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THE VEHMONT I'HffiNIX:
Pcdluuid eveut Satvrdit Momko, At
Editor and Publisher
ciiam.es .Tnourvi teiiitir,
Offitt in Cutter's Mock, cppottli Rerert lhmt.
Tebms: 82.00 pcryeir 81.&0 In advance. Ko
pnper will be discontinued until all arrearage! are
jutu except at me epiMin OI ine puoiisner
8. A. MOUSE 4 CO.,
I Hie re.irof the BeAmtnono' Hocsc, Main St.,
1)11. E. JIAYNES,
Wilmington, V t .'
Dinitmcic j. iiowmiy,
MAXUFACTUltEU OP WOODEN . WARE,
r.VVETTK villi: JIOTI1L.
F. 0. KNArr, PaoraiETon,
New fane, Vt.
lif The test accommodation! for traveler! and
visitors. Good stabling connected with the house.
E. V. CROSS, JI. D
PHYSICIAN AND SUUOEON,
Cullford Centre, VI.
1VM. S. IIOUOI1TON,
HARNESS, TRUNK A VALISE MAN
U F A C T U R E R ,.
Axd Cabbiaoe Trimmer, PcTsrr.VT.
elaoufaclurcr and Dealer in Latliei, Gents, Mines,
Cbihlfe. snd Ilov's
BOOTS, SHOES, GAITERS AND RUBBERS,
Dfpn.ii. ike l'ol Oltce, Main Slrrel, IIritti isono
J. W. 1IOI.TOX,
And Dealer in
Main Street, .... Bbattixsobo, Vt.
WOODCOCK & VINTON,
All kinds of Printing Paper made lonrder Caihpsid
for While and Brown Regs.
CROSDY, CHANDLER A CO.,
Wholesale Dealers in
Fiona, flails axd Pbouioi.
No. 3 Dlake's niork, ilrallleboro, Vl.
E. Croibt, 1. G. Chahdlik, WGnirs,
IIULT.OWS FALLS HOTEL.
Bt SOLON S. FINLAY,
Beilows Fails, V't.
EDMUND JD.M-S, Superintendent.
Paiieiieersromoedla and from ih.Cars Free.
Town's Bellows Falls Livery In connection with this
JOSEPH STEEX k SON,
BOOKSELLERS, PUBLISHERS & STATIONERS,
Cornerof Maiu and Highsta., Brattleboro, Vt. J
Joseph stecx. j. vbanc btee.v.
7 v v t , o
CIIAS. C. LLT1S. '
BOOK BINDER AND BLANK BOOK,
Brick Block, three doors above the American House.
II RATTLE BORO, V'T.
II. N. II IX,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law and
Solicitor ix Ciuscibt.
WlllTlSdllAM CENTRE, VT.
Attorney and Counsellor at Law.
Removed from Saxtnus River lo ttrslltcboro, Vl,
Office over the Hank.
PLAGG Ac C It OS II Y,
Attorneys and Counsellors at Law
S. T. FLAOO. t. M. CBOSBT.
JA3IES W. CARPENTER,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
Ann Solicitor is Ciiasckrt,
K&rtoni litter IViife, ------ Rockihm, Vt
CHAS. N. D.VVENPOnT.
Attorney and Counsellor at Law
Solicitor ix Cilaxcert.
IIKADLEY 6c KELLOGG.
Attorneys and Counsellors at La
Axd Solicitobs ix Cuaxcebt.
Office opposite the UralUeboro' Ilonse, Brsltleboro, Vt.
J. D. Bradley. ' Geo. B. Kellogg.
1IUTLEK 4 KNOWLTON.
Attorneys and Counsellors at Law
Office two doors West of the Bank.
J. E. BCTLER. B. L.KSOWLTOX.
M AffCE ACTCRER or
SUPERIOR WOOD-SAW FRAMES,
And Wbolessle Dealer la
Pkehicm Woob-Saws, Carpenter's Plaix k Fio
cbep Oval; also, Rocxd Gcages.
ESTEY Ac KATHAN,
Deslers in all kinds of
MARBLE, GRANITE, SLATE, SOAP
S Doors South of the Bridge, Main .Street,
ALEX. II. PIKE,
Phillips' Patent Lever Farm and City Osle, and
Cloth Boards snd Boxes for Packing, snd
Dealer in Lumber.
Bills of Timber, Clspboards, Shingles, &e., manu
factured and furnished to fill orders.
Will Wardiboro, 11.
E. C. CROSS, M. D
rilYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
Office nesr J. Clark's Drue; Slore.
Such Domestle Medicines as I have proved valuable
(a my practice during the last ten years in
Guilford and Leyden, kept on hand
and dispensed at my office.
Pure Matter for Vaccination.
LOCKlt ART DARRCTT,
phot Guns and Fowling Pieces, Double and Single
uarreiea uuns, t'istois uevoivers
and Csoe Guns.
03" Ponder, Shot, Cape, Flasks. Pouches, and Gun
Mauri is always ror sale.
pp pairing of Guni. PitloU, K nitre, Loki, Keys, Ate. j
Umbrella I sad Pafsioli Repaired si borl notice. !
0b op opposite the American House,
B RATTLED ORO, VT.
lixrsTis & nuiiNAr,
TRUNK, VALISE & COLLAR
Repsiring Art'clcs In ibe above Ugliness Punctually
Mi i it St., On-otiTR Auntie IIocie,
V, Hcustis. J. W. Durnap.
J, If. & W. II. KBTKItllltOOK,
MANCriCTUBKES ASp DEALT HI I If
Empire State, Victor, Slew art's sod Grueiee Vslley
OOOK 8T0VKH. '
Carlor akdBox Htoteiahn Hot AlRFuuttiCEi.
