, : vt Vj- - ' '
New York Anniversaries.
Monday, May 7. American Scamen'i Friend
Society. Tlio Slst anniversary mi held t tlio
Broadway .Tabernacle, Monday evening, I.
i.r!i. I'i!n tlio Chair. Tho benefit of tin
organization are reported to extend to many
European porti, to Canton, and other porn of
Cliina, and to many of tlio iilandi In both th6
a Atlantio and Pacific Oceana. Iter. Dr. Scott of
- . , , . ,. 1) a GlAVM nf llHVllUll.
Dr, Edward Ilccclier of Boston, and W. 0.
Halter, a avilor, made addresses, lleccipts of
the year 518,182, expenditures 818,497.
Society for the Abolition of Capital Punishment.
Tho anniversary of this Sorloly was held
alond-vy evening, l no lame oi tue ppiKiaera
iMhotl'ul Episcopal Church Amnion. A lib
eral collection was Utken up in aid of the Soci
ety' funds. Tlio Secretary reported the Income
for the last year to bo $81,043. Expenditure
S102.940, balanco in hand $3,330. Tlio dit-
J latches from the Oregon Mission wore very tatis
actory. Tiro missionaries were on their way to
California. Iter. MrNad.il of thu Baltimore
Circuit, addressed the meeting, as did .also the
President filer. Mr Lane) and llov. Dr. Dur
bin, the celebrated traveller.
Presbyterian Hoard of Foreign Missions.
Keceipts for tho past year, $110,084,04. Ex
penditures, SI 10,207,94. Tho following is a
summary of the report i
Missions in sercn general fields of labor, vil :
the Indian Tribes, Africa, India, Siam, China,
Europe, and the Jews. Ministers of tho Hos
tel, 4 ; l uysicians, j , Licentiate t reacners,
Halo and Female Teachers, 12; Carpenter,
Farmer, Sec., 4 Native Christian Teachers and
Cateclmts, not tuny reported ; schools at most
of the stations; eleven Churches; l'miting Pres
ses at four stations ; the returns of the European
mission not included.
TUESDAY. Foreign Evangelical Society.
Rev. Dr. Do Witt presided over the tenth an-
i . r .i c r. .. i.ti. i i".- ...
Dual mneilug Wl iina uwim, miivn naa lur iiv
main object to spread light in Pup.nl countries.
Efforts to this end have been been made the
past year in France, Spain, Italy, Belgium, Kus
sia, Mexico, Canada, &c. A plan was announc
ed for a union with the .Iwericon Protestant So
ciety and the Christian Alliance all three aso
ciations to be consolidated Into one, entitled the
American and Foreinn Christian Unkn. Ilo-
ccipts of the F. E. Society for the past year,
821,293; expenditures S24.485. The receipts
are 34,000 more than in any previous year.
The American Anti'Stacery Society met at the
Tabernacle. It comprises that portion of the
Abolitionists who denounce the American Church
and Constitution as allied with Slavery. Wm.
Lloyd Garrison presided, and speeches of much
force and pungency were made by Farter Fills
bury, Wendell Phillip, Frederick Dougtau,
Wm. W. Drown, Lucrctia Molt, Lucy J. Stone,
and others. The meetings will be continued for
several days. Keceipts the past rcar,SG,993 57 j
expenditures SG,975 13.
American anil Foreign Anli-Slaeery Society.
This body (which liold to political agitation,
and has the iYafionnl JJru under its patronage,
as the preceding has the Anil Slaeery Standanl)
met at tho Tabernacle on Tuesday afternoon.
Lewis Tappan read the annual report, In which
many encouraging symptoms of the cause are
enumerated. Speeches were made by tho Her.
Joshua Lcavitt. Rev. Saml. R. Ward, a rolan-d
clergyman of New York, and Henry Bibb, a
Clerical Temnerance Contention. .This laalv.
composed wholly of clersjmen, listened to some
nion and the
which were interesting and fully attended.
6ST" Tlio financial condition of the American
and Foreign Bible Societv is nmtwrnii. Vnr
the first time since Us organisation, its receipts
What B:couKorTiit:u? Outof 18,489
immiarattta U-Ua an, said In hjivn titri..,! , V
York in January, February and March or the
present year. 15.000 were lloinan Catholica
At this rate of nddition, thu 1 loin in Catholic de
nomination should increase with much greater
rapidity loan, us own statistics being admitted,
it really docs. If 13000 Catholics have arrived
In the three winter months, more thin 100,000
will reach. Uiat port alono during the year.
What becomes of them ? At no such rate do
the denomination increase.
conclusion it, that under the genial iufluenco of
and a Bible acceibIo to all, they escape from
iuu ueiusion unit uueome a ruiesiams.
As Arniot'RiATK Gift. It lias been sug
gested that Iho most appropriate gift that Boston
could send to tho j cting empire springing up on
the shores of tho Pacific, of which San Fran
cisco is the outlet, would La a frame school-house
for that city. This would be prised more for
the prineipfeanf vvhi,h it woyld cc csiLlcisalfcal,
than for its value in dollars and cents. It would
be as if Boston said to lier yonnecr sister on tho
j-acinc: "jvenoiu ino secret oi my own great
ness anil prosperity, the Public School I Tale
it, my sister, for it is belter to get wisdom than
gold. J alee it, and it will be tho germ of insti
tutions under whose protei ting shade you and
your children's children shall be blessed. With
out it yourfolden treasures will be a enrso ; but
with it they can bo converted into sources ol
comfWtjinil-itdiiinccmeiit to yourselves and to
nunxinu. no learn mat ono or our public
spirited fellow citizens has alreadv- packed up a
eooJ sized belt for the first school.houuv in K.m
Francisco. Who will help on tho project of
ending an appropriate frame buildins for this
Anecdote. .At the IhiiIa r.f ri....t....M .
young native of tho Emerald Isle, in tho Amc'ri-
iu ranss, was tnoi in tne Head. On the arri
val of a surgeon, he was asked by a friend if the
wound was dangerous, and was answered that it
was that lo could too the brains. Ah I by
my sowl," exclaimed wounded Pat, " i "ease send
a little to my father in ould Ireland, fur lie often
told me I never had any."
STorriNa Newspaixiu. A-certain manliit
nis too against a pebblc-stono and fell hcadloni!
to the ground. He was vexed, and uudcr the
inlluenco of anger and active self-sufficiency, lie
kicked old mother earth right saucily, With
Imperturablo gravity, he looked to seo "the
Srcat globe itself dissolve" and come to nought,
lut the earth remained, and only bis poor foot
was Injured in thj encounter. This is the way
c; man. An arttclo in the newspaper touches
nun In a weak placo, and straitway ho sends
word to stop his paper. With great self-coni-placcncy,
he looks to see a crash, when the ob-
oi nis spicon suau cease lo be. Poor Tool,
10 has Onlr hit his own Inn noninal vvnrlil (1,a
loes not percoptibly fell the shock, and injures,
v tiv v,vm, any uno uuv iiiiu!h;ii.
