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s-.-affc.. 1 Jfamilii Kctuspapcr, Ocuotc D to Politics, fyomt Snbnstni, Ncius, Stigua Uuvc anb (general 3ntt lligcncc. VOLUME XIII. IS 15 ATTLEBOKO, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 22, IS 4G. NUMBER 9. run li she i) evert Thursday by WJI. 13. KYTIIEK. 0 P F I C E o. WHEELER'S STONE ETILDIMJ. Tinn To tingle tabteribers, $J,00 yetr. To Com plines, and to Ihote who pjy in advance, a liberal divour.t New York Business Card. TO MBUCHAWTS. CUT THIS OUT AND PUT IT IN YOUR POCKET. The undersigned call rour attention to their STOCKS rrnnna rui .e.na ,.. si.- i - t si firorable any olhtr rfUblithmeolt or thp kind in the Lily of Nen York. Their stocks are new, and purchased ezpreeily to sail the uanls ofMrrclianls in y&arportiou at Ihe coantry, and nothing shall be wanting on their part to pae both old and new.cttstomeri. StriixssR 19, IblG. I'l v,'"" ""' 1IALLOCK, HILT. Sc CO., Wholesale dealers in Foreign and Domestic Dar Goons, 173 Prart strerl, one door sbore Pine street Cbarle. Hillock. Henry Hill. C. II. Cos. UbanA. Whltr. Tin: iioim:: MILLS. MUSTARD, CHOCOLATE and COCOA, roasted or groond COPrEEand SPICES, strtctlv re, carefully pre pared Tor fsmily use Also, COCOA SHELLS, RICE PLOUR, and PEARLUARLEY, slTl Fulton meet, or I? Fuol street. None genuine unlesi labeled 'Hope Mills.' R II. iV J. 0 ISHAM. unr.ss GOODS. 1IOOTH & TUTTLE, No. Hi Crdirst., insite the at tintirtnof dealers to their extensire stock of Csfstvcats, Dl Lliiti, Mtaisol, Ac , which they offer Tor sale at the iowrtt market prices for cash. cii.uiLns duiht.i:, & cn 123 Pearl street, orTer great inducements lo Caik and sAerf . t. .. . : cure f r ! i , i I t. nnpi.a rernn tint hiyeri, in SILKS, SHAWLS, DHESS GOODS, GLOV t---, i...tL, Ac. Jierciiaaii win tire tuoner or ex imininj ibm itoek. JOHN AXDCRSO.V Jtt CO., Nn 2 Wall, ind Dusne tlrtt, Importrrt ol CHOICE SGARSt& mtnuftclarers of fine cat chew.Af tnd iinoking Tobacco, SnufT-, A.e lliheitpremiam of thf Amrncm Iatlitute fur JtJ.3, 41 and 45. X B. All the (oda of oar manufacture are aold on the r.ntt reaiomble tcnua, and wirra nled auperior, o; the can be retarntd and the innf j refunded J. r.RROWC & CO., (From Urard'a) Makm and TmportrTi o! D mite and Sin git Jetton H.I HPS, Sinnci, Mimic, Ve. Harps repaired Haipa from $300 to $lix. No. il llroadway 'Campliene SolJil Rultotn Gla Fouotaia Lamp.,f Cannol corrode or keenme heated 'titer are auperior to all other Latnpt Maaufjelored Wholeta! and IXetail, tjr J. O. FAY, 1ST, Fulton itreel. Alao, IIOWK S.tbe beat article oi CAMrllLc RICIKV LOUTRI3L 01 WILLIAM ST. IMPORTERS OF FRENCH AND ENGLISH FAN CY VND STAPLE STATIONERY Copying, Ttnoe and Letter Papera, Wafer, Seating Wax, in It a, Fluida, tteel Pen a, InVatanda, Cutlerr, Portfolioa. India Robber, Iok Powder. Tape, Memorandum Booki, Tablela, Parch ment. Twine, Folder. Sbrars, Envelopet, Motto Wafer, Pr once, Gujut'a Carmine Ink, Gam Ticket, Tracing, Fancjr colored Gold and Perforated Paper, Patent Pomp Inkatanda, &.c Manulaclarera and Dealer in .iccovnt Bools and Ptptr rf all kindi. Gold Pens, Letter Copjlng Preasea, Seal Priiea, Manifold Writers, Uomeslic SUtwnerj, of every Tirietr, and all other artieles sold bj Stationers, sold b us in quantities to suit purchasers JT THE LOWEST POSSIBLE PRICES. XI Country MtrchunlM trill plttut la edit and tit us O Goods freely shown, prices low CI Williini street, James V Rich Williira M. Loutrel. J. G. SHAW, Hmufitclurtr and IVhotualt dtaler lit Blank BmIs, 110 Jobn.treet Dealers supplied with every description ol Memnrindums and Rlsnk Rooks at very reduced prices. LOOKIMi CLASSES. JOHN II. WILLIAMS. SON i. CO . Importers and Minufaelarers or Looting Glastit, Looking Glnst Plans, A.c . tie , ya. 31o l earl atreet. (opposite t'eca blip. UDiVAHD HAACIC, Mmuf-elorer and Importer of MUSICAL INSTItU MF.NTS. and UenoiofURONZE POWDER, of all colon and qualities ol the best German manufacture, Dutch Mttal, l lurtnu Umf Hall am Ultra Marine wut. eta. el r unon etreet, corner or Gold. All kinds of Muaical Merchandise constantly on hand, LlTIIOGIlAriHC PIIINTS. N. CURRIER, No 23 Spruce street, after 1st Nov. at bis old stand, No. Naasao, comer of Sproce, nearly oppo aile City Hall. N C is prepared to supply orders lor Ltth. 0raphit rrintt from 1 to tiO.000 at 31 hour, notice. His ai-ortment is the moit extemive in the Uuited Slates, and constats almost exduatvely or original drawings executed by the beat arliau in lite c uiiiry. A)-enis suppneu at . - ail advance on the cost of publication. rnTnnsoN, Humphrey-a iioss, Itoporlera snd dealers in Carpeting, Otl Clotkl, Window Sitiin, Druggets, Tulle and l'lana Cutert, No. iSi Pearl tireei G F. Teterson G S Homohrev. fl S llw C. F. A. HIMtlCHS, (Successor lo Al Werekraeiiler,) Importer and Dealer In German, French, and English I A.NU1 uuuua, iau Broadttay, anil "5 Liberty Blreel. Rich llohemian Glass ware, Ornamenli, French Procelain, Vaaes.elc. Toytof all