(Mows, CuIiivstori.HoadScraneri, Churns, Iron Sinks,
Jiuittll sou feiiriiiD oiove npv, uu an kidui oi
Siove Furiiilure, Japan and Can
moo Tin Ware.
I EXCHAKOC BLOCK,
New Series. Vol. 2.
A st;.M ?init sAiiliATii.
From the Knickerbocker Jul.
The inn b rising o'er the distant hills,
And throws its long, straight beam!
On the ripe harvest plains,
Along the flower-haunted lanes.
In full and fiery-bested streams.
The distant crow of cock comes drowsily
iv..i iun n.THima uili;
And, dull as in a dream.
Gurgles the rrwV-ljiMot itmim
Down in the valley by the stccp-roofwl mill.
On the warm air the perfume of Ibe hay,
fliwBw.a, mows irom tne meaos:
And down the long rood-side.
Where modest wild flnen M.I-.
Fresh perfume rises o'er the dusty weeds.
The braien weather-cock Is motionless
Upon the lowehmeh-splre:
And glittering bright
Hangs 'gainst the uprising light,
Like guardian cherubim sword of fire!
The church-bell rings ; and while Its peaceful notes
Die on the calm, still air.
The happy rustics all,
i Prompt to the sacred call.
In little scattered groups drawneari
Through trodJen foot-paths In the valleys low.
And on the low hill-tide.
Where happy hamlets lie
In sweet tranquility
Where pure Religion coven to abide.
Through the low wicket come the gathering flock
:, J h. -.
Enter the rustic doors,
And, while the orgvn pours
Forth from its deepest depths melodious waves
Of sacred music, tremulous and sad
While from the stir of shrubbery
Murmuring 'inong the tombs
Cometh the sweet perfumes
Through the half-open windows where the sky
Peeps calmly In, they humbly kneel to pray
An answer to the prayerful calls
Descending from above:
The spirit of the dove
Seemeth to brood about the sacred walls.
While here I sit, my childhood comes to me:
A hymn that timidly grew faint
As the late years rolled on.
Till it had almost gone.
Once more salutes my soul a sweet, pure plaint
From a dear, holy voice I know In heaven.
I feel my sainted mother's hand
Lie tightly ou my brow,
And to aie corocth now
The voice of prayer from the frr spirit-land.
Thus there are seasons when the dreaming soul
Wakes to a dear reality.
Apart from woHly care
It breathes a holier air,
And swells with conscious immortalitv.
weiis wim conscious immoruiiiy.
. II. uoauAH.
THE "LAWS" OP KANSAS.
From Ihe Philadelphia North Aoieriesa, July 51
The oilier day, we looked at these laws
connection with the whole Kansas iniquity, and 'and law, but the eonatitulion itself, in its most
gave them their place amid the other parts and hallowed provisions, sacrilegiously lsid pros
pieces of Ihe mechanism, in order to make il Irate that slavery may bo established on the
apparent al a glance that, as the obvious design teeming soil of a new snd grest empire in the
of all that stupendous scheme was the establish
mnf r.Lrv fn lh l.rrtlr,, .... ih.n.h
' the inhabitants did not eonsent to it, so it must
be the covert desicn nf the modified bill before 1
I Congress, shsped by 'Voombs and endorsed by
ir we know the contents or a man'a mind, we j
can foretell his his'ory, so rar as circumstances
will allow him to act himseir out. And his 1
outward acts are a revelation, a publication of
his real nstore. We, therefore, look more ,
closely at these laws, io order Ihst by tasting
and handling the fruit we may judge or the trec, in all his array of terrors, is summoned to en
w w hether, if il lie left to stand, it will not here- ; force these wicked and monslroos "laws."
after yield Ihe same kind, though, for purposes
or temporary concealment, the ripest and rank-
eat of its apples or death are just shaken off.
1. We first ask the attention or our readers .
to a class of these laws which U labelled ss
lawless, which the modern Doracos enacted in
their lighter mood, perhaps just after they had (
pleasantly stimulated themselves with the tor-
lures or their victims, or gorged their strong
appetites with blood. In these "lawa" they I
set sside, with the most admirable simplicity or.
impudence, the organic law uf Congress for the I
i..: -r . i. - . :. . ... .. t. . 1 ;
friends had framed for them. Wo can only j onment at hard labor, for not less than lei ' and waa not so much o! a Declarstion of In
exhibit a lew samples that prove how juslly en- , years. I dependence, as a declaration that Indepen lence
titled they are to the appellation or law aod or-j To entico a alave from any other territory j ought to be declared. The spelling and thet
der men. !or state into Kanzas, is to be punished by oric ate liable to clilicism, but the spirit which
Dy the organic law- or Congress the lower death, or ten years imprisonment at hard 1 inspired it is worthy or all praise. After a
House of the territorial legislature was to be labor. j manly reeital of wrongs received snd rights
elected for a year, and the Council for two
yesrs. Hut in order to prolong their ownnfli-
cial existenco, these Kansas legislators contrive
to bestow on either branch an additional term
nn..L nn a 4 m Poilii-ia that intstn.l Ia nn
11 UC4II Y bjiio IC.Ii A CIIK.' mil :
still further, in imitation of tho long Pari. a-
Hy the organic law, the governor has the ex
clusive right ct determining who arc elected to
the legislalare. But that body overruled his
decisions, and called back thoso whom he had
ousted from their seats.
By the organic law, the pay of certam offi
cers in Kansas was specified. Ilut that body
vote an increase of pay, which Is to betaken
from the federal treasury.