Tub Peacii Duds. There has been some
unnecessary alarm as to tlio peach buds, as it
was stated by several speakers at the Legislative
Agricultural meeting, that they wero generally
killed, so fir as tbcir-observutions bad extend
ed; but on examination, anil by inquiry from
cultivators in different sections, wo think lh.it
Wore than half of tho poach buds are sound, and
that there is a fair promise or fruit. Mr Earle ,
? i? v?rfc!fr Wi " tust r"" cxamiua
tiou he thlnka that two-thirds sr the poach flow,
ering buds are In a healthy condition. -
. z r-- -v. uven i-uiuer man tue
winter of 1847-8, am) the noacli buds are killed
sen, uie argument, urawn Jrqn a hasty and par
lial view of the subject, that it is the extremely
MVore i cold, and not -the changeable weather,
that kills, falls to the ground, so far as yolatca to
tbe last two winters. U1io last wlntov was noted
fcr severe and steadr cold, and its predecessor
lor mildness and variableness, during which the
iruit buds of tho peach were nearly all killed.
' Aitta England Farmer,
si,5T Av Mt TiJbbl!t '- I" lha Mobllo papers
ataifin' a,'il,c,mksl liovery by wCicb
,v. -'J" urfu pieces may uo done
Kv mJ?'00 in twn'r:Hve minutes; without
v to ii,. i'.i u,ru.Hu,n8' n without iniu
Jnolt con,SU1tLc'- h tried with the
Tin ALVRor Cot.n Watkii Tho Vui.
title Courier of the 21th April sayti
" We era much gratiflod In being able lo state
that Judge McKinloy, the distinguished jurist
of tho U. S. Supreme Court, after laving
his vision so seriously Impaired for fifty-two
years tbat'ho could not sea without glasses, lias
recovered his sicht so perfectly Uiat be is now
ablo to read without the aid of glasses. For half
a century this faculty was so seriously Impaired
that without classes ho was almost blind, and the
recovery of his constitutional health, by which
the sizhl has been reinrleorated. Judee MeKin.
ley very properly ascribes lo tho duly use of
cold water on tuo ncau and aunaca ot tuo body.
Of tho Importance of tho use of cold water in
maintaining and restoring health, no ono who
has ever tried it can entertain a doubt, and wo
refer to Judgo McKinlev's gratifying success in
tho restoration of his vision from its long sleep,
for tho purposo of encouraginj other invalids to
resort to this cheap and powerful mode of medi
cation." TiieGiikatAiiomination. Wo Americans
are, in somo respects, a icculiar people. We
cannot be said to lie miserly, yet we outdo the
nations in moiicy-makinz and cencral thrift
Wo co faster In our steamboats, build batter
shins, do more hard work, eat more food, and in
a shorter lime, than any nation on tho face of
the globe, oo, too, in other tilings: we use
mora tea and colic o, drink mora spirits, and bo
como creator drunkards. So also we use more
tobacco. Hut wo cannot be at the trouble of
smoking when ws lie down, when wo rise up,
and through the wholo dar. as the Germans da
Nor can we be satisfied in taking up so much of
our timu as lite Jr rcncli and fcnghtn in snulling.
Two and a half hours' lime oat of each twenty
four in snuflinir. sneezing. and blowins one's nose.
docs not accord with the American notion of
industry. The American must do two things at
n iimc. lie can saw woou, or plow, or uoecom
at the samo time whilo ho is chewinz a huce nun
of tobacco. He can, if need be, plead before a
jury, or pre .cli a sermon, while at the same time
ho holds tho precious bolus in one side of the
oral cavity. Besides, by the habit of chewing,
more is mado out of tbo thin?, more is accom
ptished inagiven tinw.and more of the strength
of tho tobacco is obtained, and tho systemls more
completely saturated willi it. Charing Is cm.
nhaticallr the American liabiL The American
can molt, m off", and plug his nose with tobacco ;
but all that is not enough he must CHEW.
But what says hydropathy to all this? What
says physiology ? What tho science of beallli ?
Moreover, what aays political economy, common
morainy,and even decency itself if Why, plain
ly and cmidiatically, Touch not. taste not. ban
die not the unclean thing." It is a mora than
beastly practice ; and, as the couplet has it
"Crest men aaj rreea worms will use their utaceo,
Bet never a Tit nor bis wift aht alack, oh 1"
Tobacco Is a good medicine, doubtless, In its
proper place ;j iowerfiil means of good in cer
tain rare emergencies, rl.hougli in those even
there are probably better. But as a thing of
daily and general tue, it is an ubouunalle drug.
Muter .ure journal.
B5T A certain physician, when be visited his
rich and luxurious patietitJ, always went into
their kitchens and shook hands with their cooks.
"My good friends," raid he, "1 owe you much, for
you comer great larors upon uie. lour skill,
your ingenious and palatable art of poisoning,
without your aid, we should go on foot anS bo
4 65" Over-eating is tho sure road to destruc
tion ; and nn one can tell the number and tbo
fearful aggravation of diseases occasioned by the
luumgcnce oi ine siomacn.
3" It is injurious to cough leanins forward,
as it serves lo compress the luugs and make the
irritation greater. Persons prone to tjie enjoy
ment, should keen the neck straight and throw
out tho chest. II v theso means the lum-i ci.
pand. and tho windDina is ktnt fra ami r1ap.
.There is art in every thing, and tlie art of
couguing it pernaps as important In its way as
' IiMAXity rnoM KoVICL-llKAUIXn. A phy
sician In MaavMvlttlsetts Bay i MI have Men a
young iauy wiiu ncr table loaded with vol
of fictitious trash, poring, day after day
night after night, over highly wrought a
and pictures or romance, until her cheeks
young lady with her table loaded with volumes
pale, her eye becamo wild and restless, and her
mind wamicreu ami was lost the light ot intel
ligence paswd behind a cloud her soul was for
ever beuighled. bbe was insane, incurably in
sane, from reading novels." Amer. Messenger.
A Bold Strokk roit A IIusuand. A wor
thy fanner, living in a country village in France,
and a widower, was recently aroused at mid
night by tho barkidg of a d'g. On endeavor
ing to quiet tho dog, he round him unusually
agitatod, whereupon tho farmer took his gun
and went out lo look into the cause. All at once
he saw a hoi rid phantom r! up behind the
hedge clothed in a white sheet. He turned pale,
and his limbs shook with dismay. At length he
picked up auflUvid Ltiurage to ejaculate
"If you are from Heaven, speak I If from the
devil, vanish I"
"Wretch 1" exclaimed the phantom, "I am
your deceased wife, come from the grave to warn
you not to marry Marie , to whom you are
making love. She is unworthy to share my
bed. The only woman to succeed tuo is Henri
etta B . Marry her, ofpersecution and eter
nal lormcm suau uo your poniont
This strango address from the goblin, Instead
of dismaying the farmer, restored liis courage.
He accordingly rushed on hi ghostly viiitor" and
stripping ofT thu slice), discovered the fair Hen
rietta B; herself, I i k"ng excessively foolish.
It( is sjid that the farmer, admiring tho girl's
trick, had the banns p iblished for hi marriage
Tne Womi.x or Kxolanii. The neatness
of the better class of women is quite striking.
