Newspaper Page Text
Til " ' U. VOLUME XIV. BRATTLEB ORO, FRIDAY, MAY 20, 1848. NUMBER 40. runnfeUEn kveky Friday oy BOTHER &. FliATT. O. H. I'lATT, EDITOR. OFKICExo. i wnasLEn's stoxi hcildiko, Tumi. To tingle subscribers, $2,00 year. To Companies, and those who par In advance, & liberal By Mr T. K. ItoRTOir, U our Travelling Agent business cards. QUINCY MOUSE. RT jGXJT WUET.T,OCK, Kept on Stria!) Tunperance Principles, No. 1, nilATTLG SQUAIIE, Ofpotitt Braille Street Church, (OtnMO) IIOSTOIY. I1. SIIOA'JfS, MlXUFACTCEEIt A!fD DEALER IN f.tmxY, GtSTLtMr.x's, Misses' ahd Children's Hoots, Shoes mill Ittibbers, Halts UuUding, nearly opposite Smith' Stage House Ii . . M Ii X D , attorney nntt Counselor nt Unto, rRACTIClMO IX THE COURTS Or VE1M0NT AND NE If HAMPSHIRE, Commissioner appointed to take proof ami acknowl edgment of Jceds and other Instruments, to be recorded or used In the State of New York. Agent for the A2tna and Protection Insurance Com ponies, Hartford, Conn. insuring all Vlndt of property on the most reasonable terms. SI JOHN r. AUK INS, HAXUrACTCBEK or CnrrinRcs 11 nd Sleighs, WEST BltATTLEnORO, Vt. (33) GEOIIGE CVTLGIC V CO DEALERS IX AND MAKIFACTCRERS Or BOOTS, SIIOF.S, AND GAITEKS, No. a Brick How, Brattleboro, Vt. (43) E . II X It T, Faablouablo Tailor, No. 8 Granite Kow, Brattleboro, Vc (13) XIODERT WESSELUffiFT, M.D., HOMCEfATUIO AXD IltDROrATIIIC FltTSICIAX, Elliot Street, Brattleboro, 11 PIKE NIX HOUSE, Br CHAltLES Q. LAWKENCK, Brattleboro, Vt. Feb. lit, 1847. lySJ IIENUY CLARK, Aorxt or Windham Colhit Mutual Firx Ixscraxce Com PANT, (52) Brattleboro, VI S. PIKE, Gunsmith, OrroiiTX the Fncixix IIooe, Brattleboro. ONE PRICE STORE. THE Subscriber hiring refitted his store, and purchased an extensile assortment of Good at the present unusually low prices, takes this method of announcing his intention of full carrying out In practice, the principle of trade embraced in the cap tion to this notice. Every article will be marked at the Lowest PrlCC, and sold without variation or abatement for cash or its equivalent. Feeling con fident that he can offer inducements fully equal to an establishment In the Ticinily, he would invite the attention of purchasers to his present stock of lYcwaud Seasonable Goods, embracing a rery great variety of comwox, as well as rich and rasuiox aslk articles for Ladies' and Gentlemens use, together with nil the variety usu ally found in country stores. Among the Dry Goods may be found Am. and Eng. Prints, 4 to 1 2 cts. per yd. ; Kng, Scotch and French Ginghams good, 10 to 12; rery fine and rich, 20 to 25j Broad' cloths, Giuitneres, testings. Summer Stuffs, Hats, Cupt, Hosiery, Gloves, Shoes, Bonnets, lUbbont, Flow trt, white and colored Muslins and Latent Jar dresses, Sills and Fringes farVtsites, Shaids, (Jr., $t. A large lot of DOIffESTIOS. including Sheet ingt, 5 to 7c. In the tine of Groceries, satisfaction guarantied; having a full supply, prices liOWT, and graded according to quality. Say for MliRiir, 5 to 6 for Brown; 9 to U for white, crushed and powdered. Xcusj, 37 to 75 for green, S3 to 42 for Mack. Crockery, Hardware, Paints, Oils, Fish, Salt, Nails, Flour, $?c. A further enumeration may be useless, an exam nation of Goods and Price would be more satis factory. The subscriber is agent for the China Tea Co, Boston, a House of established reputation. An assortment of their Teas on hand and for sale at Boston prices t which ara very low, and the Teas war ranted to give perfect satisfaction. N. CHENEY. Townshend, May 10, 1848. 3w38 IRON AND STEEL.. THE subscribers have this day received a general assortment of most of the different sizes of Bar, Hoop, Tire and Round Also, Steel, Cni-ringe Springs, Bolts mid Axlctrecs. Ac, Arc We shall bo constantly making additions to our stock, from time to time, and would Invite Carriage Makers, Blacksmiths and others', to give us a call before purchasing elsewhere. J. II. & W. II. ESTEItBItOOK. israttleDoro, Alay 2, 1 848. 37 AT CHASE & CRANDALL'S Gentlemen's Furnishing' Store, MAY be found a largo assortment of Stock., Bilk and Satin Scarfs, French Yoke Neck Shirts, Bosoms, Collars, Silk and Cotton Uoslerr, French Kid und WuhLeatherGloTei, LisleThread ana uotton do., baspenacrs, Bhtrts ana XJrawers, messing uowns, uaiicrs, umDrcuas, &.c N. B. Shirts made to order at short notice. May 3, 1818. 3 Spring and Summer Goods. CHASE fit GRAND AX. Z. TIAVE Just recelreJ a laree and well selected J1X stock of French, German and American Cloths which tber are rtrenared to make ud Into Garments In the latest style, at a great discount from former prices, we nave a large assortment or plain and fancy Cauimera. Alio, nlain and fanrv T.lni.n Drill, for Genu' Summer 1'anu, plain and fancy i.nmiur ciiuurens wear, vesting, in crer. va rielT. all of wlil, h win h .1.1 .... ,!,,.. ' N. 11. A Bot wanted from H to 17 years of age, mo Aauonng Ainsiness. Maj 3, 1848. 3; ZBCOTIiS DXCKINSOIV ROOMS at No. S, opposite the Stage House, tip stairs, where ho Is now closing his accounts and tome few thousand dollars worth of Merchandise, ,u cuawo una vi leave me retail iraue, ALBERT II. DAY & RROTIIER hare leased his former store at No. 4. Brattleboro, April 10, 1848. 