deacnpUous. Enjravmga, Archery and Cricket imple menu, clc etc. IRON SATS WARE HOUSE. SILAS C HERRING, 1K1 Water street, Manufacturer oflhMer i rami Double and Single Salamander Snfet, sod dealer in all kinds of new and second baud Safll, Iron C !, Lank Vaulle. floors, . Ulown's Coffee Ilou.e ond Dining- Saloou.1l Pearl at. tVolrally ailuated tn Iheboiioeaspartof Ihe city, (fae!ng Centics Slip, between Hanover Square and Uroad at.) The beat eaubliahnieni in the city for country merchants snd omera lo eel llieir mi ala GEORGE nROWN.lslcofLovejoy s Hotel amunELLAs and faiuysols. GEORGE J BYRD. Manufacturer and whleaIe deal- ei,lM)J',arl ttrttt, r"U" Cedar, haa always on band an e.l.n.i.e itaM. ..i UMUKELLAS. PARASOLS, PARASOLETTES arJ SUNSHADES, for sale on Ihe moil libetal lerms for C'hh or opprored credit. rAHOT GOODS. Importer and WMraata Dealer ill French, Enjliah and German FANCY GOODS, COMBS, BRUSH ES, PER FL'MPrtv. A Manufacturer of Porublo Writme Deaki, V., Dose,, Dreaaing fates, Card Caaes, Pocket Rools, "alleU, Ac cVc ... GEO R CHOLWELL, No. SI Halden Lane AVETiUOUE .fc CO., TSsndBI Vreey, earner of Wssbmitaa-slreel. Importers and Dealers in HARDWARE, Cutlery, Anult, Ices, bnnl.i Kelluwt, Shovelt, Chains, t'rosbtrt.Chu n Drills, rMenges, I nl and Wrought Aaltt, AO SAMUEL S. snd WXVX. WOOD, BUOKSELLERS AND STATIONERS, Nn. Stil retrl ttreet, have for sale a large assortment ol BOOKS, pailic- u.ariy school and Oleoicai, lo wnicn iney mviie uie alien I t ur country merchants- Terms liberal. r-nnll end Tobacco JInnnfaclujer. PETEIl XiOniZiXiAIlD, Jit., Ibs PETER . GEORGE LORILLARD, Kn il Chitham-itieet. Ilia constantly on hind a general attortnient of Soufl, and ,me uui Aliening aoa sinojting tootcco, wtirtuwu ui Ih.., .....".I h,.,h.. I..,l. ,n, ;, J- I '"!llll0H'TOUitl.-.lUl.il-lDIS.IKWIIl-tll npiior quality Business Cards. P. SIMONDS, h urrACTt re ax it orALtn is Ladles', (IrnllcmciVs. Jlisscs and IMli.rcn's BOOTS, SHOES, AND RUBBERS, II A LI.'S HI'ILDI N (i, NEARLY OPPOSITE SMITH'S STAGE HOUSE. '1 or ths rorr nrrica, vr srsias. It It X T T Is K RORO, V T. ROBERT WESSELHOEFT. M. D., Homeopathic k llulropatliic Physician, j Elliot Street, Drattleboro, Vt. Vj II A T FASHIONABLE TAILOR, 07- NO. 8 ft It A M t i: It O Y , 1CKATTI.CIIOKO, Vt. (13) S . PIKE, OPPOSITH TI' 1MUKXIX IIOUS1", IJRATrMlBORO, Vt. E. PROUTY, AGENT For Adams' Worcester Die House. Drattleboro, April 1C, iSio. it DICKINSON, DAY & CO. DEALERS IN Foreign & Domestic Dry Goods CHINA, CItOCKEIlY AND CLASS WAIlUt Jiiartj iii.;uc, CSrocrrfts, :c. (IS ALL TllRln TAItlCTIts,) 4 GRANITE ROW, Z. Dieaisso. AuitnT 1I.1UT, 4 BRATTLBBORO. CHSS. 11. VAX October. Sor-tvi 1 yet beautiful lo view Month of my heart tbeu dawneat here. With aad sod faded lea,e to ausw The Summers melancholy bier. The moaaiog of thy moda 1 bear, Aa Um red aueact diet afar. And ban of purp clOMda appear, Obecunng every western tvir. 1T.OU aolemn month ' I hear Uby voice j It telle my tool of other daya, When but tolne was lo rejoice, When earth waa lovely to in- gaio! Oh, viaiont bnahl oh, blevaed hoora. Where are their livisf raptsrea now f 1 aak mj apint'a weaned powers 1 ask my pale aad fevered brow 1 1 look to Natsre, aaj befceU My lue'a dim emblem, ra.Uiaa rooad, In hues of crimaon and of fold The -ear's dead honors on ths ground : .nd si-blag with Ihe wioda I feel, While their lowpiaiona murmur by. How each their sweeptsi looea reveal Of life sad humaa destiny. When Spring's delightsome momenta thone. They came in aepbyra from the Weal : They bore tho wood-lark'a melho lose. They aturnl tho blue lake's gluay breaat Throazh Summer, faioliQa; in the heat, They lin-;ere-l In the forest abide 1 Rut changed sod etrengthened, now, Ihey beat In storm, o'er moualiia, glen, snd glide. How like Uiom utniperu ofUie breut When life i, tresh sad joy la new Soft aa the halcyon's downy seal! And uanaient all as they are true ! They adr the leaiea la Umbrighl wreith, Which Hope about her forehead tttinea, Till Griefs hot at-hs around it breatne, Then Pleasure's lip iu amile retisne. Ala., for Time, ind Death, and care, What gloom about our way Ihey fiiagl Lika clouJa in Autumn's gsf ly sir, Tbs buria).pa;eiot of the Spring. The dreamt that each aocceaalre Jeir Seemed billed in bet of brighter pride. At I ait like withered leaves appear, And tleep in dtrkaett tide by tide. WILLI! OlVLOSD Cllll. IC3In a recent letter, Mr Cameron, Demo cratic Senalnr in Congress from Pennsylvania, makes use of the fullouing truthful language. Wc commend it to the careful perusal ol every Demo crat in ihe country. "We have onlv lo be true to ourselves, and we cannot fail to succeed in procuring the repeal of this laic. A few months will show the want of wisdom in its principles and details, and proie Us failure as a revenue measuie. The very men who haie forced it upon us, all of whom deny its paler nily, will probably soon seek an excuse for it. chance. All thriftless persons are discontented with Iheir own situations, and envious