The majority of them wear white cotton stock
ings, without those dirty pantalets which you
see bobbing about the ancles of our women, and
they havo too much good sense under an affect
ed modesty to lit their clothes draggle in tho
mud : but they raise their skirts a little, and you
will see them elegantly dressed, and walking
iiiruugn, nuu cross nr tue muuuiesi streets in the
rain, aud not a speck of dirt upon their stock
ings. I wish our ladies at home could take tome
lessons from them. Another thing show their
good sense. They all, in walking, wear pattens
or thicksolcd shoes, as thick as cork soles, or else
f;.iIoilies. India rubbers are not teen. They
iaic another practice which I greatly admire.
They seldom wear false curls; but women whose
hair Is gray wear it gray, and teem to take as
much naiu with, and as much pride In their sil
ver locks as thu younger one do In thcirauburn
trcssea. I have met with a good many ladies in
company, but I do not find them to differ great
ly from those I left at home, among the welt cd.
ucated cI.viqi. Manners aro certainly much
more a tudy than with us, and, upon tho whole,
make society much mure agreeable for they aro
not put on for tho occasion, but grow up with
llicra as a mailer of course. Every thing in so
ciety proceeds much more quietly than with u,'.
From what I can see, tho English women must
bo excellent housewives, as nothing can exceed
the neatness and comfort of their establishment.
I do wili I could show you my bedroom and par
lor, and lot you see how ueatly I am served.
DOMUBTIO MlMllClXt' XI... t.
Thayer, of this town, recently filled an order
, ,,. " , ermont, lor ISO lbs. Sulphate
or 4me, to be used in whitewash upon tlie rail
road bndgo there. Some Irishmen, thinkin" it
a fine article of Epom Salt, concluded to hook
n little, ami accordingly filled their dinner pails
and carried homo tho crystals. Sunday came,
and the leisure wai employed in making use of
the important accession lo their stock ofilomcs
tia medicines. The consequence l, tluit several
or them are now'vory low," but perfectly cured
or nil disMsitlon to steal Epsom Salts In fact,
we bchevo they have in up all they toot.
' Sprinafielil Republican.
A Natuual Burnt Reciisteb When a
native of J iva haa a child born, ho immediately
plants a tree, wblib, adding every year a circle
of wood to its tnink, indicate, tha age of the
tree, nod therefore that of the child. The con.
iquence is, the child regards the tree with rev
erence and aflection ns long a he lives.
ing to the report (1818) of the Commissioner of
1tnnt r,AiVn Artttna tt lltn nmducfi of the
soil are valued at about nlno hundred millions or
dollars the fivo leading articles, vil., corn,
wneat, nay, cotton and oat, estimates ai suvu,
seven hundred and fifty millions and, if the re
port bo correct, the value of all the crops reach
es the largo sum of eleven hundred and twenty
millions of dollars ; but to guard against errors,
we will say ten hundred millions oi uonars.
And now let us see how these immense products
are disposed of. In the reports which emanated
Irom the ireasurr uenartment lor somo years
nasi, a crcat narade was made about tho imtvort-
anco or the foreign market t but every man oi
- j.. .. .... - -
buineu anew that our exports did not generally-
exceed ten per cent, of oarproducls.aiidthat
uunnu tne limine year in inland our cations
were only about fifteen ncr rent of our pro
duct. It would then appear, if the book kept
at Washington tell the truth, that whilst we ex
Krtono hundred millions of dollar worth of
products, we consume nino hundred millions,
tne manuracturcra taking a large portion.
The l'UDI.IC Lands The aubiect of land
monopoly has excited considerable attention in
vKviuus cvihiii ui iue country, particularly as
the West. Throughout the entire West, im
mense tracts of land may be met with in an un
cultivated and unioiprov cd stale, which are own
ed by wealthy men in distant cities, and even in
Europe, w1k intend to let them lie in this con
dition until the improved state of the country
mntiil lia u.l att...ul ,I.m. ..!,... 'If,,
be no more effectual drawback to the growth
and prosperity r that portion of the country,
than thus keeping tlie landsout of tho (vossession
of actual settlers. Most certainly somo measure
should be devised to remedy this ciL Themoit
apparent remedy i the piohibition of Iho sale
of the public land in lame tracts to sinzle Indi
viduals cr to cor'wrations. Heretofore, grants
of the public land lo a very Urge extent have
been made by Government lo persons and asso
ciations. In Wisconsin, one of the Kn-liib uo-i-i:,-
i .t.- i... " -
u,u iju iunuiHili wiiiiiu wig inn two jrars, a
single tract of 20.000 acres. Such a rvstciu will
soon establish in this country a landed aristocra
cy a odious a that which now exists In Europe.
mo puuuc lauus suouut in soul only to actual
settlers, and in sucb nuantiiies only as are suffi
cient for their reasonable want. Die interests
of a Republican Government require that as
"Mil UI IIS C1UZC11S U KJU1C IDOUIU LM1 land
owners. This alono will ensure general pros-
rity, elevate the condition of the masses, and
and them logether in Strom: and ardent attach
ment to thu country and its institutions. If the
land at tho West fall into the hands of specu
lating capitalists, it Is imponible lo doubt that
serious calamities will ensue. We trust that the
attenlion of Congress may be raited to this sub-
cct at us next seuion, and that some salutary
1. i. . . t. . . i ;.. i ...
Slave Tuaoe is tiik Dutbict or Co-
LUMUIA. This morning the champion of the
rights of the slave trader might have witnessed a
sKCtacle at our railroad det which, would at
east naie awakened suspicion in tliciriiinoccnl
minds. For, stowed away in a smalt car by
tbcraKlvrSiWcre about fifty colorjd woracu, lad,
and small children, whom by intuitive percep
tion, eacu ouscrvcr anew to iav slaves collected
in various parts of the Stale of Maryland, and
bro 'chl here, as to a grand senile" emporium, to
be herded and cnncd until arranged in gangs,'
woven win ue unrcn io ucorgta, iMiuiana, aud
Texas, and if the wretches who wield the lash
shall dare, to New Mexico and California. The'
poor victims were not, as used formerly to be
the practice, chained in cofflef, and marched
turougn the street to the pens, lust under the
eaves of the Smithsonian Institution Thanks to
the rrce-soilers. a public sentiment lias been
aroused which will not bear the open parade of
t),A mn.) u.n.l.ln... ,T . !. ' , . .
...v ,vi v..ua.vua ,llU)HUdUVn lUllUCUt y
this brutal business. These subject of "the fine
i. -i -..I-., . .i , .
fwuiaivuu run; m rots siave-unverT,wcre mere
bro huddled with all despatch into hacks, and
shuttled into the pen belonging to the dealer,
Washington Cum. .V. , JiWrrtMr, trrn vtr;
KtXTt'CKV EUAXCtl'ATION CoX VSXTIOM.
A Convention lias been held at Frankfort,
Ky., of those in favor of negro emancipation, to
suggest some feasible plan of action. They re
solved that slavery wa injurious to the Com
monwealth, and inconsistent with free govern
ment ; that any plan of rmancijiation ought to
be gradual, and oicroto Onlr on those born after
its adoption, and therefore it was iinm,iubil
lo insert in tho new Constitution the absolute?
prohibition or the introduction of slaves into the
State, and the reservation of power by the peo
ple to take any action in reference to' the abo
lition of slavery which Ihcy may think best.