12w3 BONNETS. IJtLOItENCE and Fanrr Straws of the latest styles, together with liiUm and Flower$, for tie cheap for cash, by 0. C. HALL BIRCH ARD, LIVGR3I0RR & CO., W OULD respectfully inform the people of J malca and vlcinltr that thev have nurchased the new Store lately erected by llr J. O. Sumner, where they hare just received from Boston n full stock of mv spnixaAxn summkk goods, comprising a fashionable assortment of foreign and American ary UUIMI'. io, i-rociccry, Ulats anil Hani M are, W. I. Good and Groceries, Salt, I'ish, Kaitt, Window Glass, Paints, tintseed Oil, fcc., frc. All which thev offer for sale nn thu mn.t f.vnra. blc terms. Jamalca.May 8th, 1848. 6w38 CHLOROFORM J! DM. FAItWELL, Dentist, since he begin to employ Chloroform In his uractlce. ha. l.n literally thronged with patients, who are baring useless and troublesome teeth extracted, and their mouths prepared for tho insertion of new and useful teeth, many of whom would never have had tuflV. elent courage to submit to the operation, but lot this safe and cuectual means of producing inscnsl billty to tiain. Within tho four weeks past, he has extracted between three and four hundred teeth where he has used Chloroform. (No extra charge for its use.) Dr. t arwcirt urace will hereafter be found at No. 2 Granite How, over II. D. Bracken's Jewelry Store, where he attends to bis profession In ever. department of Dental Surgery, on the most reason auie terms. Brattleboro, March 10. 29 Millinery & Dress Making. Sign of the big Blue Bonnet. MRS. E- HIJVOKIiBY, GRATEFUL to the Ladies of Brattleboro and vicinitv for their naimniipc. whil tli h y. ertcd herself to furniih them with the best and most approred ntjlei of Millinery that could possibly be disposed of in the country. sno would say that she has just returned from Jew York with a more ex tensive assortment than imul com l ting of the following: slurred Uonnets, Neapolitan Lace, Bird's Eve, Rough and Ready, Cor'd Hall an J, Fr. 15 Ends, Oenevee, Coburg, Milan Edge, Fr. Rutland, French Laces, English Straws, Duns tables. Which she will dispose of aslotcascanlevurchattd. Ribbons lAces, Flowers, Caps, Collars. Hand kerchiefs, Fringes, a variety of Cords and Edgings, Mourning llonHets, Gravo Clothes, &c. Mantillas and Dress Patterns. lsIretei Cut in the most approved styles. 07-BONNETS Bleached and Pressed in no In- fcrior manner, and on short notice. WANTED, Apprentices well recommended, for fi months, fmmediatclr. UratUeboro, ilay 4, 1848. 37 NEW BONNET STORE. THE subscriber would respect fully Inform th ladies of Brat tleboro and vicinity, and dealers In Bonnets generally, that he has opened new Bonnet rooms over the store of Towkslxt 4 Horn, where he will manufacture and keep constantly for sale, Florence, Pedal Rutland, Bifd'3Ete, Coburg, Ptarl, Rough and Jtcady, frtnth L.ace, Jancy straws, and every other variety of Bonnets suitable for the season. Also an extensive assortment of UlUUnerr Goods, JUBBOXS and FLOWERS, ci the latest styles. syiiotnai Ttpairea weaenea ana prtssea in im lest wanner. D3Moununff Bonnets constantly on hand or made to order. Having for many years been engaged tn manu facturing and wholesale! ng Bonnets, and being In timately connected with manufacturers of other places, my facilities for business are such as to ena ble me to sell both at wholesale and retail on tho most reasonable terms. All orders prompt! v attended to. and a share of public patronage Is respectfully solicited. 0. 1UI0DES. Brattleboro, March 21, 30 ZMG VERRBO TYPES. Tho Vermont Dngncrrinn Gallery IS now being fitted up anew In JfaWi Long Build inn. It will be opened for the reception of visit ors, May 10th, 1848, when the proprietors will be happy to have a call from the citizens generally, and to show them our specimens ; also our assort ment of Gold Lockets, which will be sold verr cheap, by the single one or by the dozen. Operators that are In want of Lockets will find it for their advantage to give them a call before pur chasing at Boston or other places. Also, wilt ho kept at their Gallery a large assort ment of Plates, Cases, Chemicals and every thing appertaining to tne iiagoerrcotypo line, wiiicn will be sold at city prices. The patronage of operators In this section of the country is respectfully solicited. fCTvLik encases taken of deceased persons : also from Paintings, Daguerreotypes, Engravings, &c. iupus morougniy insirucica in ine an, snu fur nished with instruments, If desired. U. 11. UUIU.I.X, GEO. S. WEST. May 4th, 1848. 37 NEW GOODS. ORXEN PRATT U CO., IVo. I, West nratUcboro, Have just received as good assortment of Merchandise, as can be found In the County of Wind hnm, And we can afford, and will sell as cheap If you do not believe It, call and see. Produce of all kinds received In exchange for uoous or on oui accounts, XSyDont forget the Numler. West Brattleboro, May 6, 1848. 