oi ine pros peril' of their inure frugal neighbors. Neither men nor States ssio ilauol irork can be pretperous ; and our Soulhcrn lellua-cilizens will Hud llialno reduction of Ihe tariff will make them rich nor bring us down lo Iheir coudilion. They may re tard our progress fur a tune, but no system of laws which tliev can lorce upon us win uestroy me un mate prosperity of Pennsylvania. Until wc can ac complish its repeal in a constitutional way, we must make the best ol tins law, ami, uy greater economy and moro intense labor, make up, in some degree, for the adrantaget tehich it takes fromut andgirit to the tcorkmtn of Jtrngn countries, i ne farmers or the West will soon see thai Ihey have been deceived by Ihe promised British market for j their agricultural products; and that, instead of higher prices, they will find Ihem reduced with Ihe prostration of the home market, hitherto furnished them by ihe manufactories of the North. Having thus learned tho truth or the old-fashioned Demo cratic doctrine, that agriculture, manufattures, commerce, ami the mechanic arts are wufuaWy de pendant on each other, we may expect to sec them again acting with their mutual allies of the North or the common good. A salute of one hundred guns wss fired on Boston Common, on Tuesday of last week, in houor or the Dallle of Monlcrey. IV jm The A'p, n I Um Rhine, a work by Re' J T. Heidley j JIactlonalil's I'asS of the Snlurgen. . , .. I I was .landing on a green Alpine pastur age, looking off upon the Splugen Pass winch cut Hi , way through the white snow ridge that lay agjinsl tho distant horizon, when my guide interrupted iny musings by pointing lo an aged man sitting by hi. counge uoor. l nai man, saiu ne, was ouu 01 1 Alacdoinld's guides that conduclej him and hi. ar my oier the Splugen." He immediately became an object of great interest to nie, and I went and sat down by his aide, and drew from him many in cident, of that perilous adrenturc. "It was forty three years ago," said he, "when that awful march wa. made. 1 wa-then bul twenty firclyeara ofage s, m ,bout flfteen Inl in en2,h, but 1 remembered it a. if it were but jesterday. I j ,nJ ,he ldlJnc, c03ipan. had, after Ihe most wast haic made many passes in the Alps, but neter one ing ,0)t and chausliug eflbtl, made neatly half of like that. That .Macdonald wa. an awful man lie looked as if he wanted to fight the scry Alps, and beliescd that snow-storms could bo beaten like an army of men. "Ibclietc," I replied, "that pass wa. made in the winter, when eten foot trasellers found it ditli cult." "Yes; and the wind blew, and Ihe snow drorc in nur faces, and the asalanehes fell as if the tery Alps were coming down. The snow, loo, was so thick at limes, that we could not see the horso or men ten rods before or behind, while the scream ing, and yelling and cursing, made it ten time, worse. Why, sir, it did no good to cry take tart. lor no bouy co.ill take care. I here we were, up to our arms in snow, amid oxen, and horses, and cannon, and soldiers, and compelled to stand for I heard "An avalanche! an avalanche'" shrieked hours, without getting one rod ahead. Oh it wa ' Ihe guides, and the next moment an awful while dreadful to see the poor soldiers. Often I would form came leaping down the mountain, and slril hear an avalanche coming from above, and turn to ' ing ihe column that was snuggling along the path, see where it fell, when it would come thundering I passed straight through it into the gulf below, car straizht on to the army, and cut it clean in two. I rying thirty dragoons and their horse, with it in its leiving a great gap in the lines- A few feathers wild plunge. The black form of a steed and its tossing amid the snow, a musket or two flying over rider were seen suspended for a moment in mid the brink, and away went men and all into the gulf below. Oh, sir, these poor soldier, looked as if they never would fight again so downcast and frightened. It did no good lo hare courage there, for what could courage do against an avalanche I When Rod fights with man, it does no good to re sin." In this manner, though not in the precue words, the old man rattled on and it n as evident I could get nothing rrom him except separate inci dent which gave life and vividness to the whole picture. The filling of a single comrade by his side, or the struggles of a single war hirsn, as he floundered in the mass of snow that hurried him irresistibly toward, the gulf "made a more distinct impression on him than the general movement, ol the army. The deep bed. of .now and the walls of ice he and the peasants wero compelled to cut through, were more important to him than the or der of march, or the discipline of the troops. How different is Ihe effect produced on a po lerful and a common mind by such a stne as this ! One dwells on the impression made by the whole. The moral and physical grandeur surrounding it the obsta cles, and the resolution that overcome them the savaoeness of nature, and the sternness