FnEK SrintT tt KhXTl-CKr. So tunnlar it
emancipation in the enterprising town rf Cov
ington, opposite Cincinnati, that its opponents
tiavo rciuscuto uiscuas the question win, fh
Mivueaica ui rrccuotn.
fST A (lave girl In Nashville recently hung
herself to escape punishment, for not Informing
of the whereabout of her mother, who had run
away. Had the been white, aha would bave'J
been a heroine: but a the i black, she is a
total toss oj 3dvui
rSaT Sir Piter Lely, the celebrated German
painter, made It a rule never to look at a bad
picture, having found by experience that when
ever ho did so his pencil took a tint Apply tho
same ruie to uau uooks and uad company,
ttcTBoys make a sad mittako when they think
they appear manly because they can chow to
bacco, or smoke cigars, or use profane language.
They aro wonderfully mistaken if they tupposr
any body admire them for these things. Boys
are never so much esteemed and loved a when
they behave modestly and respectfully to all, es
pecially to their parents, and to person who are
agcu. iv. i. wrgan.
t" Gcorgo Washington, when a boy, was
about going to sea aa a midshipman, and his
trunk had been taken to tho boat, when, at he
went to lake leave of hit mother, ho ran the
tear bursting from her ev es, and an expression
of deep sadness on her countenance. Seeing
the distress of his parent, he at onco turned to
the servant and said t " t,o and tell litem lo brini
back my trunk. I will not co awav and brea
roy mother's heart" Mrs Washington was struck
with tho spirit and manner of the decision, and
-a ' 1 . - a . 1.1,.. r . t t
at uucv sam w uiut t i tiiy ton, uoit nas prom
ised to bless the children that honor their pa
rents, and I believe He will bless you."
For tiik West. A eomnanv of 20 rouni.
lady teachers passed through Ulica on Friday
lvtt - -,,,, r,,- it... , tv... ti ...
' - - .w. ". K,eaa ,va. a imj ncio
anvunnln a.) 1... V- U! 1 , P V.
-w.'.u vjj JM-iiui, mouv Ul lb
rllir.s ix the Woods. ITnwunla nf ifmri
acres of the "Dark Plain," on the east side of
.oiernraacic nver at tnconl, N, II , were burnt
oreron the 21th aud 23lh ult., creating great
havoc among the young trees.
A tract of wood in Rochester, Mass., I mile
long by l a mue wide, wa burnt over nn ilm 9,1
Inst. 300 cords of cut wood and 4000 ft tilai.k
were also destroyed.
On Lorn? Island, about 40 miles from ftrnnV.
lyn, some 11,000 acres or fine timber land were
burnt over, on tho 1st and 2d Inst Lost eni.
mated at $250,000. Tlie sceno was grand, yet
terrible and tho country for SO mile around
Dksthuctivk Finn at Ciiaiu.kbtox. S. O.
A fire occurred in this city, on Monday last,
wmcii commenced in jMunnary street, and ex
tended two squares. 160 building wero burnt,
Awkui. Calamity Wo learn from a St.
Louis neper, that the interior of the rctidene
of a gentleman bound for California was discov
ered to be on tire me night after he left that
city, and before the engine could be brought to
bear On the derOIirillir ett'inont. fha, llama. In
their fury had converted the roof into' a heap of
blackening allies. Providentially, the lower part
ui me uwcuing anu ns contents were uninjured.
A postscript stales that .the "residence" wa
a camp wagon, the tlolli top of which was de-Irnjed.
Brattleltere, Friday, Naj 11, IS 19.
New You, May 7, 1849.
Another long and tedious stonn commenced
on Saturday, and ha continued without inter
mission. It was preceded by weather as fickle
and changeable as the favors of the most heart
less coquette. Night of Intense heat, succeeded
by a wintry blast; one day under cloaks, and
shivering with cold, and the next uncomfortably
warm, with the lightest summer dress. But
neither the heat or cold, or dost or stonn, inter
rupt the morning flow and evening ebb of the
tide of human beings through Broadway. There
Is food for the curious and for the moralist In
watching the never ceasing current through this
great thorougluira. All day long, and all night
too, for that inttter, the street is thronged with
men and wornin hurrying along, intent upon
tome object of business or pleasure. There is,
to a stranger, a feeling of loneliness and sadness
in looking out ipon this great multitude of hit
man being, and feeling that not one among
them ha the least regard or care for you, and
that if sickness or death should overtake you,
not one of tlieui would turn aside to minister
unto you, or know or care for your fate.
If, standing aloof, aa an Indifferent spectator,
one could look Into tho bosoms of the mass who
pass along, and perceive the feelings, motives
and objects of each indtv tdual, what a diversified
picture in human lifu would be discover. The
miser to adJ to his wealth, the poor to avoid
start at'ion, the spendthrift to buy pleasure, the
homeless and destitute to find a refuge, tho fash'
ionabto woman to see and be Ken, and the rag'
gevl ono to Leg or ileal these, and all other
conceivable vanations of character, objects and
conditions, jostle each oilier in the crowd, but
atloflbcuiliaveone thing In common. Notoue
of thera Is In possession of what lie wanls to com
plete Lit happiness, but the happiness of each
one consists, not iu what he has, but in the hope
of attaining something that Is beyond. Though
many, and perhaps tnott of thrm, have secured
that which they once looked forward to as the
darling object of life, yet the happiness lhay an
ticipntcd Is not found In It, but is seen In some-
it.;nM ,:ti r. - 1 ll ..... c 1 1.. .n .11
-PT of bTe, a. to worldly object,. con!
I met yetttrday, in Broadway, a young man
who came to ibii city tight year ago from the
country, for the practice of law. He wa a
young man of fine talent, and hid fair to win
for himself wealth and reputation. I bad lost
sight of him for two or three years, and when I
met him yesterday, he wet staggering along
Broadway to drunk be could scarcely keep hit
feet I hardly knew him he wu to bloated
and blotched with liquor, ami to thabbily dress
ed. He told me he wu about going back to the
country, nhero he came from, and thai his fata
lly had already gone. I remember hi wife.
bride, the ornament aqd charm of the society In
which she moved, brought up In affluence and
luxury, and seeing nothing in thu future but
love and hapHncs with tho husband of her
choice. But alas I for her fond hopes. The
demon of Intemperance has blighted them alL
In a few yean, it has changed tho affect lonitc
and happy husband into a drunken tot, whom the
will tw.K.lijaiuaw.aianl'a fcca rrpt Wm
of hit property and character, and driven her
forth, heart-brukeu, to seek a charitable shelter
among her friends.