38 SPRING GOODS. BinCIIAHD & SAWYER TTAVK this week received a full stock of POIT. GOODS, comprising all tho variety of art lea and qualities of fancy and ttanle articles to be found In tno largest country stores: including an elegant as sortmentof CA11PETJNGS ini other House-fur. mviuuf Kiwua, wvi.u a large sioca OI 'teas, Sugars and Groceries i Iron, Steel, Nails, Window Glass Faints. Oils. Turoentine. &c. &c. tt Having made their purchases during the last ten aayt ot Apni, at large uiscounttirom me pneet current the fir.t of the tamo month, they are pre pared to give decidedly grett bargains tnd will at an iimes ten at me lowetl prices. Fayettevllle, May 8. 3w38 Paints, Oils, Ac. PURE White Lead, Dry and Ground French bellow, Veaetian Red.Ivory Blsck.raria Green, Chrome Green, P.'Clue, Untieed Oil, Boiled do., J.p. an, Coach and Furniture Varnish, Paint and Whitewash Brushes, &c., eVc., Ittely received, for sale at reduced Pri.e."-. WIl.USTO.NoV. TYLER. May 10th. J 633 SlBfttUttUfitl. from the Albany Cultivator. The 1'am of Ii. I'hiancy, Esq. Continued, Editors Cultivator In my last com municalion, 1 proposed to continue my notes on Mr I'hinnej'e farming, under the following heads : Drainino and IUclauiino Swamm and Wet Lands. There is an exlensirr peat meadow on the farm, the greater part of which has been reclaimed by thorough draining and cultivation. Air Phinney says that tho only way to make these meadows dry and valuable in productive grasses, is to until druuuu iiic margin so as to cut on tne springs and receire the waler which flows in continually from tho surrounding uplands. It is the water flowing in underneath, and not that Tailing on the surface, that renders the land cold, wet, and unproductive. In order lo effect this, he has a very thorough ditch around the margin of tho meadow, which is filled with stones to within a Toot or so ol tho surface ; they aro then cover ed wilh refuse hay, straw or sods, and the whole leveled o(T wilh the aoil, so that the plow may pasa over in cultivation. His meadow is very wide, and therefore he has another ditch through the centre, connected wilh the marginal ones by cross-ditches, and through these the water filters among the stones, and is carried off perfectly. After thia has been done, the wild grass, es and other herbage are exterminated by thorough cultivation. If tho meadow be comes dry enough during the season lo plow, the turf is turned over as smoothly as possible and rolled down hard ; in the winter a top-dressing of compost, made of loam nnd manure, half and half, SO to 30 loada per acre, is carried on, and in the spring it is planted to corn, or some other hoed crop, without disturbing the sod. If the plow does not turn the sods smoothly over, the bog-hoe follows, making the un even places level. When the crop is taken off in the fall, the surface is loosened and made level wilh the hoe and barrow, and late in the fall, or just before heavy frosla set in to freeze up the ground, the land ia stocked down to grass with a bushel of red. lop and half a bushel of herd's grass seed per acre ; the field is again rolled and the process completed, the seed coming up the next spring. If the land is inlended for grass, without any previous cultivation, the turf ia turned over with the plow at a laror able time during the summer ; the hoe fol lowing makes all smooth, and late in the fall a dressing of compost, as before stated, is put on, the grass seed sown, and the bush and roller complete the operation. If the ground is too wet and miry to admit the team and plow upon it in the summer, Mr Phinney would adrise to plow in the spring, when the frost is out three or four inches deep, and then cart on the compost dress ing, and, at the proper time, plant or aeed down, as may bo most desirable. Instead of this method of cultivation, the practice lias been, and is now pursued by tome, to cover tho meadows two or three inches thick with sand or gravel, and then a top dressing of compost: but Mr Fliin- ney's experience is against thia method of cultivation, from the fsct that, after a year or two, the coarse, wild grasses are apt to work up through the covering, and entirely supplant the cultivated grasses. The whole must then have another covering or be aban doned as worthless. The expense of this system is also much greater than that pur aued by Mr Phinney. considerable dillicully arises in the culti vation of this kind of land, from its beinir too looso and open, or spongy ; and hence i ia i.uii9iucTcu ui uiucn importance to Keep tne inverted sou undisturbed in the cultiva tion; as by this means a more film and compact surface ia formed, upon which the team may work without miring; and, the dressing of compost also helping to fill up me pores mat may be open on top, airords greater facility for the fine roots of the cul tivated erasses to expand more readily, and fully occupy and cover the ground. In five or six years the wild grasses may begin to appear, in which case the land is again bro ken up and managed as before. In this way Heavy crops ol corn and roots, and an immense burden of hay, may be raised on these reclaimed meadows. There is another field on this farm. I ahould judge of eight or ten acres, of oblong snape, 1110 sides dishing towards the centre, ana tne wnoie moderately descending length' wise, which he has now in hand for drain ing. It is naturally a wet, unproductive, swalty soil, resting on an impervious hard pan at about two feet below the