that dared I look it in the face ; combine to make Ihe impres-1 sion he carries with him through life. The weak ' mind, on the other hand, never seems to rech to I these generalities never get. to the outer circle, but is occupied with detail, and incidents. i r To understand this march of Macdonald over the Splugen, a feat greater by far than Bonaparte's famous passage ol the ht. uernird, imagine an aw 1 ful defile leading up to Ihc height of tit thousand, fee hundrtil felt towards heaven in summer a mereptth, and in winter a mass of avalanches, and you will have some conception of the awful pass through which Macdonald determined to lead fif teen thousand men. The road follows the Rhine, here a mere rivulel, ivli'di ha. cut its channel deep in ihc mountains that rise frequently to the height of three thousand feet above it. Along the preci pice, that orcr hang thi. turbulent torrent, the path i. cut in the solid rock, now hugging the mountain wall like a mere thread, and now shooting in a single arch over the gorge that sink, three hundred feci below. Strangely silent snow-peaks pierce the heavens in every direction, while dark precipices lean out un eiery side over the abyss. This mero path crosses and re-crosses again this gorge, and often so lnjh above il, that the roar of the mad tor rent below can scarcely he heard ; and finally strikes off on to the hire face of the mountain and clambers up to the summit. This is the old road in summer time. Now imagine this aame gorge swept by a hurricane nf snow, and filled with the awful sound of the falling avalanches blending their heavy shock uilh thedull roar of the giant pines, thil ware along the precipices, while halfway up from the bottom to the Alpine top are hanging like an annr of insects, fifteen thousand French sol diers; and you will approach to some knowledge of this wintry pass, and this desperate march. But if jou have never been in an Alpine gorge, and stood, ae-struck, amid the mighty forms that tower away on ercry side around you, you can hare no true conception of a accne like the one we are to describe. Rocks, going like one solid wall straight up to heaven pinnacles shooting like church spires above the clouds loomy ravines where the thun der-clouds-burst, and the torrent raves still gla ciers and solemn snow-fields, and leaping avalanch es, combine to render an Alpine gorge one of ihe most terrific things in nature added to all this, you feel so small amid the mighty forms around you soultctly helpless and worthless, amid these great exhibitions of God's power, that ihe heart is often utterly overwhelmed with the feeling, that struggle in ram Tor utterance. There is now a carriage road over the Splugen, cut in sixteen zigzsgs along Ihu brcatts of the mountain. This wa. not In existence when Mac- donahl made the pass, and there was nothing but a bridle palh going through thrt gorge of the CardU ml. Over such a piss was Macdonald ordered by Napoleon to march hi. army in the latter part ofj November, just when ine wintry storms are setting . i . i . .... . :t n . . : . 1 i III Willi ine grcaicsi iiuiciitc. uunajiario iviaucii jiaednnaM to lonn the Icll wing or his srmy in Italy, and had therefore ordered him tn attempt the passage. Macdonald, though no braver or bol der man ever lived, felt that it was a hopeless un dertaking, and immediately despatched General Dumss to represent to him the insuperable obsta cles in the way. Bonaparte heard him through his representations, and then replied, with his usual recklessness of other people's sufferings or death, "I will make no change in mtr dispositions. Return quickly, and tell Macdonald that an army canal- ways pass in every season, where two men can place Iheir feet." Macdonald, or course, could do no otherwise than obey commands, and immediately commenced the necessary preparations for his desperste under taking. Il was the SGlli of November, and the i frequent storms had covered the entire Alps, pass and all, in one mass of yielding snow. His army was at (lie upper Rheinlhal or Rhine valley, at the entranced the drcadml defile or the Via Mala, the commencement of the Splugen pass. The cannon Ce ke lom her c , ,Ild , on ed , wllich ere nseil. Ther ,m,llunilioil w dinJca llwul on ,he Lacll of mu, wh(e ercr wMier had t0 CIr(y lcJld(,1 hi , flTe d . pf0rijion. The guides went in adrance. ai.d Jluck Jown , , jndicil,e ,,e of the path beneath, while behind them came the woikmcn clearing away theanow, and behind them still the mounted dragoons, with Ihc most power lul horse, of the army, to beat down thrt track. On the "Gthof Notember, the first company left Knln-jn anil ltftrvan lliA B.etit Ph Tmm II, ami wete approaching the hospice on Ihe sum mil when a low moaning was heard among the hills, like the mice nf the sea before a storm. The guides understood too well its meaning, and gazed on each other with alarm. The ominous sound grew louder every moment, and suddenly tho fierce Alpine blast swept in a cloud