This Is the every day result of Intemperance,
and ytl, some ladies wonder what Ihey have to
do with Temperance Societies. The fate of
many among my own early school associates fur
nishes an emphatic warning of the dangers that
lurk in moderate dnnking. Three of them, at
least, have gone in early manhood to a drunk
aid' grave in this cily. They were all mem
here of tha legal profenion, and of more than
ordinary talents. One of them was for a time
member of the Lvgiihture of this State, and all
of them engaged In successful and lucrative prac
tice. When in arlavj, an ,lnrtf
part of their professional life, Ihey would have
ridiculed and resented the idea that their occa'
aional social glass would ever make them drunk'
ardt, a much as your moderate drinker do now-
a-days, and like them, they doubtless looked down
with pity and contempt upon Ibe poor drank
anls in the street. What if some socr had whis
pered in their can, " You shall ono day be like
the drunken wretch whom yon now loathe arod
despise" with what defiant emotions would Ihey
tiavo regarded luni I
1 lave no other feeling for the drunkard than
commiseration. Ho I a much an object of pity,
and thouid.be at much an object of public guard
lttuau, aa a lunaitc.
3" Wo have been shown a letter from C. F.
Kutredgo, who, with F, Woodcock of this vil
lage and Elbridge Gerry of West Brattleboro,
tailed rroui notion for California, Jan. 12. The
letter was dated at Rio Janeiro, March 3d, and
talcs that the party wero and had generally
been well, were In good spirits, and full of hope
lor the future.
ir Some boy, fishing in a brook about half
a mile this sido of Chesterfield village, last week,
round Iho loci-, nngs and cham belonging to the
mail whu.it wasetolen tome two month since
that town. Their appearance It said lo indicate
that the bag was burned.
62" We have received from Jamet Ttiftt, Esq.,
County Superintendent, a " Circular to Teacb
cre In Windham County," and shall endeavor to
uako room fur it in our next Jiairr.
tW"Tho Baker Family," with whoso musical
Performances our citizens have been frequently
delighted, were intitcd by President Taj lor to
an entertainment at the White House, on Tucs
day evening, Sells ult They sang a selection
of their best piece to tho General and Mr
Taj lor, Colonel and Mr Bliss, and several in-l
viti'd guests. After the singing, came a bounti
ful suppor, prepared under the e) e of Mra Bliss,
AsoTitrn Wauxixo At AVorcotter. 24th
' ult.. a vnuni? man named W. II. Alnsworth. in
atti'iiipting to Jump upon tua tvorwicn train oi
I'-nry, wus turown upuu i"" ia aim aiueu.
He and a number of other youncstcn had been
In the habit ot catching rides on the care.
Axu Another. On Tuesday evening, as
the train of the South Shore Jtailroad wat leav
ing the Boston Depot, Mr ltobert Hall, of Cohas-
anl tn allA.t.nffni. tn tumn UUOn tllft tmilt 'whila
jn motion, fell upon the track, and had hi ann
ami leg broken by being jammed between Iho
car .and platform.
Cincus Accident. Tho large tent of Welih
& Co'a. Circus wat blown down, 'at ltochetter,
N. Y. on Monday evening, 30lh ult., while tome
5,800 persons were attending an exhibition, and
one person, Win. II. Crowcll, had his head bro
ken by one of tho falling poles, and' soon died,
aud another, George Ires, was injured In the
That of Massachusetts aaMourncd on Wednes
day of last week, after a session of 120 days.
The new Legislature of Rhode Island Inet on
Tuesday of last week, and adjourned on Friday
having completed all in labor in four day.
in iuo tvonneencut legislature, which met
May 2d, the Seriate ha chosen Whig officers,
and the House Locofocos, bylhe aid of iho "free
aoilers." On joint ballot 'Mr Trumbull, Whig
candidate for Governor, Wld all the other gen
tlemen on the Whig State ticket, except Treas
urer, were elected.
VimilMlA. Tlie Locofocos appear lo have
all tlu- luck In the Virginia election, choodng
half a dozen Congressmen by a mere handful! of
votes. Probabtv a tlumsand more votes would
havo secured a Whig majority In the delegation,
whereas we shall now have but mi, and perhaps
uuione. unless rveniucxyand jenncsseo mind
their hand, Gen. Taylor may have an Opposition
Congress lo commenco with not an asrecable
irotpcct. A. 1. TWiune.
(irx. Taylor. In renlr to an Invitation from
ti.j. it- . ..,! :.' ' !.:. .i -. .
.w aM.vt. nutuutiim v 1,111 mainly, aJ 1
- i snail ue nappy to comply witu their wishes,
when publie dabrt and other circumstances
shall permit, but it is not now possible to foresee
at what timo I shall be able to leave the teat of
Government I need not say that I will gladly
embrace tha first suitable opportunity to meet
my friends in Boston, and again witness the ac-
.' '-. . . J. . I ... I . ' - .... a,
uviir aim uvjniy ui mat turning city,
ArroiXTtlEXT. Sclden F. White has leen
appointed Postmaster at Kcene, N. II., In place
of Wm. la. Foster, removed.
Jvdwaru u. Mncoln.aon or Ex-lior. Lincoln,
and lately editor of the Worcester iEgis, has
been appointed Postmaster of that cily.
Itaae Vlati, editor and publisher of the Pouch-
keepsie f N. Y.) Eagle, lui been appointed Post-
inastcr oi tnat city,
Equality at Least. The Lncofocoi and
their presses throughout therouutryareactuallr
enraged at Old Zack for not being willing to be
a partitan President after he promised ho would
not be. He laid he would be the President of
the whole country. He went into power, and
found all tha offices of honor and profit in ahe
hands of one parly tha Locofocos. And now
because ho is not willing to be the Vresidcnt j
alone of that party, and keep them all in office,
and lliereby exclude tlie Taylor men entirely.'
iVtaua MH,M,,antMn, u.,1, a . r. ) i 1 1 Uh..lH 1
these contcientioas souls are actually "riled"
about it a no uui ncro wm do no tticn thing.
He will be tho President of the whole country.
and not of a mere party, and be will go on turn-'
ing out these Loco official till he has brought
about somewhat of an equality between the par
ties In Ibe enjoyment of office. He will be car-
lain to put the proscribed Taylor men in their
placet. It will take him some tune to do it, bat
hell do It Alabama Journal.
a A Goon Joke. Two rabid politician In Cin
clnnati. who wero striving for the office of Post'
matter, received each a letter on the 1st April,
notifying themof theirappointment Tbeybolh
sallied forth to crow over each other, lo the great
amusement oi inote wuo unuentood the game.
Taiixci a " llonx.- A good story Is told of
aituige iXNiamcr, lostmatter uencrat J I tee mi
he has adopted the excellent rule not to appoint
any body who it addicted lo strong drink. Some
days since an applicant for office presented him
self with mommendations, to. all in orderly ar
ray. Collamer very coolly asked the applicant
if he drank whiskey, which the latter misunder
stood for an invitation lo take tome. "No, I
thank you," replied be, " trvuM frcfer a glass
of brandy and tcater." Hit appointment ha not
yet appeared in tne papers.
Distilleries axd Isxobaxce. North
Carolina report! 2,802 distilleries, and orer SC.
