything could he done on theTanana road this year be cause the territorial road plans' already ordered for execution are likely to absorb nearly all the availa ble fund. Mr. Hallaine then suggested that Seward ought at least to get the bene fit of tlie license fees which it eon tributes to the road fund and ('apt. Pillslniry was considerably surprised to learn that Seward is not incorpo rated and that therefore the license fees collected here, amounting to nearly #7000 last year, are diverted to improvements elsewhere. (’apt. Pillshury admitted the injust ice of taking money from this com munity to build roads for remote por tions of the territory, and when hi> attention was called to the isolation of the prosperous mining communities on the south side of Turnagain Arm and to thr fact that a iu.-m to ihe railway . could he made for a few thousand dol-; lars which will give them easy egress and ingress in the winter time he1 readily promised to recommend the construction of a trail from Hope to i the railroad. ••of course all I can do is to recom mend, “ said (’apt. Pillsbury. “The j war department may not adopt my | recommendation, but l will put it up, to the powers that be as strongly as l I can and hope to be successful." If constructed the road will be chiefly beneficial to Hope and Sunrise,! and only of incidental consequence to Seward, but it will bring those towns into closer touch with this city, the only accessible seaport in the winter, and enable them to trade here trie year round. It will follow closely the line of tidewater, avoiding steep climbs, and will be a good freight road as well as one easy for travelers. Mr. Kyle thinks there are only two or three miles of hills which will re quire heavy work. The remainder of the distance will require only the I clearing away of timber and brush and the construction of a roadbed. Capt. Pillsbury said that he was un able to say whether anything will be done toward the construction of the Tanana trail this summer. He said|it wouid depend altogether upon the state of the fund. The money for the construction and maintenance of gov ernment roads in Alaska comes from the licenses. Extensive work is al ready mapped out for this year which will absorb nearly as much money as the fund contained last year. Never theless business is increasing all over the territory and license collectors have been instructed to collect very closely, so there is no doubt but the fund will be largely augmented this year. Maj. Richardson, chairman of the commission, has already expressed approval of the project for a trail from Cook inlet to the Tanana. and has promised to visit the Inlet region this summer. He is now in Washington. Capt. Pillsbury and tdeut. Orchard are the other two members of the com mission. All belong to the engineer ing corps of the U. S. army. Capt. Pillsbury is stationed at Skag way. He came west recently to sup erintend preliminary work for a bridge over the Tazlina river on the Valdez trail, and has just come out. He re ports that winter travel over the trail has ceased. Hermon Fawcett, or an industrious young man giving that name, is con fined in the county jail because he raised $512 this week on forged checks. RAPID PROGRESS IN TUNNEL WORK At Present Pate of Borin# all Seven Will Be Ready for Track September I. If Iwiring continues at tin- pr* sen rate* alI tlie seven railroad tunneN «jr miles 40. .72 anti will he lini'h* i by Septemher 1. and trains will he rui ning through t hem to Turnagain \rn within a tew weeks after that dat* H.:s is tile eaieulation ot -I. 15. < n* < on, engineer of eorist ruet ion. .-.*.*5 tr lias i he figon s to just ify it. In iliis tunnel work it. now ipp ir probable that tie* tirst will h* 'asi a lhough the last ,vi!i not i*>- . i>; eumplel ion. The 11 tun*! on eh l‘* all hough not. ihe longest. pri-'-nt dillicult ie> wiiieh ar>* oil'wred hy son* of tIn* others. Tin rock is tnor oitli euit to work and for a longtime iioi in,: can proceed only on one end because of Irequeut >now slides at he i tie w hich make it dangerous for ni* -i t* work at the portal. This tunnel 710 feet long and if the boring is al done from the farther end, wher work is in progress now. it cannot b* linished until about September f. the present rale of perforation. Figures furnished to Mr. t'arneror last Saturday nitrht by tin* engineer in charge show the following res .Its on that date: Tunnel No. 1 214 feet work proceeding at the rate of .5 fe.* per day. No. 2 2215 feet: boring 1 fee per day: rock very hard. No. .'5 2h feet at one end. 1H fe* t at tin* other boring last week proceeded •» feet p< i day at one end and .*> feet, per day a the other end; engineer* e.xpec n. maintain Id feet per day so long a« tie rock formation continues as at pr-^scr, workings. This is tin* longest tunnel !*dd feet in length. Tunnel No. *> 142 feet at one end and Nt feet at th» oilier end. Tunnel No. H 21 feet. Or tunnel* o and <5 ibv ►>-- *k is **. », ir, and progress is only I* feet on **acl face per day. Boring has not yet begun on tunnels 4 and 7. Heavy rock work was nec* * sary to reach the portals, w hich art extremely inaccessible, but ibis wil soon be linished and the boring of these tunnels will he completed a early as No. 1 and probably soonei. The tunnels are all located in the >idt of a precipitous canyon wall midway between the top and the bed of 1‘lacei river. This made the preliminary work very difficult. A slightly larger force can 1m worked on the tunnels than are no* employed and the steamer Santa Clar. is bringing about sixty rock men who will be placed in the tunnels or upon the outside work near them. As the work proceeds a large number of inei can be worked to advantage and addi tions have been made steadily to th« crews as the working area hu^ ex panded. Beyond Tunnel No 1, on mile 4!*, .» long, high trestle is to be constructed, besides several lesser ones. This part of the road embraces the “loop” whicl was made necessary in order to obtain a 2 per cent grade along Placer rivet The upheavals of nature failed to tak railroad construction into accurate account and while a suitable valley was left the descent of the stream wa^ made much steeper than the traction power of an engine with a big loa< behind it can overcome in traveling the other way. Watson & Snow havt the contract for the trestle and bridg* work and it is expected that their task will be finished as soon as the tunnel-. Between the last tunnel and Turna gain Arm a large percentage of tin grading work was done last fall and the remainder can be easily finished by the time the tunnels are ready for the track. To Bring Stock for Forks Station A letter was received on the Berths by H. P. Gallapher from A. H. Litch field at Seattle, formerly with th< store at Shushetna station, and owner of the store at the Forks of the Shu shetna, saying that he will come up in May with a stock of fifty tons of good* for the Forks store. He has already arranged with Capt. Swift of the river steamer Caswell, now on her way north, to carry the stock up the Shu shetna from the inlet. Mr. Litchfield expects that extensive prospecting on the upper Shushetna this summer will create a good market for supplies in that region. Chicago now has forty-five mile* of subway electric car lines.