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Vermont phœnix. (Brattleboro, Vt.) 1834-1955, September 23, 1836, Image 1

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NO. 3.
hUUhd evcry5?Wy Morning,
lrI.V. NICHOLS W. E. iKTiibu.
. 2 IMP. nulldlngfwwrly oppo.ue umie
' Stage Ho!.
.t.t- .nhscriberWwo Dollar! n ycnr.
,r":' ,l,o roccUelheirtgper.0t ih. office,
A from .& price. uflwCnly
SUd. ICTNo.Bgdl.conlinuca
:.i ...nt nt ilMntlon of the
Lffl.rt receive attention.
..i...l.f mil l'lllrt ll.ivi iicwrr.nmui'
BB 111 klQU4
WJ . n moilcrulo tcrm,
mhort .oiirc
,-palil or
For the Vermont rim-nix.
. . t I '
he many pathological phenomena an
, m ihc several aiorciiienubu .u...
! j ,!monio disease, arc so similar in
it characteristics so correspondent and
in their invasion, progression
3 . .t ..itntlmr in HinirMiimr
Iroccssion witu uu apE1,"
I .,;. idni wo shall in iholsubsc-
. .Jiun thnlllit-po in
lent observations, uu.iuv.-w
pictures winch tho human framo oxhibits, widow still more astonished, received the
in its progress to dissolution! Tho hectic note, turned it and re-turned it, and handed
flush on tho cheeks; the vcrmillion lips; the il l clerk, directing him inn whisper lo
linminn- l,nn i it... t f .i E to n neighbor's nnd see if it was not n
. ?,; ; .' . forged one, and then addressing herself to
soles of tho feet, with evening fever, nro pc- t,u strangers, said, with tho Parisian grace
nodicully changed for colliquative sweats; fulness so characteristic of all theso female
hollow, pale, languid countenance: sharp- shopkeepers "Gentlemen, I ask your par
cm'nfrfeatnrM! ntiirmnntnrt.rKnprinrniinn nnH don: you appear to ho fine and well-bred
nrotrrcMiva emncintinn I R.iMi l. thn ..o gonUemcn, but God knows, since that Cor-
r, ,. , ... , ., sican has been at tho head or our govern'
of heart-rending symptoms which are daily Lent wo are overrun with rogues ami vaKa
presented to tho agonized friends, whose dis- bonds, who hnve oven attempted to commit
tress is heightened by the nover-dying hopes forgeries, (which was true and, therefore, I
wh!chperpetuallyspringinthehecticbreastl ',avcsfintt0 my neighbor s,, who is ana-
Whether it is that the delicate organization rf.e. aHfe ln br.0.,i?rAa"d w.ho u".(,cr
, ... ,. .... i . stands ins business wci . "JJut how then,
wh.dl predisposes to this destructive disease madam(,t t ,h h, Bonaparte was a good
Contributes toamiability of lempcrnnd sweet- Frenchmnn." said tho consul, "olid olthouirh
arfknoaition, is doubtful: but certain it born in Corsica, that he had never censed to
falls in gen- 00 a frenchman I" "Yes, ves," answered
iy .in question, falls i
Wo nest consider tho predisposing nnd
exciting causes. The predisposing causes
arc all things having a tendency to ener
K'tfart l',e "chHrt t. srni jna.c-ke' hu iHWWgwsWjfroJ h.rWWAfcii: Wife
I renclimnn becniise he was loo greatly m- ni(o conIi nll 'mrt in abundance, and tried
hr, nnrl 'i? ' b 0lhorW-" ScbaStlOni SOW connl(.. sucms. ln nddlion Q
f by giving the symptoms.tprwisposing
Id exciting causes 01 uie u', '-
t tint Bomtpnrtu began to grow warm, nnd
intcriupted the loquacious lady by asking
her "what she had now to sav of tho first
vatc the system tho most prominent or consul, if he had not crushed anarchy, re
h.Vh. is n ennin !,WrShnl.l rlUnnso established order, put France in a flourish-
called scrofula, of which we know but little:
writers have usually madeHwo stages of
lawmption, the inciptcntnU conhrmett;
L. nh!rh. no nreciselline of demarka-
Lean be drawn. Tlmfsymptoms ol the
Icipient stage are ns loMows. A ugmness
Iross tho chest; arrauc pains, wmcu ui
U become seated at cither side or be-
iKQllieSnOUIUeiS, UIIU nillbU U1W iiini.il"-
Iby exercise or a ecp inspiration, espe
all; if the patient blin a horizontal posi-
n; hurried respiration upon ascenaing an
inencl or a flight 01 stairs ; pulse some-
list accelerated, especially after meals, and
and if any erudite physician within the pre
cincts of this number will inform us whut
scrofula is that is, its proxitnato cause, ie
lntions and manifestations he will not only
dispel a cloud of pardonable ignorance, .us
pended over our head ; but give an irresisti
ble impulse to the advancement of medical
The characteristics indicative of a scrofu
lous constitution, nre as follows mal-con- ing these very delicate political matters, in
ofho.lv: narrow rlipst: nromi. which yon cannot hare the least concern.