000 persons who cannot read or write, in a pop-
uianun oi i.v,wv. juaasncutiaeitx contains v.
dittillcnet, and of nearly a million of people,
there are lest than 0.000 who cannot read oi
write. We hope yet to see Ibe fire of the still
put out, and education universally prevalent
'SBwaaCfi-ANMar MorvllK 1 1 lull. Tlia Llif
ranee Maaaatiinr aara that Mr Den lamia Vil
turns, late of Exeter. N. IL. whose lmdr was
found in the dot k in Lynn, on the 20th ult, "was
formerly onu of the most exteniire blank book
manufacturer! in New England, wealthy and re
spected: but he had, for many years, given a
loose rein lo bis appetite for ltnuor. IU wu
kind-hearted, intelligent man, and might, but for
one fault, have retained ihe.rttnect, and perhaps
wealth, which he once enjoyed. To those who
1 - I at. r . it ., .
Ma.n awau aur , , uiurn capcciauy lliose woo
served their apprenlicetlun in his establiahment.
hi death, in tuch a manner, will cause a pang of
JHTThe effect of the aalo of intoxicating
drink is uniformly the tame everywhere, and
in all conditions of society. Sell them to sava
ges or civilized men, blacks or whiles, Pagans,
furks or Christiana, and the effect uin a!!
just the tame. It malci them alike noisy, Dl-
tempcicti, quarrelsome, abusive to neigbbon and
relative; il i the cause of poverty, degradation
and crime: yes, affray, fightings and murders
follow in the wake of the grog-traffic, just at
certainly and uniformly at a report follow the
explosion oi gunpowuer
tfeTThe present license law of Vermont haa
been decided to be conititutional, at a session of
tne 'oupenor Uoort in Washington county.. Il
wo the decUcd tltat debti for ii4iuor,iold w.tb.'J
out a license, are not collectable.
HTThe Director! of the Boston and Maine
Jtailroad have voted to emptoy no person upon
uw ,wpi nuu uav luioaaeating unnaa.
eST Gencrv Twitchell. Assistant K
cnt Of the Boston and Worcester Itallmiul l.a.
I een appointed Superintendent, In place of Wm,
JaTAlexandcr Ramsay, the new Governor of
Mineaota, wa fifteen yean ago a journeyman
cabinet-maker; be then attended a manual labor
school, afterwards studied law, subsequently be-
' iBcmuer oi vngrcat, and It now tjovcr-
vuuxTinrr.iTa AnnoAD. a young man,
dressed as a farmer, succeeded in pasting upon
business men In Keene, last Tuesday week, two
""m ui tue marine uanK, xvew lieorord, one
83 of tha Marbltbead and one S3 of the Ara
wara Bank all counterfeits. The bills were
well executed, and calculated todoccive. The
fellow left Koene with a bono and wagonin the
Fiiie ix Benninotox. Thu dwelling-houso
occupied by J. E. Davis, Jr., and tho widow ofi
uiiauvii an; Jin, in ucnnington uentre Village,
waivlcitroycd by fire on the JOlh nit. Mr Ia
vit it a printer, foreman of Iho Gazelle office,
and by this calamity loses his all there being
w H.,vw ui, vmii-r nuuau or lumtture,
Exi-LosiON, The cylinder mill attached to
Iho powder manufactories of Mcsin Walker tt
Harrington, in Bennington, was blown com
pletely to pieces on tbo SOlh ult. it fortunately
happened that all the workmen were absent, to
mat ,iu Uliu was IllJurCU. aJOSS
Hailroad Accidents. On Fridar after.
iiwvu, a, me paiiengur train irom bpnnghuld
wat iatting through a bridge two or three miles
above Northampton, a brakeman named Dulling
ton was knocked from the top of a ear, and au-
VftMilv !ntH..1 V, I. .!... ..V.. 1.- ..-II .
- -v ,j,v. , iuuuiii uo win recover.
On the same dav. another li.tmt nn ,t.u amn
Road hail his fool run over and cut off by u car-
n, C.t.t T .
Heavy Hailroad Iliuinn in ih K.,.
premo Judicial Court of Massachusetts, last
v-unnng, 01 vmcopce f alls, cu
tained a verdict of 89,043 against iho Connecti
cut lUvcr lUilroad Co, far bodily Iniurie done
bimlit acollulonon iheir Road, in Feb., 1848.
The Golden Rule 5COT AI'PI mm, r
La yw During tho cliarce to tho Jury in the
case of Coming vt. Iho Conn, River Railioad
Co., on Saturday, Judge'Metcalf remarked, in
reference to some tunai-ailnna ,n.,tnt.u.v ..
el to the Jury, that tlie rule of doing unlo oth
en as we would have others do unto us, had no
proper application to Ihe duties of a Juror: tince
if il liad there would netf r be anjbody hung or
sent to prison. This theds a light upon tlio re
lation of' law and gospel which has probably
hwv vmimm to everybody. spring, atpuo,
TOUCIIIXO IxcillEXV. In rivin? an account
of the loss of the steamboat .Milwaukic, lately
sunk by tha lee on the Illinois river a few miles
below .Naples, the following touching incident
connected with the sinking of this boat, is thus
When Capt. Brickman saw that she was going
down rapidly, and that there was no way ol pre
venting the disaster, hit lint endeavor was lo
save hit son, a youth of somo seven yean old
but on searching the cabiu he could not be found.
There was a ninmcnt of agony which only a pa
rent can feci, when, after repeated callt and no
answer, the father wu compelled to save his own
life by plunging Into the icy stream, with the
oulr hoiie of swimming lo the shore', thu he did
as did also fire others ; but ere he had gained an
hundred yards he tamed and gave onu last call
at ha supposed to hi child the bov heard the
cry being with several other persons on an im
mense caio ot ice uotting uown tne river, and
answered his parent's rail. "Farewell, my ton,"
exclaimed the father. "Good bve'.fatlier." scream
ed the child, and both were certain that they had
parted forever: but it wat not to to bo. Ther
did moet again in a few hours afterward, on shore.
tie and sound wun what reelings may belter
be imagined than described. Il is almost a mir
acle that all, both those who took lo the water,
ami tuo-e wuo trusted, to tne ice, auoutu have es
Uoxesty AXH Linr.nALlTY. About a week
since, Mr Artcmas While, or this city, lost bis
pocket-book, containing three bank bills of 9100
each, and 23 to S3" in small bills. Tho oock-
ct-book wa found by an Irish laborer, who. af
ter considerable Innuiry and trouble, discovered
the owner and delivered it safely into hit hands.
On receiving It, Mr White at onco presented
the ltoncit fellow with a SS0 bill. Il is pleasant,
In these dart of fraud and selfishness, lo chroni
cle such a development of the organ of Consci
entiousness in one case, and of that of Benero-
Icnco in another. lioston l.zctltinr, Kl intf.
Bexevolexck Lahge. Gcrritt Smith.
New York, who has already given farms to 1,000
colored people, now makes known that ho will
give parcels oi i rem io to tu acre oi land, and
S10 each, to 1,000 white persons, to bo selected
in counticiof that Statu according to
u,;on . or io CIK y, UtJU tUoaM
u m ire thcm 8S0 in cul 0 cnlUo
. . . . .
lo buy land elsewhere.
Punnc llK.NKrACTOns. The X. II. States
man intimate that Charles P. Gore, Kxu Su
perintendent of the Nashua & Lowell Railroad,
It about to commence lining thai road with young
upland einu. I- illy yean hence, what a luxnry
iiveir auaue win vm to tne traveler, witu tne ther
mometer at 90".