aurface. A marginal ditch, three feet wido and three deep, is made on each side of the field through its whole length, which cuts off the springs, and receives the wnler flowing in from the uplands; another parallel with these runs throueli the centre of the field. and the two former are connected with the latter by cross-ditches occurring every two or three rods, by which means the water is carried into the lowest or centre ditch, through which it passes off the field. These are all filled with stones two feet deeo. which are covered, first wilh shavings, refuse tiller or sons to Keep tne dirt out from the stones, and then wilh earth so nsto make all smooth and level. The surplus water is thus car. ried off perfectly, as may be atcertained'by holding the ear near the surface, over the drains, when the water may be distinctly iic.iu iincniig inrougn among me stones. I Ins piece of drainage must prove a profitable Investment; beeauso the land, from its situation, receivea tho surface-wash of many highly cultivated acres on each side, the wjiole value of which will now be retained the land being drained with rot-crt-ii' ditches and, with an occasional light top-dressing of compost, mukt inevitably cut a heavy burden of grass, of fine and heavy bottom, for many years to come. How many acres of land may be found, the whole country over, precisely in the condi tion of this field, where quile an.oullay eren, would prove a judicious and profitable investment T the more profitable from the fact that, while in their cold and wet con dition, all the surface-wash of the surround ing uplands, often times extensive, is wholly lost ; it might be made available by thor ough underdrawing, and would of itself keep the land so receiving u highly produc tive. OftCIf AHDBJ AND Til SIR CULTIVATION. There aro two bearing orchards on tho farm. One, planted about Iweuly years ago, contains some fire hundred trees, most ly of the Hsldwin apple, a variety that flour ishes best on his soil and location; and the other, len or twelve years old, contains be tween three and four hundred treea of choice winter sweet apples. The ground upon which the Baldwin orchard Is planted, has a south and aoutheatt exposure, and was, originally, in a perfectly wild and unsub dued stair, covered with stones and shrub oaks, pines and other bushes. Hundreds of tons of these stones were put into the dilchcs for draining the peat meadow, to wards which the orchard descends. After the obstructions for cultivation wcro remov ed from tho ground, a light, free rich loam was found, resting upon a gravelly, and in some pl.icei,ledgy bottom. The sweet apple orchard has, I should say, an eastern exposure, and, for skilful pruning, healthiness and vigor of the trees, presents an appearance far superi.r lo any thing of the kind I had before aern. In reply to the inquiries of the Hon. John Lowell, several ycara since, Mr Phinney ssys: "Most of my trees wero taken from the nursery in November, the roots placed in trenches, and covered with dirt until the following spring. This was done in order to avoid the necessity of telling them out before the ground had becomo dry and warm. If left lit the nursery till spring, they sre seldom or never taken up till tho sap has begun tn flow. When removed af ter this takes place, the check occasioned by the removal, if not fatal to the tree, of ten injures ila future growth. Tho best time to take up trees is unquestionably when the sap is least active. If taken up late in autumn, and the roots secured from sun and air, they may be kept with perfect safely until the middle ol May, and planted out at this lime with proper csrc, and as near the aurface aa possible, vegetation will commence almost instantaneously; they will not require to be supported by stakes, and will grow nesrly as much the first as in any future year." While the trees were young and the branches small, and at the season when the sap is most freely flowing, and the growth most rapid, the operation of pruning has, mostly, been performed by Mr Phinney per sonally, and the orchards now show the htnd of skill and judgment ia their train ing. Those branches which tended to shoot out horizontally, or nearly at right angles from the trunk, were left lo grow ; while those which inclined to grow more erect, or at an angle of 4.1 desrMt, were taken otT the whole operation Dcinj so managed as that no limb ahould shade any other limb, and at the same time an eye was kept lo the proper and equal balance of the top. By this mode of pruning the tops are spresd out horizontally from the trunk, thus admitting the sun lo exert his cenial influence in the perfecting and ripening of an tne iruit; witn the lurluer advantages that it is gathered with creater facility, and the limbs are much less liable to split off iruin tuc irunK, wncn loaacu wiin iruu, man those rising to an angle more acute. In the former case the limb may bend and sway considerably, without straining very hard on the trunk, while in the laller, the alrain commences almost aa soon as the limb is inclined to bend with its load. Probably the principal cause of the re markable vigor and healthiness of the trees, is to be found in