Dy iho organie law, the legtalsture of Kan
aas is restrained from interfering ith the pri-
msry disposal of the soil. But several of their
laws defiantly set aside this cnaclmenl.
By the organic law, all civil oflicere in Kan-
sas are to be qualified by taking an oath lo sup-
port the constitution of the United Stales, and
lo discharge faithfully Ihe duties of their re-
speclive offices. But, by the improved code,
they ara made to swear that they will support
the constitution, and support and sustain the
vious set and the fueiuvo alave law.
llius they ride over the organic law. If
their friends, tho authors of lhal act, ahuuld find
fault with them, they would prubably say, 'ou er, while at work, with a strong lock and key, unacceptable In your readers. I he whale nsh
have endowed us with popular sovereignty, and j And all this, while slavery has no legal rx- , ery has made New Bedford famous, as well as
we take it (like properly under a fraudlent bill Istenne on the soil ; In defiance of an express very wealthy. Il is the homo stslion of some
of sale) whether you intend il or not. We ac-1 provision of the constitution against cruel and threo hundred and fifty whale ships, valued al
cept the officers you furnish us governor, sec-
niary, cliier justice and bissssociatcs, attorney
and marshals, because they admirably suit our
purposes. But as to those speciCn regulations
of your organic law which interfere with the
one design which we and you alike have at
heart, we just set them aside la obedience lo
the higher law- of slavery, substituting other '
regulation! that will make assurance doubly,
sure, trusting that In your eyes the end will
sanctify the means, and that you will be to our
faults a little blind.' And so it proved, and
their lawless laws were sanctioned.
3. Dot we turn to a part of the. code where
the higher or lower law of slavery set aside the
constitution, as veil as Ihe fundamental prin -
ctplcsnf the common ilsw. The constitution is
the great bulwark of defense to the personal
j rights or tho subject. Ill primary provisions
were framed with great care and infinite coat,
gling for centnnca against the Inroads nf pow-
er and prerogative ino buttress or lower eree-
I let Inner another, as some newly ei posed or
defemeless right of the ciuxcn proved it neccs-
, , ,
These parti were brought together, and the,
whole made comparatively perfect in our con-
I ii T - n 11 r 7. . muiviuiiai
shall be shielded from the least Infraction ofliis
(rights, eomerriwi what quarter il may, from
, Ihe Ijranny trihe few or the violence of the
many ; and that wrongs iollictcd shall bore-
I , 'f'J' "ul b ,hf e r ' rnffiln
, .egisiaiure me very ueoan ana .viaiauou lowers
I" " ' 'r.,..i.o.
I may be no escapo to thoso who arc ohnoxtoua
I to the slsve Interest.
s mo-em oj tpmi, expressly guaranteed by
I ine consiini ion, without which the citizen is a
i tongueless slave, is overthrown by Ihe scl liich
, makea it a felony to ot that men have no
I right lo hold slaves in Ihe teuiiory.
freedom of the prtti is most eflcciually dea-
troyed by that act which makea il a felony to
print, or circulate, or even possess a printed
paper.eah-ulaled (in Die estimate of m-ex-parte
judge and of packed juries) lo produce disorder
, amung slaves.
bpeech and press may be free,
eicept wnen mey conflict w ith the views or the
tyrannical usurpers. In other words, theso
sacreu rigius are virtually abolished.
The habeas corpus, that great defense of per -
aonil liberty, ia dented to those claimed as 'u-
gitives from service, not only in defiance or ihe
constitution, but uran express provision in ihe
The trial hy jury, another chief safeguard of
freedom and sanctuary of rignta, is in effect de-
strojed, in all cases affecting the interests of
Slaverv. The Constitution OrOvideS fur an HA-
porlialjury. Hut the Kansas rode will allow
i no one to sit ss s juror in such eases who does
not admit that slavery riihili.'ly exists in that
! territory, though even Douglas dare not admit
in ine ornate mat sisvery can lie established by both or them handsome brick buildings, and
a territorial legislature. either of thera large enough In accommodate
The alleged criminal most be tried by a pro-, sll the travelling public lhal ordinarily need In
sisvery jury, and even that selected by a Shenfl" j be accommodsted here. A little farther off is
Jones, who, on a former occasion, pointed his t a amaller hotel, called the Antique, probably
ptslol at the head of a free-state judge of elec- because there is nothing anliqoe about it. He
lions, and lold him that be had five minutes in ' sides ihcse, signs or "Refreshments" meet the
which lo resign, wiih the alternative of being ' eye at the doors of sundry less pretentious ed
shot down. The system is rounded offsnd com-, ifices, so that ir any one fails to find suitable
pleled with a similar provision to the effect thai provisions for Ihe inner man, it must be his own
I no one can serve ss an attorney in the courts
who does cot lako the unconstitutional and on-,
I lawfril test-oaih, or obedience to Ilia fugitive
law, that test-oath, which so called forth the
iodigoanl animadversions or a senator from a
slave stale, the Hon John M. Clayton.
Thus do we see not only public faiih, justice
west. And no walls are yet standing, nf wut.l
one stone will be left upon another, if the same
occaaion requires their overthrow. Hut there
is no need of this when the breachea are wide
enough now to admit the roust unbounded ty-j
'snny, with all its engines.
3. Cut we como lo survey the apex or this j
pyramid, which crushes down liberty and right
Ihe bloody and atrocious penalties of iliia code j
the fangs and claws, the tiger strength and j
seipeniiue folds with which these lawless and
unconstitutional statutes are guaided. Death,
To raise an insurrection among slaves, to as-
sist in such rebellion, lo persuade lo such re-
volt, each or theiecrimcs is to be punished with
death. Hut this may be justified on the pica or,
expediency and ihe example or the southern
stales. We therefore search farther into the
code, and find that
To entice sny slave out or tho territory, in
order to procure his freedom, is a grand larceny,
to be punished by dsatii, or imprisonment, at
hard labor, for not less than ten years.