- w , 1 i
ing stater' "res, ho has so well rc-estab-
lished order that we have now instead of
laws, bayonets instead of liberty, slavery,
and a legion of miserable spies, who de-
nounco and arrest every one who dares to
ispeak against him or his udhercnts," &c.
This woman wns of nn exalted character,
very handsome and bold, nnd astonished
both by her vehemence and tho facility
with which she talked to them. Bonapnite
cnuld not resist interrupting her in saying,
but, madame, you lorget yoursellby touch
(From n Supplement of the London Jnct(e, July 29.)
1 ho following despatch has been received
at the India Board from Col. Chesnoy.R.A.
Euphrates Steamer Anna, May 28.
Sir It is with feelings of the deepest re
gret, that I do mvsolftho honor of inlorminrr
yort that the Tigris steamor wns totally lost
uunnga hurricane ol indescribaulo violence,
wincn altera short struggle of about eight
minutes, sent a fino vessel to the bottom in
five fiilhonis water, and .dmirivrd his mnlis-
ty of fiftcen.valuublo men, with five natives
in addition.
My reports up to the 17th instant, at Deir,
will have informed you that all was going
on ns successtully as tho most sanguine
could possibly desire. We found the Arabs
well-disposed, and quite ready p form depots
being obliged olit.ii to deal with the Jirst
f-nnen1' friiiiiil.1 nnil n ,1 linri.nt ft nnl if wn
slim fingers; large, blue veins; light colored sIOuld belomr to them, what then madarae?
hair; long neck; thick upper lip; large. Would you not fear to be arrested?" Said
blue eyes, with a dilated pupil, indicating sfie, laughing loud, "you, gentlemen, could
. : .1 .:t:... r .1... I.:... ...... i. . von ili-nnnnr-i n nnnr ivnlini' whn lins fivi-
... . .... ifrrfiii 1 1 i ini i ii i ii v ill 1 1 1 tt .1 v n 1 1 1 1 1 . wi 111: 11 i in . i i ........... - -
ore so if the patienUias taken animal lood; .A , . .. i. ,,.: .' little children to provide for? No, certainly
- p i f lL I 1 muvu iiuiij tiler iu il-ut iiuui ya yuu
pcramcnt, &c. ccc. Such are some of tho L ,Q bu ,00 hoiK$l anJ , gclllic ,
peculiarities denoting scrotula, which pre- t0 wish to ruin a poor woman because she
disposes to pulmonary consumption,. The used with freedom the only gift of God, her
predisposing causes, when long continued, tongue, which tne usurper nas leu her."
become exciting, which arc as numerous as 0 iC!lv;nf? ,he ,,oro Bonanarto told her
arc the agents that exert a deleterious influ- he would send the money, nnd for the two
encc upon tho animal economy. It is an vases, ln walking out they took a hack-
nrinm in lh trralmnnt nf ilisr-nses. that the UCV Coach, 011(1 Mopped Ut a Short distance
:.. , i. i t Horn the l uileries, in the rue ae t luchette.
b l n nlfhnnnli nril tvill frt-ntnil Kt thi
nnl inul LnTfirrt lii rppnvnrv r n n In rAiinnnn1l 1 .... .1 . .
r1"-"' j . -j spirited lods', was, neverthelfss, the hrst who
lort, tickling:, and trwiblesomc cough ; col-
less, ropy, and considerably frothy expec
ration, in which rounded hoccuii are oc
iionally suspended; gjood sometimes ex
rctorated, though thiss.is usually the;pre-
I r . 1 11 !.