the fsct that the land is kept in constant cultivation, no grass or weeds beinir permuted to grow In the sou. It is not thought desirable to manura the orchards heavily, as by this means they may be forced too much; but the land receives a light dressing of compost each year, and here his crops or csrrots, parineps and otn er roots of which he raises large ouanti ties his squsshes, pumpkins, melons, ate, are mostly grown. Corn is also planted to some extent. The treea aland in straight rows, both ways, about two rods apart. Tho manure is plowed in, great care being used not to wound the tree above ground, and I noticed that no aignt of injury lo the bark were any where lo be seen. No particular attention is paid to the roots ; if one happens lo come lo the surface it ia cut ofT, which only caus es new fibres to shoot out with greater vig or. It is considered tint root pruning, to eome extent, is ucnetictal rather than otn 'cruise. A few years since the mice girdled quite a number of tho trees badly, in the Bald win orchard, and in order to save them, large acions were prepared and inserted in the bark below the wound and connected with the bark above, so that the sap might flow up from the roots ii.lo the top. The trees have done remarkably well and are good bearers ; the scions having grown to pa to form solid wood all round. In a few instances the roota were to badly msniled that four small trees were ret out around the trunk, and the lops of them inserted into the bark above the wound. They have grown to a diameter of four to six inches, and support the original tree perfectly. A young orchard, wilh a northern expo sure, has recently been set. of several nun dred trees, at the distance of fifty feel, each l.:.u ! . , I. I - way, which i. consiuercu near enuugn. in ii lew tears tho protind will be (haded sum cieully, and as the land is designed to be under constsnt cultivation, the crops raised upon it will be more valuable. Between thfso are act peach trees, which come to bearing toon, and are out of the way beforo iney win interiere Willi mo appic. urcnaru. The ground was tsken up from a wild stale, covered with atones and bushes, and. not. withstanding that two coats of the atones have been removed, the last plowing has brought up another, (hat of Itself gives the field n most formidable appearance. In threo or four ycara more Ihcy will all bo re moved, and a light, free and productive soil obtained, well adapted lo tho raising of roots and vines, jjesiues mese orcnarus, there is an abundant supply of other choice fruits, such as pears, plums, quinces, &c, and extensive graperies, which I should gladly notice more particularly did my lim Us nermit. Bbeidino and Fattening Swine. I have before remarked thai Mr P. ia not, just now, doing much in the way of rearing iiic, .mi ui course a naa not tne oppor tunity of much personal inspection in this heretofore Important department of his farming. His long tnd extensive experi ence jn thia business, however, entitles his opinions to mnch consideration; and a passing notice of them msy not be without interest to some of the readers of the Cul tivalor. His slock of swine, for several years Pitt, has numbered about one hundred and fifty of sll ages; and bis slaughtered hogs hare been celebrated, in Boston market, for their great weight and fine quality. Every attention has been paid lo the manufacture of manuroTrom this large stock, I ho pens being supplied liberally wilh peal mud, and other materials for the purpose ; in return he haa received from this source some COO loads annually of exccllnet compost. Ho prefers the Mackay hog to all other brceda that he hat known, for their early maturity, depth of carcass, and great weight in tho more profitable parts, thinness and whiteness or skin, &e. By breeding in and in, they had become enfeebled in constitu tion, and it beesme necessary la cross them, somewhat, with other breeds in order lo remedy the defect. He is now crossing them with the Suffolk breed, and, judoina from the few specimens of this cross which I saw, I should say that it produces a hog of desirable properties in every respect. The Suffolks are remarkable for thrift, vig or of constitution, early maturity, tie., but have not the depth of carcass, I ahould think, of the Mackays. So lar as my ex perience goes, I should consider this depth of carcass a very essential point. I htve invariably found, in my pens, that a hog of great roundness of form does not, at killing time, open wll. Another recommendation, as i consider it, these hogs are perfectly while. If the pigs are to be killed at the age of nine months, Mr Phinney would ad vise that they be kept as fat as possible all the time ; but if intended for killing at the age of fifteen or eighteen months, they should not bo full-fed for the first tett or twelre months. Upon this subject ho ssvs : "To satisfy myself of the benefit of this course. 