of snow oser the mountain, and howled, like an unchained demon, through the gorge below. In an instant all was confusion and blindness, and uncertainty. The tery heareus were blotted out, and the frightened column stood and listened to the rasing tempest that made the pine tree, abose it away and groan, a. if lifted from their rock rooted places. But suddenly another still more alarming sound was heavens, amid clouds of snow, and the next mo ment they fell among ihe ice and rocks below, crushed out of Ihe very form of humatiiiy. The head of ihe column reached the hospice in salety. The other part, struck dumb by this sudden ap parition I'.rossing their path in such lightning like velocity, bearing to such an awful death their brave j comrades, refused to proceed, and turned back to the village of Splugen. For three days the siorin I raied amid the Alps, filling the heavens with snow, and hurling avalanches into the path, till it became so filled up that the guides declared it would take fifteen days to open it again so a. to make it at al pissable. But fifteen days Macdonald could not spare. Independent of the urgency of his com mands, there was no way to provision his army in these Alpine solitudes, and he must proceed. He ordered four of the strongest oxen that could be found to be led in advance by the best guides. Potty peasants followed behind, clearing away and bealing down Hie snow, and two companies of sap pers csme after to give still greater consistency to the track while on iheir heels marched Ihe remnant of the company of dragoons, psrt of which had been borne away three days before by the ava lanche. The post of danger was given them at their own req'iesL Scarcely had they begun the dangerous enterprise, when one of the noble oxen slipped from Ihe precipice, and with a convulsive t. -.r- j i .ij i i .t. m . r L.r .1 il . o point of )sgged rocks to the deep, dark lorrent the gaps a discharge or grspe-shol frequently 'made uing oi nis nuge iramr, went oounaing irom ponu below. It was a stringc sight for a wintry day. Those three oxen, with their horns just peering above the snow, toiled slowly nn, pushing their unwieldy bodies through the drifts, looking like mere specks on Ihe breast of the mountain, while the soldiers, up to their breasts, struggled behind. Not a drum or bugle note cheered the solitude, or awoke the echoes or those savage peaks. The foot fall gave back no sound in the soft snow, and the words of command seemed smothered in the very atmos phere. Silently and noiselessly the mighty but dis ordered column toiled forward, with naught lo break the holy stillness of nature, savo the fierce pantings of the horses and animals, as with reeking sides they strained up the ascent. Now and then a fearful cry startled the eagle on his high circuit, as a whole company slipped together, and with their muskets in their hands, fell into the all devouring gorge that yawned hundreds of feet below their path. It was a wild sight, the plunge or a steed and his rider over the precipice. One noble horse slipped jual as the dragoon had dismounted, and aa he darted off with his empty saddle, and for a mo ment hung suspended in mid heaven, il is said, he uttered one ol those leariul blood-treczing cries 1 1,0 wounded war-horse is known sometimes togiie j forth on the field of battle. The roar of the lion . after his prey, and the midnight howl of the wolf that ha. misted his evening repast or blood, is a gentle sound compared tn IL Once heard, It lire, in the memory and brain forever. To understand the route of the army better, one should divide the pin into three parts. First comes the dark, deep defile, with the path cut in Ihe side of Ihc mountain, and crossing backwards over the gorge, on bridges or a single arch, and often two and three hundred feet high. The scene ry in this gorge is horrible. It seems as if naturo had broken up the mountains in some sudden and fierce convulsion, and ihe very aspect of everything as enough to daunt one without the aid of avalanch es or hurricanes of snow. After leaving this de file, the path goes for a few miles through the val ley nf Sch inn, and then winds up the cliff of La llama, covered wiin pine trees. It then strikes up the hire face of the mountain, going sometimes at an angle or Torty-five degrees, till it reaches Ihe summit; which lying above ihe region or trees, stands naked and bald in the wintry heavens. This is the old road the new one goes by a dif ferent route, and in summer time can be traversed with carriages. Such was the road, filled with snow and avalanches, this army, of fifteen thousand men marched over in mid-winter. I her went over in separate columns. The progress and success of the tint we nave already shown. :t ne secono, ana third made the attempt the second and third ofj December, and achieved the ascent in safely, the wealher being clear and frosty. Many, however,' died of cold. Their success encouraged Mac donald to march the whole remaining army