prsor 01 tuourcuiar uevqopeinems ; u may
: however, the conscqueo ,of suppressed
pneous perspiration, prsome other accus-
imed evacuation. TAo Jeatures become
larpened; general emaciation ; appetite and
i$esuve mncuons generally, gftoa ;' incjiycs
Itjjtt M PgfJjiJ0 r instance. it would be pre- Bniji tmt ie Uktil her frankness, but that
Docrous torattemnt a euro of consumptlot.lsHo deserved some crood KSonfof lhcTa
itlinnt first removing turc. As eoon as he arrived at the Tuile
J -j-i -i '
the dyspeptic habits,
hi eioressions oPt!ri'i8l
bly altered; the colr of the cheeks bc-
bmes paler, while the lips retain their vnr-
Lillionhue. Let tho observing physician
irnestly fix his eyes. upon the face of the
itient while conversing with him, nnd he
ll MAmmMnl.i 1 L. I 'I I Jl . . I.
iivuiuiuudir acu iuo circuiiiscnut'U uus I . . i i ,i I ,.,-,, ii,.,- ,..tl n
I mw. .t . n o no mni hn r.tinM'itif n a iinn I hi I linnii ill II (r TilirCIIIlSL'S. II
Ippeanng and receding, in a curious man- & . . . , . , ,, . i!i,u-nivcil Tho unsui
VvH..,Uf uiuuiii 'i 111 v auibuu u f vi
ne or both cheeks for a moment and then
appear, bearing ideatli-like pallidity
ries. he sent ueu. iasnes witu one 01 ins
t . t 1 t
an mi in f li n rtn ! 1 1 r f titli n
. m Hi lil I I lUIiVd III dVUILU Vt till. HIWWH, M
liut ns these numbers ore ues.gncu lor nil .. "inv!lntion ,0 come immediately will
lays an illustrious European physician;
khenerer this symntom is obvious, with a
3 somewhat quicker than natural, nnd a
Port, licklinrr cOUffh. consnmrttinn mnv nl.
1J 0-1 ' ' f " " J -
sj'J be apprehended,
Thus having given the most prominent
ytnptoms of the incipient stage, we proceed
consideration of' those occuring in the
anfirmed staje. AtUhe commencement of
classes of readers, it is not our intention to hjin to see the gentleman who had bought
descant so much upon the course by which the vases, us ihcv wished to speak with Tier
liases, and to pay her what
nsuspecting lady seeing
. .1 .. .l I.. .. Tl i .... f rtUllma nnrl n ..
, .., 1 , T1 .1! . .! .L-. I U LJLIlllLllltlll V IUU , v wiwiliv.-, ....
least, paruai.y cynueu. d m ...g .uu eu..-, , blU ni1 uoacht wns rcady t0 ,
sumption, wiui us hinuii.-u uisvuai-a, mi.- nn(j 0n t)(,y Wl.,n nt ,un 8pet. Uo itje
qucntly induced by an injudicious system 01 road she inquired very unxiousiy alter the
physical and intellectual education, we shall names ol these gentlemen n ne (.ensues;
r . 1.... .. was their friend, nnd many other questions
111 IIJU IUIIUWUJL; IIUIUUb-t liuiiuu ri I . . . . . , r
Schools, ns a predisposing and exciting
cause to pulmonnry consumption.
Guilford, 183G. M.D.
which Lasncs was expressly prohibited from
answering, uui wnni was ner perpiu.xiiy
when sho nlighted nt the great stuircaso 01
the Tuileries. and saw that she hod to deal
with one of the generals attached to the con
sul. Sho exclaimed at various intervals,
, . -I! I.-. ...ill I
1 , ! 1 . . 1, . n Uh. mon uieu, iiio iuil-u, wuui iu ui-iuuic
iLT"ri" these gentlemen should denounce
Ullb. I viii vww.i.- I . I. . . 1 11 I nni.B ltr n ( hnnn 1
IU UlU CUIlOUlf L41ClltO, liu uihiuiiii
fw make their
nnnnrliM nllnn used to escnni
,ti,r, .....i. .. .. ,. '. . ii mo
(.uruK-ni cxpeciorauon and hectic rics u.sguiseu in a o.g great-coai .mu , ,rB . ... nevcr,hcless hu
mnne, and ol a good heart, ussureu ner, us
well as he could, that not the least harm was
intended against her. But what was her
. . II. I I t . I II 1 I III 11 1 1 1. 1 1 ...W MWW. " ' - -" " " '
one 01 nib-au iiiuiiiiuu tuiiiiii"i
ir appearance, which uno
wc establish tlfeTnalure of the disease,
r-wumcrcxpoctornlCKl s ol a straw
leich blow color. niirSVinrr
m and blended witi?