1 took six of my best pigs, eight weeks old, all of tne same utter, and shut them in two pens, three in each. Three of these I fed very high, and kept them as fat all the lime as they could be made. The other three were red sparingly, upon cosrse food, but kepi in a healthy crowing condition, till within four or fire months of the lime of killing, when they were fed as high as the others. They were all slaughtered at the same time, betn: then sixteen months old. At the age of nine months tho full fed pigs were much the heaviest, but at the time of killing, the pigs fed sparingly for the first ten or twelve months weighed upon an average fifty pounds each more than the others. Besides this additional weight of pork, the three 'lean kine' added much more than the oth ers to my manure heap. These results woum seem rery oiuous to any one who has noticed the babita of the animal. In consequence of short feeding they were much more active and industrious in the manufacture of compost, and this activity at the same time caused the muscle, to en. large and the frame to spread, while the vciy in pigs uecame inactive, and like in dolent bipeds, they neither worked for their own benefit nor for that of others." The pigs intended for killinz at fifteen lo aiiteen months, are kept upon light feed for ten or twelro months, and in the summer green clover, cornstalks, weeds, &lc, arc thrown into the pent, daily. The remain der of the time, until slaughtered, they are tun leu upon Indian or barley meal, in equal quantities, wilh potatoes, pumpkins or ap ples, tne wnoie being thoroughly and nice ly cooaeu ana eaueu, and led about blood warm. It is considered, from repeated ex. neriments, that two dollars worth of mate- rial, thoroughly cooked, will make aa much pork aa three dollars worth of the same ma terial, giren in a raw stale. Upon the subject of care and feeding, Mr P. taya : "On regular and systematic feeding, and clean and dry bedding, the auccess.of raiaing and fattening swine very much depends. A faithful feeder, also, who haa some, skill and taslc, withal a little pride ui vutauuu, is inuispcnsaoic. iiomer in forms us that much of the auccrssof Ulrss. cs in rearing his fine hogs, was to be attrib- uicu iu in. laiuuui uidcus, wnom tne old toldicr styled a god-like twine-feeder." The Imported Stock of the Massa chusetts Societt. In addition to twenty or thirty cows kept for supplying milk for the city of Boston, is tho imported slock aim mcir ouspring, belonging to tne "Alas eachusetta Society for nromotinir Agricul ture," which are kept on this farm. This ancient and truly honorable Society, have set the rest ol us an example worthy ol all imitation. They Into formerly spent thou sands of dollars in tho shape of premiums on field crops, the best cultivated farms. &c. ; but finding this course loo frequently attended with unsatisfactory results, from the fact that premiums were often sought alter merely irom tne consideration or do. lara and cents, rather than a spirit of enter prise in agricultural improvements there by giving lisc, it is feared in loo many cas es, to the practice of deception the trus tees resolved lo try a new and different appropriation of their funds. They accordingly employed a competent agent in Scotland to purchase four cows and a bull each, of the Ayrshire and North Devon breeds, the progeny of which are to be distributed among the several County Agricultural Societies, free .of charge, on condition that Ihey shall be kept in the county for the improvement of its stock. The oldest Society Ia entitled to the first choice of a bull and heifer of the otTspring, and then the next oldest, and so on. These young animals are not allowed to go from under tho care and supervision of the State Society, until Ihey are oT suitable age to be put lo-tervice, The trustees are of opinion that for dairy purposes, there is no stock so well adapted lo the toil and climate of Massachusetts, as (he Ayrshire and crosses of them upon the common slock of Ihe Commonwealth. Mr Phinney tays : "From what I have aeen and known of thit and oilier imported breeds of cows, I am satisfied thst aa a dai. ry stock for New England, there is no breed In this or any other country so valuable at Ihe Ayrthire. Thev are quite aa hardy, and endure our cold weather at well aa our natire alock. They are of medium tize, with enormous milk vessels, and withal, a cspacily for convening their food lo milk much beyond any breed that I have known." From the specimens of Ayrshircs thai I had seen before visiting this fsrm, I had not formed ao favorable an opinion of the alock as Mr Phinney expresses above; but I must confess thst I was very agreeably tur prised on viewing this herd. The cows are in every respect fine models of what a dairy cow ahould be ; their udders are very broad and reach far forward, wilh remarkably wide spread teats, and give every indication of being deep milkers. I wit particularly pleased with the cow "Jeanie Deans," a perfect model for the dairy, and a perfect picture, which it would be difficult for an artist lo (latter. The celebrated cow "Young 8winley," purchased of Captain Randall, of New Bedford, and whoa dam "Swinley" "took more prizct thin any cow in Scotland," is also a fine animal. The North Derons will begrest favoritet wilh the farmera generally for Iheir beauti ful, deep, mahogany color, and fine silky coals, their hardiness of constitution, fitness for the yoke, and tendency