To aid in thus enticing a alave is a sitnilsr
rr. . , l- :.! 1 1, .... . . !.:
To entice a slsve from his service, or to
harbor one who has sn escaped, is punished by
imprisonment, al hard laior, fur not less than
T'n atjt nr Ii1r1uits sa1efia tartan ls-at asstft ruut
' into Kanzas from another tiate or territory, is
punishable with imprisonment fur not Uss than
To entice a slave to escape from the custody
of an officer is to be punished with imprison-
men! at hard labor for a term not less than
V v.. " '"" w I'. ,
Tn assert, in spoken words, that no ono has
a right to hold slues in the territory, is a
felony, to be punished with imprisonment at
hard labor for a term not less than two years.
I io prim, circulate or possess any printeu
paper calculated to prnduce disorder among
slaves (in tho npinlun of such judges snd jur
j ies, influenced by such ailurnies,) is lo be pun-
ished wiih imprisonment at hard labor fur not
less than five Team.
I And this hsrd labor, on public oris or for
prirale individuals, to whom the oflender rosy
' be hired as are slaves at the South, is not made
less rigorous by a further statute, by the very
i crown of border ruffian Ingenuity, which pre
sides that a heavy chain, sizjeet lis length, with
a ball of irun at the end, air txciirs In dtame-
ter, shall ba lastened to tho ancleot the ollend-
I unusual punishments; and amid the illumine-
linn of nineteen centuries of Chiistiamlyl IT
the friends of the inquisition, driven Irom Spsin,
desire some new field for their exploits of blood
and terror, we would advise them to aelile up-
on a territory midway between Kansas and
Utah, establishing their peculiar institution on
Ihe principle of popular sovereignity; and if
they are ambllioua to imniove on the atrocities
of the inquisition, we would send Ihem not to
the old world, to Spain or Austria, for profita-
! ble lessons, but lo the authors of Ihe bloody
code of Kansas. To graduate in that school,
, is lo be tierfect in all Hie science of lawless'
i neas, despotism aod cruelty.
1 Nor do wo yet comprehend the depth and
IHlATTLISnOKO, VT., SATURDAY, AUGUST !J0, 1850,
htght of ibis mystery of Iniquity, till we see iho
unscrupulous provision they have made lo per-
pctualo the reign of .error, protracting Ihe lerm
of their official life for almost a year beyond its
... ...,,, (iuaiuniK aueiso voic. oy rcius-
, ing the elective franchise lo audi as will not
swear to sustain the fuullire slave law. and nro.
viding for any requisite number of fraudulent
Missouri voles, by allowing autTrsgo on iho
paynienioiaaoii.tr poll lax, without a day's
residence, riven this is Improved, for, when
the judgo examines a challenged volcr, no eri-
irina lo nnlra,Ucl H,all Ix rmrni. rilling
climax lo Imder ruffian hardihood! Willi
suitable inslrumenla in office to enforce three
stvtulcs, sll the ends aimed at must be secured,
and law become a terror lo well doers and a
"i"e 10 ,lem ,h' 6a
nenoia ine fruits. Uan we confide in Ihe
"run -uieu iney grow, ii naa Dccn per -
tinently asked, do men gather grapes from
I thorns, and figs from thirties'
Can e accept
, me new Kansas bill from Ihe men who have
f made and sanctioned these "lawi," especially
, when wo discern a latilodo in ils provisions
through which Iho same despotism might drive
ils coach and fiurt
COItRUSPONIinxCE OP THE VKR-
, JIONT PIKEMX.
Palweb, Mass., Aug. lOih, 18J0. mendition ofa Urgo snd appreciating audience,
Ma. Eoitob. Having to wait here IhreeorlThe subject or the Poem was the Scholar snd
four hours Cot s train to arrive, I find do better
way to solaca the tedium of the delay, than to
indole a somewhat inveterate propensity for
' This is one of the many New England vil-
lagea thai have sprung into existence wlihin
the last dmen jests, under the influence. oria
railroads. It is situated on the Western Hail-
road, and is also the point or union between
the Amherst snd Ilelchertown It. It., and Ihe
New London, Williinanlic k Palmer I!. It.
The characteristics or railroad villages are
iher.rorn imn.MiJ nnn i, wn n pa
dinary disiinemeia. The chief business or the
placo seems to be providing for the wants or
' travellers. Hard by the depot are two huge
hotels the Niseowanno and the Zockwolton,
There aro two other villages in litis town
that owe their existence, or at any rale. Iheir
groib lo railroad influence. Thorndike and
Three Rivers are manufacturing villages, the
former or them the largest. Three Hirers is
three miles from this placo nn the Amherst A;
Ilelcherlowii II. II. It derives ils namo from
the owifi, are and Chicopee Hirers at the , sireet. As I simul there wstiing for tnaa
Juncuon or whteh il is situated, and which for- j er to my aummona I Instinctively cast my eyes
niili sn excellent water-power. From tho an-1 "P to aee where the balcony had been broken,
ale formej by ih jvneiiw. of ihcs tivers, the , for not many evenings since there was a crash
tract of land In that vicinity was formerly call- f there, comcwiiero wnlle rjune a prrcloua t-l
ed "ihe Klbows," by which name, indeed, the w' upon il. Hut I could see nothing, Ihe
whole loun.hin is frMuentle d.instd In ihn
Ihe original settlers of the town were or,'
the samo "Scotch Irish" race who founded 1
Londonderry, N. !!., and some of whom set-1
lied in Pclharo, Coleraine, and a few other
towns in Massachusetts. In the records or the
town are 10 be found abundent evidences or the
patriotism, self sieriCee and olher sturdy sir-
tucs by which the early settlers were dielui- were aome valuable painting., and among them
guished. Wilson, the historian of the town, i a fine pomait.fOId bullion." Also, avhar
says that the citizens of Palmer made a TJecIa acteristio hi en ess nf ihe iron statesman of South
ration or Independence seventeen days beforo
it wss declared by Congress. His desire to
do credit to ihe town led hitn, however, to
overstate the act which he calls a Declaration
nf Independence. Curiosity lo tcnty oi .lit-
provo a statement so important if true, Induced
mo to make search among the ancient records
or the town, in doing which I had the gooj
fortune lo find the very document on which his
assertion was founded. It was adopted at a
town meeting as instructions to tho llepresen-
' ..r ,i. . ; . I r- 1 . - 11..