round hat, so that even tho sojdiers did not
know him, and go early in the morning to
Gen. Sebastiani's lodgings, awaken him, nnd
u-nlk arm in arm alonir the Boulevards. In
Hectic wishinc to make a handsome present to his
fw ij supposed to be theonscquencc ol beloved Josephine, stopped before a large
ulcerative process in iIihTE,. I,w ivhir-li store full of precious curiosities. They
ImWroi.,,! .i... ... ..rn.2 found a chnmbennaid clauiing the store,
l.j . . mV" u' ui ' oSlnuorocnw . . nm for .,. ,na.
ungs by
uf,it in nml nsl.'i'il for the master of the
system, "producing a i.nusn. The servant unswered in' a dry
irritation and weaknessMinon which innr. ilmt tlmm -hb no muster of tho house.
r 1 .1 1 v. . ' I, ,1 .,.1. i. r.nn tlirttnn
i enenn. 11 iMBnmrti mi noi.-on wan n ausuuiuu i-vc uiiun
"hied into the
11.:. r
lever seems
cabinet opened, nnd sho recognized in him
the stranger to whom she had spoken so
freely. She was ready to mint, and loll upon
her knees and wept bitterly, humbly asking
pardon. Bonaparte himself was moved,
helped her up, led her to a chair, and re
fiiiested her to be nuiel and composed.
1 . . . . . .. 1
1 heso kind words restored ner spirits, nnti
who wns able to listen to tho following Inend
k,,... . - jjrs. : , , 1 .1 ..i .:!, i, wne was ao eio usien loiuu iuhuuhiu mniu-
emiumstype-hnsitsexacerb&c. intruders, whom she thought might be a Mudnme. vou have been a little
four und seven o'clock in tho'Sfcr- Pr of rogues who had entered ikeWM Ltrudei.t in speak ng so freely of mo to
Meh tho heat, thirst and rS "J frfjft SlcoZS wuhSui lingers: hanp'ily fyot, these lords have
wtingsiago commences; the patient is ySwrlffilerks slept, and awakened them in "h" i . . , ; t0 you for ,,0
Mnnd loses himself in sleep; ak MH-t the tvo strangers looked upon "If Lift""- ?y, untf give this
' j morning and feels much tofe "hern m,,if' ?Vnl?"?0l?iJ frorn" (20.000 francs) to your ehnHren. and say to
cedlytheconious ner-mrnt At(Sm m con,V hn"u ' f ,,ednCm ' If hem. that if the mother is not my friend, 1
I ... i .. i . .1.- i.:i.t :t.i ,ii li
iviah nt lrnst tho children mmht be!"
wns bv surh means that ho mado hunselt
who popular. Zodiac.
The Nkttlk. In Scotland I have eaten
J tonious nersnirntinn?.-rhisfi l . , i".i i u ..'
fera th., ii:.. .-' .. 7 SiiiK': . I room, Olid uskeu inoir pie.ioiiru. uuiui..in a
wu,T,allVo or dissolyitn"rnlr,t.i vps f ,, ...,0 arQ nnj beautiful trans
, which alternate with diorrhea, cans- parent vases of an exquisite workmanship.
Dy ulcerations in tlm !ni..Strro Tin. ivhilst Sebnstinni spoke with the cleric
,fge frequency of tho pulsus about 120 1 nt ImmcilioU'ly for the mistress oftho store.
'iiinuie, though t is fremTTntlv found hrww" "ul lu " "'r T . . rj." .1 r !,,. .l,.t in nn.iln stents, nnd I
high asf&UThere b a hi f .J i-e dinVd off V neuie Vable cloth The
.unsrs . wrtr . . i ....
7-m uurning ui tho palms of the hands nd said d
wn ol the fctWf he lower extremities his reach
my become drnnilSl
Umh .1 . .. r"r'"5?f lU l" m.,,l, in nnswnr mV OUL-St Oil." "Ten tllOU
I uiri'C. ourtha .(f, ilo l., '. ' ... f i. .1...
"Tar'- s uiobuiwuiii- d francs." answered tno iauy inu my
vi 01 ifasi neriorm nn riinilinn l(in ilrnnal. ..nrll mn in 1 ml vnnr lowest
InU !. .. Si. ....... v...., 1 iuUi. iy Ufl, lliuuuiiiw, ........ j
P' lie frrnium1 l,... . .t:. ......... n...i !.,'i uVno c r I invn hut one
flunl.. K- "I
"cliy much annimri .01
r-imry constfrnm on
r "wiced withfcemo
r" survives. WPh
11 "an indul
drily "that their prico was beyond young and tender nellle is an excellent pot
" "This mnv be, matlnme," said herb, and the stalks of tho old nettlo are as
. Thus tho natient Bonaparte, irritated, but still in a moaeraio B - T7" u"L,7 I I
. .1 . 1 .M tone, "but I th nk it would not cost you my ''' mui .wB.. r
to the tolnb, until " L'u . m n,...stion. Pen thou- more durable than any other species of linen.