to fatten easily. I do not wish to forestall the judgment of those more particularly interested, by a com parison of the two breeds, and therefore will not institute sny. It is truly fortunste that this alock has como under tho care of one of to much skill and judgment, in the matter of Iheir treatment. There is nothing like pamper ing or stimulating with grain at all allowed in feeding, a fact that I particularly noticed, being in and out of the barns frequently during the visit, but all the good hay they will eat up dean, and a generous mess of carrots, dsily, is allowed lo each animal. They are also kept perfectly clean ; in fact cleanliness, and freedom (cam atl waste of fodder, are the order of the day in every de partment at the barns. Regularity in feed ing and milking is alto strictly observed. The calves are learned to drink milk fresh from Ihe cow by the lime tbey sre a week old at the farthest, which is continued to them ten or twelve weeks. In the mean time they are encouraged to eat a little fine hay and nibble at a few carrots, which is of essential service in weaning them from milk. I have said that the honorable board of trustees have set an example for ua all to imitate. Here is certainly an object worthy the consideration of other State Societies ; and I would particularly call the attention of my agricultural brethren in Vermont to the importance of the aubject. We have now a State Society in embryo, with no def inite plan of action before us, and why can not aomelhing of this kind be presented and carried through f The State is, and must ever be, eminently a dairying and alock growing region, and hence Ihe importance to our farmers of an improved race of cat tle. There is too much reason to doubt the ulility of premiums as they are often paid out ; because the statements of com petitors are so defective, and generally ao unsatisfactory, in establishing clearly defin ed facts of general utility. It seems to me, however, thst in the improvement of a stock of a region, like thst contemplated by the Massachusetts Society, money may be ex pended that ahall prove of constantly in creasing utility. There is evidently a deep and growing interest in the promotion of our agriculture, fell by men of intelligence and influence in all parts of the State; and it is to be hoped that a sufficient concert of action may be realized, whereby our State Society availing itself of ihopast experi ence of ihe Massachusetts Society may en ter at once upon the improvement of thia commanding interest. F. Noldkook. Brattleloro, IV., March 10, 1818. Tbe IiiperifHce of a Down-Easter. Some weeks ago a very long brown Down Easter, attired in one of those costumes which are now nowhere lo be met except upon the stage, a tall hell-crowned while hat, ahort-waisted blue coat, with enormous pewter buttons, a vest as "yaller" as a bar berry blossom, and a pair of corduroya, whose highest ambition seemed to be, to maintain their ascendency over an enor mous pair of cowhides that had trodden many a hundred miles of logging-paths, "might have been seen," jack-knife and ahingle in hand, wending his way up Long Wharf, in the realization of his life-long an ticipations of "aeein" Boston. At the cor ner of Merchants' Row, his progress was arrested by the lumbering transit of a two atory house on wheels drawn by half a doz en yoke of oxen, with the people insido pur suing their avocations. "What on airlh is that cro 1" he asked a bystander. "Oh, nothing," replied Ihe "lowney." "The folks are all moving, that'a all. When we move down here, we do it house and all." "Jerusalem I Wall, that beata all nater 1 Wall, cap'n, what's that 'ere big stun house over the left!" "That's the new Custom House. It's a mighty bad location but they're going to move It next week." "Thunder and molasses 1 It'll take' all the oxen in creation to start her I" "Oh, they use elephants for moving such large buildings." "And how msny elephants wilPl taket" "Upwards of a hundred," The Yankee cut a deep gash in his shin, gle, and walked on. He next inquired for the Adams House, for he had "beared tell" of that, and waa determined to progress during his juvenility, aware of the impossi bility of doing ao at a more advanced age. He soon found Ihe "tavern" and Ihe "dea. con," and ordered accommodations liberal ly, "darning the expense." Having "alick. ed up" a little, he witnessed with some amazement the operations ol a servant on a gong, simply remarking that "he know'd what sheet lightnin was, but that waa Ihe first lime he'd ever heard of aheet thunder." He followed Ihe crowd into a dining hall and was ushered lo a seat, where he en- sconced hlmseir, lucked his towel under his chin with a sort of H.rw...tU,. it i. a going to be shaved or scalped. Tu .i.i.i r ,i.. j 'j. . . . . . . . . " s". mo vuicreu uisues aaaed to his amazement "Dod dein it I" he exclaimed, "ef he.ev heerd orcooltin'nntt,..Ml II... I ' ..mo i U, IIUIU they re gone and sot tin kitchens all over the lot. WhaKs the fire lo come from that's what I'd like to know?" He got along with his soup very well, and was pausing for breath, before he finished it, when a waiter snatched his plate away and was running off with it : .i.iioi you siri - vocirerated the Yan. kee "I see vnti tt, it,., i , . quicker n link Imblnln ' nr l... ..'