denied at the hand of the mother country, it
preceded lo declare that "we do Believe it
Absolutely Necessary for the Safely of ibe Uni
led Colooies to He Independent from Great
Uritain, and to Declair them selves an Inde
pendent and Sep-rate State, as we can Se no
. alternative but Inevitable Huia or Tmlepen
dencj." It concludes by saying that if Con
cress shall decide on separation from Great
1 11 ri lain, the citizens of Talmer will maintain
the independence of the colooies wiih their
fivrs and fortunes,
This set. Ihuigh falling short of a T)eclara
tton of Independence, deserves tn bo held in
perpetual remembrance by the decendants of
the heroie men who adopted it
It was the
act oi men who lett tnai
' Tis Liberty alone that gives the flower
Of flMt'iDE life ils lustre and perfume.
Ami vie are weeds without It, all constraint,
Eicept what wisdom lsys on evil men.
Is evil, and forms la them who sutTer it
A sordid uind, unlit to be Ibe tensnt
Of man's noble frame."
p. ir. vr.
New Bedford, Aug. 12th, l&W.
To tii Editor or tiu Phoenix : The
'Old Colons' portion of Massachusetts has an
, almost universal interest, and pethsps a few
lines from one of ils emporiums may not be
over twelve millions of dollars, and tho pecu
Jur properly of the citizen. 1 he profits de-
rived from llietn are oftrn enormous, not unfte-
quenlly a ship returns from a three years voy.
age, with a cargo worth over one hundred thou-
aand dollars when the owners would have been
satisfied with half lhat amount,
The private residences of the inhabitants are
splendid proofs of Iho richness of 'the blubber.'
So numerous are the costly dwellings, lhat ihe
city js appropriately called Ihe 'city ol palaces,'
One other feature of New Bedford, the 'ocesn
. drive,' is peculiarly pleasing snd worthy of re-
. mark, as evidence that a practical people will
I sometimes give liberally for the mere pleasure
of all. Around what is called 'lighthouse-point,'
a distance of lito miles, a new road has been
built reccnlly, al an expense M the city of near
one hundred thousand rlnllari. It ii !boot
eighty feet wide hard and smooth, bordering on
ine sea, ana atiurds a rnnst delightful pleasure
drive, for which alone it was constructed. The
sltuiilnn nf I. r..,...i.i. r... 11,1. ...j
beauty, overlooking a quite picturesque bay! and
all in all, it should be regarded as one of the
glories or Ihe old Iliy Slate.
On Triday last 1 hid the pleasure of attend -
ing many interesting Anniversary exercises,
connected with the nourishing Academy In Ihe
neighboring ton n or Hoehesler. The inslitu-
lion is under the charge of Mr. Chas. I. Itugg
1 of Hinsdale, N. If., who is one or the most
surceasm! and popular teachers we can boastor.
I i" ha Slate fj.ned for its excellent Institutions
or learning. After the work 0r examination
, was over, which gavo evidence or the most
thorough instruction and discipline. a numerous
( asscmblsge as feasted with a concert address,
I poem, and, lo close with, an rthibiiion. The
' address wss delivered by Mr Ccorge Partridge
j of Rsndolph, Vt., and the p.m by Mr John
. C. Kimball of Ipswich, Mass. The subject
or Iho address was Ttio Nccessily or Bdnca -
-Ttio Nccessily or lilnea
tton in the Heoublic. It u4 ... .I.U ..m..
forcible and elegant in style, well adapted to
llmnvninn ..J ..t.i r... :
I his Mission. It was a fine production, abound -
ing in passages or beauty, wit, snd satitc. giv -
! ing indubitahle evidence or trite poetic talent,
and won the hearty applause or all. llnih
speakers aro young Alnmni of Amherst Col -
lege.and we shall expect lo hear or Ihem again
occupying high staiions in the literary or
j professions! walks or lire. The exhibition in
i the evening was in the Inchest deirro emllia.
hie lo the sludenis, and an occasion for the
raithful instrurmr to be proud of. The iniii-
lotion baa flourished finely under Ihe charge nt
its present 1'rtncipsl, with his able assistants,
and its Allure prospects are of the most promts -
In politics, this portion or tho State seems
lo be singularly composed. There appears lo 5e he did il, or he would nut now be resting
be a satisfied, complacent unanimity among sll. upon his laurels.
'Pie opposition to the Republicans is sesreely J Col. Fremont was born at Savannah, Ca.,
sufficient lo mike the contest interesting. Kill- en the Slat ofjvnoiry, 1813, snd is consequent
moriies are extrrmely rare, and Uurhanan men 'T at the present time forty-lbrre years of age,
altogether anomalous. Next November will J""1 the primo or lire in the vigor or foil
show a majority for Fremont bevond all prere- manhood; with a noble experience fresh upon
dent in the parly warbies or Iho old Hay
niEJIO.NT AT lioilir nrsnniri.