The Merrimack Corporation, in Lowell, are
lining Ihe streets at far as their land extends
with trees ot dilferent kinds.
Charitable Bi cjur.aia. The late Henry
Todd of Boston, left by hit will, after amtily pro
viding lor ms family connections, 83,000 to the
"MawachuMttt Genreal Ho-pital," the Interest
of which it forever to go toward furnishing free
bods for thae whose circumstances may require
thcm. To the 'Boston Asylum and Farm
School" for indigent boys, he left a legacy of
S3,O00 to tho "lioston Children Friend So
ciety" SJ.OOO. The" remainder of fait estate,
amounting, probably, lo some 10.000. ke be
queathed to the "Board of Education," for the
ucnent oi tne jtiassacnuteiit iwnnal Schools.
A Foetuse Mtur.D. The AVIndsor Chron
icle records the death, at East Rupert in thil
atate, oi lapi, airoet sneiaon, aged 97. lit
had lived uin his homestead ti years. He
emigrated thither from Connecticut, and cut his
way looked at the groom! on which the city of
rr . . ,..i. ..i .t. . , r .
.vj i,vn , . ,,v., .uu uuwciaicu lor puuie lime
whether he should not purchase it for a farm.
nn.. , i . ,? .1.' .
iuu onij uuuuing men uion it was a tavern,
and the only population, the inmates of thai
tavern. If he hail made that purchase, what a
fortune wouiu nave teen ziss i
Tai-I.-VVai.aiXii. Mr Waa. IVaUato -trait-
J, for a. wager ef SI0O, em hundred miles in
ttcentyjico hours and (ai'rtasirrii seconds, t,ni
then ran a quarter of a tmle, beating Ihe whole
crowd who ran against him t He appeared little
fatigued after performing the feat The bet wa
that be would do it in 23 hoar. The affair came
ofT at Crown Point Whitehaller.
A Family GATiiiEt.to. We learn that on
Tuesday of this week, sixty-live of the eighty,
five children and their families who trace their
J oncology to Widow Catharine Woods, of New
tralntree, assembled at her house to pay their
parting respects lo her grandson, Rer. James
Woods, of Alabama, who contemplate embark
ing toon for California, by the appointment and
under the patronage of the Presbyterian Board
of Missions, as a missionary to that new and in
teresting portion of our country.
turrr i'nrrintt J
Increase or Population. Mn Milncr.re
tiding in Ilarritburc, Pa., on tho 23d nit gave
birth to fit boys, all of which are alive and do.
ingwell. What mikes thiscaje singular is, that
at her fmt confinement the cave birth to fro,
and at her second to three, and at this, her third,
tor making In all, fen children in four yean,
uia ail nviug.
A FamilyTbavelixg in IVintin
A itratiaTO icena wu cxLiliitAil in fHni4nttl
-w djyi apo, leing nothing less thin a family
comitting of father and mother and six children
traveling in wheelbarrows. They had traveled
an tne way rroni Laporte county, Ind., in three
wheelbarrows, Intending lo reach Pennsylvania,
from which State they had emigrated some yean
ago. Their blankets, wearing apparel, and tome
few utensils used in preparing and distributing
"wi aiming u, lamny, were in one narrow, and
Iho younger children were stowed away in the
Others the lather and ihe cldur boys taking
iu, M, ,u vucviiiij: tucin along.
Good News ron the Bootless. Mr Wil
liam Snell, of Easton, Pa. has invented a ma'
chine to form ladies' and gentlemen' gaiters.
uau gaiu.-ia, nnu anon gaiters, wtinout scams, st
Ihe tame time producing any size required, in
an incir propornoni, to at to ut wttn tue great
ctt nicety and exactness. The machine will
form any of the material In goneral use, such
as patent leather, calf, kip, men's morocco, split
leather, or anything woolen. It dispenses with
tho operation of boot cutting and mora than half
at,- vf.: o I- ; - .1 . . .
iuu umiuiiijj. outu is iuu aiuijuiciiy, mat any
penOa-Vnacaualntcd with the business can use it
It will reduce patent leather boots one third of
tneir usual cost.
The Gold Doliaii. Tlio II aiJin'ron Union
states that tho dies for the coinage of ono dollar
gold pieces will be ready in a few days, and that
Ihe chief cotnerjtas nearly SI 00,000 worth of
gold planchct and strips In readiness for the
Colt's Pistol. Among the last acts of
t-ongrcjs, was tuo apjiropriation ol 90,000 to
purchase Colt's revolven for the use of Califor
nia emigrants. This seemed to bo regarded as
of more consequence than tho cheap postage bilL
Incidental Exr.:.nt9 or Wah. The ox
and their reception when they retunied home,
cost the my zi,uu. in au, over e,vvu I
Oil-Stone. There it no longer need to send
abroad for Turquoise Oil Stone. A quarrt- haa
been. discovered In, Derby, Vt, which is said to
be In all respects equal to the Eastern. It is
now Wrought successful!), and has been Intro
duced inlo our market lioston Atlas.
ri.uutMao. Tho lead from which "pencil
point" are made, cornea from the principal
plumbago mine In thu world, at Barrowdale,
Cumberland, England. It I situated in a hill,
and instead of being worked constantly like
other mines. It opened only once a year, when
a mflklcnt quantity it taken out to supply the
world for a year lo come. It It then closed with
strong doors, ban and locks, until tho next an
nual supply is required. From the time cf
Queen Elizabeth, it it said that all tlioTino pen
cils in the world have been mado of the black
lend of this mine. I
nento to tho city of Kew York for bringing
home from Mexico and burying the remains of
Col. Baxter and Lieut. Cfatndlerwas 33,980;
medals for the Kew York Yolunteere. 83.891:
A Week Later from Enropt,
The ateetnthin AmcnVs arrlmt at 1t.i:r
Friday, with ono week' later Intelligence from
Europe, Owing to the unfavorable ..17
from the continent, tho price of cotton bad rj.
ceded one-eighth of a penny, Tlie reports a
Ihe com market show a slight advance. Mon
fuemy. Abe Amcnca bnnst about fits,
n tpkle-8923.000. fa '
FnAMCt The French farernmnt haa
to Ihe Imjiortant resolution of an armed latervta.
lion in Italy, to reinstate lbs Pone. An eitk
dilion had already tailed for Civila Vecchti-.
The bill appropriating l,200,000f. to meet the
expenses ot the expedition passed Ihe t reats
Assembly by a vote or 3 to 1. Jn the Britiii
House of Lords, Lord Lansdowne said that Ua
covernment wat aware of the French inttrtet.
tion in Italy, but had taken no part in it, il
though he acknowledged the ceternmetit Si
not disapprove it.
Geuuany. Germany is still in a itii. rf
great confusion. Tlio assent of tome of tit
smaller State to the assumption of the imperial
dignity by Ihe King of Prussia haa been cito.
Cut other and more important Statct are Optra.
ed. ISeitber r ranee or Russia view the list
with favor, and Austria it violently oppowj v.
The war between Denmark and Prussia Am
as fiercely as ever, nothing decisire, bowevtr'ot
,v, .u'i-j...... ""' mtuinai. me uaa
have blockaded the Prussian ports.