!! t your head punched I" ins piate was returned, and ho finished his soup with dignity. After wailing a mo. ment ho raited hi. rnlrn 6 - iiu sum moned the offending waiter sternly. ameiaie to eitrre tneT "No air." "Wall wli. .W. ..... e...t. r i,i icitn on some rresh fodder dim ye I" " i here's the carte, sir." "Where's thit i-ml - -. ni.a, iuuu- der am I to do with the cart when I've got 1. 1 out you pesky sarpint or you'll catch it." "The bill of fare." ' "I don't n.v mv hill fill V I ' fodder." ' The waiter humbly explained his meani tug. -"WlialU ..11 aKmm. .uL J live mfi Something nlain mnA h.rl U'.tmA corn beef, and (etch it about tho quickest, whilst I look over the psper and see what else I'll hev." "Hold on!" was the next order. What's heret M-a C-a I Read it vvnn'S you, sir 1 "Maecarom, sir." "All right, cap'n. Hurry it np." The dish was brought. "You eternal run, I" rnar it, easier, "el I hain't as great a mind as ever T I I 1 ll " in u iu aerwonop ye, anu make an exam do of je on the spot. What do yc mean iv ruunin' your riir. nn ma !ni Iia.h.m T'm a alranerer in thee narl. f T.tr . - - biled pipe stems, and fetch us tome cab- u.ge. Ainu rignt. Ana now, squire, aotne vinegar." 'Vinegar's in the castor, air," replied the wsiter, and msde good his retrett. "In the castor, is it, hey t" soliloquized the Yankee. "And where in ihnnd.r i. ihe castor t" The youug man opposite pushed it to wards him. He looked at it took the BlODDer Out of thn vin.rr.r .nil l.ltn- ..n the castor by the bottom turned it up. But ii me crueis manuested a desire to illus trate the laws of oravifv nA l.nr.nit.l. locations, and the Yankee was compelled iu act it uown again. "Jerusalem 1" he exclaimed. "This here is a curious contrivance, and no mistake. How on airib am I to gel at the tarnal vin egar! I'll try once more." Atrain he cante-d in p.iin, K,., L:. all the stopples tumbled out. ' - inunoerationi- ne roared; "here's a pretty mess. Darn it all; here I've got the darned castor all in my gravy, and the darn ed red lead on my cabbage, and the yallar on my 'later. Darn the thing I say I" "My friend," said the gentleman oppo site, with a strong control of bis risible muscles, "it appears to me that if I wero in want of vinegar, I ahould hare taken Ihe vinegar cruet out of the stand, and by that means I should avoid all trouble." Here the whole company, waiters and all, burst into a convulsive fit of laughter. The Yankee rose in a nr. ,in.ntiin t,:a chair, and glaring defiance at his neighbors. stow in tne name ol all the eternal cuss es in crestion," he yelled, "should I know anything about the way the darned thing worked, when I never aeed one of 'em be fore! You've hatched this up agin me I know it. Whar'. iIia Innln.Jf T.-.I.I. ---- I.IIU.UIU , 1 civil your bill on I'll get out of this. I hain't i.Biii i.vuia iiyim, uuwii pay up lute a book, and cuss and quit. And if I ever set out to eat a meal of vittles in Boston town again, you may lake my hide and tan it. Darn your caators, and your castor ile, and you loo, and all 1" and flinging down a dollar on the table, he seized his white bell top from the hand of Ihe trembling waiter and vamostd. Down Washington, and State alrecta he streaked it like a comet, and never slackened his pace until he pulled up on board the Kennebec. "Cap'n," said he lo the commander, "cast off your lines jest as quick as you're a mine lo and cf you catch me wanting to see Boston again, jest take me by Ihe slack -and throw me ritrht into that prn hi1r mntu and all, by gravy I" Horn or the Ciibistian. Our daily ob serration and experience prove to us thai hope springs continally in the breast of man. If he undertakes a scheme and fails of accomplishing it to his mind, hope will nerve him up to the undertaking of another, and so on lo tho end of life. It is right that it should he ao. Wero it not for this, life would be Insupportable. But there arc limes, when the delusive hopes of the world cannot give peace lo Ihe eouf. When sor row, troubles and affliction overtake us when health, fortune and friends are gone, how dreary, how inconsolable, how sad our lot, did not the hope of the gospel Incite u to look forward to fairer prospects, and did nqt one bright spot appear through sorrow's clouds, which tells ut all it not darkness; that light may yet shine upon us; and while we view this bright spot our drooping spirits are revived, and a ' hope of better and brighter prospects cheer our hearts and give' us light within. Misfortune's storms may rage and sorrow's waves msy data'; trials and troubles wilh. a foaming fury rush in on every side, and eren death's dark waters be in full view, yet if we ride in the bark of Christian hope, we need not fear, 'Twill bear ua safe through life's tempestu ous seas outride the dark waters of death, and conduct us Safe lo the haven of eternal rest, where pesce like a river will ever flow to Ihe soul, Ileligieut InttUigtnctr, fX A man onee told his wife that she was aa handsome as a picture, but there W JS a grett difference in pictures, fs-."; 'v:5i- .