T. Campbell.
A Fevku Cured. llnvingtead, in some
..... J 1 .1.1 Hrin,iin c ni on it. 1 rviid Hint n Cfl I Ini
winnnril.nn 1.;. r,:nj. nr ce. as everv ono ol mv customers icnows. iuuuuiii,w . u, ,,..B.,
fe. .i " '" I. WpII midamo. I think I shall buy them: had been cured ol lever by having cou wate
uiilil: 1 111 1 1 1111 11 iu nni . . . - .
i.i. i . : 1 n-,,wi .iimiin nrn
' " I 1. on nnti no In nlnnn lhfm flNlflnSO I II Til nO" I III ru WH U VI I nun, i mu uuani w o.himmi
that kills him ho . ,1F a mnv tliem "But. sir." said ceedinc to my comrailes, to which they os
I.n . J . i..1t..L. i.L it O T l, 1 1 on t enn iuA With 601110 GlHlCU tV. I SUCCCUOU 111
iiwunoy, yutuit 14 w 1 thn nRint I1SI1RII 1I1UV. "HOW I II L' II r 1 Dlllllt ...... -y
" 1 titbs Mw.w.i. --- 1 . . 1 1 r 1 ...... 11
0 Parisian
nhvsicians thnv nro sold, but but" "What but, mad- crawling to 1110 uoor, iinr 1 wu uu r hb
bl0f.ri.ihiMn;miim nmer said Bonaparte, growing warm to let any one tone 1 me, Irom lear 0 in.ee-
"ents novor ! "u Z T' Z Sebasliani gave him a hint, and said, "mad- tion) and a bucicet iu 1 o. wa er was u row.
' " YbAf t W Ull UvLUL.lL UI Li LU I . . ' . .1 I r I 'I Mil Oil llr I I'll O I I It I Tl !1 fT 1 1 I
nmo is riirni, ouo uuco nut us, u - - w .
course is asking at least something by which was nblo to stanti up ami vvoikcu duck.
she mitrht bo assured that we were in earn- foil into a profuse, perspiration an. comforla
blVS ll.. ill " - .
I - .nu&iijous ur. Johnson "When
. r vuiihiiiiiiiiiii ib r.irrn in ri ir noinn. i i .
'"Hltformslie of tho most dl.r..ln L bank note of one thousand francs. The hod left ine.-fiA w Jlawa.
lie handed her nt the samo moment ble sleep, on awaking out of which the fever
nuie success, in addition to these
marked advantages, the survey litis been car
ried 509 miles down the Great River, which
seemed in nil respects favorable: in short.
all wns continued prosperity up to the after
noon ol the ii 1st instant, when it pleased
God to send the calamitous event of which
it is my duty to give you a feeble sketch.
A little after one P. M. on that melancholy
day, tho flat boats being n little ahead, and
the Tigris, leading the Euphrates, n storm
appeared, biingiug with it high in the air,
clouds ol sand from the west north-west
quarter. At this moment no were passing
over the rocks of Is Gcria (deeply covered)
and immediately after we tnndc a signat for
the Euphrates to choose a berth, and make
last; which was dono more as a matter ol
precaution, on account of .the difliculty of
seeing our way through tho sand tlum from
pprehenston that the squall would bu so
terrific. The Tigris was immediately dircc
led toward the bank, against which she
struck without injury, but with so much vio
ence as to recoil a distance of about eight
ards, leaving two men orr the bank, who
had jumped out to mako fast. The wind
then suddenly veered round, drove her bow
If, and thus rendered it quite impossible to
secure the vessel to the hank, along which
she wus blown rapidly by the heavy gusts,
, I I r II! er . . .L ...... l
icr ncau tailing on into tne stream as sue
ifasscd close by the Euphrates, which vesse
tad been backed opportunely to avoid the
The engines were working with full
power, and every endeavor made to turn the
vessel s bow to the hank. Une anchor was
lot no. but. the heel of the vessel made it im
possible lo get the other out, and she was
thenJJicitrly..reatJy broadside to the wind
witu inu t-iiuines uiuiusi nuwi.-ui-'ss, nuu iiil-
,vaves, rising to lour or hvo leet, lorcing
their way in at the windows, Lieutenant
iJocliburn, the .Messrs. biuuniun, and some
of the men mnde ineffectual attempts to keep
out of the water, for the fate of the vessel
wnsalreadv decided: and the fore pa it o
the deck being under waler, Lieut. Lynch
came to report that tho Tigiis was sinking,
and thu word was immediately passed for
nil to save themselves. Al this very instunt
a momentary gleam of light faintly showed
thu bank at the upparent distance ol eight o
ten yards: and, as there seemed evorv prob
nbility that the stern would touch il before
she went down, lieutenant JLivncn encour
aged the people to remain steady until they
reached the land. All were on deck nt this
critical moment, some clinging to the ropes
of the awning, the paddle boards, and fun
nel; tint the majority were cioso 10 me 11
er. and ull behaving with tho most exem
nlarv obedience, until the vessel went dow
all at once, and probably within half n min
ute. after wo had seen tho bank lor an in
Lieutenant Lynch, who was at my elbow
dived out underneath tho starboard ridge
rone, at the moment when thero was about
four feet water on thu deck, und I had th
good fortune to get clear, in the same way,
through the larboard side, and also lo take
direction which brought mo to the land, with
out having seen any thing whatever to guide
mo through darkness worse than mat
niuht. When it clenred a little, I found a
round me Lieutenant lA'iich and Air.