over al once, and for ihis purpose he placed himself at iheir head, aud on the 5th of December commenced the ascent. But fresh snow had fallen the night before, covering up the entire path, so that the road had all to be made over again. The guides refus ed to go on, but Macdonald would not delay his march, and led his weary soldiers breast deep in the snow, up the bleak cold mountain. They were sirkovrt in going less than six. miles. Ther could not make a mile an hour in their slow progress. They had not advanced far in the defile before they came upon a hune block of ice, and a newly-fallen avalanche, that entirely filled un the path. The guides baited before these obstacles and refused to go on, and the first that Macdonald knew, hi. army had turned to the right about face, and were march ing back down the mountain, declaring the pas sage to be closed. J Hastening forward, he cheered up the men, and walking himself at the head of the column with a long pole in his hand, to sound thedepiiiof the treacherous mas he was treading upon, he revived the drooping spirit, of the soldiers. "Soldiers," said he, "your destinies call you into Italy ; advance and conquer first the mountains and the snow, then the plains and the armies. Ashamed to see their leader hazarding hi. life at every step where they refused lo go, the soldiers returned cheerfully to their toil, and cut their way through the solid hill of ice. Hut Ihey had scarcely surmounted this obstacle, when the voice of the hurricane on its march was again heard, and the next moment a cloud of driving snow obliterated every thing from their view. The path was filled up, and all traces of it .Hepl utterly away. Amid the scream, of the guides, the confused commands of the officers, and the honling of Ihe hurricane, was heard the rapid thunder-crash of avalanche, a. they leaped away, at the bidding or the tempest down the precipices. Then commenced again the awful struggle of the army for life. The foe they had to contend with was an outward one though not of flesh and blood. To sword-cut. baronet-thrust, and the blaze of ar tillery the strong Alpine storm wa. alike invulnera ble. Un the serried column aun tne nraggung line, il thundered with the same reckless power. Over the long black line of soldiers, the snow lay like a winding-sheet, and the dirge seemed already chanted for Ihe dead army. No one who ha. not seen an Alpine storm can imagine the reckless en ergy with which it rages through the mountains. The light snow, borne aloft on its bosom, was whirled and scattered like an ocean of mist over all things. The drifts were piled like second moun' tains in eierv direction, and seemed to form in slantaneously, as if by the touch of magician's wand. The blinding fury of the tempest baffled all efforts lo pierce the mystery and darkness that en veloped the host clinging in despair to the breast 01 the mountain, i lie siorm nau souuucu lis uuiu pet for the charge, but no auswermg note ofde fianee replied. The heroes of so many battle fields stood in still terror before this new and mightier foe. Crowding together as if proximity added to their securitv. the niizhty column crouched and shivered lo tlie blast that pierced their very boues with its chilling power. But this was not all the piercing cold and tho drifting snow, and raving tempest, and concealed pit-falls, leading to untrod den abysses, were not enough to complete the scene of terror. Suddenly, from the summit of the Splugen, avalanches began to fall, whose path cros sed that of the army. Sealing the breast or the mountain with a single leap, they came with a crash on the shivering column, and bore it away to the destruction that waited beneath. Still, with un daunted front and unyielding will, the bold Mac donald struggled on in front, inspiring by his ex ample, as he never could have done by his com. mands, the officers and men under him. Prodigies were wrought where effort seemed useless. The first avalanche, as it smote through the column, paralvzed for a moment every heart with fear; but they soon began to be viewed like so many dis-i charges of artillery, and the gaps they made, like in the lines on a field of battle. 1 hose behind closed up the rent with unfaltering courage. Hes itation wa. death. The only hope was in advanc ing, and the long and straggling line flondered on in the .now, like a huge anaconda winding itself over the mountain. Once, as an avalanche cut through the ranks, bearing them away to the abyss, a young man was seen lu wave an adieu to his youog comrade left behind, as he disappeared over the crag. Tho surviving companion slept into the path where it had swept, and before he had crossed it. a laeeard block of ice came thundering down. and bore him away to join his comrade in the gulf where hi. crushed rorm still lay throbbing, the extreme density of the atmosphere, filled as it Iras with snow, gave ten-fold horror to these mysterious messengers of death, as they came down the moun tain