TION OP A CALL UPON III3I
AX itlh HOUSE. j Justice and I ruth for his guide, be stands at
Corretpoadeiieeof ibe lloiins Csmiias Freeman. J iho present time pre-eminently quslified lorep
Nev Ynax, July S3 1350. I resent to the wnrld nf nations lhal true Repub
Dear FaEEMAX -This forenoon 1 started lican sentiment of thia glorious Union.
out under a hot sun, to fulull sn engagement
which I made yesterday. Al just 13 o'clock,
sr., I rang the bell at the door of No. M Ninth
hands of ihe-rtincer harms' made all rinht.
jihad just Been that there wss nothing to be
seen, when ihe door was opened. I handed
m7 eard lo the attendant, and was eonductcd lo
ihe front parlor on the second floor, where I
was left alone sotno ten or fifteen minutes.
The apartment waa fornished in a stylcof sim-
1 pie and Jusunnusness, everything there being
made either for comfort or use. Upon lhunll-J
Carolina, Calhoun. Many books were there,
some of them roach read ; and 1 could not but
notice that these latter were wurls of noble
merit mostly scientific or historical, sod re
cord of important travels. The test poets
were there, and had certainly been often lb umb
el. At length the attendant called upon me, and
desired roe lo fallow him. In a quiet, simply
furnished apartment, upon the rear of the first
floor, I found my hwu I was not prepared to
meet such a man. Nono of the published prints
of him which I had seen did him justice. Yet
I knew that I held Col. John Charles Fremont
by the hand.
I had expected to see a stout-built full-feat
ured, dark sharp-eyed man, with the air of
"rough-and-tumble life fresh upon him. I
looking fur an cyo that should pierce me
through, and make me feci anywhere but at
home. In short, I was oil prepared to keep
cool, and wear an outward show of ease. Dut
I met a man rather below the medium size,
as far as mere bulk is concerned, with a mild,
modest expression of countenance; a deep mean
ing eye, but beaming with intellectual light ;
a brow nobly formed, though half-hidden by the
dark, curlinp hair which parts in Ihe centre and
floats away on either aide ; a bold, aquiline nose
with thoso finely curbed -nostrils which mark
the fearless, firm-soiilrd man ; lips rather thin,
, and not at all hidden by the graceful moustache;
a prominent chin for character, though in per
feet keeping with the rest of the features. I
never saw a masculine face with so much bold
ness of outline, and less of the animal. There
is hardly an animal feature discernible. It ia
all Max, true, pure and noble. Ilia feelings
speak out plainly in his face, especially in his
eyes and lips; an-) the varying shades -of his
countenance betray at once the man who is not
used to concealment nr prevarication.
At first Ihe visitor is hardly willing In be
lieve lhat the light-built man before him ia the
Alexander of California the Vespucius of the
Rocky Mounisins ; but when wo note Ihst firm
ness of muscle that fine knitting of frame
that auper-abundance uf nerve and neatly ar
ranged muscle we are no longer at fatlt.
I had not spoken wiih him a full minute be
fore I felt as perfectly at home as Iho'igh I had
been with a member of my nwn family. His
salutation waa (rank and manly, free from all
atody, and bore upon its tone a genial welcome.
I wondered ere I was introduced, if mycostume
wss au fait, or enrnmc il faut, tor I knew thst
some of ourpiWrt (I) Republican gentry, when
called upon to serve the public, were very punc
tilious in this respect, snd it is not to lie won
dered at lhat ere I left the drawing-room 1 gave
one last look into the mirror, to be assured that
al was right. But when I found the Colonel, I
thanked my start lhat I had studied my own
comfort in my costume, His own dress con
sisted ofa pair of thin pantanithout suspenders
no vest, and a common, loose, brown-linen sack.
And so he received his guests,
t Why, I tell you, l,o is a poi feet rain lustas
, Ood rr.ide him, withnnt foreign sirs or'fixinira
' nf any sort orklnd. Ho ii Republican to the
backbone t and you may rest asvu red that he
Aa"Uacnione,"too, None of mur stitT ones
that can't bend till It breaki, nor none of ronr
iJi..,i.t,., .. ,if, k-.j . , . '. .
' il Is on of yon finely tempered sioel futures
and bends not lo lose its noble uprightness.-!
1 In conversation he is free, easy and pleasing
' with language just filled to ronvey his thoughts:
, spirit of mild good-nature predominant, with
just lire enough in those deep-set eyes to show
lhal they could burn rather warmly were the
slroke given. As we talk on, we find him pos
sewing a wondrous fond or sound, pracneal
ense ; keen end penetrating ; reading motives
easily, and deducing his conclusions wiih more
than ordinary accuracy. He presents one of
"lose peculiar moral confirmations which seek
go.nl in everything ; ever ready to grasp good
advice ; seeking counsel ftom those quslned lo
S'" it ; never acting upon a preconceived plan
"hen he is shown a heller j bnl no more to br.