den, (both greatly exhausted,) Mr. I homp
son. the iwcssrsbiaunion, anu several ot m
men. Tho hurricanu was already abating
rnmdlv. and as tho distance from the vesse
to tho shoro was very short, we indulged I lit
hope that tho rest of our brave companions
. . .... t, i . n .
had reached tne uanic lower uown. r or
instant I saw tho keel of the I igns uppe
most, near tho stern. Sho went down bow
A lint'inrr fttntnlf (lift lmttniTl
IUL L.lttUi UIIU) IIUI Illy v ' -. .- -- -
that position, sho probably turned round on
tho bow as a pivot, und thus showed part of
her keel lor on instant ni tno otner extremity ;
but her noddle beams, floats, and part oftho
. . . -. ,i
sides wero already broken up, and actually
lloated ashore, so speedy and tcrrihc had
Deen uie work 01 destruction.
From the moment of striking the ban
until tho Tigris went down it scarcely ex
ceeded eight minutes; while the operation
of sinkintr itself did not consume more than
threo; indeed, the galo was so very violent
that- doubt whether tho most poweriui ves
sel, such as a frigate, could havo resisted it
unless she were already secured to me unnic
and. for this there was. in our case, little o
no time, as it wns barely possible, in tho po
sition ol our consort, to mako last anu sav
tho vessel.
I had little, or no hope, that tho Euphra
tea could hava oscuned. but the intrepid ski
of Lieutenant Cleveland and Mr, Charlwoo
onnbled thorn to tret out two anchors in th
very nick of time; nnd by the united means
oi two hawsers, anu tno engi.ua w-uuuub
ful nou-or. tho vessu maintained her post
lion ut tho bank until tho storm ubated, as
the enclosed letter from Capt. Estccurt yv
explain more fully; nnd as it required all
tho powers of u fifty horso engine in the
casoof.tho Eupratcs, to keep her hawsers
irom snapping, 1 infer, that thu twenty hor
ses oftho Tigris wouliUnot have been suffi
cient to enable hor to keep tho position at
the bank, even if the officers lntd succeeded
in securing her along sido of it.
Lieutenant Lynch and Mr. Eden contin
ed cool and collected until the last moment:
nor were any efforts wanting that skill or
presencoof mind could suggest to save the
vessel in the first instnnce, and the lives in
lie second, when the former had failed; nor
ould any thing be more exemplary than
heir conduct, and that of all on board:
scarcely n word was spoken, not u murmur
was heard, and death was met with that ex
emplary degreo of intrepidity and resigna
tion which novo been displayed bv even in
dividual throughout thcarduoiMsand stryintr
rirfji- -wnrcn .we -'iave-Deencngf en
slnrn Jiinnnrw I Ran
I am happy to say that tho survivors of
ie expedition, remain as much unshaken as
ver in their confidence, regarding the final
success of this undertaking, as well as the
manliest advantages, facilities, ond cheap
ness, of this line of communication. The
hurricane lias been, it is true, u most trying
and calamitous event; but I believe il is re
garded by all, even nt this early day, as hav
ing no more to do with the navigation of the
Euphrates in other respects, than the loss of
a packet in the Irish Channel, which might
rciaru, uui couiu not put an end to. the in
tercourse between England and Ireland.