Austria and HuxaAnY.- The AnitrUu
have luttained still furtherdcfeatsintha Ilatn.
nan war. a ne great struggle now Is ror He m
seuion of the Hungarian fortress of Colern,tici
has teen bctciged by the Austrian seteril wkIi.
The important position of Waltzed had beta oc
cupied by the Hungarian. Colern is hut Into
ty league distant from Vienna.
Italy. Italy is still In IndescribsUt ceofa
sion. Tha Republican) have been net dun ia
Genoa, after having had the command of that
beautiful city for nine days. Ia Tuscany, then
has been a general rising in favor of the GruJ
liuxc, and tue man who wa recently Dictator
Is now prisoner. The landing of the Freacli tl
Civila cochltj will doubtless put an end to tit
Iloman Republic, and be followed by the resto.
ratlon of the Pope. Venice is besciged hj tit
Austriaus, by sea and land, and must surrender.
In Sicily, the struggle hat commenced vil
dreadful ferocity, anuT a desperate btuli tod
place on Good Friday, between the KeacoLus
and Swiss troops, and the people of Citiii,
which continued all night, and ended ia lie it
feat of the Catanians. A great number of then
were killed, and the city wat afierwardt taclta
The terror caused by this defeat hit cants'
Ihe city of Syracuse to surrender without rtsit
ance. Palermo is now the only place of mats
strength in the hands of the Sicilians. A desja
rate resistance Is expected there, but with terv
little chance of success.
Infortnition hat been received bv the Olem .
lleamer. that on its leaving Catania on Satcnhv
evening, the cily was In flames in thret plant
The moat beautiful cdificct were a heap of ndsi,
and the renowed library and musenmef nttsnl
history were entirely destroyed.
The latest accounts from Florence leave u
reason to doubt but that the Grand Dolt of
Tuscany has retimed to his capital It is retort
ed tnat ue revolutionary tjovcrnment ct Leg
horn has been overturned by the people tte
selves as that of Florence has been before.
sKP Sir John Franklin wu sent out some tn
yesn age, ia command of an expedition to oi
a passage round the North coast of America, srj
has not been heard from for a long time. Ut
British Government has sent out three tjfe&
lions in search of him, and offered a reward of
20,000 to any one who will tod and rtticvt
him, if in distress, or give inforaoation cowtra
ing hiin. Lady FraaUia has bestirred herself,
and engaged the energy of the Brinsh Ivortl
Sea whalen, and has written a letter to Frtay
dent Taylor, asking his cooperation. The Presi
dent replies (through Mr Clsyton, Secntsryof
state; taai ne wm giaaiy uo au no ran wpiv
mote the otject It ft said that It? astiaul
vessels will be sent forthwith to the Jiri bus.
la search of the lott expedition. Oneof os
will co east, through Davis's Straits, avK-tVf-
er west, to Bbtring's Straits.
tVF The "Wife Market" at Australia wu ex
ceedingly brisk last July, the latest diteifria
wcuce. j ransactions were peremptory, son re
bargains on time. 'o leu than eight of tie fe
tnale immigrants by the William Stewart vers
well and respectably married before they 11
been ashore 48 hours. The othen ihonght thr;
would "wait awhile" and be more drniraipert. I
SrA tnccessful elopement was lately effecltl
in Dublin, by means of a hearse, in which curi
ous vehicle the young lady was conveyed, sett
ing loth, to tho temple of Hymcu.
Canada. Quiet reigned at Montreal ea Sit
urday last, but some of the provinces wtn is is
agitated state. One or two new arrests Isl
been made. Some of those first arrested, bet
liberated on bail, ware about to start on a toer of
"agitation" tlirongb the Eastern Townships. lit
covernment bad taken possession a ntw haul
ing called Free Mason s Hall, for lis meetisri
ofParliament The must seems well sigh over.
Diabolical Attempt to Take LiriA
most diabolical attempt wu made upon the life
of Thomas B. Warren, Esq., in New York, os
Friday last It seem that a muffled negro west
to Mr W.'s bouse, about 10 o'clock Thundi;
night, and left a small mahogany box, with lbs
servant, marked "Tbo. B. .Warren, Esq, coafr
dcntial." Mr W. was not' at home, and tad oe
leisure to examine the contents of the nacksre
until 2 o'clock the next day.
His wife and children were looking on wwa
be commenced undoing tho package. It protei
to be a small mahogany box, with a drawer netr
thahntfnm. Ai Mr v. MmmjiRreil nneainstlt
drawer, he observed invoke issue, which excited
Ins suspicions, and he called upon tbetamiiy-aa
God's sake to run out of the room." They dil
so instantly, he followed them j and in aa u
Itantf an explosion ensued, which shattered tie
room, tore the door from its hinges, broke all tit
On examination. It was found that the bu
contained a quantity of powder, resting epos
some sand paper; and in the drawer, a quutr
tvof matches, which, when the drawer vs
opened, rubbed against the tand paper and k
f...l XI. w :. itTmV 1.v. aa It il
tupposed thai tome malicious enemy made tha
attempt upon his life. But no one wss injur!
Death or Alvah Stewart". The ileitis'
this eminent man occurred at Kew Yorkos
Tuesday week. His age was . If was is
tensively known as a lawyer, a politkisn, saJt
philanthropist. Ho wasan activeroemberof tie
Liberty party ; waa Chairman of its Kalioau
Committee, from the Cnt organization of tu
party to Oot 1817, and presided overman'
National Convention at Albany, in April, l610
i7 ... . . ..i.. ..r;i;.. ....,nf Tm-
- n u MM vu uva. a4,MVU,U ua ,,,u v ' . .
pert nee, and his eloquent appeals in behalf
that and the cause of Human Freedom wUI tl
vibrate in tbo hearts of thousands in all paru
car country. Northampton Courier.
T)zatii iiv Muon Wmiri vn This skillful
and eminent Enuineer died at St. Petorsburf,
Russia, on the 7th of April, after a lone illi"
consequent upon an attack of Cholera, lie
Engineer of the Western Jtailroad in Massacls
setts, and bad gone to ltussin, by Jnvitatioa
the Emperort lo superintend tho construction f
the great Hailroad from St Petersburg to H
coir. Ills loss will bo irrenarabia to his IW"
employer, and he leaves many warm friends e
this sido of Ihe Atlantic.
Tue Cholera prevails extensively In
Orleans over 200 deaths, some dsys. In c
family of 20 boardtn, a died in one dty. ,
. i- ., . aa." , l I..laanil
si ta nuu vu tue nttuistinpi, iu me wa.. -
n the towns and on the Ohio.
SOP'Tl.n xfll rsf Mr Vliilint. of Ks-
hsnt (who commillcd tuiclda at'BrsUlebore lart
summer), beoueathing a vast amount of proper
ty to various IWtitutiont and individuslt, it to I
contested by the heirs at law, The suit
come up in the Mass, Supreme Court, July l"'
Among the bequests, was one of 3100,000 te
Harvard Univenily t and the hcln at law hi"
given a bond for the payment or list tii
Ihey mould ue beaten.
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