' l') froin what helnoiri is right than hisown
1 Kucky Mountains can be turned inioiho Pacific.
1 I have seen just enough of John Charles Fi
mnnt to luura ih.f nn mnn.t mu. m.
rve htm from the path or duty, and that no
.... l.nH . t,;. .1.,.. i,.-. m-i.. i.:...l.i.
life ie ne living, vividly pictured proofof this,
Where is the man who has faced death ortener
1 ihe path or duly thin he I. Where is the
' mm who evcrifieed more or personal comfort lo
' '" eod or his country than he 1 Surely the
man cannot be found. Amid the "pride, pomp,
, n'l circumstance or glorious war," many men
i" '" their lives; but we find few, very
; fw "ho will nobly brave the thousand deaths
which siaro upon the pioneer among ihe eternal
snows snd wild savsccaorihe Hockv Mouolains
and that, loo, for lh aingle purpose or opening ,
h of civilization and Christianity, to the
rich regions beyond Fremont's mission
s most emphatically one oi t'eace and Uood
, Will, aod his highest hope was that he might
. lie able to open to his countrymen a short snd 1
,Jf taau lo Ibe Pacific country. He did it I
I him; one ol the people in ihe broadest sence or
the expression ; with his sympathies warm for
humanity ; no bitter prejudices lo warp his
judgement; but fresh aod strong, firm in the
Right, and loukiog only lo the eternal lawa or
TIIK DOIUIANT WEALTH OP MEXI
CO. from lh Meiiran Estraordinary, July K.
Our attention has been attracted by an arti
cle which appeared in the Siglo some lime
since, signed by Senor Caspar Sanchez Ochoa,
mrfi trc l.l --nicnes urai.rH.r.i.i. i-w
wriler, in commencing, Bays : The vulcano of
Popocatepetl, or, as it is called in Ihe Indian
tongue, 'Smoky Mountain,' is the grestest
source or wealth in the universe, in comparison
with which ihe quicksilver mines or New At-
maden, Ihe prolific veins or Ihe Sierra Madre, j
ana ine piarera 01 uaiuorma all sink 1010 in
significance. The best mines or gold snd sil-
rer arc always attended with uncertainties, aod
frequently with great hazards of fortune ; for
when a lead of these melala is once interrupt.
ed, largo smounts of money have often to be
expended lo find il again. Ilut the volcano of
PorKJCaicpcll is mi uncertain or chance enter
prise. It possesses a real and certain treasure,
and that treasore is Ihe inexhaustible amount
of pure sulphur which is springing up every
day in infinite abundance from ils bowels.
The dale of ihe eiupiiu,) of Popocatepetl ii
far back in antiquity estimated to be more
than four thousand years since and in all that
its respirations have continued uninterrupted,
and fountains of from an inch lo a fout in diam
eter ol pure sulphur bare poured forth from the
interior of the volcaoo. It would seem that in
this time the eroptions should have llirown out
Ibe entire contents of the mountain, but it still
continues to pour forth in uninterrupted abund
ance, every day piling np ils precious contents
near tho mouth uf the crater. The distance
from the snowy summit to the superficial level
of the hardened sulphur bed, through which the
vents are in constant laW, is now only a per
pendicular uf silly-four feet. From observa
tions and a reasonable eslimsie the sulphur
thrown op snd hardened in tho crater may be
set down at millions ol millions of srobas of the
The wriior, who is a civil engineer, says the
construction of manufactories for sulphuric acid
are possihle on the eastern slope of the moun
tain, st which point they could with facility be
supplied with an abundance uf ihe material for
manufacture, and from which a constant stream
of acid could be pouted into the industrial cities
of the world, bringing back ils great value lo
the persons engaged in the business.
He saya the United Stalea consume annually
in ils manufactories, sulphurio acid In the
amount of the enormous sum of from $18,000,1
000 to $22,000,000, snd contends that Mexico
by a alight exhibit of enterprise might easily
supply this market, as there is no comparison
to be insde between Ihe expense of procuring
and Ihe qualities of the articles to be found in
Vesuvius and Popocatepetl. Tho tmpreiarlos'
of Vesuvius, who now supply the greater por
tion nf ihe sulphur for Ihe American market,
would be unable to compete wiih Ihose of Po
pocatepetl, fur various ressons. Tbeirsutphur
is amalgamaled with an infinity of substances,
which require great expense lu seperste, and
then, as in the caso of new and uld Almaden,
Ihe supply in Vesuvius is limited, while that of
Popocatepetl would find little dimunition by the
labor ofa century.
We learn from this writer lhat aome time
since a company commenced operations on Po
pocatepetl, but owing tn a law auit, ihe works
v ere siopi ed and the company subjected to
great losses in defending their claim, but aro
now nearly reinstated and soon expect a defini
tive judgment in their favor.
In publishing the ideas of this writer many
things suggest themselres to us of great impor
tance to the enterprises nnw under way in Mex
ico, Wo already see tho facility with which
the pure sulphur can bo obtained from Popo
catepetl, and the practicability of establishing
manufactories for sulphurio acid on the moun
tain, but a question hero atitea as to ihe ex-
I ADVKHTIRKM KtVfc " '
Voreneaonareef 12 lines minion type, t ttelnier-
nmBl 10 '' 'liser. will be
J. ? nB,ror lnertlon. n.,.1 be mark
J'finient., oth.rwlse th.r will be
continued until ordered out. '
. V.V, 1 '""'-W The postage to any
fart of this 8ttte,outof Windham County, "ft
be 13 cent! a year. ."'
JOn WORK executed la good style at filr prlctf .
penso of transportation for the acid or pure aul
phur from Iho mines snd mannfaciariea to a
market. Hy the present means of conveyance
to Vera Crui we entertain very ecrioua donbl!
if Ibe rmrre7nel of Popocatepetl wnnld have
any decided advantage over Ihose of Vesuvius,
notwithstanding ihe vast superiority or their
mine. The question then arises hy what means
is this wealth to be mado profitable to the niin'
cr, manufacturer and shipper' We answer
unhesitatingly by railroad conveyance.