declivities. A low rumbling would be heard amid the pauses of the storm, and the next shriek of the blast snept by, a rushing, a. if a counter blast, smole the ear: and before the thought had lime to change, a rolling, leaping, broken mass of snow burst through the thick atmosphere, and tne next moment, crushed with the sound of thunder, Tar, fir below, bearing along a part of the column to it. deep, dark resting-place. On the evening of the 6th of December, the greater part of the army had passed the mountain, and the van had pushed even to Lake Como. From the 26tb or November to the 6lh or December, or nearly two weeks, had Macdonald been engaged in this perilous pass. A less energetic, indomitable man would have railed, and he himself had escsp ed utter destruction, almost by a miracle. As it was, he left between one and two hundred men in the abysses of the Splugen, who had slipped from the precipices or had been carried away by ava lanches during the toilsome msreh. More than a hundred horses and mules had also bceu hurled into those untrodden abysses, to furnish food for the eagle, and raven, and beast, of prey. This passage of the Splugen, by an army of fif teen thousand men, in the dead of winter, aud amid hurricanes or snow and Tailing avalanches, stands unrivalled in the history of the world, unless ihc passage oflhe Pragel by Suwarrow be it coun terpart. II Is Hue, Ilonaparte spoke disparagingly of il, because be wished his passage over the St. Bernard in summer lime, lo srtandj alone beside Hannibal a lamous march over Hie same mountain, Willi alt his greatness, Bonaparte had some miners, bly meau traits or character. He could not bear to have one of his generals perform a greater feat than himself, and so he deliberately lied about this achievement of Macdonald 's. In hia despatches to the French government, he made it out a small affair, while he had the impudence lo declare that this "march uf Macdonald produced no good effect." Now one of three things is true: Bonaparte either wa. ignorant of iis true situation, and commanded the passage or the Splugen lo be made under a false alarm ; or else il was a mere whim, in which his recklessness of the lives and comfort of bis coun trymen is deservinz of creatcr condemnation than his ignorance; or else he has uttered a falsehood as cross as it is mean. The truth is, Bonararte thought posterity could be cheated aa easily as his cotemporaries. In the dazzling noon-day of his fame, he could make a flattering press say what be liked, and the world would believe It ; but the tu mult and false splendor of his life base passed away, and men begin to scrutinize this demi-god a little more closelv t snd we find that his word cannot be relied on in the least, when speaking of the charac- icr mu ueeua oi oiners. jib is wining iu ie planet cross bis orbit, and will allow no fiiorjr cept a. it is reflected from him. But notwithstand ing hi. efforts to detract from the merit or ibis act of Macdonald, posterity will put it in iu true light, and every intelligent reader of the account, oi the two passages of the Sl Bernard and the Splogen, will perceive at a glance that Bonaparte'a achieve ment is mere child's play beside that of Macdonald. MESSAGE. Feilavt Citiun of ike Senate and llntt of Representatives. On assuming, as we now do, the guardianship of those civil interests or the State which hare, Tor a short period, been entrusted to our care, it I. proper that wc should call distinctly to mind the nature aud extent or the obligation, and responsi bilities which rest upon u.. We are but "trustees and servants or the people." And, therefore, while we accept the trusts which they bare conferred, with that unfe'.gned gratitude which the confidence thus reposed in us so justly demands, let us not be seduced lo imagine that we are free, in the dis charge or these trusts, lo consult our own personal benefit, or to be guided altogether by our own per sonal views and predilection.. On the contrary, wc should keep it clearly and constantly in view, that the offices we hold are bestowed to be execu ted for the benefit of those who conferred them. It is not, however, sufficient for us merely to recognize our responsibility to the people. We should also remember that the civil privileges which we enjoy, and or which Ihe guardianship is temporarily committed lu our bands, are the gifts of a gracious and beneficent Providence : and con sequently, if we are unfaithful to our trusts, we are not only treacherous to those who have confided their interests to our care, but we incur the yet deeper guilt of ingratitude to Heaven. Let us then habiluallr regard the offices with ' wliich we have been entrnsled, not only as obliga ting us to those who have cloibed us with a briet authority, but as involving a still higher responsi bility to Him who gives the privileges and bless ings which we are called to guard. During the past year we have, a. i State and people, received from the Great Author of all