We arc tlierelore continuing our descent
and survey to Bussora, hoping not only to
l..! 11... . !l -' ,' j? . .... '.l
unit; up uie mini irom inula wituin inc
pecifled time, but also, if il please God to
spare us, to demonstrate the speed, economy.
nuu commercial advantages oi the Kiver .Eu
phrates, provided the decision of ministers
hull be, in the true spirit of Englishmen, to
give it a lair trial, ratiier man aoandon tut
original purpose in consequence of an un
loreseen, nnd, ns it proved, an unavoidable
calamity. I have tho honor to be, ccc
(Signed) F. R. CHESNEY,
Col. commanding the Expedition
Mr. Van Bur en's Opinions.
Keply of Mr. Van Huron to Hon. Shcrnxl
liunms oi jLCHiucity.
But whilst I so confidently entertain and
so readily promulgate theso sentiments in
regnid to the want of power to establish in
any of the States a National Bank, I am at
the same time equally desirous that it should
hu lully understood that l am decidedly op-
iioscd to the creation or any such institution
in.tliu. District of. Columbia. I dp not be-
ll.nt .nT. Viitlrtn.! Il.nl ,1,.,, nTJT
iiimi unv i.ii.iuiitii wutini Mll-kV. VI VIOB
where, is necessary to secure either of tho
advantages to which your question has ref
erence, I he principal grounds relied upon
by the advocates for a bank, to establish its
utility and necessity, as I understand them
1st. That such an institution is necessary
for the transmission and safe keeping of the
nublic moneys;
2d. To secure a safe, cheap, and conveni
cm system of domestic exchange; und
3d. To make anu preserve a sounu cur
Thu limits of this letter will not admit o
full discussion of theso points, but I can
not refrain from referring to a few ol the
facts which belong to them. I say facts, fo
after the many speculations and anticipations
in regard lo tho currency, the public reve
nue uud the pubRc prosperity, with which
tho country has been surfeited for the last
two years, to which thousands havo trusted
and bv which thousands have been decciv
cd, l may say, i mink, without onence, mat
it would be tho surest, because the only safe
course, to regulate, our opinions in iuiure,
somewhat moro than heretofore, by nsccr
loined facts. How. then, do the facts stand
upon the first point, viz. the necessity of the
bank, nsa place oi sale keeping ior mopuo
lie moneys, and ns nn agent for their trans
mission, to answer tho wants oftho Govern
ment ?
Tho official reports of tho Secretary of
tho Treasury show first, that tho average
nmount of money annually transferred by
tho Bank of the United States, from 1820 to
1823. was from ten to fifteen millions of do
lars; nnd tho amount transferred by the do
nositu banks, from June 1835 to April 1830
or about ten months, over seventeen millions
of dollars, In both cases the operation has
been without loss, failure, or expense. And
it further appears, from the same source,
that ol no previous period has tho safety of
the nublic moneys been moro carefully or
securely provided for. An examination of
tho official documents will, I am well satis
lied, fully sustain theso posilions. What
foundation, then, was there for the nssump
lions, upon this part of tho subject, which
were put forth with so much solemnity, and
insisted upon with so much earnestness, in
the earlv discussions unon the subject of th
bank ? If so much has been dono in tin
respect, whilst tho substituted agency has
hnd to contend with thomost poweriui oppo
sition that was ever mado upon any brand:
of the nublio service, what may wo not ex
nect from it now, when it has received the
legislative sanction and if thoro be not
cross dereliction of faith and dutv when
must also receive tho support of all parties ?
In retrard to domestic exchanges, tho fo
lowing facts nro also established by tho
samo authentic, source, viz. that tho nmount
of domestic exchanges performed at tho lost
returns by tho deposite banks, exceodod thirty-five
millions of dollars, and nt no returns
lor manv months has it been less than twen-
ty-fivo millions which, ot an average of
thirtv mi ions nt each return, wouiu oo in
a year one hundred and eighty millions,
each bill of exchange run on an average
xty days. On the conirarvTtho nmount of
domestic exchanges' performed, by the Uni
ted Slates Bank did not for many years
equal twenty millions at any ono return, nnd
seldom exceeded it ; being quite one third.
icsa man wnai is now tione uy the deposito
banks. It further appears, that exchanges
have in many cases been effected nf lower
rales by the deposite banks than bv tho Uni
ted States Bank. Indeed, can it be doubt-
d, thot evpn if there was not a single bank.