Setting down the conromplion or aolphurio
acid or oil of vitriol in the United Sistcs st
io,uvo1uou to V,000,000 annually, and per
hap, t would not be out of the way westimaio
ihe Imporis or sulphur into Great llrittin at
nearly the same amount, wo would find a mar
let in these Iwo countries alone for over 30 -000,000
annually. The price of aol,.l,ur I.
now aboul $50 a ton in the English and Amer
ican markets for the article brought from V01
uvlus and the sulphur beds of lis-y. The
article from Popocatepetl would, or eoureo,
command a higher price for its superiority;
but cslculsling on Ihe price or Vcsumn and
Italian sulphur, we find it in the power or Mex
ican capitalists to export, with a certainty of
finding a mirlct for $30,000,000 of oro which
now remains unavailable and valueless in this
From the facility with which tho oro can bo
obtained we have no doubt but it could he anp
plied in abundance at a railroad depot in thia
city for one quarter the piice it would bring in
a foreign market, and ihe acid as well as tho
pure sulphur. Hence there would remain lo
the merchant, the railroad company, the ship
per, the balance of $i'J,500,000 annually from
thia enormous trade, out of which the railroad
company would receive 812,000,000 annually,
and leave a largo balance for the prods or lbs
trader and shipper.
Popocatepetl may truly be made the source
of great wealth to Mexico. Ils gigantie pro
portions which hare ever been the admiration
of romantic travellers may be made to excite)
the cupidity of Ihe mooey leader, the scientific!
mechanic, and men of buainces and enterpriser
lis yenow smote and snowy crown will yet bo
hailed by thousands of industrious Isboring
men, and ils slerrile sides swarm with a busy
population, who will take from the mine, which
for centuries has been regarded with supersti
tion by the sboriginala, competence and wealth
to reward and sustain industry. Its slock will
be sought after in the great 'exchanges of the
world. Railroad companies and shipping lines
will find in il a sure aud wealthy customer.
As having a direct bearing oo tho prospects
oi Ihe line or railroad already eummeoeed from
thia city to Ihe Coif or Mexico, we publish
these raels which, if my ihing, arc underrated
as an illustration of what one or the elements
of dormant wealth in the Vslley or Mexico rosy
furnish lo the enterprise.
tub s tli,.iii:ai) disease.
This dreadful disease sometimes attacks hor
ses, and, probably, other animals, as monkeys
and jackasses ; and some birds, as the parrot
stid mwUint iu, ucu -ru wore subject
lo it, and with them it is more fatal.
Cjihe. Vacuity in the cranium. It is oft
en augmented by flattery, capeeislly when the
ceiebrum is small and ill shaped. Men of large
information, however, are sometimes afflicted
wiih il, in which case there is found an inordi
nate swelling in the upper region of the head.
just back oftheaptxeranii. The protuberance
is called self-esteem.
SrurTOMS. The poor crcalore usually fan
cies himself the biggest, smartest, best, and
handsomest man in the crowd loves the "up
permost seats in the synagogues" is given tar
impudence, impertinence, and usually bad man
ners in company is censorious and fund of find
ing and exposing the foibles of his associates
has few friends and no lovers, and hvs general
ly a bad odor to polite and well-bred people
given to swelling and strutting, as if in one mo
ment ho fiiDcIcJ himself a toad, "d the next a.
turkey-cock. He is egotistic, and passionately
fund of high-sounding lilies, as 'Squire, Cap
tain, Colonel, General, Ac. The miserable
patient is sometimes so infatuated as to attempt
lo stride the ocean, or jump over very high
mountains. These arc ooly a few of ibe symp
toms of this malady, but enough to identify it.
Treatment. When it is caused by omptl
ncss of Ihe cranium, Jt is only necessary to fill
up Ihe vacuum with good ideas, tt solid educa
tion, or common sense. When induced by di
minotireness, or malformation of brain, the cuts
is slow and difficult. We have known sorno
cases which defied every remedy and destroyed
the patients. A cure must be attempted by
exercising and cultivating ihose faculties which
are deficient, such as the judgment, and the un
derstanding, and depleting self-esteem, Ac.
The skulls of these patients arc usually very
thick and hard, so that il is hard pounding any
thing into them; but they are excessively food
of soft soap givo them a pound or two every
day, and it will soften ihe skull so that you can
probably get a little gumption into it, or a mod
icum ratiocination, aod they will soon be well.
When this will not cure, soft soap will palli
ate. In the case of Ihose grnllcmtn, from ten to
twenty yeara old, who gel putting on the boots
and pantaloons of their fathers, audio leaching
their teachers, reproving, counselling, and some
limes insulting old age, chewing tobacco, smo
king cigars, and drinking whiskey swearing,
and culling the dandy swell-head generally
appetite for late hours, bad company, and bar
rooms roraciona a little oil of lirch, applied by
Ine paternal hand, is the lest remedy. Then
keep them out of the night air and bad weather.
If thia does not effect a cure by the divine bles
sing tho head grows and grows, till the poor
sufferer topples over a few times, and knocks
out half his self-esteem. Lousiana Baptist.
American Cots. Tho directors of the mint
propose that the new centa shall be 3 parla
copper and 13 parts nickel, This will make a
coin nf a dark reddish color. It la to weigh
72 gralna, less than half of the present cent,
which is 163 grains.
The old Spanish coin is rapidly disappear
ing from circulation. All that ia undcfaeeil
now commanda a premium, as well as the old
Issue of our federsl government, whose new
issue having an alloy, displaces all other silver
How Arc Ye, Both of Ye! Tho Huston
Post hosts of a political meeting in Connecti
cut, at which there were two acres of Demo
crats. We learn that they were both Bob
Acres. Boston Atlas,