good, renewed tokens or His beneficence, in not only pre serving to us our civil privileges, but in granting to us even more thau the common blessinc or his Providence, in the means of personal and social enjoyment. The earth has yielded her increase in more than ordinary abundance ; and our citizens have generally been prospered in their various pur suits, so that industry has every where received large reward for her toils. No wasting sickness has visited us, but on the contrary, even more than wonted health has generally prevailed. And al though the sound of war has been heard in the dis tance, jet it has not excited apprehension. Tor our own personal security ; its desolations bare not been lelt within oor own borders, nor have its sor rows, except in a hit instances, entered our dwell ings Perhaps no Slate in the confederacy has been characterized by greater simplicity in its legisla tion and government, than has the State of Ver mont. The line of policy, which the State seems to have marked nut, das been lo govern as little as might be consistent with the proper protection of Jcr C1U4CI1S, aim luc amauwuicui ui tucu tuuiiiu. ,-.,,,,', Kever turning coldly away ftom the her citizens, and the advancement oi tneir saoitan- claim ot the humblest to be protected in the en joyment or "life, liberty and happiness," she has yet shunned ihe opposite error of legislating for the benefit of individual, lo the injury or multitudes, and avoided all complicated and entangling con nections with private or local interests. And while she has extended her favoring smiles and fostering care to all useful enterprises calculated to promote the general good, whenever their successful prose cution required il, she has yet nevjr sought to' as sume the special and exclusive guardianship even of public and common interest., when they could be adequately su.tained and promoted in any other way. And this general course is one whieh sound economy and a regard for the best interests of the people at large, would, for reason, sufficiently ob vious, ever dictate. Let it be our purpose, then, to conform to so wise and prudent a system of policy, and aid in perpetuating it. Aside from making ihe ordinary annual appoint ments, your duties for the session will probably be few. In the proper field or legislation, there is not, to my knowledge, any great and prominent measure or public interest, whieh will demand your attention. Modifications or existing laws may, in come cases, be required to meet new fea tures in our condition, or to remedy original de fect, in past enactments. Our habits of rapid leg islation of course expose to ihc danger of passing law. not perfectly matured. Yet this expedition in the tran.action or business can scarcely be re girded as a fault, unless carried to the extreme; and this ought donbtless to be guarded against. But imperfections and errors, whether the result of haste or or changing circumstances, should of course be remedied a. experience and practice bring Ihem to light. And in the mean timo, the recognized principle that laws should be as stable as tne changing condition and wants or society will permit, will doubtless be kept in view, and ex ercise its due influence in determining the extent or our legislation. Among the subjects whieh may claim your at tention will perhaps be that or our system or pub lic accounting. A confidence does not seem to be universally felt that sufficient guards hare as yet been thrown around it. If an apology could be found any where for any looseness or practice in the msnagement or public Kinds, there surety cart bo none Tor it in Vermont And it may be an appropriate subject Tor your inquiry, whether any further provisions are necessary Tor securing that punctuality and fidelitr in this branch of the public service, which the interest or the Stale re quires. By existing laws, however, it is made the duty of the Auditor ot Accounts to report annually "any modification, which experience shall prove to be necessary or expedient in order to procure a Taitb fill accounting for all publio Hinds;" and l re port or this officer, which will in due time be laid before you, will give your Inquiries, if in his opin ion there should be occasion for any modifications, a more definite direction than Is here attempted or deemed necessary. The practice of taking excessive interest Is a wrong against which no adequate remedy has been provided, although the attention of the legislature haa been repeatedly invited and given to the sub ject Measures have been proposed for remedying the evil, but none so satisfactory as to have re ceived tho legislative sanction. But I deem the subject one of sufficient importance renewedly to claim your attention, although I can suggest no belter mode of guarding against the wrong or of obtaining redress under lt( lna tbrt of a chsawry ... j . . f' .j... . j-t- - n a . . - - f -- men sir 4, ltl f . a i tk "n " ' I . . ill ii 'iiwmirTiiiwniTiissswTrwm - -....---p uy 1. i