Stoto or National, in tho country, it would
nevertheless bo quite easy to place its do
mestic exchanges upon an advantageous
and safe footing, so long ns there is a sufli-.
ciency of solid capital to be employed in tho
business? From the nature oftho, thing it
self, and from ihc experience of Europe, we
may be assured that tho profits and neccsslr
tfes of trade would invite and obtain ample
acuities ior me business oi exchange irom
other sHrcc,' so long as the comniercwdpsf
community with one accord desire to sec it
successfully carried on, and assist in good
faith in effecting it.
Lastly, the currency. The proportion of
our whole circulating medium that was com
posed ofthe notes of the Bank of the United
States, during the existence of that institu
tion, was much smaller than was generally
supposed, The circulation of the United
States Bank, as I am informed, ranged, for
some years Delore it expired, at about twen
ty millions, often below that amount, which
was not over one-fourth of the paper circu
lation of tho United States. Some think it
has been less than one-fifth. Tho great
mass of the business of the country was.
therefore, even then carried on, so far as mo
ney wns employed in it, by means of the
notes ot state banks and specie. Tho bene
ficial effects that were claimed to be tender
ed by that institution in respect to tho cur
rency, consisted
1st. In supplying bills that were current
throughout the Union ; and
2d. The salutary effects of its supervision
over the State banks, in preventing over-issues
and compelling them to keep on hand
larger supplies ol specie for the redemption
of their notes. j$
The transactions In which it became nec
essary or was usual to carry hank notes
from one State to another, were very limited
in their amounts ; large sums being then, as
they arc now, and'ever will be, transmitted
through the medium of bills of exchange. It
will not even now, I think, bo seriously de
nied, that the increase of the gold coinage,
and the facilities of getting that species of
. ., .1 , , .
coin, togcincr wiin me large ucnomination
of notes issued by tho leading State banks,
aro abundantly sufficient for those pui poses,
and thai they can be quite as convenienfly
employcd"in them.
As to the benefits alleged to havo been
rendered by the Bank of the United States,
in checking excessive issues by the Statu
banks, and in compelling them to maintain
an adequate supply of specie, whilst by no
means disposed to undervalue them, I yet
think the same objects can be accomplished,
not only without the agency ot any such in
stitution, but to a much greater and moro
useful extent without than with it, provided
a proper policy beipursued by the Federal
ond State Governments; by tho former,
through the mint and the Treasury Depart
ment: by the latter,' by suppressing small
bills, by discouraging the extension of tho
paper system, and by subjecting existing
banks to wholesome restraints and to a rigid
That gold and silver should constitute a
much greater proportion of Ihe circulating
medium of the country than they now do, is
a position which few arc disposed to deny.
How great tho increase, and now rapidly it
ought to be effected, are questions in regard
to which a difierenco of opinion may front
time to time ririso-amongst men having tho
samo genera object in view. No benefi
cial reform' .m" the affairs of tho world was
ever nccompished,"iii which similar diversi-
. - t ' . . . r l ,
tics ot opinion wero not tounu among us au-
vocates : but it ts a consolation to know that
embarrassments arising from that sourco
havo been overcome, and may be again. To
protect tho working closses, (who, generally
speaking, have no control over n paper cur
rency, to derive no protit irom bank stock, l
against losses arising from depreciation, by
securing a metallic currency suincient nt
least for all minor dealings including thu
payment of labor, the most important as Well
as the most pressing use there is for money
to furnish a more substantial specie basis
for that part of tho currency which consists
of paper, and thereby savo tho whole com
munity irom loss in consequence ot any sud
den withdrawal of confidence should bu
our first object, ns it is our imperative duty.
Other countries nre wiser than wo aro iu
this respect. England prohibits the circu
lation of nil bank noses under Hi. equal to
about 25 ; and Franco, nll under 500
francs, equal to about $00 ; and thero is
scarcely u village, or even nn inn, in Eng
land, in which you cannot, without tho
slightest inconyonienco, chango a five or ten
pound note, nnd oven those of a higher de
nomination, into gold and silver; and iu
France there nre like facilities
Our situation has for a long time past been
widely difl'oront; a fact easily to be account
ed for, when wo reflect upon the past courso
of tho Federal Government. Tho constitu
tion gave to Congress express power "to
coin money and regulate, tho value thereof
and of foreign coin," and it ns expressly pro
hibits the oxerciso of a similar power by tho
States. It was to tho Federal Government
therefore, and to thatonly, that tho framers
oftho constitution looked for' whatever of a
domestic metallic currency tho interests of
tho pooplo of. tbeV United States, ond tho sc
ourity of property within the same, should
ba found to requirp ; nnd as thoy also refus
ed to Congress tfte power to create corpora
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